common law

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n common law (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
    • n common law a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws "common law originated in the unwritten laws of England and was later applied in the United States"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Common law a system of jurisprudence developing under the guidance of the courts so as to apply a consistent and reasonable rule to each litigated case. It may be superseded by statute, but unless superseded it controls.
    • Common law See under Common.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Common law in England, the ancient customary law of the land
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Quotations

  • Matthew Hale
    Matthew Hale
    “Christianity is part of the Common Law of England.”
  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “Nothing, it is true, is more common than for both Science and Art to pay homage to the spirit of the age, and for creative taste to accept the law of critical taste.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. commun—L. communis, prob. from com, together, and munis, serving, obliging.

Usage

In literature:

Impromptu mass meetings are common, and law-breaking schemes find their cradle beneath its glittering lights.
"Violets and Other Tales" by Alice Ruth Moore
He was denied the common appeal to the law and courts of justice.
"Post-Prandial Philosophy" by Grant Allen
In addition to that, we are supposed to take notice of the common law of the country.
"Modern Eloquence: Vol II, After-Dinner Speeches E-O" by Various
That is not only canonical law, but Italian common law, too.
"The White Sister" by F. Marion Crawford
Governments and political organizations accept the common law of society.
"Thoughts on Educational Topics and Institutions" by George S. Boutwell
It is an operation to which common sense and judgment must be brought, and for which each engineer must be a law unto himself.
"Scientific American, Volume XXIV., No. 12, March 18, 1871" by Various
Mr. Laurence Hyde proposed a bill, entitled, An act for the explanation of the common law in certain cases of letters patent.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part D. From Elizabeth to James I." by David Hume
The impeachment of the commons was still less dangerous to the duke, were it estimated by the standard of law and equity.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part E. From Charles I. to Cromwell" by David Hume
By the original and common law of England, no man could be imprisoned for debt.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
It is the spiritual status of a nation which commonly determines its love of law and order.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
Their idea, which was embodied in the common law, was that a man should be tried by a jury of his peers.
"Branded" by Francis Lynde
Were the resurrections as common as childbirths nobody would consider them violations of the laws of nature.
"Fables of Infidelity and Facts of Faith" by Robert Patterson
The member who would succeed in the House of Commons must respect the usages of the House, and show himself loyal to its laws of debate.
"The Rise of the Democracy" by Joseph Clayton
The buying and selling of public offices is also regarded at common law as a form of bribery.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
They said that they too might be condemned, and that the commons and tribunes could not carry the law.
"The History of Rome, Books 01 to 08" by Titus Livius
It levels in the dust the barriers erected by the common law for the protection of personal liberty.
"Autographs for Freedom, Volume 2 (of 2) (1854)" by Various
Common-Serjeant Denman is a man fitted by nature for the law.
"The English Spy" by Bernard Blackmantle
He had decided to study law, but declared that he preferred being a common planter to a half-educated lawyer.
"Hidden Treasures" by Harry A. Lewis
Until that point is reached there is only customary law, or common law.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
If it is the common law of England, is it the common law of England as it stands at this day, on the first of March, 1861?
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
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In poetry:

She'll build with you a common law,
One will of the Eternal Reign.
And you are not condemned to slow
And everlasting deadly pain.
"Don't Fear Death" by Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok
Unfortunately, though, by some unpardonable flaw,
Temptation isn't recognized by Britain's Common Law;
Men found him out by some peculiarity of touch,
And WILLIAM got a "lifer," which annoyed him very much.
"Mister William" by William Schwenck Gilbert
O well for the leading that follows the law
of a common right on the sea!
But ill for the leader who tries to hold
what belongs to mankind in fee!
The way of the ships is an open way,
and the ocean must ever be free!
"The Glory of Ships" by Henry Van Dyke

In news:

USA Network Sets Premiere Date for 'Common Law'.
USA Network has set a summer premiere date for freshman series Common Law, a network source confirms to The Hollywood Reporter.
USA Network Pushes Back 'Common Law' Premiere.
Judge rules Gary Coleman didn't have common-law marriage .
Don't disregard the law of common courtesy and respect.
Property was respected and common law superseded civil statutes.
Lawyers say a Supreme Judicial Court decision limiting the ability to equitably toll statutes of limitations based on fraudulent concealment in multi-party cases heightens the standard for plaintiffs in a wide range of common-law claims.
Village of Oak Creek residents commonly joke if they need law enforcement, they'll call the Sedona Fire District.
The panel acknowledged the state had no right under Florida law to appeal the trial judge's decision but cited common law to reverse it.
FORT COLLINS, Colo. A trial is under way for a 49-year-old Fort Collins man accused in the beating and strangulation death of his common-law wife, who billed herself as a psychic.
Co-presidents Jeff Wachtel and Chris McCumber reveal their game plan to THR for broadening the network's scope and finding a place for upcoming series "Common Law.".
Anthony Carosiello, the brother-in-law of murder victim Holly Carosiello, pleaded guilty Wednesday in Columbiana County Common Pleas Court to three counts of tampering with evidence.
We'll be live-Tweeting from the Albany Common Council's Law Committee meeting tonight, where lawmakers will consider a proposal to allow residents to keep a limited number of hens in their backyard.
A recent article appears to have misrepresented a statement I made regarding an upcoming Common Council vote to amend the city's Fair Practices Law.
This blog answers common questions about criminal law and discusses recent events from the perspective of a criminal lawyer – eg, why more bankers are not indicted.
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In science:

One possible explanation for this state of matters is that computers work under the laws of classical physics, which are common sense.
Shor's Algorithm for Factoring Large Integers
The anomalies observed on the Pioneer probes, as well as the phenomena commonly ascribed to “dark matter” and “dark energy”, suggest that it is extremely important to test the laws of gravity at interplanetary distances (Reynaud 2009).
Testing General Relativity with Atomic Clocks
One more characterization of the exponential law belongs to Puri and Rubin : Let X and Y be independent rv’s with common absolutely continuous df F on R+ . F is exponential if and only if |X − Y | has the same distribution as X.
Large deviations of U-empirical Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, and their efficiency
Actually, entanglement and EPR correlations are seen here to be the consequence of conservation laws, a common situation in quantum physics.
Crucial tests of the existence of a Time Operator
For example Cardelli et al. (1989) propose a one-parameter family of extinction laws commonly called “Cardelli laws”.
Dark energy constraints from a space-based supernova survey
In addition, Cui et al. [138] developed an evolving model driven completely by the common neighborhood, which well reproduces not only the global network properties, but also the local structural features like power-law clique-degree distributions [139] of social and technological networks.
Link Prediction in Complex Networks: A Survey
These amplitudes are commonly deduced from models of mirrors, the simplest of which is the well known Lifshitz model 38,39 which corresponds to semi-infinite bulk mirrors characterized by a local dielectric response function ε(ω) and reflection amplitudes deduced from the Fresnel law.
Casimir and short-range gravity tests
The two interactions are commonly called “rotating wave,” which will exhibit the zeroth law violation, and “spin-boson,” which as stated, is included for purposes of contrast.
Violation of the zeroth law of thermodynamics for a non-ergodic interaction
In this respect, the occurrence of a characteristic length scale ℓ is common to a wide class of power-law interactions, so that it should not necessarily be thought of as the AdS radius of curvature in the RS model.
Model-independent constraints on r^-3 extra-interactions from orbital motions
Lorentz-covariant transformation law outside the common past and the common future of these interventions .
Fundamental quantum optics experiments conceivable with satellites -- reaching relativistic distances and velocities
This trend in learning the laws of thermodynamics seems to be quite common.
Teaching the third law of thermodynamics
The last part of this paper is dedicated to some less common but still very interesting topics in thermodynamics – the third law in conditions of negative temperatures or negative heat capacities.
Teaching the third law of thermodynamics
The most common formulation of the third law of thermodynamics belongs to Max Planck who stated that • Planck formulation.
Teaching the third law of thermodynamics
Assuming a common (magnetospheric?) origin, a smooth connection of the VHE points with the HE points can be achieved by fitting the data with a broken power-law function, but to the exclusion of an exponential cut-off.
TeV Astronomy
This means that, contrary to the common opinion, we are in the presence of a statistically ”fair sample” up to this distance. ii.) The analysis of the appropriate correlation function shows a well defined power law behavior up to Rs , without any tendency towards homogenization (Fig.4).
FACTS AND IDEAS IN MODERN COSMOLOGY
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