corbel

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v corbel furnish with a corbel
    • n corbel (architecture) a triangular bracket of brick or stone (usually of slight extent)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Corbel kôr"bĕl (Arch) A bracket supporting a superincumbent object, or receiving the spring of an arch. Corbels were employed largely in Gothic architecture.☞ A common form of corbel consists of courses of stones or bricks, each projecting slightly beyond the next below it.
    • v. t Corbel To furnish with a corbel or corbels; to support by a corbel; to make in the form of a corbel.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n corbel In architecture, a piece of stone, wood, or iron projecting from the vertical face of a wall to support some superincumbent object. Corbels are of great variety in form, and are ornamented in many ways. They are much used in medieval architecture, forming supports for the beams of floors and of roofs, the machicolations of fortresses, the labels of doors and windows, etc.
    • n corbel The vase or drum of the Corinthian column: so called from its resemblance to a basket.
    • n corbel In entomology, the truncated oval tip of the tibia, when, as in many Rhynchophera, the insertion of the tarsus is a little above the tip on the inner side. The corbel is fringed with stiff hairs, and takes various forms, which are important characters in classification. It is said to be open when it is broken on the inner side by the articular cavity of the tarsus; closed, when the cavity does not attain it and the oval margin is complete; cavernose, when the external margin is produced and curved over the corbel, like a roof.
    • corbel To support on corbels.
    • corbel In architecture, to expand by extending each member of a series beyond the one below.
    • n corbel A raven or crow; a corbie.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Corbel kor′bel (archit.) a projection of stone or wood from the face of a wall, supporting pillars or other superincumbent weights
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. corbeau, for older corbel, dim. of L. corbis, basket. (Corbels were often in the form of a basket.) See Corbeil
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. corbel—Low L. corvellus, dim. of corvus, a raven.

Usage

In literature:

The king and queen corbel heads of this arch were once painted, and the colours are said to have been still tolerably fresh in 1840.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Rochester" by G. H. Palmer
A cornice supports the ceiling, and on the west side there are also some rather inexplicable corbels.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Ripon" by Cecil Walter Charles Hallett
The stone roof is supported upon small semi-octagonal vaulting shafts, ending in truncated corbels.
"Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln" by Charles L. Marson
The roof was originally divided into 13 spaces by oak principals, very slightly arched, resting on stone corbels.
"The Care of Books" by John Willis Clark
Upon Sunday scholars, from a Norman wall, looks down a hideous stone corbel.
"Highways and Byways in Surrey" by Eric Parker
It has an open timber roof, the beams supported upon carved corbels.
"Our Italy" by Charles Dudley Warner
Two courses of corbelling also appeared on the two chimneys located at the back and in the center section of the building.
"The Fairfax County Courthouse" by Ross D. Netherton
At this level are four carved stone corbels with notches on the upper side, evidently to take a wooden beam.
"Byzantine Churches in Constantinople" by Alexander Van Millingen
Of these parts, one is quite plain, except only the corbel-table and ornamented frieze below.
"Architectural Antiquities of Normandy" by John Sell Cotman
The roof is of pitch pine, the timbers being supported by plain corbels.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
You're paid to direct this whole job and to know all about it, not to lay corbels.
"Calumet 'K'" by Samuel Merwin
A cornice of corbelled arches crowns the nave wall.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
A "corbel table" is a projecting moulded string course supported by a range of corbels.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
The crevice from which he had just issued ended in a narrow and slippery projection, a species of corbel in the peaked wall.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
All the doorways mentioned above have cornices, and in those at Palmyra and Baalbec richly carved friezes with side corbels.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
Sometimes, however, a parapet or pierced balustrade was carried on the corbel table enclosing the gutter.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 6" by Various
Upon this Corbel-table is a plain PARAPET and COPING where these are left, which is rarely the case.
"The Seven Periods of English Architecture" by Edmund Sharpe
Hadleigh is rich in seventeenth-century houses with ornamental plaster fronts and carved oak beams and corbels.
"Nooks and Corners of Old England" by Allan Fea
Prominent in our view rises the gray limestone tower, whose rugged, time-worn walls rise solidly to the corbelled battlements.
"Nooks and Corners of Pembrokeshire" by H. Thornhill Timmins
Small watch-towers, corbelled at the summits upon false machicolations, are adjacent to the larger.
"British Castles" by Charles H. Ashdown
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In news:

Dress it up with applied molding and corbels or dress it down with a minimum of materials.
From ornate corbels to intricate brackets, the woodwork decorating New Orleans homes is a thing of beauty.
All about projects using vintage and salvaged architectural details and materials, including newel posts, columns, corbels, and more.
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In science:

Radio emission has also been shown to be correlated with soft and hard X-ray emission (Hannikainen et al. 1998; Brocksopp et al. 1999; Corbel et al. 2000).
Near-infrared synchrotron emission from the compact jet of GX339-4
Recent observations of X-ray novae have shown that the compact jet was an ubiquitous property of BHCs in the low/hard state (Fender 2001a; Corbel et al. 2001a and references therein).
Near-infrared synchrotron emission from the compact jet of GX339-4
The compact jet seems to be quenched in the Intermediate/Very High states, i.e. in any state where a strong soft X-ray component exists (Corbel et al. 2001a).
Near-infrared synchrotron emission from the compact jet of GX339-4
Hannikainen et al. (1998) first pointed out that the radio and X-ray emission in GX 339−4 were strongly correlated during the low/hard state, a correlation which has been studied in more details by Corbel et al. (2000) using a longer extensive set of data.
Near-infrared synchrotron emission from the compact jet of GX339-4
The typical spectral index of the inverted spectral component in the radio regime has been found to be around +0.15 during the most sensitive radio observations performed in the low/hard state (Corbel et al. 2000).
Near-infrared synchrotron emission from the compact jet of GX339-4
Based on this RXTE spectrum and on the radio - X ray correlation (Corbel et al.
Near-infrared synchrotron emission from the compact jet of GX339-4
The base of the jet is probably located very close to, or co-existent with, the corona (Fender et al. 1999), which would explain why there is a very strong coupling between the hard X-ray emission from the corona and the radio emission from the compact jet (Hannikainen et al. 1998; Corbel et al. 2000).
Near-infrared synchrotron emission from the compact jet of GX339-4
The square symbols is the level of radio emission at 8640 MHz estimated from the measured X-ray fluxes based on the existing correlation between radio and X-ray emission (Corbel et al. 2002).
Near-infrared synchrotron emission from the compact jet of GX339-4
Corbel et al (2002) demonstrated that in microquasars we can study in real time the formation and dynamical evolution of the working surfaces (lobes) of relativistic jets far away from the centres of ejection, on time scales inaccessible for AGN.
Microquasars as sources of high energy phenomena
BHXBs come from the stability in the orientation of the electric vector in the radio polarisation maps of GX 339−4 over a two year period (Corbel et al. 2000).
Accretion modes and jet production in black hole X-ray binaries
Rodriguez, J., Pooley, G., Hannikainen, D.C., Lehto, H.J., Belloni, T., Cadolle-Bel, M., Corbel, S. 2006, in “Proceedings of the VI Microquasar Workshop: Microquasars and Beyond ”, Eds T.
A SIMBOL-X View of Microquasars
Corbel, in Identification of Defects in Semiconductors, edited by M.
Si nanoparticle interfaces in Si/SiO2 solar cell materials
In GBHC systems low state GBHC jets have been resolved (Stirling et al. 2001) and studied over a wide range of GBHC luminosity variation (Corbel et al. 2000, 2003).
Does Sgr A* Have an Intrinsic Magnetic Moment Instead of an Event Horizon?
Although the - also non-thermal - hard X-ray emission in XRBs is generally attributed to the corona, in some microquasars a correlation between radio and X-rays is observed during the low-hard state (Corbel et al. 2003, Gallo et al. 2003).
Radiative models for jets in X-ray binaries
Tappert ed., Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series Vol. 447, Distribution of High Mass X-Ray Binaries in the Milky Way. p. 265 Corbel S., et al., 2003, Astron.
Radiative models for jets in X-ray binaries
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