corona

Definitions

  • Corona of Minimum Type
    Corona of Minimum Type
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n corona a long cigar with blunt ends
    • n corona (anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape
    • n corona the outermost region of the sun's atmosphere; visible as a white halo during a solar eclipse
    • n corona one or more circles of light seen around a luminous object
    • n corona an electrical discharge accompanied by ionization of surrounding atmosphere
    • n corona (botany) the trumpet-shaped or cup-shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Since the 1930’s the town of Corona, CA has buried, and lost, all 17 of its time capsules.
    • Corona (Mus) A character called the pause or hold.
    • Corona (Meteorol) A circle, usually colored, seen in peculiar states of the atmosphere around and close to a luminous body, as the sun or moon.
    • Corona A crown or circlet suspended from the roof or vaulting of churches, to hold tapers lighted on solemn occasions. It is sometimes formed of double or triple circlets, arranged pyramidically. Called also corona lucis.
    • Corona A crown or garland bestowed among the Romans as a reward for distinguished services.
    • Corona (Astronomy) A peculiar luminous appearance, or aureola, which surrounds the sun, and which is seen only when the sun is totally eclipsed by the moon.
    • Corona (Meteorol) A peculiar phase of the aurora borealis, formed by the concentration or convergence of luminous beams around the point in the heavens indicated by the direction of the dipping needle.
    • Corona (Bot) An inner appendage to a petal or a corolla, often forming a special cup, as in the daffodil and jonquil.
    • Corona (Bot) Any crownlike appendage at the top of an organ.
    • Corona (Arch) The projecting part of a Classic cornice, the under side of which is cut with a recess or channel so as to form a drip. See Illust. of Column.
    • Corona (Zoöl) The shelly skeleton of a sea urchin.
    • Corona (Anat) The upper surface of some part, as of a tooth or the skull; a crown.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n corona A crown.
    • n corona Specifically Among the Romans, a crown or garland bestowed as a reward for distinguished military service. The coronæ were of various kinds, as the corona civica, of oak-leaves, bestowed on one who had saved the life of a citizen; the corona vallaris or castrensis, of gold, bestowed on him who first mounted the rampart or entered the camp of the enemy; the corona muralis, given to one who first scaled the walls of a city; the corona navalis, to him who first boarded the ship of an enemy; and the corona obsidionalis, given to one who freed an army from a blockade, and made of grass growing on the spot.
    • n corona In architecture, a member of a cornice situated between the bed-molding and the cymatium. It consists of a broad vertical face, usually of considerable projection. Its soffit is generally recessed upward to facilitate the fall of rain from its face, thus sheltering the wall below. Among workmen it is called the drip; the French call it larmier, and this term is often used by English writers. See column.
    • n corona [LL.] Eccles., the horizontal stripe running around a miter at the lower edge, surrounding the head of the wearer. See miter.
    • n corona [NL.] In zoology and anatomy:
    • n corona The crown of the head.
    • n corona The crown of a tooth; the body of a tooth beyond the cingulum.
    • n corona Some part or organ likened to a crown.
    • n corona In echinoderms, the body-wall of an echinus, exclusive of the peristome and of the periproct.
    • n corona In ornithology, the top of the head; the cap or pileum.
    • n corona The trochal disk of a rotifer.
    • n corona In sponges, specifically, an irregular spicule, in the form of a ring, bearing rays or spines.
    • n corona [NL.] In botany: A crown-like appendage on the inner side of a corolla, as in plants of the genus Silene, and in the passionflower, comfrey, and daffodil.
    • n corona A crown-like appendage at the summit of an organ, as the pappus on the seed of a dandelion.
    • n corona The ray or circle of ligulate florets surrounding the disk in a composite flower.
    • n corona A halo; specifically, in astronomy, a halo or luminous circle around one of the heavenly bodies; especially, the portion of the aureola observed during total eclipses of the sun which lies outside the chromosphere, or region of colored prominences.
    • n corona A peculiar phase of the aurora borealis, formed by the concentration or convergence of luminous beams around the point in the heavens indicated by the direction of the dipping needle.
    • n corona Same as corona lucis (which see, below).
    • n corona In music, an old name for fermata.
    • n corona the Southern Crown, an ancient southern constellation about the knee of Sagittarius, represented by a garland.
    • n corona an ancient northern constellation between Hercules and Boötes, represented by a garland with two streamers.
    • n corona (literally, a crown of light), a chandelier or luster having the lights arranged in a circle, or in several circles whose centers come upon the same vertical axis, suspended from the roof or vaulting of a church and lighted on ceremonial occasions. In the larger and richer examples, however, the general disposition only is circular, this form being broken by lobes, cusps, and the like, along which the lights are arranged. The bounding line is usually marked by a broad band of metal, ornamented with repoussé work, enamel, etc., and having sacred texts inscribed upon it; to this band the separate candlesticks are attached. Also called corona.
    • n corona In zoology, the upper, branched portion of a crinoid, as distinguised from the stem or columna.
    • n corona See the extract.
    • n corona A cucullus or hood.
    • n corona The ring of primary wood in the medullary sheath.
    • n corona Same as aurora, 5.
    • n corona A phenomenon seen when an artificial cloud is viewed by transmitted light; an artificial halo.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Corona ko-rō′na (archit.) the large, flat, projecting member of a cornice which crowns the entablature: : :
    • pl Corona usually Corō′næ
    • n Corona ko-rō′na (bot.) the crown-like appendage at the top of compound flowers
    • n Corona ko-rō′na (astron.) the luminous circle or halo which surrounds the moon during a solar total eclipse
    • n Corona ko-rō′na (anat.) a term used to signify the upper surface of certain parts of the body: a round pendent chandelier
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. corona, crown. See Crown
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. corona, a crown.

