cosmology

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n cosmology the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
    • n cosmology the metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • cosmology a treatise dealing with the original and structure of the universe.
    • cosmology the branch of astronomy dealing with the origin and structure of the universe, including the evolution of its present observable structure, using the methods of observational astronomy as well as mathematical physics.
    • cosmology the branch of metaphysics speculating on the structure and nature of the most fundamental parts of the system of creation, such as space and time, the elements of bodies, the structure of the universe, the modifications of material things, causality, the laws of motion, and the order and course of nature.
    • cosmology The branch of science or philosophy dealing with the origin and nature of the universe as a whole.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cosmology The general science or theory of the cosmos or material universe, of its parts, elements, and laws; the general discussion and coördination of the results of the special sciences.
    • n cosmology That branch of metaphysics which is concerned with the a priori discussion of the ultimate philosophical problems relating to the world as it exists in time and space, and to the order of nature.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cosmology koz-mol′o-ji the science of the universe as a whole: a treatise on the structure and parts of the system of creation
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. ko`smos the world + -logy,: cf. F. cosmologie,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. kosmos, and logia, discourse.

Usage

In literature:

For that very governing class which urges Occidental Imperialism has been deeply discoloured with Oriental mysticism and Cosmology.
"A Miscellany of Men" by G. K. Chesterton
On the Transition from Rational Psychology to Cosmology.
"The Critique of Pure Reason" by Immanuel Kant
Primitive Japanese cosmology does not differ in any important respect from the primitive cosmology of other races.
"Evolution Of The Japanese, Social And Psychic" by Sidney L. Gulick
A supramundane physics or cosmology was evolved at the same time.
"Outspoken Essays" by William Ralph Inge
The mythology and cosmology associated with early Buddhism are really extraneous.
"Hinduism and Buddhism, Vol I. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
This monotheism was not primarily cosmological nor metaphysical, but ethical.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
Moral idealism goes hand in hand with cosmological myth.
"The Next Step in Religion" by Roy Wood Sellars
A new cosmology, perhaps.
"Diplomatic Immunity" by Robert Sheckley
The literature of speculative cosmology bears witness to this difficulty.
"Essays in Radical Empiricism" by William James
The first period is thus {23} essentially cosmological in character, and it was Thales who determined the character.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
In fact no rational cosmology is possible.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 2" by Various
In general, he followed Anaxagoras, but in his cosmology he went back to the earlier Ionians.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
It enriched it by adding miraculous history to symbolic cosmology.
"Three Philosophical Poets" by George Santayana
The minutiae of cosmologies.
"The Roycroft Dictionary" by Elbert Hubbard
There is little purpose in trying to acquire a logical conception of Hegelian cosmology.
"The life and teaching of Karl Marx" by M. Beer
The elements in mediaeval cosmology were assigned to a definite region of the universe.
"Astronomical Lore in Chaucer" by Florence M. Grimm
He blended them, however, with much of new positive theory, both physical and cosmological.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume I (of 4)" by George Grote
According to the cosmology of the Buddhists, whose Sutras also knew these Uttara Kuru, Mount Meru is the centre of the world.
"The History of Antiquity, Volume IV (of 6)" by Max Duncker
There is no religion that is not a cosmology at the same time that it is a speculation upon divine things.
"The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life" by Emile Durkheim
The three ideas of the reason, the psychological, the cosmological, and the theological, viz.
"A History of Philosophy in Epitome" by Albert Schwegler
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In news:

Understanding or believing in Buddhist cosmology isn't necessary, though.
When Einstein proposed the first cosmological model of the modern era in 1917, he had no reason to suppose that the Universe had a beginning.
"Two years ago, we couldn't have had this meeting," said Dr Michael S Turner of the University of Chicago, who organized the Pritzker Symposium and Workshop on the Status of Inflationary Cosmology .
She moved from cosmological images to those of personal objects—her tripod.
Cosmology and Culture at the Twilight of the Big Bang.
AAS Meeting, Cosmology , Super-TB, Computing Bubbles.
American Astronomical Society meeting, Lawrence Krauss on modern cosmology , a strain of tuberculosis that thwarts all antibiotics, and a video about computing with bubbles.
But sometimes those problems manifest themselves in striking ways when you look at them on a cosmological scale.
'Cosmologies' show charts the skies at WCMA.
'Cosmologies' group show at Williams College Museum of Art.
This cosmological simulation follows the development of a single disk galaxy over about 13.5 billion years, from shortly after the Big Bang to the present time.
Writing in the March edition of the Journal of Cosmology, Richard B Hoover argues that an examination of a collection of 9 meteorites - called CI1 carbonaceous meteorites - contain "indigenous fossils" of bacterial life.
Former Sandia National Laboratory physicist Scott M Tysonhas written a fascinating new cosmology book, titled "The The Unobservable Universe".
ABC News reports a radical ideal has been proposed in the Journal of Cosmology: Send astronauts to explore Mars, but leave them there to colonize it.
According to the Journal of Cosmology, the most economical way to populate Mars is to send volunteers on a one-way trip.
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In science:

