collection

Definitions

  • A child collecting flowers together
    A child collecting flowers together
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n collection the act of gathering something together
    • n collection request for a sum of money "an appeal to raise money for starving children"
    • n collection a publication containing a variety of works
    • n collection several things grouped together or considered as a whole
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

No, this isn't a collection of tubercular microbes No, this isn't a collection of tubercular microbes
A few 17th-century handwrought hinges in the Jamestown collection A few 17th-century handwrought hinges in the Jamestown collection
An early 17th-century andiron in the Jamestown collection. Note the cherub’s head near the base An early 17th-century andiron in the Jamestown collection. Note the cherub’s head near the base
A few examples of English delftware in the Jamestown collection A few examples of English delftware in the Jamestown collection
A few examples of German salt-glazed stoneware in the Jamestown collection. All were made during the 17th century A few examples of German salt-glazed stoneware in the Jamestown collection. All were made during the 17th century
Reconstructed wineglasses and wineglass fragments in the Jamestown collection Reconstructed wineglasses and wineglass fragments in the Jamestown collection
An assortment of glass bottle seals in the Jamestown collection. Some of the wealthy planters had their initials (or other ornamental device) stamped on the shoulders of the wine bottles which they ordered from England An assortment of glass bottle seals in the Jamestown collection. Some of the wealthy planters had their initials (or...
A few buckles and buttons in the Jamestown collection. Many are over 300 years old A few buckles and buttons in the Jamestown collection. Many are over 300 years old

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The National Lighter Museum in Guthrie, Oklahoma has nearly 20,000 pieces, representing over 85,000 years of lighters and fire starters. The only museum of its kind in the world, it is dedicated to collecting and preserving the history of the evolution of lighters.
    • Collection A gathering of money for charitable or other purposes, as by passing a contribution box for freewill offerings.
    • Collection A gathering or assemblage of objects or of persons.
    • Collection An accumulation of any substance.
    • Collection That which is collected
    • Collection That which is obtained in payment of demands.
    • Collection The act of inferring or concluding from premises or observed facts; also, that which is inferred. "We may safely say thus, that wrong collections have been hitherto made out of those words by modern divines."
    • Collection The act or process of collecting or of gathering; as, the collection of specimens.
    • Collection The jurisdiction of a collector of excise.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Boeing 767 aircraft is a collection of 3.1 million parts from 800 different suppliers around the world: fuselage parts from Japan, center wing section from Southern California, flaps from Italy.
    • n collection The act or practice of collecting or of gathering together: as, the collection of rare books.
    • n collection An assemblage or gathering of objects; a number of things collected, gathered, or brought together; a number of objects considered as constituting one whole of which the single objects are parts: as, a collection of pictures; a collection of essays; a collection of minerals.
    • n collection Specifically A sum of money collected for religious or charitable purposes, especially during a religious service.
    • n collection The act of deducing consequences; inference from premises; that which is deduced or inferred; an inference; sometimes, specifically, an inductive inference.
    • n collection A private examination at the end of each term at the colleges of the English universities.
    • n collection The act of receiving or compelling payment of dues, public or private, as for taxes, customs duties, or personal debts.
    • n collection The jurisdiction of a collector; a collectorship. See collector, 3.
    • n collection Synonyms Assemblage, group, crowd, mass, lot, heap; compilation, selection.
    • n collection Contribution.
    • n collection In logic, many independent or discrete objects regarded as a single object composed of these objects. In this sense ‘many’ is to be taken as including the case of a single object regarded as being composed of itself alone. The modern logicomathematical science of multitude (often called the theory of cardinal numbers) relates to the magnitudes of collections.
    • n collection A plural object: an individual object whose existence consists in the existence of whatever individuals may have been mentally connected and regarded as parts of it. Different logicians and mathematicians have different objects in mind in speaking of a ‘collection,’ without always recognizing that they are at cross-purposes. Most logicians are in the habit of thinking of objects as they would be if they were real, so that each is assumed to be in itself definitely distinguished from every other. With them, the identity of a collection lies in the identity of its individual members; so that whatever metamorphoses the different individuals might undergo, as long as their identities were conserved, that of the collection would remain. But if an individual member is destroyed or a new one created, a different collection is produced, though the definition of the class (which is a collection recognized as consisting of whatever existent objects possess a certain common character) may be unchanged. Most writers on pure mathematics, on the other hand, are in the habit of studying objects that are purely hypothetical, without any consideration of whether any such objects exist. These objects, being mere creatures of thought, possess only such individuality as is determinately predicated of them. They are what the logicians term ‘indesignate individuals,’ a name which fails to recognize the extrinsic, superimposed character of their individuality. A mathematician, for example, will think of a collection consisting of a dot, of a dot expressly supposed to be other than the former, and of a dot expressly supposed to be neither of the others. These dots, being mere creatures of thought, are entirely alike as long as they are not thought as unlike. But being expressly supposed to be each other than either of two, so they necessarily are in their hypothetical being. Thus the mathematician's collection, being a mere creature of thought, changes its identity as soon as it is altered at all, unless it be expressly supposed to remain the same collection. The logician's collection is also created by thought, but it is thought to exist in the real existence of its individual members. Thus the logician's collection has a derived existence distinct from its essence, which latter lies in the intention of the act of thought which severs the universe into two portions, the one to form the inside and the other the outside of the collection. Accordingly, a logician's collection may contain but a single member with which the collection is identical in existence, although its essence refers also to everything excluded. So, too, if to the question, ‘What is in this box?’ the answer be, ‘Nothing,’ this word, as a reply to that question, signifies the essence of a collection, namely of the one sole logical collection which has no existence.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A deltiologist collects postcards.
    • Collection act of collecting: collecting of money at a religious or public meeting: the money collected: a number of anything: an assemblage: a book of selections: composure: an examination at the end of the terms in certain colleges
    • ***