Usage

In literature:

The corona of the sun gleamed and writhed like a thin band of quicksilver.
"Hunters Out of Space" by Joseph Everidge Kelleam
Frequently when there is a halo encircling the moon, there is a small corona more immediately around it.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
He found him smoking a large corona and lounging in one wicker chair with his feet on another, beside a very large whisky and soda.
"The Joyous Adventures of Aristide Pujol" by William J. Locke
Corona constantly seen from September 5th to December 15th.
"Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror" by Richard Linthicum
Below the altar, striking upwards from the floor of the sanctuary, gleamed a corona of light.
"Studies in love and in terror" by Marie Belloc Lowndes
The Corona Folding Stand adds very much to the convenience of the machine for field use.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
Some comets go right through the sun's corona, and yet do not seem to be influenced by it in the smallest degree.
"The Children's Book of Stars" by G.E. Mitton
Her name was Corona Heidelberger, and her story was a sad one.
"The First Violin" by Jessie Fothergill
The sun, with the leaping Corona, burst through the blackness behind us.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, March 1930" by Various
All of them, however, tended upward towards the corona, which shone like a halo.
"Farthest North" by Fridtjof Nansen
Victor and Corona, taken from Due Castelli during the war of Chioggia.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
This superior array meant to attack Escobedo, then turn and destroy Corona and Regules.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
Solar and lunar haloes, and coronae, and mock suns and moons are often seen.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 5" by Various
An inlaid ivory humidor was filled with coronas at exactly the right degree of moisture.
"The Crimson Gardenia and Other Tales of Adventure" by Rex Beach
He could look at the Sun, and see the splendid fires of the corona.
"The Legion of Lazarus" by Edmond Hamilton
I might be rich next year, and I should hate to see her dusting with a Corona stuck jauntily between toothless gums.
"Carnival" by Compton Mackenzie
Roman Fell group (Corona beds).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
From Elsinore we drove on in the morning through an open canyon, where Matilija poppies grew plentifully, to Corona.
"Across the Continent by the Lincoln Highway" by Effie Price Gladding
Franco drew his hood over his eyes, stepped ashore and went directly to the Albergo della Corona.
"The Patriot" by Antonio Fogazzaro
A singular and unlooked-for result of eclipse-work has been to include the corona within the scope of solar periodicity.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 7" by Various
***

In poetry:

Debitae nymphis opifex coronae.—Hor.
Imitation.
Constructor of the tributary wreath
For rural maids.
"Written in a Flower Book, of my own Colouring, designed for Lady Plymouth" by William Shenstone
The manager sat in his office,
Smoked a Corona cigar:
Said; 'Victor's a decent fellow but
He's too mousy to go far.'
"Victor" by W H Auden
Inside me you can hear the ancient blood ripple.
Cloud clusters part for me -- Kakheti’s paps bared.
A risen moon’s corona encircles my head,
And before me the sun unrolls its carpet of purple.
"Self-Portrait" by Giorgi Leonidze
My beautiful piazza! thou hast thy nightly boast,
When brightly in the darken'd sky appear the heavenly host;
Arcturus glows more brilliantly than monarchs' blazing gem,
And fair Corona sits enshrined, like angels' diadem.
"My Piazza." by Caroline Howard Gilman

