contagion

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n contagion the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people "a contagion of mirth","the infection of his enthusiasm for poetry"
    • n contagion an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted
    • n contagion any disease easily transmitted by contact
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Contagion That which serves as a medium or agency to transmit disease; a virus produced by, or exhalation proceeding from, a diseased person, and capable of reproducing the disease.
    • Contagion The act or means of communicating any influence to the mind or heart; as, the contagion of enthusiasm. "The contagion of example.""When lust . . . Lets in defilement to the inward parts,
      The soul grows clotted by contagion ."
    • Contagion (Med) The transmission of a disease from one person to another, by direct or indirect contact. "And will he steal out of his wholesome bed
      To dare the vile contagion of the night?"
    • Contagion Venom; poison. "I'll touch my point with this contagion ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n contagion Infectious contact or communication; specifically and commonly, the communication of a disease from one person or brute to another. A distinction between contagion and infection is sometimes adopted, the former being limited to the transmission of disease by actual contact of the diseased part with a healthy absorbent or abraded surface, and the latter to transmission through the atmosphere by floating germs or miasmata. There are, however, cases of transmission which do not fall under either of these divisions, and there are some which fall under both. In common use no precise discrimination of the two words is attempted. See epidemic and endemic.
    • n contagion Hence The communication of a state of feeling, particularly of moral feeling, or of ideas, from one person to another; especially, the communication of moral evil; propagation of mischief; infection: as, the contagion of enthusiasm; the contagion of vice or of evil example.
    • n contagion Contagium.
    • n contagion Pestilential influence; malarial or poisonous exhalations.
    • n contagion A contagious disease.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Contagion kon-tā′jun transmission of a disease from the sick to the healthy, either by direct contact of a part affected with the disease, or through the medium of the excretions or exhalations of the body
    • ***

Quotations

  • Henri Frederic Amiel
    Henri%20Frederic%20Amiel
    “Pure truth cannot be assimilated by the crowd; it must be communicated by contagion.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The deadliest contagion is majority opinion.”
  • Marianne Moore
    Marianne Moore
    “As contagion of sickness makes sickness, contagion of trust can make trust.”
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Franklin%20D.%20Roosevelt
    “War is a contagion.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. contagio,: cf. F. contagion,. See Contact
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. contagion-emcon, together, tangĕre, to touch.

Usage

In literature:

I have felt as I sat here to-night the wholesome contagion of the occasion.
"President Wilson's Addresses" by Woodrow Wilson
Versailles itself did not escape the contagion.
"The Great German Composers" by George T. Ferris
Even sober and judicious critics who knew well whereof they spoke yielded to the contagion.
"Great Violinists And Pianists" by George T. Ferris
Poor fellow, his suffering was so acute during this period that it affected me like a contagion.
"When Knighthood Was in Flower" by Charles Major
The constable laughed, and the contagion spread to Matilda and her boy.
"Two Knapsacks" by John Campbell
She went where-ever the worst cases were of contagion and poverty, and she would have none to relieve her at her post.
"On the Church Steps" by Sarah C. Hallowell
We are required to send our children to school; we have a right to demand freedom from moral contagion.
"Religious Education in the Family" by Henry F. Cope
The contagion of his spirit seemed to affect the others, to force them into desperate wagers, and thrill the lookers-on.
"Bob Hampton of Placer" by Randall Parrish
I oppose the practice of vaccination because it is not known what vaccine virus is, except that it is a mixed contagion of disease.
"The Healthy Life, Vol. V, Nos. 24-28" by Various
Let the incense of Duty cling to his garments and keep him clean from selfish contagion.
"The Golden Censer" by John McGovern
There were not many of them, and the contagion of unsociability had taken possession of the house.
"The Sport of the Gods" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
Such is the contagion of the spirit of the two institutions.
"Football Days" by William H. Edwards
Everywhere was a subtle contagion of momentary well-being, a sense of lifted burden.
"Hilda" by Sarah Jeanette Duncan
The queen, who liked the Comte d'Artois, feared for him the contagion of the disorders and amours of the Duc d'Orleans.
"History of the Girondists, Volume I" by Alphonse de Lamartine
There were some, however, who withstood this wide contagion of indiscipline and despondency.
"History of the Expedition to Russia" by Count Philip de Segur
He can't be brought back to Weald without bringing contagion.
"This World Is Taboo" by Murray Leinster
The specters of miasma and contagion flee before them like the last leaves.
"Some Winter Days in Iowa" by Frederick John Lazell
It is a work that is very contagious and a contagion that needs no quarantine.
"Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by Various
Contagion, leprosy, plague, are not so much shunned.
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. X. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
Its contagion lifted Susan's spirits and with her father she rode on in advance, straining her eyes against the glare of the glittering river.
"The Emigrant Trail" by Geraldine Bonner
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In poetry:

From the comic accident of birth
To the final grotesque joke of death
Your malady of sacrilegious mirth
Spread gay contagion with each clever breath.
"Dirge For A Joker" by Sylvia Plath
To live beneath thy smoky skies,
To draw thy people's craving breath,
Is but to feel contagion rise
And catch the fever as it flies
Till all is stilled in final death.
"Butte" by Aaron Southwick
Oh, Want! thou breathing image of cold death!
By all forsaken, and by all forgot,
And in a loathsome jail condemn'd to rot;
Avaunt thee!--for contagion taints thy breath.
"To Prudence" by Charlotte Dacre
"'Now the grave old alarm the gentler young,
And all my fame's abhorr'd contagion flee;
Trembles each lip, and falters every tongue,
That bids the morn propitious smile on me.
"Elegy XXVI. Describing the Sorrow of An Ingeneous Mind" by William Shenstone
Dark HORROR! bear me where the field of fight
Scatters contagion on the tainted gale,
When to the Moon's faint beam,
On many a carcase shine the dews of night
And a dead silence stills the vale
Save when at times is heard the glutted Raven's scream.
"To Horror" by Robert Southey

In news:

The real threat of ' Contagion '.
CDC Basks In ' Contagion 's' Admiring Take On Disease Detectives.
Will ' Contagion ' Wake Up Our Politicians.
Contagion ' Takes Top Spot from 'The Help.
The blockbuster movie release of " Contagion " this past weekend may drive more people to seek out their flu shot, proposed the director of the New Jersey Center for Public Health Preparedness.
The Federal Eye spent part of his weekend seeing the new movie " Contagion ," which stars a coterie of Hollywood elite who fall victim to a mysterious virus that is quickly spreading around the world.
' Contagion ' tops weak weekend box office.
" Contagion " features an Oscar-endorsed cast including Matt Damon and Kate Winslet.
An Epidemiologist on ' Contagion ': This Will Almost Certainly Occur.
BATON ROUGE, LA (FOX44) – " Contagion " is number one at the box office this weekend, pushing "The Help" to number two.
" Contagion " – $23.1-million.
These ads take 'viral' marketing to a whole new level: To promote the new Steven Soderbergh movie ' Contagion ,' a group of microbiologists and immunologists were tapped to create a billboard out of bacteria.
Q&A With Contagion 's Science Advisor (Plus Spoilers.).
If you are a disease geek, then yes, you will love Contagion , the all-star Oh God Oh God We're All Going To Die movie that opened last night.
' Contagion ' Sweeping Into the Top Spot for the Weekend.
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In science:

Current tests for contagion in social network studies are vulnerable to the confounding effects of latent homophily (i.e., ties form preferentially between individuals with similar hidden traits).
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
Christakis and Fowler’s paper suggesting that obesity may spread along social ties has sparked years of discussion about what constitutes evidence of contagion in observational social network studies (see, e.g., this recent review ).
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
Therefore, a unique identification of the strength of contagion is impossible without additional parametric assumptions.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
However, if the true goal is to test for the presence of contagion, a lower bound on the strength of contagion is all that is necessary.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
Our method produces a sequence of bounds on the strength of contagion which converge in some limit to the best possible bounds.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
In this sense, our method is the best solution to the problem of measuring the strength of contagion that does not involve invoking additional (parametric) assumptions.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
Figure 1: A slice of a Bayesian network representing both latent homophily and contagion (dotted line).
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
In the first, they demonstrate a non-causal model that looks like contagion.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
A now popular test for contagion introduced in considers unreciprocated, directed edges so that A can influence B , but not vice versa.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
Our test easily identifies contagion in this case.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
Christakis and Fowler were not the first to look for contagion in observational social network studies, but their study on obesity marks the beginning of an eruption of methodological introspection and critique which CF have recently summarized and addressed .
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
While most of the responses to that work center around the robustness of various parametric modeling assumptions (e.g., sensitivity analysis ), our central concern is with the broader, so far unanswered, critique leveled by ST that latent homophily poses a significant barrier to identifying contagion .
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
Ultimately, this added power allows us to solve the specific, open problem of bounding the strength of contagion in a non-parametric way.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
In the context of a specific graphical model like Fig. 1, we can unambiguously state our result as a lower bound on the strength of contagion.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
In the real world, contagion is only one of many effects that could cause deviation from the non-causal model.
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
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