contribution

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n contribution the part played by a person in bringing about a result "I am proud of my contribution in advancing the project","they all did their share of the work"
    • n contribution act of giving in common with others for a common purpose especially to a charity
    • n contribution a writing for publication especially one of a collection of writings as an article or story
    • n contribution an amount of money contributed "he expected his contribution to be repaid with interest"
    • n contribution a voluntary gift (as of money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Tatum O’Neal is the youngest Oscar winner not to receive a Special Award. O’Neal was just 10 years old when she won the Best Supporting Actress award for Paper Moon. Shirley Temple is the youngest person to win an Academy Award when she was given the Special Award for Outstanding Contribution in 1934 at the age of 6.
    • Contribution (Mil) An irregular and arbitrary imposition or tax leved on the people of a town or country. "These sums, . . . and the forced contributions paid by luckless peasants, enabled him to keep his straggling troops together."
    • Contribution (Law) Payment, by each of several jointly liable, of a share in a loss suffered or an amount paid by one of their number for the common benefit.
    • Contribution That which is contributed; -- either the portion which an individual furnishes to the common stock, or the whole which is formed by the gifts of individuals. "A certain contribution for the poor saints which are at jerusalem.""Aristotle's actual contributions to the physical sciences."
    • Contribution The act of contributing.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The chameleon has several cell layers beneath its transparent skin. These layers are the source of the chameleon's color change. Some of the layers contain pigments, while others just reflect light to create new colors. Several factors contribute to the color change. A popular misconception is that chameleons change color to match their environment. This isn't true. Light, temperature, and emotional state commonly bring about a chameleon's change in color. The chameleon will most often change between green, brown and gray, which coincidently, often matches the background colors of their habitat.
    • n contribution The act of giving to a common stock, or in common with others; the act of promoting or affording aid to a common end; the payment by each of his share of some common expense, or the doing by each of his part of a common labor.
    • n contribution That which is given to a common stock or done to promote a common end, either by an individual or by many; something furnished as a joint share or constituent part.
    • n contribution Specifically A writing furnished as a distinct part of a periodical or other joint literary work.
    • n contribution Milit., an imposition paid by a frontier country to secure itself from being plundered by the enemy's army; an imposition upon a country in the power of an enemy, which is levied under various pretenses and for various purposes, usually for the support of the army.
    • n contribution In law, a payment made by each of several, having a common interest, of his share in a loss suffered, or in an amount paid, by one of the number for the common good: as, for instance, a payment levied on each of the several owners of a vessel for equalizing the loss arising from sacrifices made for the common safety in sea voyages, where the ship is in danger of being lost or captured.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Contribution a collection: a levy or charge imposed upon a people: anything furnished to a common stock: a written composition supplied to a jointly written book, newspaper, &c
    • ***

Quotations

  • Anthony Robbins
    Anthony%20Robbins
    “It is not what we get. But who we become, what we contribute... that gives meaning to our lives.”
  • Aristotle
    Aristotle
    “It is well to be up before daybreak, for such habits contribute to health, wealth, and wisdom.”
  • Bertrand Russell
    Bertrand%20Russell
    “Anything you're good at contributes to happiness.”
  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “Nothing can contribute more to peace of soul than the lack of any opinion whatever.”
  • David Packer
    David Packer
    “Make a technical contribution; innovate, don't emulate.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The powerful play goes on -- and you may contribute a verse. What will your verse be?”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. contributio,: cf. F. contribution,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. con, with, tribuĕre, -utum, to give.

Usage

In literature:

The Bank subscribed L1,000,000, the Directors in their private capacity further contributing L400,000.
"William Pitt and the Great War" by John Holland Rose
Elizabeth contributed the Garland and Foresight.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
The young wife, therefore, will definitely plan in just what way she can contribute to her husband's efficiency.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol. 3 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
The result of his appeal was a subscription of $6,000 to which he contributed $525 personally.
"The Life of King Edward VII" by J. Castell Hopkins
Of all Americans who ever visited Europe, Mr. Cooper contributed most to our country's good reputation.
"The International Monthly, Volume 3, No. 1, April, 1851" by Various
The Queen thereupon does her share in contributing to the sum of human happiness.
"Faces and Places" by Henry William Lucy
Mill contributed various articles from 1808 to 1813, but chiefly upon topics outside of the political sphere.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume II (of 3)" by Leslie Stephen
Thus rapidly may be indicated some elements that contributed to the sudden and astonishingly wide popularity of these books.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
A number of causes contributed to this consummation.
"Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror" by Richard Linthicum
The clamor of office-seekers during his brief tenure contributed largely to his death.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
But if all will do it, he is saved; and he who contributes but a mite in this work of God, deserves the everlasting gratitude of the republic.
"Select Temperance Tracts" by American Tract Society
The great diversity of languages contributed to maintain the isolation of tribes and prevent extensive confederation.
"The Discovery of America Vol. 1 (of 2)" by John Fiske
Undoubtedly the rough training of his youth had contributed to it.
"Pictures of German Life in the XVIIIth and XIXth Centuries, Vol. II." by Gustav Freytag
He contributed largely in rousing his fellow sufferers to a sense of impending danger.
"Sages and Heroes of the American Revolution" by L. Carroll Judson
Both academies were indebted to him not only for many valuable contributions, but also for several useful regulations and improvements.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
But how does symmetry contribute to fitness, or why is it necessary?
"Beauty" by Alexander Walker
It is in answer to this question that Marx makes his most notable contribution to Socialistic theory.
"Socialism and Democracy in Europe" by Samuel P. Orth
The war of 1812 also contributes its scattered waifs to keep alive the memory of that time.
"Peculiarities of American Cities" by Willard Glazier
And thus everything contributed to pierce her heart with a dart, of which she did not seem to be sensible.
"Voltaire's Romances" by François-Marie Arouet
Very liberally he contributed of his large fortune to aid the poor.
"Joseph Bonaparte" by John S. C. Abbott
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In poetry:

'Weep not for me, thou father fond!'
The virgin soft did say;
'Could I contribute to thy peace,
O, I would bless the day!
"A Tale" by John Logan
Est fuga, volvitur rota.
On we drift: where looms the dim port?
One, Two, Three, Four, Five, contribute their quota;
Something is gained, if one caught but the import—-
Show it us, Hugues of Saxe-Gotha!
"Master Hugues Of Saxe-Gotha" by Robert Browning
THES. The best of a picnic is that everybody contributes what he
pleases, and nobody knows what anybody else has brought til the
last moment. Now, unpack everybody and let's see what there is
for everybody.
"Thespis: Act I" by William Schwenck Gilbert
A good knee's height, they say, she sprang;
Her arms and feet like those who hang:
As if afire the body sped,
And neither pair contributed.
She jumped in silence: she was thought
A corpse to resurrection caught.
"Jump-To-Glory Jane" by George Meredith
MY name engraved herein
Doth contribute my firmness to this glass,
Which ever since that charm hath been
As hard, as that which graved it was ;
Thine eye will give it price enough, to mock
The diamonds of either rock.
"A Valediction of my Name in the Window" by John Donne
Who has e'er been at Paris must needs know the Greve,
The fatal retreat of th' unfortunate brave,
Where honour and justice most oddly contribute
To ease heroes' pains by a halter and gibbet.
Derry down, down, hey derry down.
"The Thief And Cordelier. A Ballad" by Matthew Prior

In news:

How media technology contributes to the global ecological crisis.
Contributing Editor Pete Dunne is an expert birder , a gifted storyteller, a popular public speaker, and one of America's preeminent nature writers.
CONTRIBUTED PHOTO Christine Mazzetta of Port St Lucie will run the New York City Marathon on Nov 4, her 42nd birthday.
I like to look at them as often as I can and many of you have contributed URLs for me to take into consideration.
Contributing chef Pam Anderson blends this healthy makeover of a classic drink for a pre- or postrun treat.
Brenda Fowler contributes to The Times from Central Europe Published: July 22, 1990.
Gas Blanketing Controls and How to Contribute to IEH v.5.
Brides Against Breast Cancer™ contributes to programs for cancer patients and their families.
Also near the beginning, there's a fake ad for the Pee Palace, and a short peice where people ask you the listener for contributions.
Staff writer Krissah Thompson contributed to this report.
Thanks to everyone who has contributed.
Contributed photo Construction workers build the first of seven buildings for the Jonglei Christian Vocational Boarding School in Jonglei State of South Sudan.
Contributed by Chef Bobo .
The Vanguard Group founder John Bogle says mutual funds should have a say in political contributions by corporations they own shares of.
Bolling raised $961,811 from 747 individual contributions.
***

In science:

However, as the core-collapse stars are more massive, they may contribute an equal amount of material to the interstellar medium on a per-supernova basis, even if the SNe Ia contribute more as a percentage of initial mass of the system.
Rates and Progenitors of Type Ia Supernovae
In addition, the spectroscopically-inferred CSMinteraction contribution of Hamuy et al. (2003) (open triangles in Fig. 7.2) limits the SN contribution at maximum to that expected from a normal SN Ia.
Rates and Progenitors of Type Ia Supernovae
Adding them together we finally acquire the Meissner mass contribution that is positive one third of the Debye mass contribution.
Analytical and numerical evaluation of the Debye and Meissner masses in dense neutral three-flavor quark matter
The last contribution, off(ru-gd;gurd), represents the self-energy contribution from the offdiagonal components of ru-gd and gu-rd propagation, that is, the loop made up with ru quarks turning into gd and rd quarks turning into gu as shown in Fig. 7.
Analytical and numerical evaluation of the Debye and Meissner masses in dense neutral three-flavor quark matter
Because εA-B ± (p − µB ) ≃ ∆AB in the vicinity of the Fermi surface p ∼ µ that is dominating over the p-integration, the functional form of the off-diagonal contribution is essentially the same as the diagonal contributions.
Analytical and numerical evaluation of the Debye and Meissner masses in dense neutral three-flavor quark matter
The contribution of the constant term to R ddx ˜σij ∂iuk ∂j uk vanishes because the spatial average of ˜σij is zero, and the contribution from the terms with a single gradient vanish because R ddx ˜σij ∂j hi (x) vanishes for any function hi . M.
Nonaffine Correlations in Random Elastic Media
The crucial point, however, is that to get the above exponential contribution, one has to know about existence of the other local minimum, otherwise, its contribution would be just missing.
Off-perturbative states in disordered systems
In other words, it is supposed that the partition function (of a given sample) can be represented in the form of two separate contributions: Z = Z Dφ(x)e−βH = e−βF0 + e−βF1 ≡ Z0 + Z1 where F0 is the contribution coming from the vicinity of the ground state, and F1 is the contribution of the Griffiths region.
Off-perturbative states in disordered systems
In addition, other, nonCoulomb vacua may also contribute, and these contributions may invalidate the quantum cohomology relations.
A-Model Correlators from the Coulomb Branch
A), W-exchange (E)and penguinannihilation (PA) - hereafter generically referred to as annihilation diagrams or contributions, are neglected on the ground of being much lower in the hierarchy of contributing diagrams.
W-exchange/Annihilation amplitudes in LCSR - $B_d^0 \to D_s^-K^+$ as an example
Moreover, an unambiguous estimation of such contributions is necessary in order to faithfully extract CKM parameters, since such contributions are present in the decay modes often employed for extracting CKM angles.
W-exchange/Annihilation amplitudes in LCSR - $B_d^0 \to D_s^-K^+$ as an example
G λσ (vx) = gsGλσ The last contribution to be evaluated is the soft gluon contribution to the correlation function due to ˜O2 .
W-exchange/Annihilation amplitudes in LCSR - $B_d^0 \to D_s^-K^+$ as an example
Such a contribution is to be neglected in the approximation we are working with, and therefore, the sum rule calculation conforms with the expectation of vanishing contribution.
W-exchange/Annihilation amplitudes in LCSR - $B_d^0 \to D_s^-K^+$ as an example
Further, a quick comparison with the heavy mass behaviour studied in confirms the expectation that the annihilation or W-exchange type contributions are O(1/mB ) of the tree/emission type contributions.
W-exchange/Annihilation amplitudes in LCSR - $B_d^0 \to D_s^-K^+$ as an example
Such a contribution thus vanishes for light final states and one can hope that the twist-4 contributions will yield the leading non-vanishing contribution.
W-exchange/Annihilation amplitudes in LCSR - $B_d^0 \to D_s^-K^+$ as an example
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