For some hidden theories that are strongly coupled and nearly conformal the cosmology resembles the five-dimensional RS cosmology.
Holography and Brane-bulk Energy Exchange
From the latest results from observational cosmology experiments, the determination of the cosmological parameters has reached an unprecedented level of accuracy.
MACHe3, a prototype for non-baryonic dark matter search: KeV event detection and multicell correlation
The cosmology error is modeled as the difference between an Einstein-de Sitter cosmology and a Universe with ΩM = 0.3 and ΩΛ = 0.7.
Rates and Progenitors of Type Ia Supernovae
The cosmology error is modeled as the difference between an Einstein-de Sitter cosmology and a Universe with ΩM = 0.3 and ΩΛ = 0.7.
Rates and Progenitors of Type Ia Supernovae
We have calibrated the isotropic-equivalent energy release in a fixed cosmological bandpass, 0.1 keV-10 MeV, using the cosmological k-correction (Bloom, Frail, & Sari 2001).
Testing Gamma-Ray Burst Jet Structure with the Distribution of Gamma-Ray Energy Release
In addition to redshifting the SEDs to align their rest wavelengths, a cosmological dimming term was applied by assuming a flat (Ωk = 0), ΩΛ = 0.7 cosmology.
The Bolocam 1.1 mm Lockman Hole Galaxy Survey: SHARC II 350 micron Photometry and Implications for Spectral Models, Dust Temperatures, and Redshift Estimation
From cosmological models it is known that expressions for, e.g., curvature components can be modified when they become large, cutting off classical divergences (in isotropic cosmology they are all inverse powers of the scale factor , or spin connection components in anisotropic models ).
Quantum Riemannian Geometry and Black Holes
Directly comparing the mB and BBV 0.6 cosmological results requires that the correlation between the two methods be measured, and then propagated into the cosmological parameter space.
Measurement of \Omega_m, \Omega_{\Lambda} from a blind analysis of Type Ia supernovae with CMAGIC: Using color information to verify the acceleration of the Universe
In the context of cosmology, averaging over freely-falling observers is a natural choice, especially when one intends to compare the results with standard FRW cosmology.
The Possibility of Cosmic Acceleration via Spatial Averaging in Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi Models
The detailed nature of the initial conditions for cosmological perturbations is one of the open questions in cosmology.
The isocurvature fraction after WMAP 3-year data
Generic cosmological milestone: Suppose we have some unspecified generic cosmological milestone, that is defined in terms of the behaviour of the scale factor a(t), and which occurs at some finite time t⊙ .
Generalized Puisieux series expansion for cosmological milestones
The simulations include dark matter, gas, star formation, chemistry, and ionization balance in the primordial plasma, and three-dimensional radiative transfer. A flat ΛCDM cosmology with values of cosmological parameters as determined by the first year WMAP data (Spergel et al. 2003) is used throughout this paper.
Star Formation in a Cosmological Simulation of Reionization
Key words: cosmology: cosmic microwave background – cosmology: early universe – cosmology: theory – atomic processes.
The effect of forbidden transitions on cosmological hydrogen and helium recombination
Inasmuch as calculating the LF parameters from a galaxy sample requires the assumption of a cosmological model, since a volume definition, usually comoving, must be employed, one can factor the cosmology out of the LF parameters and re-obtain the “raw” number count data.
Differential Density Statistics of Galaxy Distribution and the Luminosity Function
But, we cannot yet translate the observed redshift z into a cosmological distance without a definite cosmological model.
Differential Density Statistics of Galaxy Distribution and the Luminosity Function
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