Quotations

  • Nonpareil
    Nonpareil
    “If someone were to pay you $.10 for every kind word you ever spoke and collect $.05 for every unkind word, would you be rich or poor?”
  • Augustine Birrell
    Augustine Birrell
    “Good as it is to inherit a library, it is better to collect one.”
  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “The true university of these days is a collection of books.”
  • Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoleon%20Bonaparte
    “Medicine is a collection of uncertain prescriptions, the results of which, taken collectively, are more fatal than useful to mankind.”
  • Sidonie Gabrielle Colette
    Sidonie%20Gabrielle%20Colette
    “A pretty little collection of weaknesses and a terror of spiders are our indispensable stock-in-trade with the men.”
  • Denis Waitley
    Denis%20Waitley
    “Mistakes are painful when they happen, but years later a collection of mistakes is what is called experience.”

Idioms

Collect dust - If something is collecting dust, it isn't being used any more.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. collectio,: cf. F. collection,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. colligĕre, collectum, from col, together, and legĕre, to gather.

Usage

In literature:

He found it without difficulty, and collected a great number of plants.
"About Orchids" by Frederick Boyle
His works, mainly expository and polemical, have not been collected.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4" by Various
Our collections thus far fully equal those at the East.
"Susan B. Anthony" by Alma Lutz
From the Austin collection.
"A Catalogue of Early Pennsylvania and Other Firearms and Edged Weapons at "Restless Oaks"" by Henry W. Shoemaker
Such cheques are payable to bearer and may be collected by any one.
"Up To Date Business" by Various
It has a good library, fine collections of paintings, and a good museum of natural history.
"Young Americans Abroad" by Various
He collected about 300,000 Traditions, from which he made his collection.
"The Faith of Islam" by Edward Sell
Women have the usual collection of ornaments on all parts of the person.
"The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India - Volume IV of IV" by R.V. Russell
Dust and sand storms are common, and in some parts blown sand collects into dunes.
"From Pole to Pole" by Sven Anders Hedin
The hydrogen is evolved as a gas and may be collected by suitable apparatus.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
You would like to come and see my collection, eh?
"Nat the Naturalist" by G. Manville Fenn
I thought you understood that I have come on purpose to collect these.
"Rob Harlow's Adventures" by George Manville Fenn
My friend here has been engaged since his boyhood in collecting the bark, as was his father before him.
"On the Banks of the Amazon" by W.H.G. Kingston
You will observe that it is merely sea-weed and drift-wood collected in this spot from all parts of the ocean.
"In the Eastern Seas" by W.H.G. Kingston
Manners and beliefs of the northern people are abundantly illustrated by the poems included in this collection.
"A Literary History of the English People" by Jean Jules Jusserand
Kopisch's collected works were published in 5 vols.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 8" by Various
Obviously this collection of patchwork could not fulfill their needs for an engine.
"Smithsonian Institution - United States National Museum - Bulletin 240" by Anonymous
We have to do with a people who possess both as individuals and collectively a most remarkable memory.
"Ifugao Law" by R. F. Burton
Barringer collection, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
"The Swastika" by Thomas Wilson
In Heber book-collecting was not a taste, but a voracious passion.
"The Confessions of a Collector" by William Carew Hazlitt
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In poetry:

Behind you, unsuspected,
Have you the axe, fair wench,
Wherewith you once collected
A poll-tax for the French?
"To The Bartholdi Statue" by Ambrose Bierce
For they, by faith, a day descry,
And joyfully expect,
When he, descending from the sky,
His jewels will collect.
"They Shall Be Mine, Saith The Lord" by John Newton
Can you collect the morning dew
And, with the greatest pains,
Beat every drop into a link,
And of these links make chains?
"Oh, What Are The Chains Of Love Made Of?" by Robert Hogg
He sent his brother to the Gods,
And, when the fit was o'er,
Went on collecting turves and clods
To build the Wall once more!
"Romulus and Remus" by Rudyard Kipling
That I would shut myself away
And in seclusion write a section
Of winter poems, day by day,
To supplement my spring collection.
"After the Interval" by Boris Pasternak
My worldly wealth I hoard in albums three,
My life collection of rare postage stamps;
My room is cold and bare as you can see,
My coat is old and shabby as a tramp's;
Yet more to me than balances in banks,
My albums three are worth a million francs.
"Stamp Collector" by Robert W Service

In news:

Thermoplastic Alloy Aids Surgical Fluid Collection.
Between his collection and some other material we have acquired—someone else's lifelong collection, some auction purchases, some material we have had in back-stock—we can offer a coin for every monarch since the Norman Conquest.
Film professor David Tolchinsky has a collection of Spock dolls that he describes as "a cheaper mid-life crisis than collecting Porsches".
Unless you collect only new issues acquired directly from the issuing postal administration, the stamps in your collection are previously owned.
There are public collections, there are private collections, and then there are these remarkable venues that fall somewhere in between.
Click image to enlarge Before obtaining or going to collect orangethroat darters , know and follow all wildlife laws in your state and the state in which you are collecting.
What to do if you are sent a dunning (collection) letter and/or sued in a debt collection case.
Overnight subway construction is keeping garbage-collection trains from making all stops to collect trash from platform canisters, Transit President Thomas Prendergast said at the agency's monthly meeting yesterday.
Consult the HSU Library Special Collections for more information about The Peter E Palmquist Working Photograph Collection and other collections at HSU.
The display, titled "International Dolls ," is a collection representing 50 nations of the world along with a book from the library's collection, that also represents each country displayed.
They (and scores of others) are all retired public sector employees who have gone back to work for the state and are collecting state wages while also collecting taxpayer-funded state pensions.
The Wettins began collecting in the Renaissance, and came to believe that they might achieve influence and power through the art they had collected.
The acquisitions are part of an ongoing initiative to build the Smithsonian 's Latino art collection, said E. It is the first piece by Ramirez to become a part of the Smithsonian 's permanent collection.
These are the only official producers of these nonpostal, but highly collectible, cardboard souvenirs of stamps and stamp collecting.
Tuesday's article on the Stand Down for Homeless Vets collection should have stated that 763 homeless veterans were served, not backpacks collected, in St Paul last year.
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In science:

For a given collection of points {Θj } let {ΓΘj } be a collection of i.i.d. random variables with mean 1 exponential distribution which are thus labeled by the points {Θj }.
Quenched limit theorems for nearest neighbour random walks in 1D random environment
In contrast, if ω ∈ Bk then Γ(N ,δ) (ω , X ) is a collection of k random variables which converge weakly as N → ∞ to a collection of k i.i.d. standard exponential random variables.
Quenched limit theorems for nearest neighbour random walks in 1D random environment
Such a structure can be a set M (or a collection of sets), together with a distinguished collection of subsets of M and its powers, the definable subsets.
A categorical approach to internality
One of the differences, neccessitated by our need to work with unbounded degrees, is that we work with a packing of the dual graph rather then the original graph (in circle packings, this would correspond to the collection of interstices rather than the collection of discs).
On the Riemann surface type of Random Planar Maps
That is, we could consider finite or infinite collections P = {Pv : v ∈ V } of closed topological discs Pv ⊂ C with pairwise disjoint interiors, together with a collection of interior points xv ∈ Pv .
On the Riemann surface type of Random Planar Maps
Definition 4.4 ((t, k , d)-collection) A (t, k , d)-collection D of a 3CNF C with m clauses is an array (coded as in Definition 3.10) of t many inconsistent k-tuples, which contain only clauses from C, and each clause appears in at most d many such inconsistent k-tuples.
Short Propositional Refutations for Dense Random 3CNF Formulas
Moreover, generation of multiple RS can be batched, meaning that in a single secure connection (typically SSL over TCP) two players can exchange multiple pairs {xi,j [u], u} which collectively build a collection of RS {r[u]}.
Reduce to the Max: A Simple Approach for Massive-Scale Privacy-Preserving Collaborative Network Measurements (Extended Version)
Additionally, at the end it collects the item collected by the algorithm if this item is greater than ak .
One to Rule Them All: a General Randomized Algorithm for Buffer Management with Bounded Delay
We assume that I is finite. A dimension vector for Γ is a collection of non-negative integers v = {vi }i∈I ∈ ZI ≥0 and a representation of Γ of dimension v over K is a collection of K-linear maps ϕi, j : Kvi → Kv j , for each arrow i → j of Γ, that we identify with matrices (using the canonical basis of Kr ).
Quiver varieties and the character ring of general linear groups over finite fields
A value of type Store β α represents a collection of values of type α, where each element of the collection is indexed by a value of β .
Functor is to Lens as Applicative is to Biplate: Introducing Multiplate
This collection is arranged so that a copy of the original collection but with cell bi selected is put into cell bi.
Functor is to Lens as Applicative is to Biplate: Introducing Multiplate
To perform a scan, each process p repeatedly collects until either two successive collects are identical (a successful double col lect ), or p observes that another process, say r , has executed at least two update operations to A[r ] during p’s scan.
Linearizable Implementations Do Not Suffice for Randomized Distributed Computation
Finally, our approach based on Euclidean random matrix theory may be also applied to understand the role of disorder in other collective effects that take place in ensembles of cold atoms, such as the collective spontaneous emission or the radiative force experienced by an optically thick atomic sample .
Euclidean matrix theory of random lasing in a cloud of cold atoms
Thus we have shown that for every linear unique game with γ |E | 1/32–short edges there always exists a witness—a collection of vectors {Φ(u, p, d)} ⊂ N , such that at least γ |E |/2 edges in Eε are good with respect to this collection (Remark: so far we have not used that the instance is semi-random).
How to Play Unique Games against a Semi-Random Adversary
We here discuss several points: (i) The zero field collective peak appears at energy ωres (cid:39) 0.384∆0 (cid:46) 2∆hs . (ii) Under a transverse magnetic field a well defined collective peak is shifted to lower energy due to Zeeman splitting of the energy of elementary excitations.
Field-Induced Spin-Exciton Condensation in dx2-y2-wave Superconducting CeCoIn5
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