In news:

Corona 's Amber Munerlyn scored the lone goal Saturday night to lead the US past Canada in the championship game in CONCACAF's U-17 women's championship in Guatemala City.
Trailer Full of Corona Beer Stolen in P.A.
Police in central Pennsylvania are searching for a missing beer trailer loaded with about 1,800 cases of Corona .
Mexican beer is more than just Corona .
Corona is only 4 years old but she has spent more time in a hospital then most adults.
The new fiber-lined corona kiln can reach 2012ºF.
Forestar Land Partners buys last parcel of Corona , Calif master planned community.
Corona Extra is the presenting sponsor of V Week on ESPN, which includes the Jimmy V Classic on ESPN and ESPN2.
POWERADE FAB 50 No 10 Corona del Mar (Newport Beach, Calif.) and No 16 Flintridge-Sacred Heart (La Canada, Calif.) each won twice Tuesday to inch closer to a championship meeting at the Los Tacos Holiday Festival in California.
Comet's ride through sun's corona shocks scientists.
Ranchers face many daily challenges with their range and herds and New Mexico State University's Corona Range and Livestock Research Center wants producers to know they are not alone.
Vista Murrieta 35, Corona Centennial 28.
Corona Del Mar State Beach.
Coroner 's officials have released the name of the 59-year-old man who officials say apparently shot himself to death in his Corona home after opening fire on his wife who was uninjured.
Calvert, R-Corona, replaces Rep David Dreier, R-San Dimas, who is retiring after 16 terms in office.
***

In science:

Zhang, C ∗ -algebras with real rank zero and the internal structure of their corona and multiplier algebras, Part I, Pacific J.
Classification of simple $C^*$-algebras of tracial topological rank zero
In spite of their high speeds, the shocks in the solar corona had modest Alfv´en Mach numbers and modest compressions.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
Irwin & Sarazin (1996) used ROSAT X-ray observations of the hot, gaseous corona around M49 to derive a mass profile for M49 extending to R ∼ 100 kpc ≃ 8Reff , leading them to conclude that dark matter must be present on spatial scales of R > Reff .
Dynamics of the Globular Cluster System Associated with M49 (NGC4472): Cluster Orbital Properties and the Distribution of Dark Matter
Llamamos a este prejuicio el ‘S´ındrome de la Corona de la Creaci´on’ (SCC), por razones obvias.
Brane Worlds, the Subanthropic Principle and the Undetectability Conjecture
The solar flares are the manifestation of a sudden, intense and spatially concentrated release of energy in the solar corona.
Multiscale self-organized criticality and powerful X-ray flares
This experimental information, however, turned out to be non-sufficient to distinguish between the SOC and fluid (MHD) turbulence processes mixed in the solar corona .
Multiscale self-organized criticality and powerful X-ray flares
Parker’s initial insights from 1958 provided a key causal link between the heating of the solar corona and the acceleration of the solar wind.
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
In the corona, the expected type of turbulent cascade would tend to most rapidly increase electron Tk , not the ion T⊥ as observed.
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
In the extended corona, though, the Kolmogorov heating rate begins to exceed the anisotropic turbulent heating rate by as much as a factor of 30.
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
There are two semiempirical ways of using the above-described values for hδV⊥ i and awp to put constraints on the temperature of the extended corona.
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
The resulting coronal P (r) was quite insensitive to the boundary conditions, however, because the gas pressure is so much larger in the corona than at 1 AU.
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
All of the above discussion of wave-pressure acceleration was focused solely on Alfv ´en waves, but it is not yet clear that these are the only MHD wave modes to exist in the extended corona and solar wind.
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
There is some evidence for both fast-mode and slow-mode magnetosonic waves in the corona, but they have been observed mainly in relatively con fined regions such as loops and plumes (Ofman et al. 1999; Nakariakov et al. 2004).
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
However, fast-mode waves that propagate parallel to the magnetic field behave essentially the same as Alfv ´en waves (putting aside their kinetic-scale polariza tion and their preferred cascade directions in k-space), so they may exist at some low level in the corona.
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
Thus, the rough agreement between the two methods in Figure 3a may imply that Tp ≈ Te remains the case several solar radii out into the extended corona, in contrast with earlier conclusions that Tp > Te .
Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration
***