commence

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v commence take the first step or steps in carrying out an action "We began working at dawn","Who will start?","Get working as soon as the sun rises!","The first tourists began to arrive in Cambodia","He began early in the day","Let's get down to work now"
    • v commence set in motion, cause to start "The U.S. started a war in the Middle East","The Iraqis began hostilities","begin a new chapter in your life"
    • v commence get off the ground "Who started this company?","We embarked on an exciting enterprise","I start my day with a good breakfast","We began the new semester","The afternoon session begins at 4 PM","The blood shed started when the partisans launched a surprise attack"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On Sunday, December 7, 1941 at 7:55 AM, the attack on Pearl Harbor commenced
    • Commence To begin to be, or to act as. "We commence judges ourselves."
    • v. t Commence To enter upon; to begin; to perform the first act of.☞ It is the practice of good writers to use the verbal noun (instead of the infinitive with to) after commence; as, he commenced studying, not he commenced to study . "Many a wooer doth commence his suit."
    • Commence To have a beginning or origin; to originate; to start; to begin. "Here the anthem doth commence .""His heaven commences ere the world be past."
    • Commence To take a degree at a university. "I question whether the formality of commencing was used in that age."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Kermit the frog delivered the commencement address at Southampton College located in the state of New York in 1996
    • commence To come into existence; take rise or origin; first have existence; begin to be.
    • commence To enter a new state or assume a new character; begin to be (something different); turn to be or become.
    • commence To take a degree, or the first degree, in a university or college. See commencement.
    • commence To cause to begin to be; perform the first act of; enter upon; begin: as, to commence operations; to commence a suit, action, or process in law.
    • commence Synonyms Commence, Begin. In all ordinary uses commence is exactly synonymous with begin, which, as a purely English word, is nearly always preferable, but more especially before another verb in the infinitive.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.i Commence kom-ens′ to begin: to originate: to take rise
    • v.t Commence to begin: to originate: to enter upon: to take a university degree—e.g. 'to commence M.A.'—n. Commence′ment, the beginning: at certain universities the act of taking the degrees: the ceremony when these are conferred
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Quotations

  • Hosea Ballou
    Hosea%20Ballou
    “Education commences at the mother's knee, and every word spoken within hearsay of little children tends toward the formation of character.”
  • Charles E. Popplestone
    Charles E. Popplestone
    “Those who commence deliberately. They plod on. They stick to it. They persevere and finally reap their rewards.”
  • George Bernard Shaw
    George%20Bernard%20Shaw
    “The best reformers the world has ever seen are those who commence on themselves.”
  • Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas%20Jefferson
    “Were I to commence my administration again, the first question I would ask respecting a candidate would be, Does he use ardent spirits?”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. commencer, OF. comencier, fr. L. com-, + initiare, to begin. See Initiate

Usage

In literature:

And so the pleasant days of the Easter holidays passed away, and the time for study and for work commenced.
"Victor's Triumph" by Mrs. E. D. E. N. Southworth
Franklin immediately commenced practicing upon this newly discovered art.
"Benjamin Franklin, A Picture of the Struggles of Our Infant Nation One Hundred Years Ago" by John S. C. Abbott
Hortense, coming in ten minutes after, found, to her surprise, that Caroline had not yet commenced her exercise.
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
His conductor released his wrist, and commenced to ascend the stairs.
"Fire Mountain" by Norman Springer
When does true ossification commence?
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
Trees for spring-planting should always be taken up before the commencement of vegetation.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
The commencement of his command was the commencement of inactivity.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Complete" by Thomas Paine
The march commenced, and my blood bounded.
"Waterloo" by Émile Erckmann
Some day the struggle would come, even if it had not already commenced.
"A Monk of Cruta" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
I shall commence at once to raise a company.
"Uncle Daniel's Story Of "Tom" Anderson And Twenty Great Battles" by John McElroy
After laying in a good stock of powder and shot, we commenced our march in regular battle array.
"Memoirs of the Extraordinary Military Career of John Shipp" by John Shipp
Our battery, after passing Sudley's church, commenced to trot in great haste to the place of combat.
"Diary of Battery A, First Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery" by Theodore Reichardt
Westward, we commence quail shooting on September the first.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
The battle soon commenced.
"Hernando Cortez" by John S. C. Abbott
On Saturdays service commences there at ten and terminates at one.
"The Religious Life of London" by J. Ewing Ritchie
A dusky figure stood up on one of the boats close by, and commenced to pole lustily.
"With Wolseley to Kumasi" by F.S. Brereton
The projected manor house was never even commenced.
"The Student's Life of Washington; Condensed from the Larger Work of Washington Irving" by Washington Irving
This done, the mules began driving in, loading was commenced, the horses harnessed, and by one o'clock all was ready to march.
"An Artilleryman's Diary" by Jenkin Lloyd Jones
Southern newspapers, from the commencement, had been urging the capture of the Federal capital.
"The Boys of '61" by Charles Carleton Coffin
At the commencement of the revolution, Andries, like most of those who sympathized with the colonies, took up arms.
"The Chainbearer" by J. Fenimore Cooper
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In poetry:

Here the anthem doth commence:
Love and constancy is dead;
Phoenix and the Turtle fled
In a mutual flame from hence.
"The Phoenix And The Turtle" by William Shakespeare
When June commenced each gilded morn,
The rose was wet with dew;
Each spreading tree and blooming thorn,
Were pleasant to the view.
"A Few Lines Concerning The Weather, In 1818" by Susannah Hawkins
When May commenced, each morn appear'd
As early in the spring;
The birds in mournful strains forbear'd,
Their cheerful notes to sing.
"A Few Lines Concerning The Weather, In 1818" by Susannah Hawkins
The banner hangs high in the heavens,
The beacon commences to burn;
The shout of the freedman goes upward,
To welcome their waited return.
"Columbia's Guardian Angels" by Henry Clay Work
Twice twelve years have passed this day,
Since our Sabbath School commenced;
Countless lessons have been learned,
Much instruction been dispensed.
"For The S.S. Concert" by Mary Ann H T Bigelow
"And here you must on no pretence
Make the first observation. Wait for the Victim to commence:
No Ghost of any common sense
Begins a conversation .
"Phantasmagoria Canto II ( Hys Fyve Rules )" by Lewis Carroll

In news:

Cardinal Francis George is expected give the commencement address at St Norbert College and receive an honorary degree.
President Obama delivers the commencement address May 14, 2012, to graduates at more.
YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that a petition for Dissolution of your Marriage has been filed and commenced in this court and you are required to serve a copy of your written defenses, if any, to it on ALDO A CACERES, ESQ.
YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that a petition for Dissolution of your Marriage has been filed and commenced in this court and you are required to serve a copy of your written defenses, if any, to it on ALICIA GARCIA-SELLEK, ESQ.
YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that a petition for Dissolution of your Marriage has been filed and commenced in this court and you are required to serve a copy of your written defenses, if any, to it on DAVID L KESSLER, ESQ.
YOU ARE HEREBY NOTIFIED that a petition for Dissolution of your Marriage has been filed and commenced in this court and you are required to serve a copy of your written defenses, if any, to it on MARK M BERKLEY, ESQ.
Zach Besecker (left) and Tim Anderson (right) enjoy a card game at Project Graduation-- the post-commencement party held at Kane Area High School.
In a remarkable 72 hours of his presidency, Barack Obama carried a momentous secret and gave no hint of it as he consoled tornado victims, delivered a college commencement address and cracked jokes at a black-tie dinner.
Voters will vote for one candidate for District 37 state representative for the term commencing Jan 1, 2013, on the Nov 6 General Election ballot.
Voters will vote for one candidate for Medina County sheriff for the term commencing Jan 1, 2013, on the Nov 6 General Election ballot.
Voters will vote for one candidate for District 34 state representative for the term commencing Jan 1, 2013, on the Nov 6 General Election ballot.
These are the graduate stories you didn't hear at commencement.
POTSDAM — The State University of New York at Potsdam awarded more than 920 undergraduate and graduate degrees during its 2012 Commencement ceremonies on May 19 and 2.
The State University of New York at Potsdam awarded more than 920 undergraduate and graduate degrees during its 2012 Commencement ceremonies on May 19 and 20.
Commencement will be held 7 pm June 4 in the Grand Valley High School Gymnasium.
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In science:

The top quark physics is expected to commence in the threshold region at the early stage of the collider operation and full exploration of the machine potential in that phase is crucial for the pro ject design.
How Well Can We Reconstruct the ttbar System Near its Threshold at Future e+e- Linear Colliders?
When ROTSE-IIIb commenced observations at 14.8 h, the intensity of GRB 030329 was decaying much more rapidly, consistent with a power law index of 1.85±0.07 and strongly inconsistent with the earlier curve observed with ROTSE-IIIa.
ROTSE-III Observations of the Early Afterglow From GRB 030329
It shortly commenced a rapid decay phase, consistent with a single power law of index 2.34±0.08.
ROTSE-III Observations of the Early Afterglow From GRB 030329
Particular attention is given to the exciting prospects that lie ahead, at the commencement of the LHC era, and beyond.
Beauty 2006 -- Conference Summary and Future Prospects
The radio outburst therefore commenced ∼7×107 years ago if the jet has not slowed appreciably.
A Radio through X-ray Study of the Hot Spots, Active Nucleus, and Environment of the Nearby FR II Radio Galaxy 3C 33
However, the extraction process will not be perfect, and some of the capture-produced atoms will decay between extraction from the tank and the commencement of the analysis procedure.
Analysis and packaging of radiochemical solar neutrino data. 1. Bayesian approach
In the early 1950s, formal research initiatives by Federal and State Government forestry agencies commenced concerted efforts to build fire danger rating systems that embodied a fire behaviour prediction component in order to better prepare for fire events.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Fires were lit along the 2 m upwind edge using cotton wick soaked in methylated spirits and allowed to burn for 50 cm before measurements commenced.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models
We now commence with proving the main oscillatory integral estimate (2.16) and (2.17) for small energies.
Decay for the wave and Schroedinger evolutions on manifolds with conical ends, Part I
They are planned to commence operation later this year.
Top Quark Physics at the LHC
Verbunt & Zwaan 1981; Landau et al. 1962), the system will enter contact, the main sequence star will transfer gas onto the WD and the system will commence CV activity.
The Origin and Shaping of Planetary Nebulae: Putting the Binary Hypothesis to the Test
Several large, high-redshift, galaxy surveys have been proposed to test models of dark energy. The first of these to commence is the WiggleZ survey.
Anglo-Australian Observatory February 2009 newsletter
The latest example is the ALICE TPC, which has very recently been commissioned, and which is scheduled to start recording collisions as soon as the LHC commences operation.
A Large TPC Prototype with MPGD Readout: Status and Plans
This helps in predicting the time of commencement of geomagnetic storms, which are normally expected to occur when a high-speed CME is directed towards the Earth and its magnetic field is oriented southward so as to ensure an effective coupling between the Earth’s magnetic field and the propagating magnetic cloud.
CME observations from STEREO
Exponents in homotopy theory were studied before this project commenced, but arguably never before in such a systematic fashion.
The work of Fred Cohen
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