confusion

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n confusion a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another "he changed his name in order to avoid confusion with the notorious outlaw"
    • n confusion an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended "the confusion of tongues at the Tower of Babel"
    • n confusion a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior "a confusion of impressions"
    • n confusion a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused
    • n confusion disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably "the army retreated in confusion"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Koala bears have fingerprints so similar to humans that they could be confused at a crime scene.
    • Confusion One who confuses; a confounder.
    • Confusion Overthrow; defeat; ruin. "Ruin seize thee, ruthless king, Confusion on thy banners wait."
    • Confusion The state of being abashed or disconcerted; loss self-possession; perturbation; shame. "Confusion dwelt in every face
      And fear in every heart."
    • Confusion The state of being mixed or blended so as to produce indistinctness or error; indistinct combination; disorder; tumult. "The confusion of thought to which the Aristotelians were liable.""Moody beggars starving for a time
      Of pellmell havoc and confusion ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The fingerprints of koala bears are almost indistinguishable from those of humans, so much that they could be confused at a crime scene.
    • n confusion The act of confusing or mingling together two or more things or notions properly separate; the act or process of becoming confused or thrown together in disorder, so as to conceal or obliterate original differences, etc.
    • n confusion The state of being confused or mixed together, literally or figuratively; an indiscriminate or disorderly mingling; disorder; tumultuous condition: as, the confusion of the crowd.
    • n confusion The state of having confused or indistinct ideas; lack of clearness of thought.
    • n confusion Perturbation of mind; embarrassment; abashment; trouble; distraction.
    • n confusion Overthrow; destruction; ruin.
    • n confusion One who confuses; a confounder; a troubler.
    • n confusion In civil law, merger of two titles in the same person.
    • n confusion In civil law and Scots law, an extinction of an obligation or servitude by the fact that the two persons whose divided position is requisite for the continuance of a debt become one person, for example, when one becomes the heir of the other.
    • n confusion Synonyms Derangement, jumble, chaos, turmoil.
    • n confusion Perplexity, bewilderment, distraction, mortification.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: You can tell how a rabbit is feeling (emotion-wise) through the position of its ears. If the ears are standing tall, pointing forward, the rabbit is happy and curious. If the ears are laid completely flat on its back and are pointing backwards, the rabbit is more than likely pissed off or frightened. If one ear is halfway up and somewhat cocked towards you, and the other one is standing compeltely up, but facing away from you, then the rabbit is confused, and curious as to what the heck you're doing.
    • Confusion the state of being confused: disorder: shame: overthrow: perplexity: embarrassment: turmoil
    • ***

Quotations

  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “Frank and explicit--that is the right line to take when you wish to conceal your own mind and confuse the minds of others.”
  • Adlai E. Stevenson
    Adlai%20E.%20Stevenson
    “We have confused the free with the free and easy.”
  • King Jr. Martin Luther
    King%20Jr.%20Martin%20Luther
    “Hatred paralyzes life; love releases it. Hatred confuses life; love harmonizes it. Hatred darkens life; love illuminates it.”
  • Lord Chesterfield
    Lord%20Chesterfield
    “History is but a confused heap of facts.”
  • Raoul Vaneigem
    Raoul%20Vaneigem
    “In an industrial society which confuses work and productivity, the necessity of producing has always been an enemy of the desire to create.”
  • Elias Canetti
    Elias%20Canetti
    “One should not confuse the craving for life with endorsement of it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. confusion, L. confusio,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A doublet of Confound.

Usage

In literature:

Her eyes were big and blazing; a red spot was growing in each cheek as she gathered strength from his confusion.
"The Man of the Forest" by Zane Grey
He lived in a vortex of mental confusion, performing his tasks mechanically.
"Merton of the Movies" by Harry Leon Wilson
The colonel received this strange present with an astonished and somewhat confused countenance.
"Frederick The Great and His Family" by L. Muhlbach
Maggie wondered at the confusion that she detected in him.
"The Captives" by Hugh Walpole
He had not advanced far, before the gaiety and confusion in the streets appeared completely to bewilder him.
"Antonina" by Wilkie Collins
It was all dark, confusing, baffling, to ignorant, untrained nineteen.
"Martie the Unconquered" by Kathleen Norris
The usher's words were in a confusion of rage and inquiries.
"The Adventures of Harry Richmond, Complete" by George Meredith
The shots from our little gun dropped in upon the enemy and created great confusion.
"Memoirs of Three Civil War Generals, Complete" by U. S. Grant, W. T. Sherman, P. H. Sheridan
My ideas were in utter confusion, all my thoughts ran astray.
"Basil" by Wilkie Collins
His two friends were down, and a confused mass of struggling bodies alone showed where they had fallen.
"The Young Carthaginian" by G.A. Henty
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In poetry:

