• Confound your dog, madam
    Confound your dog, madam
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v confound mistake one thing for another "you are confusing me with the other candidate","I mistook her for the secretary"
    • v confound be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly "These questions confuse even the experts","This question completely threw me","This question befuddled even the teacher"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Confound To destroy; to ruin; to waste. "One man's lust these many lives confounds .""How couldst thou in a mile confound an hour?"
    • Confound To mingle and blend, so that different elements can not be distinguished; to confuse. "They who strip not ideas from the marks men use for them, but confound them with words, must have endless dispute.""Let us go down, and there confound their language."
    • Confound To mistake for another; to identify falsely. "They [the tinkers] were generally vagrants and pilferers, and were often confounded with the gypsies."
    • Confound To throw into confusion or disorder; to perplex; to strike with amazement; to dismay. "The gods confound ...
      The Athenians both within and out that wall."
      "They trusted in thee and were not confounded .""So spake the Son of God, and Satan stood
      A while as mute, confounded what to say."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • confound To mingle confusedly together; mix indiscriminately, so that individuals, parts, or elements cannot be distinguished; throw into disorder; confuse.
    • confound To treat or regard erroneously as identical: mix or associate by mistake.
    • confound To throw into confusion; perplex with sudden disturbance, terror, or surprise; stupefy with amazement.
    • confound To destroy; bring to naught; overthrow; ruin; spoil.
    • confound Hence such interjectional phrases as confound it! confound the fellow! which are relics of the fuller imprecations, God confound it! God confound the fellow ! etc.
    • confound To waste or spend uselessly, as time.
    • confound Synonyms See list under confuse. Confuse, etc. See abash.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Confound kon-fownd′ to overthrow, defeat: to mingle so as to make the parts indistinguishable: to throw into disorder: to perplex: to astonish
    • ***


  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Your dips an falls do not confound me, half as much as your heights astound me.”
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    “The worst readers are those who behave like plundering troops: they take away a few things they can use, dirty and confound the remainder, and revile the whole.”
  • Aristotle
    “A great city is not to be confounded with a populous one.”
  • Sir Henry Wotton
    Sir Henry Wotton
    “Tell the truth, and so puzzle and confound your adversaries.”
  • William Shakespeare
    “When workmen strive to do better than well, they do confound their skill in covetousness.”
  • Lord Byron
    “Nothing can confound a wise man more than laughter from a dunce.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. confondre, fr. L. confundere, -fusum, to pour together; con-, + fundere, to pour. See Fuse to melt, and cf. Confuse
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. confondre—L. confundĕre, -fusumcon, together, fundĕre, to pour.


In literature:

Lord, man, don't look so confoundedly ignorant!
"The Phantom Lover" by Ruby M. Ayres
Well, confound you, boy, how did it ever occur to you to ask her?
"The Romance of a Plain Man" by Ellen Glasgow
Other kinds of lung disease, because of certain features common to most lung diseases of cattle, may be confounded with pleuropneumonia.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
I believe I was not more confounded at my first seeing him at Meudon than he was at seeing Amy.
"The Fortunate Mistress (Parts 1 and 2)" by Daniel Defoe
Confound that manicure girl!
"Fire Mountain" by Norman Springer
These two processes practically run into each other a good deal, but they ought not to be confounded.
"In the School-Room" by John S. Hart
In the long run Honour, confound it, got a bit of a balancer which helped it to win.
"The Recipe for Diamonds" by Charles John Cutcliffe Wright Hyne
Come, Miss Morland, be quick, for the others are in a confounded hurry to be off.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
We know our existence only by ourselves, and confound our knowledge with the objects of it.
"Hazlitt on English Literature" by Jacob Zeitlin
They confound a military question with a political one, and undertake to supply by a vote what they lost by a battle.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Complete" by Thomas Paine
The Stuart family sank into obscurity, confounded itself with the multitude, and is at length extinct.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Volume III. 1791-1804" by Thomas Paine
What did you have to be so confounded previous for?
"Old Crow" by Alice Brown
How confounded strong he is!
"Olla Podrida" by Frederick Marryat
Well, that just makes this confounded business much more mysterious.
"Dave Dawson at Casablanca" by Robert Sydney Bowen
Have n't I warned you, not once but fifty times, against that confounded peaching tongue of yours?
"Davenport Dunn, Volume 1 (of 2) A Man Of Our Day" by Charles James Lever
Is it not just the thing to confound the deceivers, And confute all the slanders of vile unbelievers?
"Punch - Volume 25 (Jul-Dec 1853)" by Various
Have the goodness to loosen these confounded cords, and set me at liberty.
"Arthur O'Leary" by Charles James Lever
Confound secrecy, say I.
"Maurice Tiernay Soldier of Fortune" by Charles James Lever
Meantime I shall confound your incredulity.
"The Pilgrim's Shell or Fergan the Quarryman" by Eugène Sue
But then was the time to confound at once the enemies of your country; to show an even front hostile to slavery.
"Speeches, Addresses, and Occasional Sermons, Volume 1 (of 3)" by Theodore Parker

