condensation

Definitions

  • Evans's Non-Condensing Engine
    Evans's Non-Condensing Engine
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n condensation the act of increasing the density of something
    • n condensation (psychoanalysis) an unconscious process whereby two ideas or images combine into a single symbol; especially in dreams
    • n condensation a shortened version of a written work
    • n condensation the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together "the contraction of a gas on cooling"
    • n condensation atmospheric moisture that has condensed because of cold
    • n condensation the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Optical System without Condenser Optical System without Condenser
Action of Condenser Action of Condenser
Forms of Condensers Forms of Condensers

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chocolate Timeline:1824: John Cadbury, an English Quaker, begins roasting and grinding chocolate beans to sell in his tea and coffee shop. In 1842 Cadbury's Chocolate Company in England creates the first chocolate bar. 1875: A Swiss chocolate maker, Daniel Peter, mixes Henri Nestle's condensed milk with chocolate and the two men found a company to manufacture the first milk chocolate. 1894: Milton Hershey adds a line of chocolate to his caramel manufacturing business. Soon he invents the Hershey Bar by experimenting with milk chocolate. Hershey's Cocoa appears next. 1896: Leonard Hershfield invents the Tootsie Roll, named after his daughter. 1897: Brownies are first mentioned in print, listed for sale in the Sears, Roebuck and Co. catalogue. 1940: The Mars company invents M&M's for soldiers going to World War II.
    • Condensation (Chem) A rearrangement or concentration of the different constituents of one or more substances into a distinct and definite compound of greater complexity and molecular weight, often resulting in an increase of density, as the condensation of oxygen into ozone, or of acetone into mesitylene.
    • Condensation The act or process of condensing or of being condensed; the state of being condensed. "He [Goldsmith] was a great and perhaps an unequaled master of the arts of selection and condensation ."
    • Condensation (Physics) The act or process of reducing, by depression of temperature or increase of pressure, etc., to another and denser form, as gas to the condition of a liquid or steam to water.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The condensed water vapor in the sky left behind by jets is called a contrail.
    • n condensation The act of making, or the state of being made, dense or compact; reduction of volume or compass, as by pressure, concentration, or elimination of foreign material; closer union of parts; compression; consolidation: used in both literal and figurative senses.
    • n condensation In chem. and physical, the act of reducing a gas or vapor to a liquid or solid form.
    • n condensation In organic chemistry, the union of two carbon atoms which may be in the same or in different molecules. Thus acetylene, C2H2, condenses to benzene, C6H6. In recent years the term has been applied to reactions involving the union of a carbon atom to an atom of some other polyvalent element, usually accompanied by the removal of the elements of water. Thus acetaldehyde, C2H4O, and hydroxylamine, NH2OH, condense to form acetaldoxime, C2H4NOH, and water, H2O.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The name of the point at which condensation begin is called the dew point.
    • ns Condensation act of condensing
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Quotations

  • Robert Southey
    Robert%20Southey
    “If you would be pungent, be brief; for it is with words as with sunbeams -- the more they are condensed, the deeper they burn.”
  • James Mackintosh
    James Mackintosh
    “Maxims are the condensed good sense of nations.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “If you must cry over spilled milk then please try to condense it”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Condense some daily experience into a glowing symbol and an audience is electrified.”
  • Robert Southey
    Robert%20Southey
    “It is with words as with sunbeams -- the more they are condensed, the deeper they burn.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. condensatio,: cf. F. condensation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. condensārecon, inten., and densus, dense.

Usage

In literature:

X. HIGH-TENSION APPARATUS, CONDENSERS, ETC.
"Electricity for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
Use of Mica in Condensers.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall
During the conversation, I noted that full condensation was taking place to atmospheric limits.
"Indirection" by Everett B. Cole
The hole will permit the water of condensation to escape.
"Mission Furniture" by H. H. Windsor
The welding apparatus had its coils and condensers under the floor.
"The Pirates of Ersatz" by Murray Leinster
Behind the orbs, we now discern the nebulae from which they have been condensed.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
But we need in addition two extra pieces, a light-box and a pair of condensing lenses.
"Bromide Printing and Enlarging" by John A. Tennant
Comets are supposed to be huge masses of gaseous matter, in a more or less condensed condition.
"Aether and Gravitation" by William George Hooper
A great deal of iodine, starch and condensed milk are sent to the prisoners by their friends.
"The Better Germany in War Time" by Harold Picton
Condensed milk should never be used as a continuous food; as a substitute, however, for a few weeks it is often invaluable.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol 2 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
It is condensed to the utmost limit and every sentence should be weighed and considered.
"Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 10" by Charles Herbert Sylvester
A couple of cold fried eggs, or a clammy dish of oatmeal and condensed milk.
"The Great White Tribe in Filipinia" by Paul T. Gilbert
The condenser and bottom pipe for drawing off pitch have been omitted to avoid complication.
"Coal" by Raphael Meldola
There always has to be a beginning, and that occurs wherever the conditions are most favorable for condensation of vapor.
"Nature's Miracles, Volume 1" by Elisha Gray
As operating process of this development Anaximenes named the two opposite processes of (1) Rarefaction, (2) Condensation.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
A revolving contact-maker charged a condenser with the E.M.F.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 9" by Various
And even this would gain considerably by condensation, even by simple excisions.
"Thomas Moore" by Stephen Gwynn
All his being is now condensed in that one sensation of the clasping hand.
"Pierre; or The Ambiguities" by Herman Melville
If we have a number of such condensers we can combine them in "parallel" or in "series.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
It is complete, yet condensed and is well adapted for handbook use by the student and draftsman.
"Wood and Forest" by William Noyes
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In poetry:

Professor Dewar
Is a better man than you are.
None of you asses
Can condense gases
"Clerihew – Dewar" by Edmund Clerihew Bentley
"You boil it in sawdust: you salt it in glue:
You condense it with locusts and tape:
Still keeping one principal object in view—
To preserve its symmetrical shape."
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
"For instance, take a Haunted Tower,
With skull, cross-bones, and sheet;
Blue lights to burn (say) two an hour,
Condensing lens of extra power,
And set of chains complete:
"Phantasmagoria Canto IV ( Hys Nouryture )" by Lewis Carroll
"Or what is wit?" a meteor bright and rare,
What comes and goes we know not whence, or where;
A brilliant nothing out of something wrought,
A mental vacuum by condensing thought.
"Eccentricity" by Washington Allston
Now are they air condensed, or gather'd rays?
How guide they then our prayer or keep our ways,
By stronger blasts still subject to be toss'd,
By tempests scatter'd, and in whirlwinds lost?
"Solomon on the Vanity of the World, A Poem. In Three Books. - Knowledge. Book I." by Matthew Prior
whose condensation is the marble sweat
of angels' foreheads, which will never dry
till Borealis shuts the peacock lights
of its slow fan from L.A. to Archangel,
and memory needs nothing to repeat.
"Forest Of Europe" by Derek Walcott

In news:

Many refrigeration systems are installed using an outdoor air-cooled condenser.
When these systems are installed in a climate where the outdoor temperature drops below 60°F, some means of preventing the condensing pressure from dropping too low must be incorporated into its design.
"Every time I sing this song, I hope it's the last time," says the weary troubadour played by Bruce DuBose at the start of Undermain Theatre's stunning production of An Iliad , a condensed retelling of Homer's epic poem of the Trojan War.
Air infiltration of buildings causes significant heating/cooling energy loss and permits moisture and condensation to collect in the walls.
This interstitial condensation creates significant problems for buildings and occupants alike, including poor air quality, mold and mildew, and even structural damage.
There was also a lot of condensation on the doors and around the air-conditioning vents.
) from Danfoss, designed for vending machine applications, provides a complete system (compressor, evaporator, condenser, refrigeration controls, and fans) in a self-contained unit.
This interview with Maria K. Mitchell, president of Amdec, a partnership of New York medical research institutions, was conducted and condensed by Adam Bryant.
This interview with Linda Lausell Bryant, executive director of Inwood House in New York, was conducted and condensed by Adam Bryant.
1 cup Magnolia(r) Sweetened Condensed Milk, 14 oz.
One can of sweetened condensed milk.
1 (14-ounce) can fat-free sweetened condensed milk.
Is there any mathematical relationship between fouling thickness on the cooling water side and steam turbine condenser vacuum pressure.
14 ounce can (1-1/4 cups) sweetened condensed milk.
10 1/2 ounce can condensed French onion soup.
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In science:

The phase transition between the extended condensate and granular condensate is continuous, while that between the granular condensate and the normal glass is of first order.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
The granular condensate is a phase that cannot already be treated as uniform on average, as it is done for the extended condensate.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
The granular condensate is a principally nonuniform condensate, which requires a separate consideration taking into account the spatial nonuniformity.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
Assuming that the system is uniform on average does not distinguish between the extended and granular condensates, but this description covers all the region, where any condensate is possible.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
In the previous Sections, we have considered equilibrium systems with Bose-Einstein condensate, which, by applying spatially random fields, could be transformed into a Bose-glass type phase with a granular condensate.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
If the alternating potential oscillates with a frequency far detuned from any transition frequency for trapped atoms, then the extended condensate is just a perturbed ground-state condensate.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
But if the frequency of the oscillating potential is in resonance with the transition frequency between the ground-state condensate and an excited topological mode, then the extended condensate is formed by the fluctuating groundstate condensate mode and an excited coherent mode [61–64].
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
This means that the disconnected regions with the condensate, with time, change their shapes, disappear and appear again, so that on average there always exist several such regions of the granular condensate.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
The equilibrium granular condensate represents a system with randomly distributed in space regions of the condensate, surrounded by the normal phase with no condensate, these regions being stationary in time, their location in space being fixed.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
What is fixed for a nonequilibrium granular condensate is the average (over space and time) concentration of condensed atoms, so that the average condensate fraction n0 remains a well defined order parameter.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
At each instant of time, the system with the nonequilibrium granular condensate is a kind of a snapshot, which is analogous to the equilibrium granular condensate.
Bose systems in spatially random or time-varying potentials
We discovered that at high density the dimensionful quantity governing the Dirac spectrum is not the usual chiral condensate but the BCS gap ∆ associated with the condensation of quark-quark pairs.
Chiral random matrix theory for two-color QCD at high density
The conservation of P⊥ means that the kelvon condensate does not interact with the rest of the system, and vice versa: kelvon dynamics are not sensitive to the condensate amplitude.
Geometric Symmetries in Superfluid Vortex Dynamics
In particular, for weak disorder when the condensate occupies a delocalized state, the condensate ballistically expands when the confining potential is removed.
Particle-hole symmetric localization in optical lattices using time modulated random on-site potentials
In this model, among the SM quarks, the third family quarks obtain their masses only by the seesaw mechanism after some condensations are triggered, but other quarks obtain their masses mainly by ETC interactions with the technifermion condensates.
Topcolor-like dynamics and new matter generations
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