confounded

Definitions

  • Confound your dog, madam
    Confound your dog, madam
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj confounded perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment "obviously bemused by his questions","bewildered and confused","a cloudy and confounded philosopher","just a mixed-up kid","she felt lost on the first day of school"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Confounded Confused; perplexed; unclear in mind or intent; bewildered. "A cloudy and confounded philosopher."
    • Confounded Excessive; extreme; abominable. "He was a most confounded tory.""The tongue of that confounded woman."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • confounded Deserving of reprehension or destruction; odious; detestable: a euphemism for damned: as, a confounded humbug; a confounded lie.
    • confounded A euphemism for damned, used also as an emphatic adverb of degree, equivalent to ‘very’
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • p.adj Confounded confused: astonished:
    • p.adj Confounded (coll.) consummate, egregious (a term of disapprobation)
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Your dips an falls do not confound me, half as much as your heights astound me.”
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “The worst readers are those who behave like plundering troops: they take away a few things they can use, dirty and confound the remainder, and revile the whole.”
  • Aristotle
    Aristotle
    “A great city is not to be confounded with a populous one.”
  • Sir Henry Wotton
    Sir Henry Wotton
    “Tell the truth, and so puzzle and confound your adversaries.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “When workmen strive to do better than well, they do confound their skill in covetousness.”
  • Lord Byron
    Lord%20Byron
    “Nothing can confound a wise man more than laughter from a dunce.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. confondre—L. confundĕre, -fusumcon, together, fundĕre, to pour.

Usage

In literature:

Was I wishing to confound St. Clair?
"Daisy" by Elizabeth Wetherell
And the heavenly visions of the Saints are not to be confounded with our trivial subconscious memories.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
The seasons are all confounded, and it is as if things had happened not in succession but abreast.
"The Beth Book" by Sarah Grand
And the confounded fellow had invited his confidence, too!
"What's-His-Name" by George Barr McCutcheon
Confounded bad style of house, walls like gingerbread.
"Phoebe, Junior" by Mrs [Margaret] Oliphant
I've seen the Jew do it with some of her confounded novels that she's always wanting to turn over to me.
"The Marriage of Elinor" by Margaret Oliphant
Those confounded dykes have drained me heavily, and they'll keep right on costing money.
"Thurston of Orchard Valley" by Harold Bindloss
No confounded neche can teach me.
"The Hound From The North" by Ridgwell Cullum
Infantile paradoxy must not be confounded with certain forms of masturbation, to which we shall return.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
They've just told him about this confounded foot.
"A Noble Woman" by Ann S. Stephens
We'll confound their impudence before we've done with them.
"Bible Romances" by George W. Foote
Confound the prejudices of society.
"That Mother-in-Law of Mine" by Anonymous
That confounded seaplane, and the rats in her!
"Dave Dawson on Guadalcanal" by Robert Sydney Bowen
Come, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
Confound it, how it does come down!
"One Of Them" by Charles James Lever
I'll bring that in to-morrow, and confound her with my knowledge.
"Lady Cassandra" by Mrs George de Horne Vaizey
And Dick Selmes, confound it, was half ashamed of a sneaking satisfaction that Harley Greenoak's beard was rapidly turning grey.
"Harley Greenoak's Charge" by Bertram Mitford
I'll disinherit that boy, confound me if I do not!
"The Village Notary" by József Eötvös
Hang that confounded old ass of a Benson!
"The Ordeal of Richard Feverel" by George Meredith
Wonder interlocks with wonder; and then the confounding feeling comes.
"Pierre; or The Ambiguities" by Herman Melville
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In poetry:

Guilt and demerit differ here,
Though oft their names confounded are,
I'm guilty in myself always,
Since sin's demerit ever stays.
"The Believer's Riddle; or, the Mystery of Faith" by Ralph Erskine
'Tis the law the Lord hath taught us,
To undo what Satan wrought us;
To confound the foul fiend's plan,
With the manliness of man.
"Lita of the Nile" by Richard Doddridge Blackmore
O mercy! ignorant of bounds!
Which all created thought confounds;
He ran outright a saving race
For them that unto death him chase.
"The Believer's Soliloquy; Especially in Times of Desertion, Temptation, Affliction, &c." by Ralph Erskine
When fear thy guilty mind confounds,
Full comfort this may yield,
Thy ranson-bill with blood and wounds
Thy Husband kind has seal'd.
"The Believer's Jointure : Chapter I." by Ralph Erskine
Dost thou not dwell among the just?
And yet our foes deride,
That we should make thy name our trust;
Great God! confound their pride.
"Psalm 14 part 2" by Isaac Watts
Let idols totter to the ground,
And their own worshippers confound
But Judah shout, but Zion sing,
And earth confess her sovereign King.
"Psalm 97 part 2" by Isaac Watts

