copyhold

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n copyhold a medieval form of land tenure in England; a copyhold was a parcel of land granted to a peasant by the lord of the manor in return for agricultural services
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Copyhold (Eng. Law) A tenure of estate by copy of court roll; or a tenure for which the tenant has nothing to show, except the rolls made by the steward of the lord's court.Copyholds do not exist in the United States.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n copyhold In England, a tenure of lands of a manor, according to the custom of the manor, and by copy of court-roll; or a tenure for which the tenant has nothing to show except the rolls made by the steward of the lord's court, which contain entries of the admission of the original or former tenant, his surrender to the use of another, or alienation, or his death, and the claim and admission of the heir or devisee. There are two sorts of copyhold: the first is styled ancient demesne, or a customary freehold; and the second a base tenure, or mere copyhold. Copyhold property cannot be now created, for the foundation on which it rests is that the property has been possessed time out of mind by copy of court-roll, and that the tenements are with the manor. Copyholds now descend to the heir at law, according to the rules that regulate the descent of all other kinds of estate in land.
    • n copyhold Land held in copyhold.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Copyhold (Eng. law) a species of estate or right of holding land, for which the owner can only show the copy of the rolls originally made by the steward of the lord's court
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. copie, from L. copia, plenty; in Low L. a transcript.

Usage

In literature:

But follow my counsel, and Cumnor Place shall be thy copyhold yet.
"Kenilworth" by Sir Walter Scott
Rights of lods et ventes on copyholders, due by the purchaser of property liable to this lien, in forty days.
"The Origins of Contemporary France, Volume 1 (of 6)" by Hippolyte A. Taine
You ought to hear how she got the copyhold of her house extended.
"Life's Little Ironies A set of tales with some colloquial sketches entitled A Few Crusted Characters" by Thomas Hardy
In the present day large numbers of copyhold tenements have been enfranchised, i.e.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
Two years later there was a serious riot against the increase of copyhold.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
The latter, indeed, was essentially changed by the establishment of the law of copyhold.
"View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Henry Hallam
In Ulster, always exceptional, there prevailed a certain measure of tenant-right, something like the English copyhold.
"Irish History and the Irish Question" by Goldwin Smith
Escheat is also an incident of copyhold tenure.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 7" by Various
Lands, if freehold, escheat to the king or other lord of the manor; if copyhold, to the lord of the manor.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
The only question that arose was about certain timber growing on the estate and fines of copyholds.
"Norfolk Annals A Chronological Record of Remarkable Events in the Nineteeth Century, Vol. 2" by Charles Mackie
Again, there are large properties, copyhold, or held under long leases from corporate bodies, the tenants having the right to shoot.
"The Gamekeeper At Home" by Richard Jefferies
The Rowington copyhold also?
"Judith Shakespeare" by William Black
The Dalton family had been settled for several generations on a small copyhold estate in this village.
"Heroes of Science" by M. M. Pattison Muir
Estates in copyhold are essentially distinct both in their origin and in their nature from those of freehold estates.
"Legal Lore" by Various
It is also termed privileged copyhold or copyhold of frank tenure.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 8" by Various
The development of copyhold belongs to the later period, copyhold being mostly a rent-paying servile tenure.
"Villainage in England" by Paul Vinogradoff
For the manorial law relating to heriots, see COPYHOLD.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 3" by Various
Again, it is not always easy to draw a line between copyhold and leasehold.
"The Agrarian Problem in the Sixteenth Century" by Richard Henry Tawney
An exactly parallel case is the legalization in England of that customary tenant-right known as copyhold.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 5" by Various
The copyhold land granted to them consisted of 36-1/2 acres 9 perches 1-1/2 qr.
"The Paston Letters, Volume II (of 6)"
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In poetry:

A lone green valley, good for sheep,
Where still the ancient fairies keep
Their right of way and copyhold
All night with mullein torches. Far
Within the stream, a dreaming star
Has laid a spell of gold.
"The Elfin Valley" by Mary Webb

In news:

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