• WordNet 3.6
    • n commencement the act of starting something "he was responsible for the beginning of negotiations"
    • n commencement an academic exercise in which diplomas are conferred
    • n commencement the time at which something is supposed to begin "they got an early start","she knew from the get-go that he was the man for her"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On Sunday, December 7, 1941 at 7:55 AM, the attack on Pearl Harbor commenced
    • Commencement The day when degrees are conferred by colleges and universities upon students and others.
    • Commencement The first existence of anything; act or fact of commencing; rise; origin; beginning; start. "The time of Henry VII. . . . nearly coincides with the commencement of what is termed “modern history.”"
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Kermit the frog delivered the commencement address at Southampton College located in the state of New York in 1996
    • n commencement The act or fact of commencing; beginning; rise; origin; first existence; inception.
    • n commencement In the University of Cambridge, England, the day when masters of arts, doctors, and bachelors receive their degrees: so called from the fact that the candidate commences master, doctor, licentiate, etc., on that day. See commence, v. i., 3.
    • n commencement In American colleges, the annual ceremonies with which the members of the graduating class are made bachelors (of arts, sciences, engineering, etc.), and the degree of master of arts and various honorary degrees are conferred. The term is also applied, by extension, to the graduating exercises of academies and schools of lower grade.
    • ***


  • Hosea Ballou
    “Education commences at the mother's knee, and every word spoken within hearsay of little children tends toward the formation of character.”
  • Charles E. Popplestone
    Charles E. Popplestone
    “Those who commence deliberately. They plod on. They stick to it. They persevere and finally reap their rewards.”
  • George Bernard Shaw
    “The best reformers the world has ever seen are those who commence on themselves.”
  • Thomas Jefferson
    “Were I to commence my administration again, the first question I would ask respecting a candidate would be, Does he use ardent spirits?”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. commencement,


In literature:

Imbued with this idea, with sloped rifle we gaily commenced our return march.
"A Yeoman's Letters" by P. T. Ross
The task of skinning and cutting up then commenced; while the women and children kindled fires and made other preparations for a grand banquet.
"The Giraffe Hunters" by Mayne Reid
With such auspices commenced the great Reformation.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
His street education had commenced at the age of ten.
"Ben, the Luggage Boy;" by Horatio Alger
Massage and movement should be commenced at once.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
The roads ran yellow mud; the creek over the bluff commenced to boil.
"Battling the Clouds" by Captain Frank Cobb
John Sergeant commencing missionary labor among the Indians at Stockbridge, Mass.
"The History of Dartmouth College" by Baxter Perry Smith
Draw the loop to the size you desire, pass the bobbin through it, and commence the next stitch, proceeding as before.
"The Ladies' Work-Table Book" by Anonymous
He commenced to unfasten his snowshoes and to take off the heavier portions of his dress.
"Murder Point" by Coningsby Dawson
I had not long to wait, for presently the golden surface commenced to move rapidly.
"The Gods of Mars" by Edgar Rice Burroughs
It was during this year that I first commenced a new form of mental pleasure through looking at the beautiful in Nature.
"The Prodigal Returns" by Lilian Staveley
They then commenced building a number of small huts for the several families.
"King Philip" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
It was commenced as an article for a magazine, but it has grown on my hands to a volume.
"The Philosophy of the Weather" by Thomas Belden Butler
Commence the pattern again, as at beginning of round.
"My Knitting Book" by Miss Lambert
But that is enough of regret; let me commence my story.
"Pharos, The Egyptian" by Guy Newell Boothby
We had fine weather until Friday the 5th, when it commenced raining, and at night turning to snow, made our encamping exceedingly unpleasant.
"My First Campaign" by J. W. Grant
Lighters came to the ship, and the unloading of our cargo commenced.
"The Story of a Strange Career" by Anonymous
The meeting, however, commenced with the repetition of the Lord's Prayer.
"From Crow-Scaring to Westminster; an Autobiography" by George Edwards M.P., O.B.E.
The bridge over the Lesser Don was not commenced.
"Toronto of Old" by Henry Scadding
The latter was the first to re-commence the conversation.
"The Maroon" by Mayne Reid

In poetry:

Commencing every single phrase
With 'therefore' or 'because,'
I blindly reeled, a hundred ways,
About the syllogistic maze,
Unconscious where I was.
"Phantasmagoria Canto VI ( Dyscomfyture )" by Lewis Carroll
Here, Richard, let my scheme commence:
Oh! may my words be lost in sense,
While pleased Thalia deigns to write
The slips and bounds of Alma's flight.
"Alma; or, The Progress of the Mind. In Three Cantos. - Canto I." by Matthew Prior
This is the life of sight and sense,
And other brighter lives depend
On all we here can just commence;
But long before an end
God calls His servant hence.
"The Riddle Head" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
But Zeus' inscrutable decree
Permits the will-to-disagree
To be pandemic,
Ordains that vaudeville shall preach
And every commencement speech
Be a polemic.
"Under Which Lyre" by W H Auden
Oh, Moses sot de sarpint in de wildahness
W'en de chillun had commenced to die:
Some 'efused to look, but hit cuohed de res';
Lif' up yo' haid w'en de King go by!
"A Spiritual" by Paul Laurence Dunbar
And visitations, that do often use,
Remote, unhappy, inauspicious sense
Of doom, and poets widowed of their muse,
And what dark 'gan, dark ended, in me did commence.
"The Cloud's Swan-Song" by Francis Thompson

