• WordNet 3.6
    • n council a meeting of people for consultation "emergency council"
    • n council a body serving in an administrative capacity "student council"
    • n council (Christianity) an assembly of theologians and bishops and other representatives of different churches or dioceses that is convened to regulate matters of discipline or doctrine
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Henry VIII. in Council Henry VIII. in Council

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: According to the National Safety Council, coffee is not successful at sobering up a drunk person, and in many cases it may actually increase the adverse effects of alcohol.
    • Council A body of man elected or appointed to constitute an advisory or a legislative assembly; as, a governor's council; a city council . "An old lord of the council rated me the other day."
    • Council Act of deliberating; deliberation; consultation. "Satan . . . void of rest,
      His potentates to council called by night."
      "O great in action and in council wise."
    • Council An assembly of men summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice; as, a council of physicians for consultation in a critical case.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n council Any assembly of persons summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice: as, a council of physicians; a family council.
    • n council A body of men specially designated or selected to advise a sovereign in the administration of the government; a privy council: as, the president of the council; in English history, an order in council. See privy council, below.
    • n council In many of the British colonies, a body assisting the governor in either an executive or a legislative capacity, or in both.
    • n council In the Territories of the United States, the upper branch of the legislature. The term was used to denote a kind of upper house during the colonial period, and was retained in this sense for a few years by some of the States.
    • n council A common council. See below.
    • n council In the New Testament, the Sanhedrim, a Jewish court or parliament, with functions partly judicial, partly legislative, and partly ecclesiastical. See Sanhedrim.
    • n council In ecclesiastical history: An assembly of prelates and theologians convened for the purpose of regulating matters of doctrine and discipline in the church. Ecclesiastical councils are diocesan, provincial, national, general, or ecumenical. A diocesan council is composed of the ecclesiastics of a particular diocese, with the bishop at their head; a provincial or metropolitan council, of the bishops of an ecclesiastical province, with the archbishops at their head; and a national or plenary council, of the bishops and archbishops of all the provinces in the nation. General council and ecumenical council are ordinarily regarded as equivalent terms, but strictly speaking a general council is one called together by an invitation addressed to the church at large, and claiming to speak in the name of the whole church. Such a council is ecumenical only if received by the Catholic Church in general. None of the general councils most widely accepted as ecumenical consisted of even a majority of orthodox bishops present in person or by deputy. The subsequent consent of the church at large marked them as ecumenical, especially their reception by the next general council held after the first violence of controversy had somewhat abated and opposition had become local in character. Both emperors and popes have summoned general councils. According to Roman Catholic teaching, a council to be regarded as ecumenical must have been called together by the pope, or at least with his consent, and its decrees must be confirmed by the pope. There are seven ecumenical councils recognized as such by both the Greek and Latin or Roman Catholic churches, and to some extent also by some Protestant theologians: they are the first Council of Nice, held in 325; the first Council of Constantinople, 381; the Council of Ephesus, 431; the Council of Chalcedon, 451; the second Council of Constantinople, 553; the third Council of Constantinople, 680; and the second Council of Nice, 787. Other important councils regarded by the Roman Catholic, but not by either the Greek or the Protestant communion, as ecumenical are the Council of Trent (1545-63) and the Council of the Vatican (1869-70). The Anglican Church receives the first six councils.
    • n council Any body or group of persons wielding political power.
    • n council Same as counsel. See counsel.
    • n council A Lutheran body organized in the United States in 1866 by the Pennsylvania synod and others which were not in sympathy with the attitude of the general synod toward the Augsburg Confession. The council proclaimed strict adherence to the Lutheran faith.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Council kown′sil an assembly called together for deliberation or advice: the body of men constituting such an assembly: the body of men directing the affairs of the city: an assembly of ecclesiastics met to regulate doctrine or discipline (diocesan, provincial, national, general, or œcumenical)
    • ***


  • Francis Bacon
    “Boldness is ever blind, for it sees not dangers and inconveniences whence it is bad in council though good in execution.”
  • Giuseppe Mazzini
    “Good council has no price.”
  • French Proverb
    French Proverb
    “In the councils of a state, the question is not so much, what ought to be done? As, what can be done?”
  • German Proverb
    German Proverb
    “In the morning of life, work; in the mid day give council; in the evening, pray.”
  • Basile
    “Memory is the cabinet of the imagination, the treasury of reason, the registry of conscience, and, the council chamber of thought.”
  • Horace
    “Does he council you better who bids you, Money, by right means, if you can: but by any means, make money ?”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. concile, fr. L. concilium,; con-, + calare, to call, akin to Gr. to call, and E. hale, v., haul,. Cf. Conciliate. This word is often confounded with counsel, with which it has no connection
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. concile—L. concilium.


