corruption

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n corruption inducement (as of a public official) by improper means (as bribery) to violate duty (as by commiting a felony) "he was held on charges of corruption and racketeering"
    • n corruption destroying someone's (or some group's) honesty or loyalty; undermining moral integrity "corruption of a minor","the big city's subversion of rural innocence"
    • n corruption moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles "the luxury and corruption among the upper classes","moral degeneracy followed intellectual degeneration","its brothels, its opium parlors, its depravity","Rome had fallen into moral putrefaction"
    • n corruption lack of integrity or honesty (especially susceptibility to bribery); use of a position of trust for dishonest gain
    • n corruption decay of matter (as by rot or oxidation)
    • n corruption in a state of progressive putrefaction
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The name Santa Claus is a corruption of the Dutch dialect name for Saint Nicholas Sint Klass.
    • Corruption The act of changing, or of being changed, for the worse; departure from what is pure, simple, or correct; as, a corruption of style; corruption in language. "Corruption of blood can be removed only by act of Parliament."
    • Corruption The act of corrupting or making putrid, or state of being corrupt or putrid; decomposition or disorganization, in the process of putrefaction; putrefaction; deterioration. "The inducing and accelerating of putrefaction is a subject of very universal inquiry; for corruption is a reciprocal to “generation”."
    • Corruption The act of corrupting or of impairing integrity, virtue, or moral principle; the state of being corrupted or debased; loss of purity or integrity; depravity; wickedness; impurity; bribery. "It was necessary, by exposing the gross corruptions of monasteries, . . . to exite popular indignation against them.""They abstained from some of the worst methods of corruption usual to their party in its earlier days."
    • Corruption The product of corruption; putrid matter.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Virginia Code (1930) has a statute: "To prohibit corrupt practices or bribery by any person other than candidates."
    • n corruption The act of corrupting, or the state of being corrupt or putrid; the destruction of the natural form of an organic body by decomposition accompanied by putrefaction; physical dissolution.
    • n corruption Putrid matter; pus.
    • n corruption Depravity; wickedness; perversion or extinction of moral principles; loss of purity or integrity.
    • n corruption Debasement or deterioration.
    • n corruption Perversion; vitiation: as, a corruption of language.
    • n corruption A corrupt or debased form of a word: as, “sparrow-grass” is a corruption of “asparagus.”
    • n corruption A perverting, vitiating, or depraving influence; more specifically, bribery.
    • n corruption In law, taint; impurity or defect (of heritable blood) in consequence of an act of attainder of treason or felony, by which a person is disabled from inheriting lands from an ancestor, and can neither retain those in his possession nor transmit them by descent to his heirs. This penalty, along with attainder itself, has been abolished in Great Britain, and never existed in the United States.
    • n corruption Synonyms Putrefaction, putrescence.
    • n corruption Pollution, defilement, contamination, vitiation, demoralization, foulness, baseness.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Corruption rottenness: putrid matter: impurity: bribery
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Quotations

  • Henry Fielding
    Henry%20Fielding
    “We are as liable to be corrupted by books, as by companions.”
  • French National Assembly
    French National Assembly
    “Ignorance, forgetfulness, or contempt of the rights of man are the only causes of public misfortunes and of the corruption of governments.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “Civilization is not by any means an easy thing to attain to. There are only two ways by which man can reach it. One is by being cultured, the other by being corrupt.”
  • Menander of Athens
    Menander of Athens
    “It must be that evil communications corrupt good dispositions.”
  • John F. Kennedy
    John%20F.%20Kennedy
    “Communism has never come to power in a country that was not disrupted by war or corruption, or both.”
  • Adlai E. Stevenson
    Adlai%20E.%20Stevenson
    “Communism is the corruption of a dream of justice.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. corruption, L. corruptio,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. cor, inten., and rumpĕre, ruptum, to break.

