• WordNet 3.6
    • n conviction (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed "the conviction came as no surprise"
    • n conviction an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or evidence
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A monkey was once tried and convicted for smoking a cigarette in South Bend, Indiana
    • Conviction (Law) A judgment of condemnation entered by a court having jurisdiction; the act or process of finding guilty, or the state of being found guilty of any crime by a legal tribunal. "Conviction may accrue two ways."
    • Conviction The act of convicting; the act of proving, finding, or adjudging, guilty of an offense. "The greater certainty of conviction and the greater certainty of punishment."
    • Conviction The act of convincing of error, or of compelling the admission of a truth; confutation. "For all his tedious talk is but vain boast,
      Or subtle shifts conviction to evade."
    • Conviction The state of being convinced or convicted; strong persuasion or belief; especially, the state of being convicted of sin, or by one's conscience. "To call good evil, and evil good, against the conviction of their own consciences.""And did you presently fall under the power of this conviction ?"
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Back in 1924, a monkey was convicted in South Bend of the crime of smoking a cigarette and sentenced to pay a 25 dollar fine and the trial costs.
    • n conviction The act of convincing one of the truth of something; especially, the act of convincing of error; confutation.
    • n conviction The state of being convinced or fully persuaded; strong belief on the ground of satisfactory reasons or evidence; the conscious assent of the mind; settled persuasion; a fixed or firm belief: as, an opinion amounting to conviction; he felt a strong conviction of coming deliverance.
    • n conviction Specifically The state of being convinced that one is or has been acting in opposition to conscience; the state of being convicted of wrong-doing or sin; strong admonition of the conscience; religious compunction.
    • n conviction The act of proving or finding guilty of an offense charged; especially, the finding by a jury or other legal tribunal that the person on trial is guilty of the offense charged: sometimes used as implying judgment or sentence.
    • n conviction The state of being convicted or confuted; condemnation upon proof or reasoning; confutation.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1863, Paul Hubert of Bordeaux, France, was sentenced to life in jail for murder. After 21 years, it was discovered that he was convicted of murdering himself.
    • ns Conviction act of convincing: strong belief: a proving guilty:
    • ns Conviction (theol.) the condition of being consciously convicted of sin
    • ***


  • James Freeman Clarke
    James Freeman Clarke
    “He who believes is strong; he who doubts is weak. Strong convictions precede great actions.”
  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    “The sure conviction that we could if we wanted to is the reason so many good minds are idle.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    “Oh how sweet it is to hear one's own convictions from another's lips.”
  • Jean Rostand
    “The nobility of a human being is strictly independent of that of his convictions.”
  • Antoine De Saint-Exupery
    “Of what worth are convictions that bring not suffering?”
  • Mahatma Gandhi
    “A No uttered from deepest conviction is better and greater than a Yes merely uttered to please, or what is worse, to avoid trouble.”


To have the courage of your convictions - If you have the courage of your convictions, you are brave enough to do what you feel is right, despite any pressure for you to do something different.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. convictio, proof: cf. F. conviction, conviction (in sense 3 & 4). See Convict Convince
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From root of Convince.


In literature:

I would rather do without butter and milk than buy it of convicts, who may poison us in sheer spite because we are more fortunate than they.
"The Castle Of The Shadows" by Alice Muriel Williamson
He again repeated his conviction of Reuben's innocence in that affair.
"A Final Reckoning" by G. A. Henty
An awful conviction of this tremendous kind the clergy had effectually instilled into the mind of Europe.
"Short Studies on Great Subjects" by James Anthony Froude
But the worst of it was, that that poor married man there got convicted instead of one of us.
"Six Years in the Prisons of England" by A Merchant - Anonymous
The legislature of Georgia offered a reward of five thousand dollars for his arrest and conviction.
"Pushing to the Front" by Orison Swett Marden
I shall get bigger some day, and then I shall do just as Convict Braydon does; but I shouldn't to old Green.
"First in the Field" by George Manville Fenn
Perhaps he, the former convict, still felt himself unworthy to do so!
"The Secret of the Island" by W.H.G. Kingston (translation from Jules Verne)
The overseer turned the corner of the house and came forward with the three convicts at his heels.
"Prisoners of Hope" by Mary Johnston
If identified, and the body of Alice were found, how could Oswald escape conviction as her murderer?
"Oswald Langdon" by Carson Jay Lee
Their tentative submission was based on fear, and that in turn upon their sin-convicted consciences.
"Jesus the Christ" by James Edward Talmage
Without eloquence or education, he had the full courage of his convictions and an intellectual vigour sufficient to back them.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
To give employment to the convicts and suspects, a model sugar-estate was established by the Government.
"The Philippine Islands" by John Foreman
She was a fast sailer, and well found, and in charge of a master mariner, a convict, and convict seamen.
"The History of Tasmania , Volume II (of 2)" by John West
These convictions did not come to him all at once, nor were they as yet firmly fixed.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
Of course, he had a deep-seated conviction that psionics was somewhere at the root of everything, but that didn't necessarily mean anything.
"Occasion for Disaster" by Gordon Randall Garrett
She went on talking about the Convict Settlement, which she had outlived.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
Nothing so presented could carry full conviction.
"The Preliminaries" by Cornelia A. P. Comer
The subsequent change in his convictions followed on the death of his pious mother in 1798.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 9" by Various
It grows to conviction as I review various circumstances concerning my neighbor.
"Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist" by Alexander Berkman
Steward Firth ordered the conviction to be quashed, with costs.
"Norfolk Annals A Chronological Record of Remarkable Events in the Nineteeth Century, Vol. 1" by Charles Mackie

In poetry:

Shall human wisdom then, with beetle sight,
Because obstructed in its blund'ring flight,
Despise the deep conviction of our birth,
And limit life to this degraded earth?
"Eccentricity" by Washington Allston
As the conviction sinks into my spirit
That my quick heart is doomed to death in life;
Or that these pangs must pierce and never sear it,
I am abandoned to despairing strife.
"Waiting" by Frances Fuller Victor
Believe me therefore — it was out of love,
That Christ did thee with this disease correct,
And that thou mightest, to conviction, prove
Thereby, that thou art one of his elect.
"A Letter From Sir Lewis Mansel Of Margam, In Glamorganshire, As 'Tis Suppos'd, To The Vicar Prichard" by Rees Prichard
"If Pæan's Sons these horrid rites require,
If Health's fair science be by these refined,
Let guilty convicts, for their use, expire,
And let their breathless corse avail mankind.
"Elegy XXII. Written in the Year ----, When the Rights of Sepulture Were So Frequently Violated" by William Shenstone
A wild conviction smote his mind:
And if unbidden sorrows blind,
One moment, eyes that still descry
In life so much that's worth a sigh,
The weaker mood remained not long,
And left him strangely calm and strong.
"The Painter Of Florence" by Ernest Jones
From the depth of darkness punctuated by scattered stars
came a rebuke: "when I let you grasp me you call it an deception,
and yet when I remain concealed,
why do you hold on to your faith in me with such conviction?"
"Ungrateful Sorrow" by Rabindranath Tagore

In news:

Civil Rights Leader Convicted of Incest.
A jury convicted an iconic civil-rights figure of incest Thursday after concluding that he had sex with his teenage daughter 15 years ago.
A little while earlier, Miller stood without reaction inside US District Court as a jury convicted him of helping a woman flee the country with her child rather than share custody with her former partner in a Vermont civil union .
A federal judge has certified a convicted sex offender's suit against the Indiana Department of Correction as a class action.
The Yurok Tribe is inviting tribal members to learn on Friday about its new Clean Slate Program, which can expunge conviction records for qualifying participants.
Cleve Foster was convicted of a 2002 rape and murder.
Or convictions that haven't been tested by, and defended against, competing ones.
Group seeks intervenor status to uphold rape conviction.
A national legal group hopes to convince the Manitoba Court of Appeal to uphold the conviction of a rapist infamously dubbed a " clumsy Don Juan" by a Manitoba judge.
A Superior Court judge sentenced a convicted killer to more than 200 years in prison for a racially motivated shooting that killed a 14-year-old girl in 2006.
This morning brought the first felony conviction relating to the prosecution of Milwaukee Ald.
An inmate convicted in Multnomah County was hospitalized today after he was found unresponsive in his cell at Snake River Correctional Institution .
Company executive convicted of $550,000 fraud.
The Secret Service must be doing something right (its conviction rate is 98.8%), but let's hope the next generation of hundred-dollar bills makes counterfeiters want to find a new profession.
The deeper issues behind Italy's conviction of earthquake scientists.

In science:

Thus, we are convicted that the simulation results “approach” closer to reality and particularly some reduction of their fluctuation’s rate is expected as the number of segments is raising, that is to say there is an “ostensible” convergence.
"D-Dimond1", Prototype Antenna RGA-05
In justifying (2) I have been guided by the conviction that this formula seems capable of reproducing the properties of the arrival time known from experience.
A Simple Solution of the Arrival Time Problem
How could science question this conviction? In order to do science one has to be able to test theoretical models.
Is realism compatible with true randomness ?
The horrifying smallness of the expected quantum-gravity effects, due to the overall suppression by powers of the ratio of the Planck length (Lp ∼ 10−35m) versus the characteristic wavelength of the particles involved in the process, had led to the conviction that experiments could never possibly help.
A perspective on Quantum Gravity Phenomenology
Based on these consideration, it is my conviction that the physics case for a super B -factory is compelling.
The Physics Case for an e^+ e^- Super B-Factory
Although it is common conviction that a unified mathematical framework describing both gravity and quantum phenomena should exist, it seems to be still out of reach.
Supersymmetric Gauge Theories from String Theory
The argument satisfyingly flows along, conveying that conviction, occasionally with reservations, to the reader.
Book Review of Stephen L. Adler's, "Quantum theory as an emergent phenomenon."
As planet searches progress, the conviction that planets are common objects in the universe continually strengthen.
Probing the Impact of Stellar Duplicity on Planet Occurrence with Spectroscopic and Imaging Observations
Our conviction of its effectiveness was strongly reinforced when we obtained the best result for the 3D case.
Two-dimensional body of maximum mean resistance
To the degree that systems theory does not merely make its specific disciplinary contribution with the system of the sciences but also penetrates the lifeworld with its claim to universality, it replaces metaphysical background convictions with metabiological ones.
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
Your financial situation changes over time, so do your friendships, your convictions and beliefs.
The Identity Crisis. Security, Privacy and Usability Issues in Identity Management
To reach a further conviction that these features are indeed universal to all supersymmetric black holes, a more systematic study of supersymmetric solutions is desirable.
Black hole solutions in string theory
Salvi III, who was convicted of killing two people in a shooting spree on two abortion clinics in 1994, killed himself in prison.
Inferring Strategies for Sentence Ordering in Multidocument News Summarization
Ideally, it is inspection of C ’s mechanism that grounds convictions about randomness (perhaps because of symmetries discovered, or for deeper reasons involving quantum theory, etc.).
Remarks on "Random Sequences"
Our analysis of non-perturbative corrections in inclusive heavy flavour decays [1-5] offers additional evidence in support of this conviction.
$D_s$ Lifetime, $m_b$, $m_c$ and $|V_{cb}|$ in the Heavy Quark Expansion