condyle

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n condyle a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Condyle (Anat) A bony prominence; particularly, an eminence at the end of a bone bearing a rounded articular surface; -- sometimes applied also to a concave articular surface.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n condyle In anatomy, a protuberance on the end of a bone serving to form an articulation with another bone: more especially applied to the prominences of the occipital bone for articulation with the atlas, to the prominences at the distal extremity of the humerus and femur respectively, and to the proximal articular extremity of the lower jawbone of mammals. The occipital condyles are lateral and paired in Mammalia and Amphibia; in Aves and Reptilia the condyle is single and median. See cuts under femur, humerus, and skull.
    • n condyle In the arthropod or articulated animals, a rounded portion of the hard integument fitting into another part to which it is articulated, as the proximal ends of the tibiæ in insects.
    • n condyle An ancient Greek long measure, the eighth of a foot. See foot.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Condyle kon′dil a protuberance at the end of a bone serving for articulation with another bone, esp. that by which the occipital bone of the skull is articulated to the spine
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. condylus, knuckle, joint, Gr. ko`ndylos: cf. F. condyle,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L.,—Gr. kondylos, knuckle.

Usage

In literature:

Boullard reports a deformity of the visage, resulting in a deficiency of the condyles of the lower jaw.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
In extension of the knee, the patella is nearly all above the condyles.
"A Practical Physiology" by Albert F. Blaisdell
The nerve slips forward, and may be felt lying on the medial aspect of the condyle.
"Manual of Surgery" by Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles
The neck of the condyle I three times saw fractured; in each instance permanent stiffness and inability to open the mouth resulted.
"Surgical Experiences in South Africa, 1899-1900" by George Henry Makins
Robert Hill, aged 16, received a blow yesterday from a bone which was thrown at him, upon the outer condyle of the humerus.
"An Essay on the Application of the Lunar Caustic in the Cure of Certain Wounds and Ulcers" by John Higginbottom
E. Brachialis anticus muscle; e, the internal condyle.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
In the atlas the cavity for the occipital condyle is either ossified into a ring, or is, as in Bankiva, open on its upper margin.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Vol. I." by Charles Darwin
The radial nerve divides into its superficial and deep (posterior interosseous) branches at the level of the lateral condyle.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
Immediately above the external condyle of the tibiotarsus this tendon divides.
"Myology and Serology of the Avian Family Fringillidae" by William B. Stallcup
The external condyle, however, is significantly variable in the family.
"Phylogeny of the Waxwings and Allied Birds" by M. Dale Arvey
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In news:

Chronic focal Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the left mandibular condyle presenting as limited jaw opening: A case report.
Mandibular condyle reconstruction with fibula free-tissue transfer.
We conducted a study to evaluate functional and cosmetic outcomes following reconstruction of the mandibular condyle with direct placement of a vascularized free fibula.
We conducted a study to evaluate functional and cosmetic outcomes following reconstruction of the mandibular condyle with direct placement of a vascularized free fibula .
The knee is a complex joint, which is made up of the distal end of the femur (the femoral condyles), and the proximal end of the tibia (the tibial plateau).
The femoral condyles usually glide smoothly on the tibial plateau, allowing for smooth, painless motion of the lower leg.
The knee is a complex joint, which is made up of the lower end of the thigh bone, or femur (the femoral condyles), and the proximal end of the shine bone, or tibia (the tibial plateau).
Kirk Condyles for The New York Times.
In a knee with advanced osteoarthritis , large ulcerated areas of articular cartilage are present in the intercondylar region, on the femoral condyles, and on the patella.
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In science:

Regional structural and viscoelastic properties of fibrocartilage upon dynamic nanoindentation of the articular condyle. J.
Accounting for the thickness effect in dynamic spherical indentation of a viscoelastic layer: Application to non-destructive testing of articular cartilage
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