column

Definitions

  • a Hall With Columns in One of the Xiith Dynasty Houses at Gurob
    a Hall With Columns in One of the Xiith Dynasty Houses at Gurob
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n column (architecture) a tall vertical cylindrical structure standing upright and used to support a structure
    • n column a vertical cylindrical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (such as a monument)
    • n column a vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands
    • n column any tubular or pillar-like supporting structure in the body
    • n column a page or text that is vertically divided "the newspaper devoted several columns to the subject","the bookkeeper used pages that were divided into columns"
    • n column an article giving opinions or perspectives
    • n column a line of units following one after another
    • n column a vertical array of numbers or other information "he added a column of numbers"
    • n column anything that approximates the shape of a column or tower "the test tube held a column of white powder","a tower of dust rose above the horizon","a thin pillar of smoke betrayed their campsite"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

COLUMNS OF KARNAC COLUMNS OF KARNAC
EGYPTIAN COLUMN EGYPTIAN COLUMN
Showing position of columns Showing position of columns
Showing the highly decorated columns Showing the highly decorated columns
Showing a number of decorated buildings and a free-standing ornate column Showing a number of decorated buildings and a free-standing ornate column
Showing a decorative column Showing a decorative column
Showing a short decorative column Showing a short decorative column
Showing a plain column with curving capital Showing a plain column with curving capital

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Corinthian columns in the National Building Museum in Washington, DC, are among the tallest in the world at 75 feet high, 8 feet in diameter, 25 feet in circumference, each built of 70,000 bricks.
    • Column (Mil) A body of troops formed in ranks, one behind the other; -- contradistinguished from line. Compare Ploy, and Deploy.
    • Column (Arch) A kind of pillar; a cylindrical or polygonal support for a roof, ceiling, statue, etc., somewhat ornamented, and usually composed of base, shaft, and capital. See Order.
    • Column (Naut) A number of ships so arranged as to follow one another in single or double file or in squadrons; -- in distinction from “line”, where they are side by side.
    • Column (Arith) A perpendicular line of figures.
    • Column (Print) A perpendicular set of lines, not extending across the page, and separated from other matter by a rule or blank space; as, a column in a newspaper.
    • Column (Mil) A small army.
    • Column Anything resembling, in form or position, a column in architecture; an upright body or mass; a shaft or obelisk; as, a column of air, of water, of mercury, etc.; the Column Vendôme; the spinal column .
    • Column (Print) one of a series of articles written in a periodical, usually under the same title and at regular intervals; it may be written and signed by one or more authors, or may appear pseudonymously or anonymously, as an editorial column. "Safire's weekly column On Language in the New York Times is usually more interesting (and probably more accurate) than his political column ."
    • Column (Bot) The body formed by the union of the stamens in the Mallow family, or of the stamens and pistil in the orchids.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n column A solid body of greater length than thickness, standing upright, and generally serving as a support to something resting on its top; a pillar; more specifically, as an architectural term, a cylindrical or slightly tapering or fusiform body, called a shaft, set vertically on a stylobate, or on a congeries of moldings which forms its base, and surmounted by a spreading mass which forms its capital. Columns are distinguished by the names of the styles of architecture which they represent: thus, there are Egyptian, Grecian, Roman, and medieval columns. In classic architecture they are further distinguished by the names of the orders to which they belong, as Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian columns; and again, in various styles, by some peculiarity of position, of construction, of form, or of ornament, as attached, twisted, cabled orrudented, and carolitic columns. Columns are used chiefly in the construction or adornment of buildings. They are also used singly, however, for various purposes: as, the astronomical column, from which astronomical observations are made; the chronological column, inscribed with a record of historical events; the gnomonic column, which supports a dial; the itinerary column, pointing out the various roads diverging from it; the milliary column, set up as a center from which to measure distances; the triumphal column, dedicated to the hero of a victory, etc.
    • n column Anything resembling a column in shape; any body pressing perpendicularly on its base, and throughout of the same or about the same diameter as its base: as, a column of water, air, or mercury.
    • n column In botany, a body formed by the union of filaments with one another, as in Malvaceæ, or of stamens with the style, as in orchids. See cut under androphore.
    • n column In anatomy and zoology, a part or organ likened to a column or pillar; a columna or columella: as, the spinal column; the fleshy columns of the heart.
    • n column In Crinoidea, specifically, the stalk or stem of a crinoid.
    • n column Milit., a formation of troops narrow in front and extended from front to rear: thus distinguished from a line, which is extended in front and thin in depth.
    • n column Nautical, a number of ships following one another.
    • n column In printing, one of the typographical divisions of printed matter in two or more vertical rows of lines. The separation of columns is made by a narrow blank space in which is sometimes placed a vertical line or rule. Division into columns economizes space, and saves the fatigue of the eye arising from attempts to trace the connection of an over-long line with the following line.
    • n column Hence The contents of or the matter printed in such a column, especially in a newspaper: as, the columns of the daily press.
    • n column An apparatus used for the fixation of colors upon fabrics by means of steam. It consists of a cylinder of copper punctured with small holes and having a steampipe in its interior. The printed fabrics are wrapped around the cylinder, and the steam is allowed to percolate through, setting the colors in what is called steam style. The column is generally used in France, while the steamchest serving for the same operation is used in England.
    • n column two symmetrically placed tracts of medium-sized nerve-cells of the spinal cord, laterodorsad of the central canal, confined to the thoracic region.
    • n column A short upright line which separates written or printed words or symbols. Its most common uses are to indicate, in copied or reprinted passages, especially title-pages, the ending of a line in the original copy, and in metrical works, liturgies, chants, etc., the close of a foot, rhythm, or measure.
    • n column The mast or vertical member of a hoisting apparatus, such as a crane, usually so constructed that no bracing or guys shall be required at the top to resist the bending stresses due to the load.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Column kol′um a long, round body, used to support or adorn a building: any upright body or mass like a column: a body of troops drawn up in deep files: a perpendicular row of lines in a book
    • ***

