corrosive

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj corrosive of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action
    • adj corrosive spitefully sarcastic "corrosive cristism"
    • n corrosive a substance having the tendency to cause corrosion (such a strong acids or alkali)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The external tank on space shuttles is not painted. It is the only part of the shuttle that is lost after launch, so it is not necessary to worry about metal corrosion.
    • Corrosive Eating away; having the power of gradually wearing, changing, or destroying the texture or substance of a body; as, the corrosive action of an acid. "Corrosive liquors.""Corrosive famine."
    • Corrosive Having the quality of fretting or vexing. "Care is no cure, but corrosive ."
    • Corrosive That which has the power of fretting or irritating. "Such speeches . . . are grievous corrosives ."
    • Corrosive That which has the quality of eating or wearing away gradually. "Corrosives ] act either directly, by chemically destroying the part, or indirectly by causing inflammation and gangrene."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: From bridges to rebar, rust is everywhere. According to a recent study, the annual cost of metallic corrosion in the U.S. is approximately $300 billion. The report, by Battelle, Columbus, Ohio, and the Specialty Steel Industry of North America, Washington, D.C., estimated that about one-third of that cost could be avoided through broader application of corrosion-resistant material and "best anti-corrosive practice" from design through maintenance.
    • corrosive Literally, eating or gnawing; hence, destroying as if by gnawing away; wearing away or disintegrating by separating small parts or particles, especially under chemical action, as of acids: often used figuratively of immaterial agents, as care, time, etc., absolutely or with of.
    • n corrosive Anything that corrodes, especially a chemical agent, as an acid; anything that wears away or disintegrates; figuratively, anything that has an analogous influence upon the mind or feelings.
    • corrosive To corrode.
    • corrosive To act by corrosion.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ornithologists often use Scotch tape to cover cracks in the soft shells of fertilized pigeon eggs, allowing the eggs to hatch. Scotch tape has also been used as an anti-corrosive shield on the Goodyear Blimp.
    • adj Corrosive having the quality of eating away
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Quotations

  • Eugenio Montale
    Eugenio Montale
    “Man cannot produce a single work without the assistance of the slow, assiduous, corrosive worm of thought.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. corrosif,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. cor, inten., rodĕre, rosum, to gnaw.

Usage

In literature:

Its action in religious matters is corrosive, dissolving, sceptical.
"Edward Caldwell Moore" by Edward Moore
There was no corrosion, he said to himself, like the memory of an ugly deed.
"An Unpardonable Liar" by Gilbert Parker
Corrosion of the contacts is due to breaking the circuit slowly on a small surface.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 620, November 19,1887" by Various
Among these is a so-called corrosive sublimate soap, of which several brands are on sale.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 561, October 2, 1886" by Various
Aylmer snatched the metallic plate and threw it into a jar of corrosive acid.
"Little Classics, Volume 8 (of 18)" by Various
I gave him some relief by syringing the parts with a solution of corrosive sublimate.
"Unknown Mexico, Volume 1 (of 2)" by Carl Lumholtz
Two ounces of corrosive sublimate.
"The Reminiscences of an Irish Land Agent" by S.M. Hussey
The Cafe la Rosa is a typical haunt of the submerged tenth, with a corrosive drink of its own.
"The Gourmet's Guide to Europe" by Algernon Bastard
The malice of Protestantism has too readily assumed that Popery was answerable for this corrosion.
"The Uncollected Writings of Thomas de Quincey--Vol. 1" by Thomas de Quincey
The corrosions may be small, or may extend over a very large surface.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
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In poetry:

The snails brush silver. Critic crow
points his unpleasant beak, and lances.
Resumes his treetop, darts below
his acid-bright, corrosive glances.
"Daybreak" by Gwen Harwood
A fretful temper will divide
The closest knot that may be tied,
By ceaseless sharp corrosion;
A temper passionate and fierce
May suddenly your joys disperse
At one immense explosion.
"Friendship" by William Cowper
One is incisive, corrosive:
Two retorts, nettled, curt, crepitant;
Three makes rejoinder, expansive, explosive;
Four overbears them all, strident and strepitant,
Five… O Danaides, O Sieve!
"Master Hugues Of Saxe-Gotha" by Robert Browning
Lofty and enduring is the monument I've reared,—
Come, tempests, with your bitterness assailing;
And thou, corrosive blasts of time, by all things mortal feared,
Thy buffets and thy rage are unavailing!
"Horace To Melpomene" by Eugene Field
But O reprieve me!
For thou hast life and death at thy command;
Thou art both Judge and Saviour, feast and rod,
Cordiall and corrosive: put not thy hand
Into the bitter box; but O my God,
My God, relieve me!
"Sighs And Grones" by George Herbert
And turn'd and pass'd to other feats,
And left thee in thine iron robe,
To circle with the circling globe,
While Time's corrosive dewdrop eats
The giant warrior to a crust
Of earth in earth, and rust in rust.
"A Danish Barrow" by Francis Turner Palgrave

In news:

A Simple Solution for Abrasive and Corrosive Chemicals.
Data and information on the effects of corrosion on engineered materials are available in many forms and from many sources.
The focus for most corrosion engineers is on aqueous corrosion, an important topic in and of itself.
German building materials developer Schoeck Bauteile GmbH has unveiled a glass fiber reinforcing bar, designed to prevent the structural corrosion that plagues steel reinforcement.
The MG features aluminum cross members and outer rails as standard equipment, improving corrosion resistance.
The lock is made from hardened steel with a corrosion-resistant surface, providing a high security barrier preventing the seal from physical attacks.
The recent resignation by Neil Gaydon from UK set top box (STB) maker Pace, after five years as chief executive and 16 with the company, highlights the corrosive effect of failing to meet expectations even by a small amount.
Anti-corrosive passivated nichrome thin film chip resistors target high power, high humidity apps.
The RNCH is a high power version of Stackpole's RNCS series of anti-corrosive passivated nichrome thin film chip resistors.
However, after exposure outdoors, much of the paint delaminated and severe corrosion occurred.
Is guanidine hydrochloride corrosive to stainless steel.
Corrosion-resistant, more environmentally acceptable coatings have been realized by Sergiu Gorun, PhD, associate professor of chemistry at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT).
Victor Mancini, the narrator of Chuck Palahniuk's corrosive new novel, is obsessed with sex, hung up on his mother and so cynical he describes "Choke" as "a stupid true life story about nobody you'd want to meet.
Jotun's protective coatings pass the IMO PSPC COT rules for protecting tanks against corrosion.
There is a trend toward customers shifting from mild steel storage tanks to fiberglass "due to less corrosion and lower maintenance.".
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In science:

In some cases, such as in corrosion, it can be a cause of undesirable deterioration.
Percolation-dependent Reaction Rates in the Etching of Disordered Solids
It can also be the randomness of a passivation layer that may appear spontaneously in the corrosion of polycrystalline solids.
Percolation-dependent Reaction Rates in the Etching of Disordered Solids
So defined, this quantity is proportional to an experimental signal, for example the corrosion current if the etching is the result of an electrochemical process.
Percolation-dependent Reaction Rates in the Etching of Disordered Solids
Evans, The corrosion and Oxidation of Metals: Scientific Principles and Practical Applications, Arnold, (London), 1960). H. H.
Percolation-dependent Reaction Rates in the Etching of Disordered Solids
Cracks and corrosion have been found for some samples which are stressed and thermally activated artificially.
Gadolinium study for a water Cherenkov detector
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