Usage

In literature:

Neither would I have his generous manners spoiled and corrupted by the incivility and barbarism of those of another.
"The Essays of Montaigne, Complete" by Michel de Montaigne
It is painful to behold a man employing his talents to corrupt himself.
"The Writings of Thomas Paine, Volume II" by Thomas Paine
One was corrupt and powerful; the other was weak and parasitical.
"The Mirrors of Washington" by Anonymous
Heaven grant that you never become acquainted with what the corruption of governments call coups-d'etat!
"Cinq Mars, Complete" by Alfred de Vigny
Cabinet government educates the nation; the Presidential does not educate it, and may corrupt it.
"The English Constitution" by Walter Bagehot
He's been corrupted, my principal witness!
"The Ordeal of Richard Feverel, Complete" by George Meredith
Nor were they corrupted by the servility of the surrounding ear.
"One of Our Conquerors, Complete" by George Meredith
Maren's heart beat even quicker, partly in expectation of the play, through hearing of the corruptions of this Copenhagen Sodom.
"O. T." by Hans Christian Andersen
Every thing around us is fathered by corruption, battened by corruption, and into corruption returns at last.
"Eugene Aram, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
Deceit and cupidity and corrupt ambition were at work in his brain.
"Lucretia, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
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In poetry:

These marriage ties, the Court believes,
Have grown so lax, corrupt,
It should and does by fit decrees,
Break all the nuptials up.
"John Marshall's Divorce" by Samuel Alfred Beadle
I smell the bait, I feel the harm
Of corrupt ways, and take th' alarm.
I taste the bitterness of sin,
And then to relish grace begin.
"The Believer's Riddle; or, the Mystery of Faith" by Ralph Erskine
'Twas grief enough to think mankind
All hollow servile insincere,
But worse to trust to my own mind
And find the same corruption there
"I Am The Only Being Whose Doom" by Emily Jane Bronte
This is the hour! Corruption's band
Is driven back; and periled right,
Rescued by the "fanatic" hand,
Spans our broad heaven of light.
"“The Liberty Bells”" by Mary Baker Eddy
The law still irritates my sin,
And hardens my proud heart therein:
But grace's melting pow'r renews,
And my corruption strong subdues.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. II." by Ralph Erskine
This mortal shall immortal wear,
Corruption incorruption take,
And saints of God with Christ shall share
The boundlessness of his estate.
"Tribute To Rev. William Paul Quinn" by James Madison Bell

In news:

From the April 27th tornadoes to the gambling corruption trials, the immigration law, and Jefferson County's bankruptcy.
Did Obama Resuscitate a Corrupt Banking System .
Former Gray aide who pleaded guilty to corruption due in court for status conference.
Minister in Siemens corruption case with extremist ties.
Corruption in the awarding of Vatican contracts.
A bookkeeper for VictoryLand casino owner Milton McGregor is scheduled as the next witness in Alabama's gambling corruption trial.
Soccer's FIFA taps war crimes lawyer to boot out corruption.
Darrell Issa, the conservative firebrand whose specialty is lobbing corruption allegations at the Obama White House, is making plans to hire dozens of subpoena-wielding investigators if Republicans win the House this fall.
Currie found not guilty of corruption.
Testimony continues today for Ernie Lopez, a key figure in the FBI corruption investigation.
Corruption is a frequent theme on Temple's blog.
The playwright on Hillary, corruption, and our democracy's saving grace.
Testimony continued this morning in the public corruption trial of Kwame Kilpatrick and three - 12:29 pm.
The hero died in battle in 1852 after having joined his enemy to fight against a corrupt leader.
A former director of the FBI has been brought in to assist the corruption investigation into suspended Asian Football Confederation president Mohamed bin Hammam .
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In science:

To insure that the model is not corrupted during analysis, make a “master copy”.
A Primer on Spreadsheet Analytics
When subsystems are measured, the measurement interface is important, and any distortion or imprecision of the measurement interface may cause the presence of neighboring subsystems to be recorded, corrupting data, and making detected states undefined.
Generalized Entropy from Mixing: Thermodynamics, Mutual Information and Symmetry Breaking
One wishes to test if there is a corrupted node in the network whose interactions slightly differ from the rest.
On combinatorial testing problems
One may wish to test if there exists a corrupted connected subgraph containing each node.
On combinatorial testing problems
For example, Dα may denote the addition of a zero-mean Laplacian noise with standard-deviation α, or the corruption by an independent Poisson noise with scaling parameter α. T represents a convolution or a decimated convolution operator using a finite-support kernel.
Parallel Proximal Algorithm for Image Restoration Using Hybrid Regularization -- Extended Version
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