colon

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n colon the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted
    • n colon a punctuation mark (:) used after a word introducing a series or an example or an explanation (or after the salutation of a business letter)
    • n Colon a port city at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal
    • n colon the basic unit of money in Costa Rica; equal to 100 centimos
    • n colon the basic unit of money in El Salvador; equal to 100 centavos
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The only South East Asian country that has never been colonized by a Western Power is Thailand
    • Colon (Gram) A point or character, formed thus [:], used to separate parts of a sentence that are complete in themselves and nearly independent, often taking the place of a conjunction.
    • Colon (Anat) That part of the large intestines which extends from the cæcum to the rectum. See Illust. of Digestion
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There are 400 species of bacteria in the human colon
    • n colon In ancient Grammar and rhetoric, one of the larger or principal divisions of a sentence or period; a long clause, or a group of minor clauses or commata. See comma, 1.
    • n colon In ancient prosody, one of the members or sections of a rhythmical period, forming an uninterrupted sequence of feet, united under a principal ictus or beat: sometimes called a series. A colon could not consist of more than 6 trisemic, 5 tetrasemic or pentasemic, or 3 hexasemic feet. It usually corresponded to one of the lines of a modern couplet, triplet, or stanza, or formed part only of a longer line. A pure colon is a colon consisting of feet of one kind only; a mixed colon is composed of feet of different kinds. See period.
    • n colon In paleography, a long clause or group of clauses, or a series of words of about the average length of such a group, estimated as approximately equal to a dactylic hexameter in extent—that is, as containing from 12 to 17 syllables. A colon in this sense was frequently written as a separate line in manuscript, and served to measure the length of a book or treatise. See colometry and epos.
    • n colon A mark of punctuation formed by two dots like periods placed one above the other (:), used to mark a discontinuity of grammatical construction greater than that indicated by the semicolon and less than that indicated by the period. The colon is commonly used to emphasize a close connection in thought between two clauses of which each forms a complete sentence, and which might with grammatical propriety be separated by a period; to separate a clause which is grammatically complete from a second which contains an illustration or amplification of its meaning: thus, in this work illustrative clauses introduced by “as” are separated from the definition by a colon; to introduce a formal statement, an extract, a speech in a dialogue, etc. Originally it was the mark of the termination of the grammatical or paleographic division called by the same name, and it is now frequently used to mark off metrical periods in prose intended for chanting.
    • n colon In anatomy, a portion of the intestinal tract, the so-called “large” as distinguished from the “small” intestine, continuous from the ileum to the rectum; the great gut, beginning at the cæcum and ending in the sigmoid flexure. In man and mammals generally the colon is distinguished from the preceding small intestine by its greater caliber, and by its sacculation, due to the particular distribution of its circular muscular fibers, which constrict it at some places and allow it to bulge out at others, making a series of pouch-like expansions. It may also present continuous bands of longitudinal fibers, or lengthwise constrictions, so that the cross-section is not circular. The colon may not he distinguishable in size or appearance from the rest of the intestine, as in birds, where its commencement is marked only by the presence of a cæcum or of two cæca; and when these arc wanting, there is no distinction. In man the course and situation of the colon are definite, owing to the binding of the gut in place by the mesocolon and gastrocolic omentum. Beginning at the cæcum and ascending by the right kidney, it passes under the concave surface of the liver and the bottom of the stomach to the spleen; thence descending by the left kidney, it passes in the form of an S to the upper part of the sacrum, where it becomes the rectum. The parts of the colon are designated according to their position or direction: as, the right lumbar or ascending colon; the arch of the colon, or transverse colon; the left lumbar or descending colon; and the sigmoid flexure, or left iliac colon. See cuts under alimentary and intestine.
    • n colon In entomology, the second portion of an insect's intestine, generally broader than the preceding portion or ileum. It may be straight or convoluted, terminating at the anal opening, or separated from it by a short rectum.
    • n colon The silver peso or dollar of Costa Rica, of the value of 46½ cents or 100 centavos.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In turtles, the colon(intestine) is also used for respiration, as it takes in oxygen. Thats how they stay underwater for so long.
    • n Colon kō′lon the mark (:) used to indicate a distinct member or clause of a sentence.
    • n Colon kō′lon that portion of the large intestine which extends from the cæcum to the rectum, which is the terminal portion of the intestinal canal
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. colon, colum, limb, member, the largest of the intestines, fr. Gr. kw^lon, and in sense of the intestine, ko`lon: cf. F. colon,. Cf. Colic
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr. kolon, the large intestine.