In news:

Newcomb — Congressman Bill Owens (D-Plattsburgh) will give the commencement speech to the graduating class at the Newcomb Central School District this Saturday, June 23.
Twenty four students in the Wood County School of Practical Nursing's class of 2009 earned their degrees during graduation commencement at 7 pm July 9 at West Virginia University at Parkersburg.
Nursing school grad saves dean's life at commencement.
Ocular Therapeutix Commences Pilot Phase II Travoprost Punctum Plug Study for the Treatment of Glaucoma.
As the NHL Stanley Cup semifinals commenced -- with the Los Angeles Kings and Phoenix Coyotes meeting in the Western Conference, and the New Jersey Devils and New York Rangers facing off in the East.
It looked at 127 cases from 24 states and Washington, DC in which clients of immigration lawyers were stopped, questioned or arrested by police for minor offences that resulted in the commencement of deportation proceedings.
Ohio State University dean, Steelcase president named Central Michigan commencement speakers.
Effective immediately Omer NA Inc has commenced operations located in 2300 Speers Rd Oakville Ontario Canada L6L2X8.
Des Moines University awarded 529 degrees at its 2012 Commencement Ceremony May 26 in Des Moines.
Our columnist takes a look at commencement developments.
Edward Crawford presents the Student of the Year award to Oceanna Schnierman on June 7 at the Palm Beach Day Academy commencement ceremony.
Each May, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign holds its commencement.
Passion, and what you do with it, served as the prevailing theme in Saturday's Horizon Christian School Commencement for the Class of 2011.
Ocular Therapeutix Commences Pilot Phase II Travoprost Punctum Plug Study for the Treatment of Glaucoma.
Shingle partners with Enderby, Tony-Seven in deal commencing with 'Blood Shed'.

In science:

Over the past few years Drs. de Jager and Nieuwenhuijzen commenced a profound investigation of several individual cool hypergiants to which their theoretical developments are being applied (Nieuwenhuijzen & de Jager 2000).
Two Decades of Hypergiant Research
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) is nearing the commencement of scientific observations; it is comprised of two facilities in the United States, each essentially a Michelson interferometer with an arm length of 4 kilometers.
Gravitational Radiation From Cosmological Turbulence
Commencing operations in 2002, MAGIC (Lorenz et al., 2001) and VERITAS (Quinn et al., 2001) will observe the northern hemisphere while H.E.S.S. (Hofmann et al., 2001) and CANGAROO III (Mori et al., 2001) will study the southern sky.
Gamma-ray astronomy
TeV γ -ray emission has been observed from a number of AGN ranging from ∼0.03 to ∼0.13 in redshift, thus allowing to commence studies of the infrared background light by disentangling the intrinsic γ -ray spectra of AGN and their modification by γ -ray absorption through pair production in intergalactic space.
Gamma-ray astronomy
However, it would be very difficult to complete such a pro ject before 2010, approximately 4 years after the LHC will commence operation.
Physics at Future Hadron Colliders
Once the simulation commences, the mass of the innermost protoplanet is increased to 310 M⊕ , approximately the mass of Jupiter, over 105 years, simulating the accretion of a massive gas envelope to form the first gas giant.
Large scattering events and the formation of planetary systems
The sweep ends with the interaction term between u and ξ , after which the next sweep commences with the calculation of the flux-limiter using the new values of ξ and u.
Smoothed particle hydrodynamics with radiative transfer in the flux-limited diffusion approximation
Right after the null the dr ift consequently commences in this opposite direction.
Radio Pulsars
Shown is the pro jected gas density at a redshift z ≃ 21.5, briefly after gravitational runaway collapse has commenced in the center of the cloud.
Formation of the First Stars
It can be safely said that the advent of general relativity signaled the commencement of modern cosmology.
Relic gravitational waves in the expanding Universe
Following confirmation of a pulsar, a program of timing observations commenced in order to improve the position, period and DM, and to determine the period derivative.
Discovery of 14 radio pulsars in a survey of the Magellanic Clouds
Lorentz Violation and Neutral Kaons I commence my discussion by a very brief description of experimental tests of Lorentz symmetry, within the SME framework, using neutral Kaons, both single and entangled states in a φ factory .
CPT and Quantum Mechanics Tests with Kaons: Theory
We commence the discussion by examining CPT and decoherence tests in neutral kaon decays, and then continue with some tests at meson factories, which are associated uniquely with a breaking of CPT in the sense of its ill-defined nature in “fuzzy” decoherent space-times.
CPT and Quantum Mechanics Tests with Kaons
We commence our discussion by briefly reminding the reader of EPR particle correlations.
CPT and Quantum Mechanics Tests with Kaons
The following is a list of permanent sample plots in Queensland Forest Service rainforest database at the time this study was commenced.
Effects of Selection Logging on Rainforest Productivity