In news:

Explore the latest options for diagnosing and managing this confounding lameness.
Battle of commercial interests confound fight against noncommunicable diseases.
Sometimes the actions of Governor Matt Blunt confound me.
The Mars Volta 's March LP 'Noctourniquet' Promises to Be Confounding.
There's an aspect of recovery bound to confound non- addicts — the relapse after a significant period of sobriety.
For more than a decade, the Bad Plus has been delighting and confounding audiences with its off-kilter brand of jazz.
In this confounding region of the world, spreading ice may be an odd signal of man-made climate change.
Of all of the unattractive stats that have marked the Washington Nationals offense this season, one of the most confounding was their inability to produce with runners in scoring position.
What confounds some analysts, in comparing the two candidates, is Romney's past.
Conflicting legal decisions confound Assessors.
Cronenberg Continues to Confound With ' Cosmopolis '.
AbleGamers Announces First Acessible Arcade, Confounds Cynicism .
Confounded parents Farrow and Walken.
Detroit (Mich.) Cass Tech offensive tackle David Dawson 's recruitment is another confounding one.
Navajos also are known more broadly for using their language to develop a code that confounded the Japanese and helped win World War II.
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In science:

We illustrate here direct confounding with Figure 5 and indirect confounding with Figure 6.
Probability distributions with summary graph structure
The summary graph in Figure 5(b) is a graphic representation of the simplest type of an instrumental variable model, used in econometrics [see Sargan (1958)] to separate a direct confounding effect, here γ δ , from the dependence of interest, here α.
Probability distributions with summary graph structure
In general, possible distortions due to direct confounding in parameters of dependence in MAG models are recognized in the corresponding summary graph by a double edge i≺ k .
Probability distributions with summary graph structure
In the following example of Gaussian standardized variables, there is no direct confounding of the generating dependence α but there is indirect confounding of α while λ remains undistorted.
Probability distributions with summary graph structure
Direct confounding of a generating dependence of Yi on Yk is avoided in intervention studies, such as experiments and controlled clinical trials, by randomized allocation of individuals to the levels of Yk , but severe indirect confounding may occur nevertheless; see Wermuth and Cox (2008).
Probability distributions with summary graph structure
In distributions generated over GV par , every active path is association-inducing, hence a generating dependence will be confounded unless the distortion is cancelled by other edge-inducing paths.
Probability distributions with summary graph structure
Distortions of effects caused by indirect confounding.
Probability distributions with summary graph structure
Such an imbalance usually confounds the results of other spatial interaction tests.
A Comparison of Two Proximity Catch Digraph Families in Testing Spatial Clustering
In this paper we investigated the association between virologic outcomes and medication adherence with confounding factors based on the data from 31 sub jects.
A dynamic Bayesian nonlinear mixed-effects model of HIV response incorporating medication adherence, drug resistance and covariates
This example indicates a distortion due to direct confounding; see .
Stable Mixed Graphs
Indirect confounding was also studied in for marginalising only over a full set of background variables and also in more generally relating SGs to corresponding maximal AGs.
Stable Mixed Graphs
Application of our group test corrected for the confounding and uncovered signal not recovered by univariate analysis.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
Having established that both of our data sets required correction for confounding, and that the LMM sufficiently corrected for confounding, we next applied FaST-LMM-Group, using the same LMM-correcting component as in the univariate test.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
We hypothesized that when hidden structure was not properly accounted for in the set analysis, that the more SNPs in a set, the more power the set would have to detect confounding, and therefore the stronger the correlation between set size and P value would appear.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
It follows that the hybrid approach that we presented here is likely to prove effective in the setting of testing groups of rare variants affected by confounding, although this remains to be investigated fully.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
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