Quotations

  • Robertson Davies
    Robertson%20Davies
    “He types his labored column -- weary drudge! Senile fudge and solemn: spare, editor, to condemn these dry leaves of his autumn.”
  • Don Marquis
    Don%20Marquis
    “I get up in the morning with an idea for a three-volume novel and by nightfall it's a paragraph in my column.”
  • Willem De Kooning
    Willem De Kooning
    “Style is a fraud. I always felt the Greeks were hiding behind their columns.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. columna, fr. columen, culmen, fr. cellere,used only in comp.), akin to E. excel, and prob. to holm,. See, Holm, and cf. Colonel
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. columen, columna, akin to celsus, high; Gr. kolōnē, a hill.

Usage

In literature:

They are hollow columns 10 to 12 ft. high and from 1 ft. to 18 in.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
On the left of the picture, on a little eminence, is a group of three females round a column having on its top a vase.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
Their use of the column, though often tasteful and happy, is never without a certain timidity.
"A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1" by Georges Perrot
The remainder of the column wended their way across the lower spurs of Indumeni.
"History of the War in South Africa 1899-1902 v. 1 (of 4)" by Frederick Maurice
The circulation of intelligence and orders within the columns and their outposts can generally be entrusted to cyclists.
"Cavalry in Future Wars" by Frederick von Bernhardi
In wind instruments we employ, instead of rods or wires, columns of air as the vibrating medium.
"How it Works" by Archibald Williams
The long column of Rebels moves on.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
In the south side of the gallery stand two columns corresponding to the two columns in the aisle below.
"Byzantine Churches in Constantinople" by Alexander Van Millingen
On the enemy no outward damage was apparent, but columns of smoke showed where shots had struck home.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
They conducted the burgomaster to the waiting generals at the head of the advance column.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
The different regiments took turns in heading the columns.
"War from the Inside" by Frederick L. (Frederick Lyman) Hitchcock
Engaged round columns, usually smooth and standing in front of wide pilasters, were often pleasing features of these pedimental doorways.
"The Colonial Architecture of Philadelphia" by Frank Cousins
A column of smoke arose.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
Column after column was sent forward to certain death.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 8)"
The columns, trefoils in section, are twisted, and have simple moulded caps.
"Portuguese Architecture" by Walter Crum Watson
Halting at daylight, the column was reinforced a few miles out, by the Fifth Michigan cavalry.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
With these sheets many moments are pleasantly spent, as their columns are eagerly perused.
"Three Years in the Federal Cavalry" by Willard Glazier
Each column will be considered in the order in which it appears on the form.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
Soult sees it: mark how he presses his columns on!
"Tom Burke Of "Ours", Volume II (of II)" by Charles James Lever
The interior is divided into three naves by columns bearing rounded arches.
"The Cathedrals and Churches of the Rhine" by Francis Miltoun
***

In poetry:

The wind in the pine is solemn,
Its great boughs sigh and groan,
The pine-tree like a column
Upon the hillside lone.
"Lines - I" by Manmohan Ghose
What yonder seems to glimmer?
Her white robe's glancing hues?
No,—'twas the column's shimmer
Athwart the darksome yews!
"The Assignation" by Friedrich von Schiller
Could you but enter as I do,
And pace through the vaulted hall,
And mark the stately columns,
And the pictures on the wall;
"My Castle" by Horatio Alger Jr
"My songs have therefore the echo
Of the weary ones who lie
By the wayside, watching the columns
That are daily marching by."
"The House Of The Singing Birds" by Alexander Anderson
Down beside the loathly Pitch Lake,
In the stately Morichal,
Sat an ancient Spanish Indian,
Peering through the columns tall.
"The Legend of La Brea" by Charles Kingsley
And narrower still the circlet grew;
Behold! a glittering band,
Its roseate diamond set anew,
Her neck's white column spanned.
"The Girdle Of Friendship" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

Sorry, I don't buy James Werrell's lengthy explanations of how the journalistic world works in his Sept 21 column.
Tom Shales' Washington Post TV column.
His column runs Monday, and his commentary appears all week in his blog.
Family Viewing is a weekly column by film critic Stephen Whitty that spotlights films that be watched by the whole family.
The final print column by Arthur S Brisbane in his capacity as New York Times public editor—a position created in the wake of 2003?s Jayson Blair scandal, making him only the fourth ombudsman in the paper's history—ran on August 26th.
Posted in On Topic OTDT, Opinion and Column.
As noted, Washington Post senior columnist David Broder wrote in a column yesterday that there was a long list of senators waiting for Senator Harry Reid's departure.
Late City Final Edition, Section A, Page 4, Column 5, 267 words.
" It is impossible, he added, "to get through one of his newspaper columns without being made to feel physically ill at the level of name-dropping he manages.
EVERY YEAR AT THANKSGIVING I pen a column listing the things for which I am thankful.
I'm writing that column a little early this year, and the reason is the late Otis A Brumby Jr, who passed away Saturday.
In last week's column, I made a passing comment about how much I hate U2, which garnered a couple of message board posts and several e-mails.
Check out this week's Dining A La King column to find out.
In Ohio, we awoke Wednesday morning to a state that has once again turned itself blue for president, blue for Senate, but kept the Statehouse Republican and the vast majority of the Congressional seats from Ohio in the GOP column.
We will never know how Michael Oakeshott, the philosopher who died in 1990, would have responded to David Brooks's "discussion" (column, Dec 27).
***

In science:

Comparing the H I column density of UGC 12695 with the empirical (but not well understood) value of Σc = 1021 atoms cm-2 found in, i.e., Skillman’s 1986 paper shows the star formation to be a local affair, occurring only in those regions where the column density is above this star formation threshold.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
Because we intuitively know that a solution to the puzzle contains no two queens on the same column, it is natural to associate a column to a queen.
SLDNFA-system
For the symplectic case, steps with column number i odd use K1 and steps with column number i even use K2 .
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
For the orthogonal case, steps with column number i odd use K2 and steps with column number i even use K1 .
Random matrix theory over finite fields: a survey
NU , NL , gU and gL are the upper and lower state column densities and degeneracies and nH2 the unknown hydrogen column density.
HCN in the inner envelope of {chi} Cygni
It replaces the first column of patterns with columns of the component patterns, and introduce parameters for the components.
From Syntactic Theories to Interpreters: A Specification Language and Its Compilation
Although it is certainly possible that clouds of low column density H I are present at larger radii, the columns must be much less than the columns found in X-ray measurements of soft X-ray absorption, or the gas would have been detected against the outer lobes of large radio sources such as Hydra A (Taylor 1996).
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
The first column is a stabilization of C∗ and the map to the second column is a simple equivalence.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
Similarly the right column is a stabilization of D∗ and the map to the third column is simple.
Dual 2-complexes in 4-manifolds
Each column after the first of such a matrix is a sum of two columns in an obvious way.
On Resolving Singularities
All the other matrices in the sum have one column at least which is a multiple of the first column by an element of K, so their determinants vanish.
On Resolving Singularities
If we let Mi = xiAL , then the generators corresponding to the ith column block of X Z + I generate Mi since, if αr denotes a generator corresponding to a column in the ith column block, the r-th row of X Z + I gives the relation αr = −xi P Zrsαs .
Analytic invariants of boundary links
Column 0 contains the root of the left tree, column 1 contains the two vertices connected to that root, etc.
An example of the difference between quantum and classical random walks
In the left tree, for 0 < j < n, the probability of stepping from column j to column j + 1 is twice as great as the probability of stepping from column j to column j − 1.
An example of the difference between quantum and classical random walks
However, in the right tree, for n < j < 2n, the probability of stepping from column j to column j + 1 is half as great as the probability of stepping from column j to column j − 1.
An example of the difference between quantum and classical random walks
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