conjugate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj conjugate of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond
    • adj conjugate formed by the union of two compounds "a conjugated protein"
    • adj conjugate (of a pinnate leaflet) having only one pair of leaflets
    • adj conjugate joined together especially in a pair or pairs
    • v conjugate unite chemically so that the product is easily broken down into the original compounds
    • v conjugate undergo conjugation
    • v conjugate add inflections showing person, number, gender, tense, aspect, etc. "conjugate the verb"
    • n conjugate a mixture of two partially miscible liquids A and B produces two conjugate solutions: one of A in B and another of B in A
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Conjugate (Chem) A complex compound formed from the non-covalent union of two other comounds, behaving as a single compound.
    • Conjugate A word agreeing in derivation with another word, and therefore generally resembling it in signification. "We have learned, in logic, that conjugates are sometimes in name only, and not in deed."
    • Conjugate (Gram) Agreeing in derivation and radical signification; -- said of words.
    • Conjugate (Chem) Containing two or more compounds or radicals supposed to act the part of a single one.
    • Conjugate (Bot) In single pairs; coupled.
    • Conjugate (Math) Presenting themselves simultaneously and having reciprocal properties; -- frequently used in pure and applied mathematics with reference to two quantities, points, lines, axes, curves, etc.
    • Conjugate (Gram) To inflect (a verb), or give in order the forms which it assumes in its several voices, moods, tenses, numbers, and persons.
    • v. i Conjugate (Biol) To unite in a kind of sexual union, as two or more cells or individuals among the more simple plants and animals.
    • Conjugate To unite in marriage; to join.
    • Conjugate United in pairs; yoked together; coupled.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • conjugate To join together; specifically, to join in marriage; unite by marriage.
    • conjugate In grammar, to inflect (a verb) through all its various forms, as voices, moods, tenses, numbers, and persons, or so many of them as there, may be. This use has its origin in the fact that in inflected languages a verb is conjugated by conjoining certain inflectional syllables with the root.
    • conjugate In biology, to perform the act of conjugation; specifically, in botany, to unite and form a zygospore.
    • conjugate United in pairs; joined together; coupled.
    • conjugate In botany, applied to a pinnate leaf which has only one pair of leaflets.
    • conjugate In chem., containing two or more radicals acting the part of a single one.
    • conjugate In grammar and rhetoric, kindred in meaning as having a common derivation; paronymous: an epithet sometimes applied to words immediately derived from the same primitive.
    • conjugate In mathematics, applied to two points, lines, etc., when they are considered together, with regard to any property, in such a manner that they may be interchanged without altering the way of enunciating the property—that is, when they are in a reciprocal or equiparant relation to one another.
    • n conjugate In gram, and rhetoric, one of a group of words having the same immediate derivation, and therefore presumably related in meaning; a paronym. In logic, an argument from conjugates is one drawn from the obvious similarity of such words in form, and, it is assumed, in signification also.
    • n conjugate In chem., a subordinate radical associated with another, along with which it acts as a single radical.
    • n conjugate A conjugate axis.
    • conjugate In gearing, said of tooth-profiles when they are of such a form that one will drive the other with a constant velocity-ratio, that is, when the ratio of the angular velocity of the driver to that of the driven is constant. The necessary condition for a constant velocity-ratio is that a normal to the two curves at the point of contact shall cut the straight line joining the centers of the gears at the point where it is intersected by the two pitch-circles.
    • conjugate United by a transverse furrow, as the paired ambulacral pores of the echinoids.
    • n conjugate Of a point O with respect to the triangle ABC, a point O′ such that on it are copunctal AX′ , BY′ , CZ′ when X′ , Y′ , Z′ are the isotomic conjugates, with respect to the sides, of X, Y, Z the points where transversals from A, B, C through O meet the sides.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Conjugate kon′joo-gāt (gram.) to give the various inflections or parts of a verb
    • adj Conjugate joined: connected
    • n Conjugate a word agreeing in derivation with another word
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Quotations

  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “They flaunt their conjugal felicity in one's face, as if it were the most fascinating of sins.”
  • Jean Baudrillard
    Jean%20Baudrillard
    “The surprises of thought are like those of love: they wear out. But here too you can carry on for a long time doing your conjugal duty.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. conjugatus, p. p. or conjugare, to unite; con-, + jugare, to join, yoke, marry, jugum yoke; akin to jungere, to join. See Join

Usage

In literature:

Even then I think your conjugal happiness would have ceased the first day he lost the attraction of novelty.
"The Dangerous Age" by Karin Michaëlis
For years past she had to bemoan the waning of his affection and his many conjugal sins.
"The Life of Napoleon I (Volumes, 1 and 2)" by John Holland Rose
This was known as conjugation, and is seen among Paramecia and some other species to-day.
"Taboo and Genetics" by Melvin Moses Knight, Iva Lowther Peters, and Phyllis Mary Blanchard
But Alma was entirely happy, especially when the talk turned on conjugal fidelity, and the faithful husband was held up to ridicule.
"The Woman Thou Gavest Me" by Hall Caine
But the conjugal connexion is sometimes unhappy.
"Sermons on Various Important Subjects" by Andrew Lee
I cannot consider further the origin of this universally important process of conjugation.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 810, July 11, 1891" by Various
Conjugal relations were not renewed.
"The Tragedy of St. Helena" by Walter Runciman
Mutual conjugal affection was strong.
"Myths and Legends of China" by E. T. C. Werner
On the other hand the pronouns and consequently the conjugation of verbs show remarkable differences.
"Hinduism and Buddhism, Vol I. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
This public testimonial of conjugal love led men, who had before doubted the pretender, to repose confidence in his claims.
"The Empire of Russia" by John S. C. Abbott
These simple modes of multiplication often alternate in the same organism with sexual differentiation and conjugation.
"Disease and Its Causes" by William Thomas Councilman
The sacred nature of the conjugal relation is entirely merged in the worldly aspect of it.
"The Young Lady's Mentor" by A Lady
All their conjugations are regular and distinct.
"An Account Of The Customs And Manners Of The Micmakis And Maricheets Savage Nations, Now Dependent On The Government Of Cape-Breton" by Antoine Simon Maillard
I was myself flogged fifteen times in one forenoon over the conjugation of a verb.
"Short Studies on Great Subjects" by James Anthony Froude
Conjugal and Filial Affection.
"Official Report of the Niger Valley Exploring Party" by Martin Robinson Delany
To suppose that there is no conjugal infidelity in the United States, is to suppose that human nature is not the same every where.
"Diary in America, Series Two" by Frederick Marryat (AKA Captain Marryat)
There was something even of conjugal philosophy in his self-communion upon the occasion.
"Rookwood" by William Harrison Ainsworth
Nay, what is still more extraordinary, he was at first a model of conjugal fidelity.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 61, No. 379, May, 1847" by Various
THE FIRST CONJUGAL APPROACHES are usually painful to the new wife, and no enjoyment to her follows.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
Example of a verb of the First Conjugation.
"Elements of Gaelic Grammar" by Alexander Stewart
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In poetry:

If Mr. Jones, Lycurgus B.,
Had one peculiar quality,
'Twas his severe advocacy
Of conjugal fidelity.
"A Moral Vindicator" by Francis Bret Harte
Here many a green isle appears,
Along the stream, where the sunny years,
Of conjugal life devoutly wears
Contentment's crown.
"Biographia" by Samuel Alfred Beadle
If a man but bats his consort oh-so-gently on the head,
If he throttles her a little round the neck,
He's a brute; if he's considerately conjugal instead,
Everybody calls him Mr. Henry Peck.
"Heads And Tails" by Franklin Pierce Adams

In news:

The promise of antibody drug conjugates is creating a network of partners among large pharma companies and specialized players.
Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies can be conjugated with a variety of molecules including small-molecule drugs, radionuclides, peptides, other proteins (protein toxins, enzymes, cytokines), and polyethylene glycol.
Conjugation) contributes to the spread of antibiotic resistance genes in bacteria.
Explain how bacterial cells can acquire new genes through conjugation.
Seattle Genetics and OBT Establish Cancer Antibody-Drug Conjugate Collaboration.
Building blocks containing clickable moieties are instrumental in constructing side-chain modified peptides , interside-chain peptide chimera, peptide small molecule conjugates, and cyclic peptides .
ACIP now recommends the use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13.
Clinical trials are underway to assess new combination conjugate vaccines (containing A, C, Y, and W polysaccharides ), and it is probable that these more broadly protective vaccines will become available in the near future.
The UK was the first place to Introduce meningococcal serogroup C conjugate (MCC) vaccines.
Recombinant technology can be used to produce conjugate vaccines.
Since lifers and death-row inmates are not allowed conjugal visits like minimum-security prisoners, our most dangerous felons can now deliver their sperm through the US mail.
This month, in Part 4, this amplifier design series will introduce a straightforward approach that achieves simultaneous conjugate matching of a stable transistor's input and output ports to its source and load.
His doubt also extends to conjugal matters, for he is unconvinced that married parents could ever be happy.
83 minutes, Albanian, with English subtitles A new national law allowing conjugal visits for inmates brings together a man and woman visiting the same prison to meet their incarcerated spouses.
Taxpayers should buy the condoms if Desmond Hatchett is allowed conjugal visits.
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In science:

Conjugate Gradient Methods Given a matrix M and a vector b, conjugate gradient (CG) methods solve the system of equations M x = b efficiently (Nocedal and Wright, 1999).
Graph Kernels
Consequently, if g is symmetric, τ g is conjugate in Pn,τ to τ , while if g is skew-symmetric, τ g is conjugate in Pn,τ to τ g0 , where g0 is the image in PGLn of the matrix J .
Central Simple Algebras with Involution: A Geometric Approach
As a general idea, racks and quandles are the structures obtained from a group G, where the group operation is replaced by conjugation (or n-fold conjugation).
Quandle-like Structures From Groups
Since normal subgroups are those ob jects in the group which are invariant under conjugation, we see that this construction resembles the classical ideology of studying quandles, namely obtaining quandles by conjugation in the group.
Quandle-like Structures From Groups
Since classes fused by automorphic extensions yield conjugate subgroups of S (and hence conjugate normalizers), it is enough to determine the full normalizer related to only one representation for each set of fused classes.
Second maximal subgroups of the finite alternating and symmetric groups
From the general discussion, we know at once that the cartesian components of both the position vector, ~r , namely xi with i = 1, 2, 3, and the conjugate momentum vector, ~p, namely pi , are canonically conjugated coordinates of the phase space (~r , ~p ) of this system.
A Pedestrian Introduction to the Mathematical Concepts of Quantum Physics
Note that the second product is over unordered conjugate pairs of non self-conjugate monic irreducible polynomials.
Bounds on the number and sizes of conjugacy classes in finite Chevalley groups with Applications to Derangements
We let N ∗ (q ; d) denote the number of monic irreducible selfconjugate polynomials of degree d with coefficients in Fq , and let M ∗ (q ; d) denote the number of conjugate pairs of monic irreducible non-self conjugate polynomials of degree d with coefficients in Fq .
Bounds on the number and sizes of conjugacy classes in finite Chevalley groups with Applications to Derangements
As in the general linear and unitary cases, the formula is multiplicative with terms coming from self-conjugate irreducible polynomials and also conjugate pairs of nonself conjugate irreducible polynomials.
Bounds on the number and sizes of conjugacy classes in finite Chevalley groups with Applications to Derangements
Let us compute, how do lengths of generators change under conjugating by a (this is equivalent to computing the lengths of the generators with respect to the splitting obtained by conjugating the splitting A ∗C B by a).
No-splitting property and boundaries of random groups
Unfortunately, this does not imply immediately that the CP in subgroups of F Z[t] is also residually free, since two elements may be not conjugated in a subgroup H ≤ F Z[t] , but conjugated in the whole group F Z[t] .
Equations and fully residually free groups
All the Sylow 3-subgroups of Aut Φ are conjugated and hence the first assertion follows and any element of order 3 is conjugated to a nontrivial element in our distinguished Sylow 3-subgroup: hιτ i × hθi.
Fine gradings on simple classical Lie algebras
We know that circular peaks are preserved under conjugation and there are 2n + 1 conjugates of these paths.
Generalized Chung-Feller Theorems for Lattice Paths (Thesis)
Note that there is a difference between conjugate/non-conjugate embeddings G ֒→ Crn (k) and conjugate/non-conjugate subgroups G ⊂ Crn (k).
Simple finite subgroups of the Cremona group of rank 3
On the other hand, it provides the connection between the random conjugate space S ∗ and the classical conjugate space (Lp (S ))′ , and thus a powerful tool for the theory of random conjugate spaces, cf.[10, 19, 22].
A comprehensive connection between the basic results and properties derived from two kinds of topologies for a random locally convex module
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