In literature:

It is recognised by the council of Constance; and last, though not least, by the council of Trent itself.
"Guy Fawkes" by Thomas Lathbury
Councils were held in the great parlor and dining-room of the Riggs House.
"The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony (Volume 2 of 2)" by Ida Husted Harper
Only, for a fourth time a council, and this time a grand council, sat to discuss him.
"Boys' Book of Frontier Fighters" by Edwin L. Sabin
Clad in his brilliant uniform of scarlet and lace, he sat in council at the mission house, to receive Piskaret and the captives.
"Boys' Book of Indian Warriors" by Edwin L. Sabin
At Rome he discussed the council of Trent with Theiner, and tried to obtain permission for him to publish the original acts.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
These tribes often held councils, and the birds wanted light admitted.
"Geronimo's Story of His Life" by Geronimo
A century later a second council met to regulate the monastic institution; and in B.C.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume I (of 2)" by John William Draper
Everything can be accomplished, if at all, before the hour of our own council arrives.
"Wau-nan-gee or the Massacre at Chicago" by Major John Richardson
The session of the council, when these things had been explained was extraordinarily stormy.
"Pretty Michal" by Mór Jókai
Great dignity was enjoyed by the Bishop of Paderborn, certain rights of his extending so far as the Councils of Utrecht, Liege, and Muenster.
"The Cathedrals and Churches of the Rhine" by Francis Miltoun
A council of war had been assembled early in the morning, and war was irrevocably decided upon.
"The Banished" by Wilhelm Hauff
In one second his faculties were as clear as they had ever been in the peaceful council chamber.
"Rulers of India: Lord Clive" by George Bruce Malleson
But it's the Privy Council's wull, an' sae I maun e'en lee.
"The Men of the Moss-Hags" by S. R. Crockett
Designs was responsible to Security, not the Council.
"The Variable Man" by Philip K. Dick
"Marie Antoinette and the Downfall of Royalty" by Imbert de Saint-Amand
This council, which was the fourth of the general councils, was attended by six hundred and thirty bishops.
"Sketches of Church History" by James Craigie Robertson
Waldo and Wynne were admitted into the council; and Ratcliffe was restored to his seat.
"History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia" by Charles Campbell
I call this a council, for it undoubtedly was not a parliament.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
But to recur to the point of jurisdiction at the time of the Nicene Council.
"The Church of England cleared from the charge of Schism" by Thomas William Allies
That sovereign immediately summoned a Cabinet council, herself presiding.
"The History of Cuba, vol. 4" by Willis Fletcher Johnson

In poetry:

Again we seek thy council,
But not in cringing guise,
We whine not for thy mercy,
To slay; God make us wise.
"God Of Battles" by General George S Patton Jnr
Well, the Jews shall die.
This is the will of God. Whom shall I send
To bear my message to the council?
"The Dance To Death. Act II" by Emma Lazarus
Far by the forested glen,
Starkly he lies in the rain;
Kings of the council of men
Shout for their leader in vain.
"Aboriginal Death Song" by Henry Kendall
When England of the quiet heart
Flung back the covenant of shame,
A dignity of high resolve
Upon her councils came.
"The New Spirit" by William Noel Hodgson
The man is ever bless'd
Who shuns the sinners' ways,
Among their councils never stands,
Nor takes the scorner's place;
"Psalm I: The Man Is Ever Blessed" by Isaac Watts
To help our tired hope to toil,
Lo! have we not the council here
Of trees, that to all hope appear
As sermons of the soil?
"Encouragement" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

