confirmation

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n confirmation a sacrament admitting a baptized person to full participation in the church
    • n confirmation a ceremony held in the synagogue (usually at Pentecost) to admit as adult members of the Jewish community young men and women who have successfully completed a course of study in Judaism
    • n confirmation additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct "fossils provided further confirmation of the evolutionary theory"
    • n confirmation information that confirms or verifies
    • n confirmation making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming it "the ratification of the treaty","confirmation of the appointment"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Confirmation (Law) A conveyance by which a voidable estate is made sure and not voidable, or by which a particular estate is increased; a contract, express or implied, by which a person makes that firm and binding which was before voidable.
    • Confirmation (Eccl) A rite supplemental to baptism, by which a person is admitted, through the laying on of the hands of a bishop, to the full privileges of the church, as in the Roman Catholic, the Episcopal Church, etc. "This ordinance is called confirmation , because they who duly receive it are confirmed or strengthened for the fulfillment of their Christian duties, by the grace therein bestowed upon them."
    • Confirmation That which confirms; that which gives new strength or assurance; as to a statement or belief; additional evidence; proof; convincing testimony. "Trifles light as air
      Are to the jealous confirmations strong
      As proofs of holy writ."
    • Confirmation The act of confirming or strengthening; the act of establishing, ratifying, or sanctioning; as, the confirmation of an appointment. "Their blood is shed
      In confirmation of the noblest claim."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n confirmation The act of confirming. The act of strengthening, fortifying, or rendering firm.
    • n confirmation The act of establishing; a fixing, settling, setting up, establishing, or making more firm; establishment.
    • n confirmation The act of rendering certain or showing to be true; the act of verifying or corroborating; corroboration: as, the confirmation of opinion or report.
    • n confirmation The act of rendering valid or ratifying, especially Informal assent of the final or sovereign authority, or by action of a coordinate authority (as the United States Senate): as, the confirmation of an appointment, or of a grant, treaty, promise, covenant, stipulation, or agreement.
    • n confirmation Eccles.: A rite whereby baptized persons are admitted to full communion with the church. In the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Anglican churches it consists of the imposition of hands and prayer by a bishop (or in the Greek Church by episcopal authority), preceded in the two former by unction or anointing with chrism. In the first two churches it is regarded as the confirming or strengthening of the grace given in baptism and the bestowal of the gifts of the Spirit. In the Anglican Church, high-churchmen and low-churchmen regard it from different points of view, the latter attaching especial importance to the personal renewal made in it, by the persons confirmed, of the vows taken by others in their name at baptism, while the former believe it to be essentially a sacramental rite, conveying the strengthening power of the Holy Ghost, ‘this rite is believed to be recorded in the New Testament as a laying on of hands following baptism, distinct from ordination, and administered by apostles only. Unction was discontinued in the Anglican Church not long after the Reformation. In the early church confirmation immediately followed baptism, and the Greek Church has always retained this practice; in the West, however, the two have been separated since the thirteenth century by an interval of seven years or more. Formerly confirmation was sometimes allowed to be administered by presbyters if authorized by the bishop; and this is still the case in the Greek Church, where it is administered by priests with chrism consecrated by a bishop. Confirmation is one of the seven great religious rites, distinctively called sacraments by the Roman Catholic Church, and sacraments or mysteries by the Greek. The Anglican formularies mention it as one of “five commonly called sacraments,” but do not place these in the same rank with baptism and the Lord's supper as sacraments “ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel.” (See sacrament.) In the Lutheran and Reformed churches the rite is administered by the pastors. Other Protestant denominations reject it.
    • n confirmation The practice, enjoined in some ancient western directories, of pouring a little of the consecrated wine from the chalice out of which the celebrant had communicated himself into the unconsecrated wine in another chalice or other chalices. This was supposed to serve as consecration to the wine in the latter.
    • n confirmation That which confirms; that which gives new strength or assurance; additional evidence; proof; convincing testimony; corroboration.
    • n confirmation In law, an assurance of title by the conveyance of an estate or right in esse from one to another, by which a voidable estate is made sure or unvoidable, or a particular estate is increased, or a possession made perfect.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Confirmation a making firm or sure: convincing proof: the rite by which persons are admitted to full communion in the R.C., Greek, Lutheran, Anglican, and other Churches
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Faith makes a Christian. Life proves a Christian. Trial confirms a Christian. Death crowns a Christian.”
  • Leo Rosten
    Leo%20Rosten
    “Courage is the capacity to confirm what can be imagined.”
  • Marion D. Hanks
    Marion D. Hanks
    “Every human being is trying to say something to others. Trying to cry out I am alive, notice me! Speak to me! Confirm that I am important, that I matter!!”
  • Catullus
    Catullus
    “It is difficult to lay aside a confirmed passion.”
  • Lawrence Durrell
    Lawrence Durrell
    “Music was invented to confirm human loneliness.”
  • Booth Tarkington
    Booth Tarkington
    “Arguments only confirm people in their own opinions.”

