• WordNet 3.6
    • v contrast put in opposition to show or emphasize differences "The middle school teacher contrasted her best student's work with that of her weakest student"
    • v contrast to show differences when compared; be different "the students contrast considerably in their artistic abilities"
    • n contrast the act of distinguishing by comparing differences
    • n contrast the range of optical density and tone on a photographic negative or print (or the extent to which adjacent areas on a television screen differ in brightness)
    • n contrast the perceptual effect of the juxtaposition of very different colors
    • n contrast a conceptual separation or distinction "there is a narrow line between sanity and insanity"
    • n contrast the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared "in contrast to", "by contrast"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A Contrast A Contrast

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A top freestyle swimmer achieves a speed of only 4 miles per hour. Fish, in contrast, have been clocked at 68 mph
    • Contrast Opposition or dissimilitude of things or qualities; unlikeness, esp. as shown by juxtaposition or comparison. "The contrasts and resemblances of the seasons."
    • Contrast The act of contrasting, or the state of being contrasted; comparison by contrariety of qualities. "place the prospect of the soul
      In sober contrast with reality."
    • Contrast (Fine Arts) The opposition of varied forms, colors, etc., which by such juxtaposition more vividly express each other's peculiarities.
    • Contrast (Fine Arts) To give greater effect to, as to a figure or other object, by putting it in some relation of opposition to another figure or object. "the figures of the groups must not be all on side . . . but must contrast each other by their several position."
    • Contrast To set in opposition, or over against, in order to show the differences between, or the comparative excellences and defects of; to compare by difference or contrariety of qualities; as, to contrast the present with the past.
    • v. i Contrast To stand in opposition; to exhibit difference, unlikeness, or opposition of qualities. "The joints which divide the sandstone contrast finely with the divisional planes which separate the basalt into pillars."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • contrast To set in opposition, as two or more objects of a like kind, with a view to show their differences; compare by observing differences of character or qualities: used absolutely or followed by with: as, to contrast two pictures or statues; to contrast the style of Dickens with that of Thackeray.
    • contrast In the fine arts, to exhibit the differences or dissimilitude of; heighten the effect of, or show to advantage, by opposition of position, attitude, form, or color.
    • contrast To stand in contrast or opposition; exhibit diversity on comparison.
    • n contrast Opposition; dispute.
    • n contrast Opposition in respect of certain qualities; antagonistic difference; direct opposition: as, the contrasts and resemblances of the seasons.
    • n contrast Comparison by exhibiting the dissimilitude or the contrariety of qualities in the things compared; the placing of opposites together in order to make the antagonism of their qualities more apparent.
    • n contrast In the fine arts, opposition of varied forms or colors, which by juxtaposition magnify the effect of one another's peculiarities.
    • n contrast In psychological optics, the reciprocal induction of colors and brightnesses in the present field of regard. Contrast is essentially a matter of the present moment; under steady fixation the phenomena of contrast give place to those of adaptation. The chief laws of contrast are as follows: Contrast always takes the direction of greatest qualitative difference—red-green, blue-yellow, black-white, etc.
    • n contrast In psychology, generally, any supposed intensification or throwing into relief by juxtaposition with an opposite.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.i Contrast kon-trast′ to stand in opposition to
    • v.t Contrast to set in opposition, in order to show superiority or give effect
    • n Contrast opposition or unlikeness in things compared: exhibition of differences
    • ***


  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    “All that is noble is in itself of a quiet nature, and appears to sleep until it is aroused and summoned forth by contrast.”
  • Søren Kierkegaard
    Søren Kierkegaard
    “Philosophy always requires something more, requires the eternal, the true, in contrast to which even the fullest existence as such is but a happy moment.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. contraster, LL. contrastare, to resist, withstand, fr. L. contra + stare, to stand. See Stand
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. contraster—L. contra, opposite to, stāre, to stand.


In literature:

The life of sudden changes and contrasts had begun.
"Ave Roma Immortalis, Vol. 1" by Francis Marion Crawford
When the color is well seen, the contrast with alpha is very pleasing.
"Pleasures of the telescope" by Garrett Serviss
Standing thus and looking up we get some idea of the enormous size of the Pyramid, which makes its blocks look small by contrast.
"Round the Wonderful World" by G. E. Mitton
The extremes and contrasts of life do much to shape character.
"A Man's Value to Society" by Newell Dwight Hillis
No two sisters could be greater contrasts to each other.
"Lover or Friend" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
The contrast of a lining of vest, sleeve or panel is also a harmonious ornament.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
For white ones, a ribbon of a light color is preferable, as it makes a slight contrast.
"The Ladies' Work-Table Book" by Anonymous
The ether is in great contrast with matter in this particular.
"The Machinery of the Universe" by Amos Emerson Dolbear
They made a handsome family group, with just the one necessary element of contrast.
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
What a curiously humble origin has 'literature,' contrasted with the magnitude of its present import.
"Continental Monthly, Vol. III, No IV, April 1863" by Various
In terrestrial organisms, the contrast becomes extremely marked.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
Especially by contrast with a passage of extreme repose.
"Modern Painters Volume I (of V)" by John Ruskin
What a striking contrast!
"Old Groans and New Songs" by F. C. Jennings
Yet there is a parallelism between feeling and thought, as well as a contrast.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
The furtive and stealthy manners of the catbird contrast strongly with the frank, open manners of the thrushes.
"Under the Maples" by John Burroughs
Of course the character of everything is best manifested by Contrast.
"The Elements of Drawing" by John Ruskin
The contrast, indeed, is as marked as the likeness.
"Hours in a Library" by Leslie Stephen
Elohim here stands in strict contrast with Jehovah, the God of Shem.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
The age presents us this contrast.
"Priests, Women, and Families" by J. Michelet
Glaring colors and striking contrasts were to be avoided.
"Reminiscences, 1819-1899" by Julia Ward Howe

In poetry:

And I resolved, by contrast smitten,
To live and strive by Law;
And first to write, as here are written,
The Visions Twain I saw.
"Two Visions" by Alfred Austin
Hers is the sober summer noon
Contrasted with your morn of spring,
The waning with the waxing moon,
The folded with the outspread wing.
"At School-Close" by John Greenleaf Whittier
I've hated much and loved, oh so much more!
Fierce contrasts at my very heartstrings tore...
I tried to fight them--well...
What is there to tell?
"I've Often Laughed" by Morris Rosenfeld
I glanced aloft and halted, pleasure-caught
To see the contrast there:
The ray-lit clouds gleamed glory; and I thought,
"There's solace everywhere!"
"A Meeting With Despair" by Thomas Hardy
The contrast how strong! he in sable array'd,
Swift leading a virgin in white;
His form seen and lost 'mid the dubious shade,
Like a fiend and an angel of light.
"Edmund And Anna" by Charlotte Dacre
From full meridian day, to deepest night,
From youth and vigour, to the silent grave;
The solemn contrast pain'd my aching sight,
When ev'ry power was impotent to save.
"To The Memory Of A Much Loved Sister" by Elizabeth Bath

In news:

Mississippi Gov Haley Barbour contrasts himself with President Barack Obama on economy.
Museum that Gap founder and wife want to build to house their art collection would contrast with historic military buildings.
Vai's View: 2 stories on LDS priesthood stand in contrast to each other.
I am struck by the contrasting portrayal of Catholic priests in the last two movies I've seen – Clint Eastwood's "Gran Torino" and John Patrick Shanley's "Doubt" – and wondered what thoughts others might have on this.
The contrast between Schundler's insistence on close accountability in public schools and his instinct to preserve the independence of private schools, even private religious schools that operate with public money, is striking.
Just Fork It can be a patchwork of seemingly contrasting elements.
Much of " Puncture 's" drama comes from the contrast between Mike and Paul's styles.
But misery is often relative for chronic hay fever sufferers, and the spring of 1993 provided a severe contrast.
Back when making pop music with synthesizers was a new idea, one common gambit was to contrast shrill instrumentation with a deep-voiced singer.
Okay, so there was a lack of contrasting viewpoints, but did MR 's relaying of so many foreign news stories indicate some kind of journalistic perestroika was poking a hole in the last socialist fortress in the Americas.
When we contrast the respectable presentation of Obama with the negative disrespect she had garnered in the past, the narrative that emerges is one of exceptionalism.
His legal skills and engaging personality helped win him bipartisan respect - "quite a contrast to what we see today" in political battles over judicial appointments, Stadtmueller said.
In contrast, those in the TBI group generally scored lower in emotional empathy and were less responsive , specifically to angry faces.
The Supernova Flex Screen from dnp delivers high contrast ratio, wide viewing angles and is motorized to retract.
The contrast in literary and intellectual style between these two books on the same subject, both by philosophers, could hardly be greater.

In science:

Thus, the random field with zero mean value suppresses dimerization with increasing the strength of disorder, however the dimerization parameter δ⋆ vanishes according to a second order phase transition scenario in contrast to the previous case.
Thermodynamic properties of the periodic nonuniform spin-1/2 isotropic XY chains in a transverse field
We have proven rigorously that within the diagrammatic perturbation theory the quenched randomness does not change the critical exponents at n → 0, which is in contrast to the conventional point of view based on the perturbative renormalization group theory.
Critical behavior of n-vector model with quenched randomness
In contrast, universal quantities do not depend on the details of the dynamics of the system.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
In contrast to {D , γ5 } = 0, chiral symmetry is not exact but is recovered only in the continuum limit a → 0.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Note that in contrast to Logic Programming conventions a query is stated positively.
In our model the coherent Cooper pairs with resulting spin, equal to 0 and 1, are formed from two neighboring electrons, in contrast to the BCS theory, which assumes phonons mediated interaction between two distant electrons.
Hierarchic Models of Turbulence, Superfluidity and Superconductivity
It is noteworthy that in contrast to the last algorithm, the first two algorithms produce configurations in which either the ma jority or all of the particles are not in contact with one another.
Is Random Close Packing of Spheres Well Defined?
C (r) ∼ ln2 |r| (in contrast to thermally rough correlations in dimension (2 + 1), which grow as as C (r) ∼ ln |r|).
A periodic elastic medium in which periodicity is relevant
In contrast, results for finitely generated solvable groups have remained more elusive.
Problems on the geometry of finitely generated solvable groups
In contrast to this moduli space point of view, the thrust of the present paper is to uncover the spacetime properties of the system viewed from the higher dimensional D-brane, namely the Dp′ -brane.
Worldsheet and Spacetime Properties of p-p' System with B Field and Noncommutative Geometry
In contrast, relatively little is reliably known about the effects of strong disorder in the presence of strong correlations (say, due to electron-electron interactions in an itinerant electronic system, or due to exchange interactions in a system with localized spin degrees of freedom).
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
In contrast, our approach allows us to analytically calculate the average local autocorrelations of both the spin and the energy operators at, and in the vicinity of, the quantum critical point, as well as obtain the scaling behavior of the dynamic structure factor of the spins.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
T , in contrast to the behavior in the vicinity of the XX point.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
Among them, in contrast to optical cases , there is no universal scaling behavior in the present system.
Localization of acoustic waves in 1D random liquid media
Contrast to the optical case , there are no double maxima inside the gap.
Localization of acoustic waves in 1D random liquid media