colophony

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n colophony translucent brittle substance produced from pine oleoresin; used especially in varnishes and inks and on the bows of stringed instruments
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Colophony Rosin.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n colophony A solid, amorphous substance, of an amber or blackish-brown color, left after distilling crude turpentine with water; common resin, or rosin. It is widely used in the arts, especially in making soap and the cheaper grades of varnish, and in medicine as an ingredient of plasters. Also colophone. [The word is not now in use except as a book-word.]
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Colophony kol-of′o-ni the dark-coloured resin got from the distillation of turpentine with water.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. 'h kolofwni`asc. "rhti`nh resin, gum) resin, fr. Kolofw`nios of or from Colophon in Ionia
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr., from Colophon, in Asia Minor.

Usage

In literature:

A mixture of colophony, black pitch, and tar.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
ROSIN (COLOPHONY, YELLOW ROSIN, RESINA).
"Soap-Making Manual" by E. G. Thomssen
***