Usage

In literature:

Perhaps the President wants to try his colonization scheme on these people.
"Letters from Port Royal" by Various
Had their lives been the forfeit of this first attempt at colonization?
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
The Cristobal Colon would have a bad time if the two ships came to close quarters.
"Young Glory and the Spanish Cruiser" by Walter Fenton Mott
March 25, 1584, is an eventful date in the annals of colonization.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
Of the Spanish squadron only the "Cristobal Colon" and the "Vizcaya" still survived.
"Famous Sea Fights" by John Richard Hale
The surrender of Niagara and Quebec were but the acknowledgment or final symbol of the victory of English over French colonization.
"The Conquest of Canada (Vol. 1 of 2)" by George Warburton
He clung to his idea of slow colonization attracting no attention and careful not to provoke hostility.
"The Jewish State" by Theodor Herzl
This reminds me of a significant fact in connection with colonization.
"An African Adventure" by Isaac F. Marcosson
France also had the colonizing fever.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 11" by Various
Have the grandsons so degenerated that they are incapable of colonizing at all, or of managing colonies?
"Problems of Expansion" by Whitelaw Reid
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In poetry:

At length, one proposed for him colonization,
Who said, "He ne'er can get well while he's here;
Besides, I detest an amalgamation,
Which will be the case, as seems to appear."
"The Captive" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
Here snakes and all vile reptiles crawl around you as you walk,
But these you never hear about in Mr. Jordan's talk;
Mosquitoes, too, and sandflies, they will tease you all the night,
And until you get quite colonized you'll be a pretty sight.
"Immigration" by Anonymous Oceania

In news:

Fish tied to lower colon cancer risk: study.
50% of Colon- Rectal Cancers Tied to Genetic Predisposition.
While there, doctors discovered three stomach ulcers and eight polyps in his colon.
High-Carb Diet Linked to Colon Cancer Recurrence in Study.
She died of colon cancer, said her son David.
' Round-the-clock soccer marathon to raise colon cancer awareness.
How the Major Leagues Colonized the Black and Latin Game.
USA TODAY's Nashville music critic on fighting colon cancer and learning he has a genetic disorder called Lynch syndrome.
USA TODAY correspondent Brian Mansfield, pictured in his Nashville office, writes about his recovery from colon cancer.
The roots of Aceh's separatist movement go back to the 1870s, during which time the Acehnese fought a particularly fierce war of resistance against Indonesia's Dutch colonizers.
A pilot program at Penn is getting results, using soft drink mix, SEPTA tokens, and laxatives to improve colon cancer screening rates.
The islands off the coast of Scotland were colonized by Norse people who brought with them the ancestors of the Shetland Sheepdog.
The islands off the coast of Scotland were colonized by Norse people who brought with them the ancestors of the Shetland Sheepdog .
The search for the causes of breast and colon cancer.
Smit learned he had colon cancer in April, and the 75-year-old died peacefully with his family around him on Wednesday.
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In science:

But coloning with b13 − b1i for various i shows that the remaining prime ideals are indeed associated to K and thus to J .
On the embedded primes of the Mayr-Meyer ideals
If this colon ideal is contained in m for q ≫ 0, then we get a contradiction (see the cases listed below).
Test ideals and flat base change problems in tight closure theory
We will adopt the XML namespace to represent the class namespace, this means that while in XML snippets the namespace will appear before a single colon, and in the UML diagrams before a double colon the two are actually equivalent.
Proposal for a quantity based data model in the Virtual Observatory
These are marked with a colon to indicate they are uncertain. d B0820+02 has a CO WD companion, but formed like a LMBP.
Optical studies of companions to millisecond pulsars
Monte Carlo simulations of the number of stem cells in human colon crypts allow for fluctuations which kill the population after sufficiently long times.
Simulation of stem cell survival in small crypts
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