• WordNet 3.6
    • n copal a brittle aromatic resin used in varnishes
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Copal A resinous substance flowing spontaneously from trees of Zanzibar, Madagascar, and South America (Trachylobium Hornemannianum Trachylobium verrucosum, and Hymenæa Courbaril), and dug from earth where forests have stood in Africa; -- used chiefly in making varnishes.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n copal A hard, transparent, amber-like resin, the product of many different tropical trees, melting at a high temperature, and used in the manufacture of varnishes. Some of the softer kinds are also called anime. Copal may be dissolved by digestion in linseed-oil, with a heat a little less than sufficient to boil or decompose the oil. This solution diluted with spirit of turpentine forms a beautiful transparent varnish, which, when properly applied and slowly dried, is exceedingly durable and hard. There are various methods of preparing it. The most highly prized copal is that obtained from Zanzibar and Mozambique, the product of leguminous trees, Trachylobium Hornemannianam and T. Mozambicense, and often dug from the ground in a semi-fossil state. Several varieties are obtained from the western coast of Africa, all probably furnished by species of Copaifera. Manila or Indian copal is obtained from Vateria Indica. Kauri copal, from New Zealand and New Caledonia, is found in the soil in large masses, the product of species of Agathis (Dammara). South American copals are obtained from Hymenæa Courbaril and other allied leguminous trees, as well as from some burseraceous species. (See anime.) The Mexican copal-trees are species of Bursera or other genera of the same order.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Copal kō′pal a resinous substance used in varnishes.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Sp., fr. Mexican copalli, a generic name of resins. Clavigero
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Sp.,—Mex. copalli, resins generally.


In literature:

A thick white varnish made by mixing oxide of zinc with copal varnish in a mortar.
"Practical Taxidermy" by Montagu Browne
Finish up with two or three coats of copal varnish.
"The Ladies Book of Useful Information" by Anonymous
In each of these districts the natives are made to work and bring in rubber, gum copal, food, or ivory, as a tax.
"The Pools of Silence" by H. de Vere Stacpoole
Copal, mastic, and frankincense, are also of this class of vegetable substances.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
That on the under side of the brim, which has been prepared as above, is to be attached with copal varnish.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
One quart of pale copal varnish will improve the preparation.
"Cottage Building in Cob, Pisé, Chalk and Clay" by Clough Williams-Ellis
The copal is not found at a greater depth in the ground than 4 ft., and it is seldom the diggers go deeper than about 3 ft.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
Add to this three times the quantity of Copal Varnish.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
Any native workman can, however, varnish a trap with white or copal varnish.
"Notes on Stable Management in India and the Colonies" by Joshua A. Nunn
To transfer engravings to mother-of-pearl, coat the shell with thin white copal varnish.
"Paper and Printing Recipes" by J. Sawtelle Ford
They first touched the ground with their hands, and then kissed it, bowed themselves three times, and perfumed with copal.
"The Memoirs of the Conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Vol 1 (of 2)" by Bernal Diaz del Castillo
It strongly resembles copal, and, like it, is used in making varnishes.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
Gum copal is exported.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 7" by Various
Whole tracts of gum copal trees were seen for hours together.
"The World and Its People: Book VII" by Anna B. Badlam
To revarnish, wipe off all grease stains, and dress lightly down with the best copal.
"The Determined Angler and the Brook Trout" by Charles Bradford
When this copal was melted, the kettle was set, with its boiling-hot pitchy contents, in that little entry.
"Fetichism in West Africa" by Robert Hamill Nassau
All that appears in the Table of Exports is two or three hundred tons of gum copal shipped each year from Manila.
"The Inhabitants of the Philippines" by Frederic H. Sawyer
It is the great mart to which come the ivory, gum, copal, hides, etc., and the slaves of the interior.
"Stanley's Adventures in the Wilds of Africa" by Joel Tyler Headley and William Fletcher Johnson
Ivory, rubber and copal are the chief exports.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 9" by Various
Turpentine varnishes are no longer generally used in bookbinderies; in colour printing copal and amber varnishes are used.
"Practical Bookbinding" by Paul Adam

In news:

Here is the September Bloodmobile schedule for the Wayne County chapter of the American Red Cross: Sept 4: St Stephen's Epis-copal church from 2 to 6:30 pm Sept 11: Red Cross chapter, 600 N George St, from 2 to 6:30.
Copal Awad with a "Happy 4th of July" sign at his Broadway business, Taunton Service and Convenience Express.
The scents of burning sage and copal were thick in the Mission on Friday night for the neighborhood's annual procession and Dia de los Muertos festival of altars.