commune

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v commune communicate intimately with; be in a state of heightened, intimate receptivity "He seemed to commune with nature"
    • v commune receive Communion, in the Catholic church
    • n commune a body of people or families living together and sharing everything
    • n commune the smallest administrative district of several European countries
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Commune a group of people living together as an organized community and owning in common most or all of their property and possessions, and sharing work, income, and many other aspects of daily life. Such sommunities are oftten organized based on religious or idealistic principles, and they sometimes have unconventional lifestyles, practises, or moral codes.
    • Commune A small territorial district in France under the government of a mayor and municipal council; also, the inhabitants, or the government, of such a district. See Arrondissement.
    • Commune Absolute municipal self-government.
    • n Commune kŏm"mūn Communion; sympathetic intercourse or conversation between friends. "For days of happy commune dead."
    • Commune The commonalty; the common people. "In this struggle -- to use the technical words of the time -- of the “ commune ”, the general mass of the inhabitants, against the “prudhommes” or “wiser” few."
    • Commune To converse together with sympathy and confidence; to interchange sentiments or feelings; to take counsel. "I would commune with you of such things
      That want no ear but yours."
    • Commune To receive the communion; to partake of the eucharist or Lord's supper. "To commune under both kinds."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • commune To converse; talk together familiarly; impart ideas and sentiments mutually; intérchange thoughts or feelings.
    • commune To partake of the eucharist or Lord's supper; receive the communion: a common use of the word in America and in Wales.
    • commune To cause to partake of the eucharist.
    • n commune Familiar interchange of ideas or sentiments: communion; intercourse; friendly conversation.
    • n commune In general, a community organized for the protection and promotion of local interests, and subordinate to the state; the government or governing body of such a community.
    • n commune Specifically The smallest administrative division of France, governed in its local affairs by a mayor and municipal council; a municipality or township. In the country a commune sometimes embraces a number of villages. Similar administrative divisions so named exist in Italy, Belgium, etc.
    • n commune The people or body of citizens of a commune.
    • n commune In Russia, the community of peasants in a village. See mir.
    • n commune A committee or body of communalists who in 1871 ruled over Paris for a brief period after the retirement of the German troops, but were suppressed, after severe fighting and much damage to the city, by troops under the authority of the National Assembly of France. See communalism.
    • n commune A Middle English form of common.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Commune kom′ūn a corporation: in France, a territorial division governed by a mayor
    • Commune The Commune at Paris in 1871 was a revolt against the national government, the principle of the revolt being that each city or district should be ruled independently by its own commune or local government
    • v.i Commune kom-ūn′ to converse or talk together: to have intercourse: to receive Holy Communion
    • ns Commune converse: talk
    • ***

Quotations

  • Dario Fo
    Dario Fo
    “Real socialism is inside man. It wasn't born with Marx. It was in the communes of Italy in the Middle Ages. You can't say it is finished.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. communier, fr. L. communicare, to communicate, fr. communis, common. See Common, and cf. Communicate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. comuner, to share—comun, common.

Usage

In literature:

To commune with nature intelligently is to commune with God.
"Aims and Aids for Girls and Young Women" by George Sumner Weaver
The smallest governmental unit is the commune, and the number of (p. 628) communes in the kingdom is approximately 8,000.
"The Governments of Europe" by Frederic Austin Ogg
Was it not my duty to see no favouritism shown to one commune at the expense of another?
"France and the Republic" by William Henry Hurlbert
She spoke little, it is true, and appeared to commune with her own thoughts.
"The Phantom Ship" by Frederick Marryat
On the 29th of August, by the order of the Commune, the gates were closed.
"Which?" by Ernest Daudet
The commune, which forms the basis of the State fabric, enjoys thus a complete autonomy.
"Bulgaria" by Frank Fox
The commune clothed and educated me till I was able to gain my own livelihood.
"Olla Podrida" by Frederick Marryat (AKA Captain Marryat)
We acquire the nature of those with whom we most constantly commune.
"My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year" by John Henry Jowett
Or else, to take a better known example, when the Commune of 1871 decided to pay members of the Commune Council 12s.
"The Conquest of Bread" by Peter Kropotkin
On reaching home, he received notice that he was posted a member of the Council General of the Commune.
"The Gods are Athirst" by Anatole France
***

In poetry:

I shall take an hour and come
Sailing, darling, to thy side.
Wind nor sea may keep me from
Soft communings with my bride.
"Communion" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
One blind hound only lies apart
On the sun-smitten grass;
He holds deep commune with his heart:
The moments pass and pass:
"The Ballad Of The Foxhunter" by William Butler Yeats
"And so I loved not earthly joys,
The merry dance and play,
But sought to commune with the stars,
And learn the wind's wild lay.
"The Vesper Chime" by Mary Gardiner Horsford
I have a compact to commune
A monthly midnight with the Moon;
Into its face I stare and stare,
And find sweet understanding there.
"Moon-Lover" by Robert W Service
Far, far away is mirth withdrawn
'Tis three long hours before the morn
And I watch lonely, drearily
So come thou shade commune with me
"Far, Far Away Is Mirth Withdrawn" by Emily Jane Bronte
Yet less of sorrow lives in me
For days of happy commune dead;
Less yearning for the friendship fled,
Than some strong bond which is to be.
"In Memoriam A. H. H. 116" by Alfred Lord Tennyson

In news:

Only people on communes grow their own food.
Jackie Sheeler's New Lebanon commune story.
When Stephanie Pippin began volunteering at a local bird sanctuary, she harbored grand ambitions of communing with the majestic avians at the top of the food chain.
How A Failed Commune Led To Thanksgiving.
" It covers "Science with the Spirits," and "Communing with the Dead," and uses a lot of clips from the film.
Paris based Chartier-Dalix Architects was recently announced as the winner for a competition to design a primary school and sport hall in Boulogne Billancourt, a commune in the western suburbs of Paris.
This Sukkot, the residents of the city of Kfar Saba are not only communing with nature by sitting in the biblically-assigned booths present throughout the rest of Israel, but by doing so in a green-friendly way.
He lives at the slabs part-time, looking after the artist commune known as East Jesus.
Detail of "Friends With Benefits (Communing With Andy)" by Jeremy Kost.
Peace, Love, and Social Security: Baby Boomers Retire to the Commune .
Back to the Commune .
Steve Martin communed with his nose in Roxanne, Michael Caine lectured his severed fingers in The Hand, and in the upcoming Me and Him Griffin Dunne chats up his penis.
High Line, New York City's abandoned elevated rail line that's now a park, lets visitors commune with nature in the city.
The Priors, 10 in number, were drawn from the merchant class and they governed the Commune of Perugia in the time of her greatness, the 13th and 14th centuries, when she was a free republic.
This week's fiction round-up features strangers navigating strange lands: Characters journey from China to Australia, Korea to Michigan (and back again), and from a hippie commune to New York.
***

In science:

The searchers of GW’s and of BH’s have entered into a cul-de-sac, owing to their reluctance to abandon erroneous loci communes concerning the real physical meaning of GR. A conceptually inadequate “Vulgate”, based on second-hand works, has got the upper hand.
No motions of bodies produce GW's
The shaman counters by claiming that the so-called “predictions” made by physics are in fact trivialities, and that he can obtain better forecasts by communing with the spirit world.
Compression Rate Method for Empirical Science and Application to Computer Vision
Nous d´efinissons des techniques it´eratives pour la r´esolution de probl`emes inverses r´eversibles et en fournissons une formulation commune.
Iterative reconstruction methods for wave equations
***