combustion

Definitions

  • Direct electricity generation by combustion
    Direct electricity generation by combustion
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n combustion the act of burning something "the burning of leaves was prohibited by a town ordinance"
    • n combustion a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat and light
    • n combustion a state of violent disturbance and excitement "combustion grew until revolt was unavoidable"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Combustion (Chem) The combination of a combustible with a supporter of combustion, producing heat, and sometimes both light and heat. "Combustion results in common cases from the mutual chemical action and reaction of the combustible and the oxygen of the atmosphere, whereby a new compound is formed."
    • Combustion The state of burning.
    • Combustion Violent agitation; confusion; tumult. "There [were] great combustions and divisions among the heads of the university.""But say from whence this new combustion springs."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n combustion The action of fire on inflammable materials; the act or process of burning. Chemically considered, combustion is a process of rapid oxidation caused by the chemical union of the oxygen of the air, which is the supporter of combustion, with any material which is capable of oxidation—that is, combustible. It results in the formation of oxygen compounds, some or all of which may be gaseous and therefore invisible, and in the liberation of energy, which is made evident by a rise of temperature and often by flame or incandescence. The weight of the products of combustion is always precisely equal to the sum of the weight of the burned substance and that of the oxygen used in the burning. The energy set free is also precisely the same as that which would be required to separate the oxygen again from its combinations. In common life oxygen is the sole supporter of combustion. In the laboratory iodine, chlorin, and some other substances also perform a similar office in certain cases. The term combustion has also been applied to slow processes of oxidation not attended by high temperature or evolution of light, such as the combustion in the body which keeps up the animal heat, and the slow decomposition of animal and vegetable matter in the air. See eremacausis.
    • n combustion Tumult; violent agitation with hurry and noise; inflammatory excitement; confusion; uproar.
    • n combustion In astrology, the state of being combust.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Combustion a burning: the action of fire on combustible substances: confusion, turmoil: the scientific term for all kinds of consumption through the influence of heat
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Quotations

  • Reggie Leach
    Reggie Leach
    “Success is not the result of spontaneous combustion, you must set yourself on fire first.”
  • Ambrose Bierce
    Ambrose%20Bierce
    “Patriotism. Combustible rubbish ready to the torch of any one ambitious to illuminate his name.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. combustio,: cf. F. combustion,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. comburĕre, combustum, to consume—com, inten., urĕre, to burn.

Usage

In literature:

We could then get a perfect combustion of the carbon, and so greater brilliancy and economy.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. XXVI., December, 1880." by Various
These red-hot balls are principally used to fire wooden buildings, ships, and other combustible matter.
"Elements of Military Art and Science" by Henry Wager Halleck
But say, from whence this new combustion springs?
"The Works of John Dryden, Volume 5 (of 18)" by John Dryden
To my way of thinking, love isn't a spontaneous combustion.
"Bought and Paid For" by Arthur Hornblow
It will be understood, in fact, that by this means not a particle of the liquid can escape vaporization and, consequently, combustion.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 623, December 10, 1887" by Various
The lard was immediately utilized in the fire of the "Alaska," and proved an excellent combustible.
"The Waif of the "Cynthia"" by André Laurie and Jules Verne
Treating first the subject of combustion, let us take the top of the grate-bars as our starting point.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 561, October 2, 1886" by Various
The product of the combustion of charcoal is inodorous, and therefore does not in any way interfere with the fragrance of the pastil.
"The Art of Perfumery" by G. W. Septimus Piesse
Hither she moved her treasure and most valuable effects, covering them with torches, fagots, and other combustible matter.
"Pinnock's Improved Edition of Dr. Goldsmith's History of Rome" by Oliver Goldsmith
An undoubted case of combustion lies before us.
"All Around the Moon" by Jules Verne
A suitable pile of readily combustible wood was prepared.
"Indians of the Yosemite Valley and Vicinity" by Galen Clark
The production of heat through the burning of coal, or oil, or gas, or wood, is called combustion.
"General Science" by Bertha M. Clark
It is, in fact, the most active agent in nature, and the principle of acidity and combustion.
"A Catechism of Familiar Things; Their History, and the Events Which Led to Their Discovery" by Benziger Brothers
Cylinder-oil should be exceedingly pure, free from acids, and composed of hydrocarbons that leave no residue after combustion.
"Gas-Engines and Producer-Gas Plants" by R. E. Mathot
Subsequently Franklin contrived a special fireplace for the combustion of coal.
"Heroes of Science: Physicists" by William Garnett
Through the door, the combustion chamber glowed red.
"Steel" by Charles Rumford Walker
His drawers were also sound; but, strange to say, his silk skull-cap was burnt, while his hair bore no marks of combustion.
"Curiosities of Medical Experience" by J. G. (John Gideon) Millingen
These were the notions held about fire and combustion, but they are hardly worthy to be called theories of heat.
"Curiosities of Heat" by Lyman B. Tefft
The large combustion chamber B permits thorough combustion of the gas.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 7" by Various
Breathing also removes the carbon dioxide, which results from the combustion.
"Physics" by Willis Eugene Tower
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In poetry:

So aloof, so meek in your ways,
Now you're fire, you're pure combustion.
Only let me lock up your beauty
Deep, deep down in a poem's dungeon.
"Without A Title" by Boris Pasternak
The cat sitting down by the kitchen fire,
Chewed up the fender and did expire;
And a fly on the ceiling - the case is the worst 'un -
Blew itself up with spontaneous combustion.
"A Norrible Tale" by Anonymous British
Well, Ma was mighty glad to get that worry off her mind,
And hefting up the bucket so combustibly inclined,
She hurried down the garden to that refuge so discreet,
And dumped the liquid menace safely through the centre seat.
"The Three Bares" by Robert W Service
He talked and talked like one possessed as on the madness ran;
Such folly surely never gripped the mind of any man:
"Ignition this", "combustion that" – I never heard the likes,
You’d think the world was spinning round on works of motor-bikes.
"My Curate's Motor Bike" by John O Brien

In news:

The ElectriMax all-electric refrigeration system has no integral internal combustion engine, does not require diesel, emits no particulate matter, and operates quietly.
Wisconsin Oven designed and manufactured a gas fired industrial draw batch oven with a powered load table for a company that repairs and refurbishes generators and steam or combustion turbines.
"The fire retardant chemicals work by interfering with the basic requirements for combustion," says DeSouto.
The updated all-in-one portable combustion analyzer for boiler, burner, engine, turbine, furnace, and other combustion applications, is now available.
Dual Sawmill Explosions Raise Safety Concerns over Combustible Dusts.
Spontaneous combustion causes Hallsville barn fire.
Extreme heat can cause spontaneous combustion in hay.
A fire that lit up the sky and forced hundreds from their homes is being blamed on spontaneous combustion .
60-plus acre vegetation fire contained, caused by ' spontaneous combustion ' of mulch.
Rare Spontaneous Combustion Sparks Fire at Popular Pizzeria.
Mysterious Death Ruled Spontaneous Combustion .
Spontaneous combustion sparked a July 10 fire here at ARAMARK Uniform Services that caused an estimated $1 million in damage to the large, one-story, metal-frame building, according to Mobile fire investigators.
Spontaneous combustion caused barn fire.
The Sunday fire at iconic Rocky and Carlo's restaurant in Chalmette was caused by spontaneous combustion, St Bernard Parish Fire Chief Thomas Stone said Tuesday.
Ltd signed a combustion equipment contract with Shandong Guangfu Group to implement Praxair's proprietary oxy-fuel technology.
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In science:

O = 0 holds in one context that the agent considers possible, albeit a very unlikely one (for example, there may be another combustible gas).
Causes and Explanations: A Structural-Model Approach. Part II: Explanations
Combustion detonation front in type I supernovae, showing a fractal structure. 6.
Stochastic appearance in stars and high energy sources
Finney C E A, Green J B and Daw C S: (cid:147)Symbolic time-series analysis of engine combustion measurements(cid:148).
Review of Nonlinear Methods and Modelling
These models are based on the fundamental chemistry and/or physics of combustion and fire spread.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
The late 1960s saw a veritable explosion of research publications connected to wildland fire that dominated the fields of combustion and flame research for some years.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Foremost is the work of Williams (1982), which comprehensively covers the phenomenology of both wildland and urban fire, the physics and chemistry of combustion, and is recommended reading for the beginner.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
The chemistry of combustion involved in wildland fire is necessarily a complex and complicated matter.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
This is in part due to the complicated nature of the fuel itself but also in the range of conditions over which combustion can occur which dictates the evolution of the combustion process.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
The physics involved in the combustion of wildland fuel and the behaviour of wildland fires is, like the chemistry, complicated and highly dependent on the conditions in which a fire is burning.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
The action of turbulence also affects the transport of solid phase combustion, such as that of firebrands, resulting in spotfires downwind of the main burning front.
A review of wildland fire spread modelling, 1990-present, 1: Physical and quasi-physical models
Vila, Stability of ZND detonation waves in the Majda combustion model, Asymptot.
A stability index for detonation waves in Majda's model for reacting flow
Daw CS, Kennel MB, Finney CEA, Connolly FT, Observing and modeling nonlinear dynamics in an internal combustion engine.
Estimation of a Noise Level Using Coarse-Grained Entropy of Experimental Time Series of Internal Pressure in a Combustion Engine
Experimental measurements of the steady-state spatial persistence probability for interfaces (combustion fronts in paper) believed to be described by the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation have been reported recently .
Spatial survival probability for one-dimensional fluctuating interfaces in the steady state
In other experimental systems such as combustion fronts in paper which also involve 1d interfaces described by the EW or the KPZ equation, the spatial persistence has been recently investigated .
Spatial survival probability for one-dimensional fluctuating interfaces in the steady state
We consider general equations of state and we give an application for the low Mach number limit combustion problem introduced by Ma jda in .
Low Mach number flows, and combustion
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