Idioms

Confirmed bachelor - A confirmed bachelor is a man who shows little or no interest in women. It can be used to suggest that they're gay.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. confirmation, L. confirmatio,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. confermer—L. confirmārecon, inten., and firmārefirmus, firm.

Usage

In literature:

It is hoped that confirmation will be a help to me.
"The Loom of Youth" by Alec Waugh
Long experience only confirms the first impression, that, of all cold, the cold of an Italian winter is most penetrating.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
They shall be obliged to have obtained within four years my confirmation of the same.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume XXV, 1635-36" by Various
His testimony was confirmed by other infamous emissaries, who received but too much countenance from the government.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
He dashed into the little house when they reached Einstein, and his first glance confirmed what George Lynn had said.
"Badge of Infamy" by Lester del Rey
We cannot remain here, for the report that the French are approaching has been confirmed.
"Napoleon and the Queen of Prussia" by L. Mühlbach,
Confirm Their Testimony with Their Blood.
"Fables of Infidelity and Facts of Faith" by Robert Patterson
This feeling was confirmed by the treaty of alliance which the Romans had formed with the Samnites.
"A Smaller History of Rome" by William Smith and Eugene Lawrence
These early charters were confirmed by several succeeding kings, Henry VI.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
Then, if you choose a prince worthy to succeed Romulus, the fathers will confirm your choice.
"The History of Rome, Books 01 to 08" by Titus Livius
Because all local officers now have to be confirmed by the Senate.
"Ethics in Service" by William Howard Taft
The news of yesterday has been confirmed.
"The Citizen-Soldier" by John Beatty
These conjectures have been confirmed by circumstances, which have since come to my knowledge.
"The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Vol. IX" by Various
A better tracker than either of his companions, Scott after a minute confirmed their belief that Sassoon must have escaped by the window.
"Nan of Music Mountain" by Frank H. Spearman
The President has been baptized (at home) and privately confirmed in St. Paul's Church.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Why weren't you confirmed with the rest of us nearly three years ago?
"Tom Brown's School Days" by Thomas Hughes
When you have your pup well "confirmed in ranging," take the cord, as above directed, peg him down.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
He hastily quitted Vienna, escaping the formal charge of desertion because his new appointment had not been confirmed.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
And he went through Syria and Cilicia, confirming the churches.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
But at length all these reports were fully confirmed.
"Ten Years' Captivity in the Mahdi's Camp 1882-1892" by F. R. Wingate
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In poetry:

As on she moves with hesitating grace,
She wins assurance from his soothing voice;
And, with a look the pencil could not trace,
Smiles thro' her blushes, and confirms the choice.
"To a Friend on his Marriage" by Samuel Rogers
The point I advance, if it need confirmation,
I'll prove by a witness that few will dispute,
A pink of perfection and truth in the naion
Where fashion and folly are all of a suit.
"Nothing To Eat" by Horatio Alger Jr
But Mary, faithful to its lightest word,
Kept in her heart the sayings she had heard,
Till the dread morning rent the Temple's veil,
And shuddering earth confirmed the wondrous tale.
"The Mother’s Secret" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
The amorous master own'd her potent eyes:
Sigh'd when he look'd, and trembled as he drew:
Each flowing line confirm'd his first surprise,
And, as the piece advanced, the passion grew.
"An Ode To Mr. Howard" by Matthew Prior
I'm weak, O Christ! do thou my strength increase,
I'm sick and faint — O, heal the dire disease!
Heavy and sad, I sink oppress'd with fear,
Confirm my faith, my fainting spirits cheer!
"An Earnest Prayer For Pardon Of Sins" by Rees Prichard
But proofs have now confirmed me
How much our vice offendeth,
And what small helps our virtues be
To that which God intendeth,
Till he himself shall make us free,
And our defects amendeth.
"The Contented Man's Morice" by George Wither

In news:

The singer and his wife of five months, Manuela Testolini, have welcomed their first child, a baby girl named Lucia Bella Testolini Jordan, his rep confirms to Us Weekly exclusively.
State officials have confirmed that the emerald ash borer, a destructive beetle, has been found in the Berkshire County town of Dalton.
FWP wardens confirmed today a 2 to 2/12 year old bighorn ram was shot on the property and left to waste within the last week.
Tupelo Honey Cafe confirmed this week that it will open a cafe on Market Square.
Q After sending in a dozen or more online job applications with résumés, I haven't heard back from any of them, with the exception of a few emails confirming that my application was received.
A glance at his ride confirms it—the license plate reads MRCLEEEN, an homage to the nickname he gained on account of his neatly shaven lid.
Drinking black tea may help protect against type 2 diabetes, but more study is needed to confirm an association.
Erich Bloch was confirmed by the Senate to be Director of the National Science Foundation on August 6, 1984.
Senate Republicans Say They Won't Block Vote on Sotomayor Confirmation.
It started at CPE xpo when EarthLink Business confirmed that it was going Meta despite buying STS which was a Sylantro shop.
Winfield City Manager Warren Porter confirms that the Winfield City Lake is now under an advisory, down from a warning, for Blue-Green Algae.
Wednesday night, June 20, I witnessed a marvel that, among many other things, confirmed my (hardly original) belief that the recording industry has to change its business model.
Asteroids turn red as they age, confirming a long-suspected notion that space somehow "weathers" exposed rocks.
The store could open before year's end, but ALDI was unable to confirm an exact date.
Leahy's Third Round of Questioning at Judge Sotomayor Confirmation Hearing .
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In science:

This was confirmed by ac χ data as well, in which real part was found to exhibit a monotonic increase with decreasing temperature (not shown).
Magnetism of fine particles of Kondo lattices, obtained by high-energy ball-milling
The interleaved sequence was also observed to pass all of the requisite statistical tests, which further confirms the independence of the sequences .
Scalable parallel physical random number generator based on a superluminescent LED
The experiment confirms the addit ivity of the quantum energy component for part icles in infinite mot ion in accordance with Eq. (6.3).
Quantum Physics and Nanotechnology
II, we well suggest to restrict the “interaction” to appear only between different particles. According to the set theory , we confirm that fermions in tree diagrams belong to sets, but they in five primitive divergent diagrams belong to proper classes. In Sec.
Regard Renormalization in QED as Functor between Categories
Their results have confirmed the presence of serious dysbiotic deviations at BLC+ psoriatics (with blastocystosis) and at BLC(-) psoriatics (without blastocystosis).
Model of pathogenesis of psoriasis. Part 1. Systemic psoriatic process
CoO is confirmed in a triple match point, coordinates.
New Thermodynamic Paradigm of Chemical Equilibria
Another test made was to capture and repeat a packet indiscriminately in the network. It was confirmed that damage was limited to the period of validity of the session keys.
An Approach to Log Management: Prototyping a Design of Agent for Log Harvesting
To design MAS, we developed a generic set of communication acts . The agents perform five speech acts: inform, diffuse, ask, reply and confirm. The basic elements of this language (variables and primitives of the language) are listed in the following table (Table 2).
Agent-Based {\mu}-Tools Integrated into a Co-Design Platform
We confirmed the remarks of Tristan when interviewing Max who was one of the Project Leaders at eMaxx. The project leader of the support team, Oliver confirmed these statements.
Identifying Coordination Problems in Software Development: Finding Mismatches between Software and Project Team Structures
We then designed a second teachers‟ questionnaire and a pupils‟ questionnaire to confirm and complete the answers of the first questionnaire.
U-Note: Capture the Class and Access it Everywhere
Whereas (cid:86)p and (cid:86)t are confirmed to satisfy the experimental data concerning the crater depth, the newly introduced parameters are theoretically defined from the expression for the plastic work.
Numerical simulation of high-speed penetration-perforation dynamics in layered armor shields
II transition as confirmed by the exper imental outputs. I t must be no ted that for the realization of the maximum density, the crossover between the rate of change of the He4 I thermal shr inking and that one of the He4 II quantum d ilatation is needed .
The density maximum of He4 at the lambda point modeled by the stochastic quantum hydrodynamic analogy
Certainly study shows that among the employment of literates is reduced in these 10 years only confirms all rules to reserve post for them or any other considerations have not literally reached them.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
Lexique . Before any experimentation, pre-tests with a blind user confirmed that the map elements were all fully accessible. The two main methods used for printing raised-line maps are vacuum forming and microcapsule paper. Perkins showed that both techniques are efficient for presenting spatial information.
Design and User Satisfaction of Interactive Maps for Visually Impaired People
This positive relationship in also confirmed when deploying semantic web technologies in order to enhance learning.
In the Face (book) of Social Learning
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