How struggles with the tempest's swells
That warning of tumultuous bells!
The fire is loose! and frantic knells
Throb fast and faster,
As tower to tower confusedly tells
News of disaster.
"Fancy's Casuistry" by James Russell Lowell
And now rang the tent with unusual alarms,
For the white and red roses were calling to arms;
Confusion and tumult established their reign,
And Arthur stood up, and called silence in vain.
"The Round Table or, King Arthur's Feast" by Thomas Love Peacock
The swain looked "as although he could not tell how;"
Or like a man caught in horns-making;
A soul in confusion, and unmeaning brow--
The question depriv'd him of speaking.
Of speaking, &c.
"Nancy's Courtship" by William Hutton
As time went on and confidence
Drew us more strongly each to each,
Why did no intimation reach
Its warning hand into the dense
Soul-silence, and confuse the speech
Of love's unbroken eloquence!
"The Brothers" by Madison Julius Cawein
Hermossan confused, with quick pity replied,
(Though Jealousy gave him her tremulous tones)
"Yes, I swear, if you say, but to soothe my fond pride,
That no rival of mine my lost talisman owns."
"The Baya: Or The Indian Bird" by William Hayley
Then forward at the bayonet-charge they did rush,
And the rebel horde they soon did crush;
And by the charge of the bayonet they kept them at bay,
And in confusion and terror they all fled away.
"The Rebel Surprise Near Tamai" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

The Hook regrets the confusion.
There is considerable confusion surrounding President Obama's record on spending, debt, and deficits.
Confusing construction zone creates a lia­ bility for MDOT.
" This frequently-heard question often confuses shoppers, because it might as well be "bad or worse.
Giving the singer a platform to make statements that inspire controversy -- and now confusion -- that is.
I am addressing Steve Brown (not to be confused with the Steven Brown who did the well-researched piece on the validity of President Obama's citizenship) and Mark Bruenger.
Blinking yellow arrows are showing up in intersections across Michigan – they were designed to increase safety and efficiency, but I'm still a little confused how these will help.
Keep Calm, a winking reference to the World War II slogan "Keep Calm and Carry On," is a new blog that aims to provide a bit of context to help make sense of confusing news events.
Pre-kindergartner lost in bus stop confusion in Silver Spring.
The Most Confusing Dialog Box in Active Directory.
I may get a little confused when I tell the stories of my country–like James Madison's role in writing the Constitution or exactly what is provided for in the Bill of Rights–but I know what those documents mean.
Beatles Fans confused by multiple Abbey Roads.
Triple-homicide suspect confused , expresses remorse.
Doris Lessing will never be confused with the Internet's exhibitionist personality Tila Tequila, but winning the Nobel Prize in Literature in October helped Ms Lessing's status on MySpace.
Confusion on duty-free liquids in airport setting and connecting flights hurting business.
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In science:

Due to the large size of the Bolocam beam, the Bolocam flux densities and positions may be influenced by source confusion.
The Bolocam 1.1 mm Lockman Hole Galaxy Survey: SHARC II 350 micron Photometry and Implications for Spectral Models, Dust Temperatures, and Redshift Estimation
Each of the three radio sources may be contributing to the Bolocam flux density due to source confusion.
The Bolocam 1.1 mm Lockman Hole Galaxy Survey: SHARC II 350 micron Photometry and Implications for Spectral Models, Dust Temperatures, and Redshift Estimation
LE.1100.14 – This 4.4 mJy Bolocam detection is likely influenced by source confusion, given three closely spaced submillimeter sources (SCUBA sources 1, 4, and 8, with the latter two lying near, but outside of the Bolocam positional error circle).
The Bolocam 1.1 mm Lockman Hole Galaxy Survey: SHARC II 350 micron Photometry and Implications for Spectral Models, Dust Temperatures, and Redshift Estimation
LE.1100.17 – This 4.0 mJy Bolocam detection is likely influenced by source confusion, given two nearby submillimeter sources.
The Bolocam 1.1 mm Lockman Hole Galaxy Survey: SHARC II 350 micron Photometry and Implications for Spectral Models, Dust Temperatures, and Redshift Estimation
We conclude that it is possible that the submillimeter detections may either be suffering from source confusion from two or more galaxies, or that the Chapman et al. (2005) redshift corresponds to a source other than that of the southeast radio detection.
The Bolocam 1.1 mm Lockman Hole Galaxy Survey: SHARC II 350 micron Photometry and Implications for Spectral Models, Dust Temperatures, and Redshift Estimation
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