In poetry:

But hearts were made for loving -
Confound philosophy!
Forget what I've been proving,
Sweet Phyllis, and love me!
"Don't" by James Jeffrey Roche
Now will confusion so possess
These monuments of ire,
And so confound them with distress,
And trouble their desire.
"Of Hell And The Estate of Those Who Perish" by John Bunyan
"Ha! some delusion of the mind
My senses doth confound!
It was the harp, and not the wind,
That did so sweetly sound."
"Night Scenes Of Other Times" by Joanna Baillie
To thine almighty arm we owe
The triumphs of the day;
Thy terrors, Lord, confound the foe,
And melt their strength away.
"Psalm 18 part 2" by Isaac Watts
Convince their madness, Lord,
And make them seek thy name;
Or else their stubborn rage confound,
That they may die in shame.
"Psalm 83" by Isaac Watts
Down to the dust our soul is bowed,
And dies upon the ground;
Rise for our help, rebuke the proud,
And all their powers confound.
"Psalm 44" by Isaac Watts

In news:

Trying to define what type of hitter Dunn has confounded both the sabermetrics crowd as well as the old world home run and RBI proponents with his bizarre mixture of slugging, on base percentage and strikeouts .
Deerhunter Confounds and delights again on its new double album.
The forecast was for showers, but a wide and deep swath of rainfall developed ahead of a warm front, confounding the forecasts.
Saturday Night Live Finally Addresses Nation's Most Confounding Celebrity Phenomenon.
There were so many compelling stories waiting to be written on this confounding November Sunday at Candlestick Park.
All of you confounded by the holiday gift-giving conundrum, listen to the advice of the Gilt Groupe's Alexandra Wilkis Wilson and Alexis Maybank.
Often called "record-collector rock" by those in the know, the Horrors continue to confound those self-same critics with irresistible pop form and filler-free full-lengths.
For the mayor, grappling with Occupy Wall Street is confoundingly personal.
Aged 69, Stephen Hawkings confounds conventional thinking.
And then, even more confounding, Park posted several amateur promotional videos to YouTube for Scouts Honor that he starred in.
Tebow confounding, inspiring even as Peewee player.
Few ecological disasters have been as confounding as the massive and devastating die-off of the world's honeybees.
Cloud Atlas confounds and delights.
Roundabouts still confound, irk El Paso drivers.
The quasi-orchestral Nashville collective Lambchop has pleasantly confounded fans and critics with its trips through jazz, folk, soul-funk, chamber pop and more.

In science:

Distortion of effects caused by indirect confounding.
Stable Mixed Graphs
Economists are confounded by an economy of free goods which nonetheless continues to produce.
A Wikipedia Literature Review
The common method of estimating causal effects in observational studies is to adjust for a set of variables (or “covariates”) judged to be “confounders,” that is, variables capable of producing spurious associations between treatment and outcome, not attributable to their causal dependence.
Confounding Equivalence in Causal Inference
Next, we construct a linear structural equation model in which Zm is a strong predictor of X and X and Y are confounded.
Confounding Equivalence in Causal Inference
Assume that two candidate graphs recommend two different measurements for confounding control, one graph predicts the admissibility of T and Z , and the second does not.
Confounding Equivalence in Causal Inference
On estimation of the survivor average causal effect in observational studies when important confounders are missing due to death.
An exact adaptive test with superior design sensitivity in an observational study of treatments for ovarian cancer
The sensitivity of linear regression coefficients’ confidence limits to the omission of a confounder.
An exact adaptive test with superior design sensitivity in an observational study of treatments for ovarian cancer
Assessing the sensitivity of regression results to unmeasured confounders in observational studies.
An exact adaptive test with superior design sensitivity in an observational study of treatments for ovarian cancer
Bayesian sensitivity analysis for unmeasured confounding in observational studies.
An exact adaptive test with superior design sensitivity in an observational study of treatments for ovarian cancer
Case-control studies: Assessing the effect of a confounding factor.
An exact adaptive test with superior design sensitivity in an observational study of treatments for ovarian cancer
Unfortunately, these approaches do not address confounding by, for example, family relatedness and population structure, a problem that is becoming more important as larger data sets are used to increase power.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
We introduce a new approach for group tests that can handle confounding, based on Bayesian linear regression, which is equivalent to the linear mixed model.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
Herein we introduce a new, computationally efficient, group test that accounts for rich confounding structure and demonstrate its application to three GWAS data sets, for smoking, Crohn’s disease and hypertension.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
All of these data sets showed evidence of spurious association due to confounding in an uncorrected analysis.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
In particular, on GAW14, which had the strongest confounding structure, the uncorrected analysis yielded a Spearman rank correlation between set size and P value of ( ), while the analysis which corrected for hidden structure (FaST-LMM-Group) yielded ( ).
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding