concentration

Definitions

  • Magnetic concentrating installation
    Magnetic concentrating installation
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n concentration strengthening the concentration (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing diluting material
    • n concentration bringing together military forces
    • n concentration great and constant diligence and attention
    • n concentration the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume
    • n concentration the spatial property of being crowded together
    • n concentration complete attention; intense mental effort
    • n concentration increase in density
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Magnetic concentrator Magnetic concentrator

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In the world, the Netherlands has the highest concentration of museums in the world. Just in Amsterdam alone there are 42 museums
    • Concentration The act or process of concentrating; the process of becoming concentrated, or the state of being concentrated; concentration. "Concentration of the lunar beams.""Intense concetration of thought."
    • Concentration The act or process of reducing the volume of a liquid, as by evaporation. "The acid acquires a higher degree of concentration ."
    • Concentration (Metal) The act or process of removing the dress of ore and of reducing the valuable part to smaller compass, as by currents of air or water.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Chameleons change their color by dispersing the concentration of pigment in their skin. This is controlled by the autonomic nervous system. Color changes are determined by external factors such as light and temperature as well as emotions. They do not change color to match their background.
    • n concentration The act of concentrating.
    • n concentration The act of collecting or combining into or about a central point; the act of directing or applying to one object; the state of being brought from several or all directions to a common point or center, or into one mass or group: as, the concentration of troops in one place; the concentration of one's energies.
    • n concentration Specifically, the voluntary continuous direction of thought upon an object; close attention.
    • n concentration In chem., the act of increasing the strength of fluids by volatilizing part of their water. The matter to be concentrated must, therefore, be less readily evaporated than water, as sulphuric and phosphoric acids, solutions of alkalis, etc.
    • n concentration In metallurgy, the separation of the metalliferous and valuable portions of the contents of a vein, or mineral deposit of any kind, from the gangue. Bringing the ore into the proper condition of purity for the smelter is generally called dressing, but sometimes the word concentration is used in this sense.
    • n concentration In dynamics, the excess of the value of any quantity at any point in space over its mean value within an infinitesimal sphere described about that point as a center, this excess being divided by one tenth of the square of the radius of the sphere. This is the same as the negative of the result of operating with Laplace's operator upon the quantity. The concentration of the potential of gravity is proportional to the density of the gravitating matter at the point considered.
    • n concentration In biology, specifically, the tendency in descendants to-ward the inheritance of characters at earlier stages of growth than those in which such characters first made their appearance in the ancestors of any given series.
    • n concentration Concentration may be: The reduction of volume by the process of concentrating, as by the evaporation of water from a solution, or the removal of gangue from an ore.
    • n concentration The strength of a solution as increased by concentrating it and as depending on the amount of some dissolved substance contained in a given volume of the solution.
    • n concentration The strength of a solution as depending on the amount of some substance dissolved in a given amount of the solution, simply, and without reference to any process of concentrating it: it may be measured in percentage, or by specific gravity of the solution.
    • n concentration The number of gram-atoms or gram-equivalents or gram-molecules of the dissolved substance, as the case may be, which are contained in unit volume of the solution. The unit volume is commonly the liter, but sometimes the cubic centimeter. A solution containing one gram-molecule, etc., in the liter is called a normal solution; and one containing one tenth of a grammolecule, etc., in the liter is called a decinormal solution, often written 0.1 normal, or solution.
    • n concentration The number of gram-atoms, gram-equivalents, etc., contained in the unit volume, although not in solution, as in case of gases or vapors. In Herbart's pedagogic system, same as absorption 2.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In a University of Arizona study, rails and armsrests in public buses were found to be contaminated by the highest concentration of bodily fluids.
    • n Concentration act of concentrating: condensation: the keeping of the mind fixed on something
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bruce Henderson
    Bruce Henderson
    “Concentrate your strengths against your competitor's relative weaknesses.”
  • Amy Alcott
    Amy Alcott
    “Concentrate, play your game, and don't be afraid to win.”
  • Andrew Carnegie
    Andrew%20Carnegie
    “Concentration is my motto -- first honesty, then industry, then concentration.”
  • Chris Evert
    Chris Evert
    “Ninety percent of my game is mental. It's my concentration that has gotten me this far.”
  • Lee Iacocca
    Lee%20Iacocca
    “The ability to concentrate and to use time well is everything.”
  • Jack Nicklaus
    Jack Nicklaus
    “My ability to concentrate and work toward that goal has been my greatest asset.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. concentration,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A lengthened form of Concentre.

Usage

In literature:

Concentrated essence of energy!
"The Ultimate Weapon" by John Wood Campbell
The British artillery was concentrated in the neighborhood of Hooge and started a bombardment on June 16.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 12)"
President of Consolidated Pemmican and Allied Concentrates Incorporated.
"Greener Than You Think" by Ward Moore
The shot were red hot, the fire concentrated, and the guns served with cool efficiency.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
In the experiments here referred to, glass lenses were employed to concentrate the rays.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
The 19th Infantry Brigade was concentrating at Valenciennes.
"1914" by John French, Viscount of Ypres
This called for concentration of force and concentration of purpose.
"A History of Sea Power" by William Oliver Stevens and Allan Westcott
The teacher found an extraordinary concentration of effort to acquire anything the girl desired.
"The Cricket" by Marjorie Cooke
The Egypto-Roman army was ordered to concentrate on the southern shores of the Ambracian Gulf.
"Famous Sea Fights" by John Richard Hale
Suddenly she seemed to sense the concentrated attention of the audience.
"Black Oxen" by Gertrude Franklin Horn Atherton
The venom of the Nationalist Party was concentrated on Smuts.
"An African Adventure" by Isaac F. Marcosson
She saw his eyebrows upraised slightly and then contracted, while his gaze upon her grew concentrated.
"The Secret Witness" by George Gibbs
She could relax, then, concentrate on doing her new job to the best of her ability.
"The Alembic Plot" by Ann Wilson
It was one of concentrated detestation.
"The Golden Woman" by Ridgwell Cullum
Again his grief was thrust out of his focus, and all his mental energy was concentrated upon his desire.
"The Twins of Suffering Creek" by Ridgwell Cullum
It is powerful because it concentrates all its forces upon one purpose, like a millionaire acquiring money at the cost of his soul.
"The Forerunners" by Romain Rolland
In her old age, the power of Europe, concentrated in the Roman empire, overthrew her.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume I (of 2)" by John William Draper
Here the principal branch of the Danube concentrates itself in a deep bed.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
When heated with concentrated glycerin to a temperature of 110 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
Edison's Magnetic Ore Concentrator.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn
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In poetry:

Oh, memories of an only child,
How strong and rich ye are!
A wealth of concentrated love
That none beside can share.
"Madam Pond," by Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney
A long, long kiss, a kiss of youth, and love,
And beauty, all concentrating like rays
Into one focus, kindled from above;
Such kisses as belong to early day
"Don Juan: Canto The Second" by Lord George Gordon Byron
COUNSEL. Swiftly fled each honeyed hour
Spent with this unmanly male!
Camberwell became a bow'r,
Peckham an Arcadian Vale,
Breathing concentrated otto!—
An existence … la Watteau.
"Trial" by William Schwenck Gilbert
She ceased, she clasped her hands, nor yet withdrew
Her eye concentred in its piercing view.
“Nay,” said the Prince, “it ill befits those lips
To talk of kingdoms' and of thrones' eclipse!
"Nebuchadnezzar: Canto VI: The Banquet" by Thomas Aird
"Ere I proceed to illustrate
The views of each protesting State
Thus did the beast address me from the pot -
"Please understand I represent
All phases of State discontent;
In me is concentrated all the lot!"
"The Insect" by C J Dennis
These poems do not live: it's a sad diagnosis.
They grew their toes and fingers well enough,
Their little foreheads bulged with concentration.
If they missed out on walking about like people
It wasn't for any lack of mother-love.
"Stillborn" by Sylvia Plath

In news:

Accord on Term ' Concentration Camp '.
With the price of a CXP-SGCON being comparable with existing narrow band concentrators , utilities have an all-in-one solution which is financially justified.
VBOX, Inc.'s Trooper Oxygen Concentrator Receives FDA Approval.
Wave Form custom rug in worsted British wool by Concentric Carpet, 646-234-4481.
EU better off as concentric powers, not US imitation.
Concentric will add LiveOps Platform and applications to its product offering.
LiveOps has formed a strategic alliance with Concentric Cloud Solutions, which has added LiveOps Platform to its Cloud Voice service offerings targeting small and midsized businesses.
Elma Offers New Push-Button Option for Concentric Encoders.
Elma Electronic now offers a push-button option for its concentric encoders.
Attain Consistent Roundness and Concentricity Readings.
Toolholding System for Maximum Concentricity .
Mike Alden was just days removed from the Division I athletic directors' meetings in Dallas, an event with as much concentrated moving-and-shaking energy as any.
Demystify PowerShell, automate tedious systems administration tasks, and improve your IT efficiency with these concentrated nuggets of PowerShell goodness.
MSA has unveiled the Ultima OPIR-5 Detector, an open-path IR gas detector that provides continuous monitoring of combustible gas concentrations at a path length of up to 150 meters (nearly 500 feet).
The new, less concentrated 160 mg per 5 mL liquid acetaminophen for infants has new dosing instructions and may have a new dosing device in the box, such as an oral syringe rather than a dropper.
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In science:

We observe a link between the window size of mass concentration and the rate of explosion of the Strichartz norm by revisiting Bourgain’s mass concentration for the L2 -critical nonlinear Schr¨odinger equations.
A remark on the concentration phenomenon for the L^2-critical nonlinear Schrodinger equations
The preceding lemma shows that L2 functions which are band limited to unit scale and lower frequencies and which are mass concentrated at unit scale remain mass concentrated at unit scale for unit time under the linear Schr¨odinger flow.
A remark on the concentration phenomenon for the L^2-critical nonlinear Schrodinger equations
Zeitouni (), and Alon, Krivelevich, and Vu () by applying the concentration of measure technique that the largest eigenvalue is strongly concentrated around its mean.
Wigner random matrices with non-symmetrically distributed entries
Extrapolating the opposite way around, the present large ǫ theory predicts ”residual” (not singular) concentration fluctuations, becoming of the order of the mean concentration as ǫ → 1, due to more and more particle pairs contributing to the fluctuations.
Concentration fluctuations of large Stokes number particles in a one-dimensional random velocity field
Checking the concentration property In this subsection, we verify the concentration property in the definition of (µ, C, K )-type.
The condition number of a randomly perturbed matrix
The Wigner function starts uncorrelated and concentrated on the q -axis; at late times (aH/k → ∞), q/p → 0 representing a state concentrated on the p-axis.
Particle creation, classicality and related issues in quantum field theory: II. Examples from field theory
To show the capacity of any source-destination pair concentrates at some value, we will first show that for such a source-destination pair, the capacity of any s-t-cut of size k concentrates at its mean value.
Network Coding Capacity of Random Wireless Networks under a Signal-to-Interference-and-Noise Model
The first equation is a drift-diffusion equation describing the evolution of the concentration of bacteria and the second equation is a diffusion equation with terms of source and degradation describing the evolution of the concentration of the chemical.
Nonlinear mean field Fokker-Planck equations. Application to the chemotaxis of biological populations
The case where these coefficients depend on the concentration of the chemical c(r, t), but not on the concentration of bacteria ρ(r, t), has been considered by Othmer & Stevens .
Nonlinear mean field Fokker-Planck equations. Application to the chemotaxis of biological populations
On the other hand, if we assume that the diffusion coefficient and the mobility of the bacteria depend on their concentration ρ(r, t), but not on the concentration c(r, t) of the secreted chemical, the original Keller-Segel model takes the form of a generalized mean field Fokker-Planck equation.
Nonlinear mean field Fokker-Planck equations. Application to the chemotaxis of biological populations
The outside concentration of molecules is given by ϕ(x), and the transport of molecules through the membrane and in the direction of the concentration gradient is possible only across some given channels (represented by the set Tε ) and only from the outside of the cell ({y < 0}) toward the inside of the cell D .
Random Homogenization of Fractional Obstacle Problems
The lower concentrations for the contracted halo fits are still reasonally consistent with the concentration scatter expected from cosmological simulations (e.g., NFW 96).
The Milky Way's Circular Velocity Curve to 60 kpc and an Estimate of the Dark Matter Halo Mass from Kinematics of ~2400 SDSS Blue Horizontal Branch Stars
We find that our data cannot discriminate well whether adiabatic contraction occurs or not – an uncontracted halo of higher than average concentration and a contracted halo of (initially) low concentration fit comparably well.
The Milky Way's Circular Velocity Curve to 60 kpc and an Estimate of the Dark Matter Halo Mass from Kinematics of ~2400 SDSS Blue Horizontal Branch Stars
Asymptotic concentration rate As the size of the matrix goes to in finity, the value of f (·) is often sharply concentrated around its expectation.
Asymptotic Concentration Behaviors of Linear Combinations of Weight Distributions on Random Linear Code Ensemble
This results suggests the existence of the convergence threshold ǫ∗ for given R such that ǫ∗ separates the concentration regime and the non-concentration regime of ǫ.
Asymptotic Concentration Behaviors of Linear Combinations of Weight Distributions on Random Linear Code Ensemble
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