congregation

Definitions

  • FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, 1840
    FIRST CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, 1840
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n congregation the act of congregating
    • n congregation an assemblage of people or animals or things collected together "a congregation of children pleaded for his autograph","a great congregation of birds flew over"
    • n congregation a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church
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Additional illustrations & photos:

JOHN-STREET CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH JOHN-STREET CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH
KIRK-STREET CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, 1840 KIRK-STREET CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH, 1840
HIGH-STREET CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH HIGH-STREET CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Congregation (R. C. Ch) A body of cardinals or other ecclesiastics to whom as intrusted some department of the church business; as, the Congregation of the Propaganda, which has charge of the missions of the Roman Catholic Church.
    • Congregation A collection or mass of separate things. "A foul and pestilent congregation of vapors."
    • Congregation (R. C. Ch) A company of religious persons forming a subdivision of a monastic order.
    • Congregation An assembly of persons; a gathering; esp. an assembly of persons met for the worship of God, and for religious instruction; a body of people who habitually so meet. "He [Bunyan] rode every year to London, and preached there to large and attentive congregations ."
    • Congregation The act of congregating, or bringing together, or of collecting into one aggregate or mass. "The means of reduction in the fire is but by the congregation of homogeneal parts."
    • Congregation The assemblage of Masters and Doctors at Oxford or Cambrige University, mainly for the granting of degrees.
    • Congregation (Scotch Church Hist) the name assumed by the Protestant party under John Knox. The leaders called themselves (1557Lords of the Congregation.
    • Congregation (Anc. Jewish Hist) The whole body of the Jewish people; -- called also Congregation of the Lord. "It is a sin offering for the congregation ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n congregation The act of congregating; the act of bringing together or assembling; aggregation.
    • n congregation Any collection or assemblage of persons or things.
    • n congregation Specifically In the Old Testament, the whole body of the Hebrews, as a community gathered and set apart for the service of God; in the New Testament, the Christian church in general, or a particular assemblage of worshipers.
    • n congregation In modern use, an assemblage of persons for religious worship and instruction; in a restricted sense, a number of persons organized or associated as a body for the purpose of holding religious services in common. See parish and society.
    • n congregation Formerly, in the English colonies of North America, a parish, hundred, town, plantation, or other settlement.
    • n congregation In the Rom. Cath. Ch.: One of the committees of cardinals appointed by the pope to aid him in the transaction of the business of the church. The decisions of these congregations are ordinarily regarded as equivalent to decisions of the pope himself. There are eleven regular congregations, namely: the Congregation of the Consistory, which prepares the business to be brought before the consistory or assembly of all the cardinals (see consistory, 4);
    • n congregation A religious community bound together by a common rule, but not by the solemn and irrevocable vows which characterize the monastic orders. Among them are the Oratorians, the Dames Anglaises, the Fathers of the Mission or Lazarists, the Oblates, the Passionists, the Redemptorists, the Marists, and the Christian Brothers. (See Christian Brothers, under Christian.)
    • n congregation A group of monasteries which agree to practise the rules of their order more strictly in their respective houses, and unite themselves together by closer ties, such as the congregations of Cluny and St. Maur.
    • n congregation A committee of bishops appointed by the pope, or with his approbation, to prepare rules of business, etc., for a general council. In the General Council of Constance the congregation was differently constituted, the Council being divided into congregations according to the nationalities represented—German, French, Italian, English, and subsequently Spanish. These voted separately, preliminary to the final action of the Council as a whole.
    • n congregation See Lords of the Congregation, below.
    • n congregation In universities, the body of the masters regent. The great congregation is the body of all the masters, regent and not regent. The house of congregation is the assembly of the congregation. The function of the congregation is to grant degrees, graces, and dispensations. But in some universities from the first, and in others at present, the congregation has been otherwise constituted and has additional functions.
    • n congregation In falconry, a flock or flight of plovers.
    • n congregation The coming together of the elements of a population by immigration, as opposed to the growth of a population by a birth-rate in excess of a death-rate. It is an aggregation of individuals or of families that have not been living together from their birth, and that therefore come together as partial or entire strangers. Giddings, Prin. of Sociol., p. 91. See genetic aggregation.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Congregation the act of congregating: an assemblage of persons or things:
    • n Congregation (O.T.) a name given to the children of Israel: a body of people united to worship in a particular church: the name given to the body of Protestant Reformers in Scotland in the time of Mary
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Quotations

  • Vance Havner
    Vance%20Havner
    “I'm tied of hearing about temperance instead of abstinence, in order to please the cocktail crowd in church congregations.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. congregatio,: cf. F. congrégation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. congregāre, -ātumcon, together, and grex, gregis, a flock.

Usage

In literature:

His terms were prudently declined, for the Arians were a minority even in the congregation of Leontius.
"The Arian Controversy" by H. M. Gwatkin
None was ever written that in performance illustrates more admirably the solemn beauty of congregational praise.
"The Story of the Hymns and Tunes" by Theron Brown and Hezekiah Butterworth
The three Congregational ministers offered prayers, asked for help, and started out to raise money.
"The Battle of Principles" by Newell Dwight Hillis
I preached twice every Sunday to my own congregation, and once to another congregation at Gateshead, or in the country.
"Modern Skepticism: A Journey Through the Land of Doubt and Back Again" by Joseph Barker
C. Lowe's (Congregational) poems; Rev.
"Twentieth Century Negro Literature" by Various
As it doth separate those who are heterogeneal, so likewise it will congregate and embody those who are homogeneal.
"The Covenants And The Covenanters" by Various
That Congress provide means for distributing arriving aliens who now congregate in the large cities.
"Aliens or Americans?" by Howard B. Grose
It had not been thought best to ask the congregation to sing.
"On Christmas Day In The Evening" by Grace Louise Smith Richmond
We were as still as a Moravian congregation.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
At the time he entered upon the charge of John Street Church, the congregation was in anything but a flourishing condition.
"Western Worthies" by J. Stephen Jeans
No sooner did the congregation sing a hymn than in he came, and boldly standing on a form, asked leave to speak.
"A Book of Quaker Saints" by Lucy Violet Hodgkin
The congregation would sooner part with the best Rector they have ever had than give up Brown.
"Lights and Shadows of New York Life" by James D. McCabe
There was a large congregation present and it was made up of a varied lot of people.
"The Great War As I Saw It" by Frederick George Scott
For the present we are concerned more with the preacher than with his congregation.
"The Message and the Man:" by J. Dodd Jackson
There were more Imries than the congregation, gazing respectfully with tranquil eyes, saw.
"Thirty" by Howard Vincent O'Brien
The assembling of the congregation is something far larger than the creation of a public occasion for saying private prayers.
"With God in the World" by Charles H. Brent
The Congregational church, built in 1875, was the first church building in the county.
"Collection of Nebraska Pioneer Reminiscences" by Nebraska Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution
Shall the congregation hear a word or a syllable that God did not write?
"Ghetto Tragedies" by Israel Zangwill
Unusual numbers of the red men were congregated there.
"Toronto of Old" by Henry Scadding
The congregation expect him to, though.
"The Grandchildren of the Ghetto" by Israel Zangwill
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In poetry:

The preacher quoted, and the cranks
Among his congregation smiled,
"How sharper than a serpent's thanks
It is to have a toothless child."
"A Bad Break" by W T Goodge
His armour he has buckled on, to wage
The regulation war against the Stage;
And warns his congregation all to shun
"The Presence-Chamber of the Evil One,"
"The Reverend Micah Sowls" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Make thou a fair and equitable law,
To bind thy congregation with its bands,
And cause thy people, through a pious awe,
To live exactly as that law commands.
"Advice To Ev'ry Master Of A Family, To Govern His House In A Religious Manner" by Rees Prichard
You are the lamps, shou'd make the church of God,
And all your congregations, shine full bright —
O, let your lives, like torches, blaze abroad,
That men may walk in the refulgent light!
"The Duty Of Clergymen" by Rees Prichard
The day was hot, the moisture crept,
While half the congregation slept;
The parson preach'd, his breeches down,
And copious sweat, from foot to crown,
As plenteous drew the exhalation,
Arising from the congregation.
"The Ant" by William Hutton
Then the coffin was carried from the church and placed in the hearse,
While the congregation allowed the friends to disperse,
Then followed the congregation without delay,
Some to join the procession, while others went home straightaway.
"The Death of the Rev. Dr. Wilson" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Pat Kriss is leaving the First Congregational Church in North Adams.
Bristol's First Congregational Church does good deeds around town.
Members of Bristol's First Congregational Church took a day to do random acts of kindness around town.
Avon Congregational Church 's Quilt show.
' is Sunday's sermon at First Congregational Church .
Oct 14 is the 20th Sunday After Pentecost at First Congregational Church , United Church of Christ, 880 Western Ave in West Brattleboro.
Wood, metal craftmen to demonstrate at Congregational Church Harvest Sale.
Atwater Congregational Church hires new pastor.
West Dover Congregational Church .
The following recent minutes mention West Dover Congregational Church .
The Lewis Congregational Church .
Rock Valley College's Three Choirs Concert Nov 20 at Second Congregational Church .
Rock Valley College (RVC) will present its Three Choirs Concert at 3 pm, Sunday, Nov 20, at Second Congregational Church , 318 N Church St, Rockford.
We want to get the word out that the First Community Congregational Church at 200 E Leeland Heights Blvd is sponsoring a free soup kitchen on Fridays from 11 am - 12:30 pm for those in Lehigh Acres in need of a hot meal.
First Community Congregational Church has a soup kitchen.
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In science:

That is, zeros tend almost surely to congregate in highly (positively) curved regions.
Universality and scaling of zeros on symplectic manifolds
In the absence of signi ficant rotation in the stellar population, this lost mass will congregate in the potential well.
The Planetary Nebula population of the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy
Currently there is no clear congregation around a single definition that can unambiguously define the surface of a black hole.
Black holes and black hole thermodynamics without event horizons
It provides a new way to combine quantum indeterminism with the tendency of bosons to congregate indistinguishably.
A Robust Quantum Random Number Generator Based on Bosonic Stimulation
We gathered evidence that product of a quantum channel and its complex congregate with a Bell state input gives the least output entropy.
Towards a state minimizing the output entropy of a tensor product of random quantum channels
This is consistent to the observation discussed earlier in Figure 1, where the feature groups congregate in the regions of the beard, mustache and silhouette of the face to form the affiliated feature groups.
Discovering Support and Affiliated Features from Very High Dimensions
Although, it is commonly believed that normal galaxies assembled from the merger of smaller subunits and that they, in turn congregated into clusters, we still do not what were the first self-gravitating structures to form in the expanding universe.
New Problems for a New Century
From the nearby Galactic circumstances we know that gas has to get congregate into giant molecular clouds, which “fragment” into a whole range of compact “subclumps”.
Report to Anaximander: A Dialogue on the Origin of the Cosmos in the Cradle of Western Civilization
Recently, collaborative tagging systems have attracted massive user communities: Novak et al. report that in January 2006 Flickr congregated about one million users. Similarly, del.icio.us reached one million users in September 2006 .
Tracking User Attention in Collaborative Tagging Communities
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