File photo of Quincy City Council in council chambers.
Burgess was appointed to the council earlier this year following the resignation of former council member Kevin Hogan.
In executive session Tuesday, the city council will discuss whether to tweak the mission of the council.
The three year veteran of the Mobile City Council gave an emotional farewell speech at Tuesday?s city council meeting.
Family Research Council President Tony Perkins exits the Family Research Council headquarters more.
Council Members, Concerned Residents Call-Out San Miguel at City Council.
San Marcos — The San Marcos City Council will canvass the returns of the Nov 6 city council election and hold a swearing in ceremony at a special meeting on Monday, Nov 19 at 5:30 p.m.
At Thursday's city council meeting, council members gave the O.K.
The Rangitikei/Wanganui council is part of the New Zealand Federation of Multicultural Councils (NZFMC).
Unlike positions on the City Council, which are determined in the general election, the mayor is selected by an annual council vote.
Horry County Council will be in need of a chairman soon since Council Chair , Tom Rice, has been elected to Congress.
The Yuma City Council Chamber was nearly full for Wednesday's council meeting, and most of those in attendance were young people there to observe city government in action, to be honored and to exercise the public's right to be heard.
(MOUNT VERNON)— The Mount Vernon City Council will be changing the start time of their regular Council Meeting from 7 pm to 6 o'clock tomorrow night.
At the regular meeting of the Homer City Council on Monday, two council members — Bryan Zak and David Lewis — will present two separate ordinances dealing with sales tax on food.
"We are accountable to the citizens right now to get this right," Council Member Tanya Castro told her fellow council members.

In science:

This work was supported by SFB 195 der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft and partly Swedish Natural Science Research Council.
Paraxial propagation of a quantum charge in a random magnetic field
The work received support from National Science Council (No.
Localization of acoustic waves in 1D random liquid media
This work received support from National Science Council (Grant No.
Comment on ``Statistics of the Lyapunov Exponent in 1D random periodic-on-Average Systems" [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 81}, 5390, 1998]
The work received support from the National Science Council.
Acoustic radiation in randomly-layered structures
This work was supported by the Leverhulme Trust, the European Union EQUIP IST-FET pro ject, the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the European Science Foundation QIT programme and the Italian Ministero dell’Universit`a e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica.
Optimal local discrimination of two multipartite pure states
This work has also received support from the Research Council of Norway (Program for Supercomputing) through a grant of computing time.
Design of one-dimensional Lambertian diffusers of light
Councils’ recommendations would be inevitably similar.
National Information Infrastructure Development in Canada and the U.S.: Redefining Universal Service and Universal Access in the Age of Techno-Economic Convergence
Both Councils were informed by the history – or the effect – of universal access to telephone service.
National Information Infrastructure Development in Canada and the U.S.: Redefining Universal Service and Universal Access in the Age of Techno-Economic Convergence
This work was supported by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the Royal Society of Edinburgh, the Scottish Executive Education and Lifelong Learning Department.
Comparison of two unknown pure quantum states
RS acknowledges support by the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the UK under the grant PPA/G/O/1998/00576.
Seismic diagnostics on stellar convection treatment from oscillation amplitudes of p-modes
RS’s work has been supported in part by the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the UK under grant PPA/G/O/1998/00576.
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
Many other people have contributed to my understanding of the quantum physics of simple optical instruments. I am grateful for the financial support of the Leverhulme Trust, the ESF Programme Cosmology in the Laboratory and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.
Quantum Physics of Simple Optical Instruments
Finally, Popular Science is not officially supported by the Spanish Scientific Research Council (CSIC) and should be done therefore as a private activity.
Brane Worlds, the Subanthropic Principle and the Undetectability Conjecture
We thank the National Science Council for supporting this research in part.
Building a 3.5 m prototype interferometer for the Q & A vacuum birefringence experiment and high precision ellipsometry
This work was partially supported by MaPhySto – A Network in Mathematical Physics and Stochastics, funded by The Danish National Research Foundation. †As a student of the PhD-school OP-ALG-TOP-GEO the author is partially supported by the Danish Research Training Council.
Non-commutative Polynomials of Independent Gaussian Random Matrices. The Real and Symplectic Cases