cognate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj cognate related by blood
    • adj cognate having the same ancestral language "cognate languages"
    • adj cognate related in nature "connate qualities"
    • n cognate a word is cognate with another if both derive from the same word in an ancestral language
    • n cognate one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Cognate Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically Law, related on the mother's side.
    • Cognate Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root; allied; kindred; as, a cognate language.
    • Cognate One of a number of things allied in origin or nature; as, certain letters are cognates .
    • Cognate (Law) One who is related to another on the female side.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • cognate Allied by blood; connected or related by birth; specifically, of the same parentage, near or remote, as another. See cognation, 1.
    • cognate Related in origin; traceable to the same source; proceeding from the same stock or root; of the same family, in a general sense: as, cognate languages or dialects; words cognate in origin.
    • cognate Allied in nature, quality, or form; having affinity of any kind: as, cognate sounds.
    • cognate Any similar notions.
    • n cognate One connected with another by ties of kindred; specifically, in the plural, all those whose descent can be traced from one pair. In its technical use in Roman law it implied a lawful marriage as the source. See agnate and cognation, 1.
    • n cognate Anything related to another by origin or derivation, as a language or a word: as, the Latin and Greek languages are cognates.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Cognate kog′nāt of the same family, kind, or nature: related or allied to
    • n Cognate one related by blood, a kinsman: a person related to another through the mother, as distinguished from an agnate, one related through the father
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. cognatus,; co-, + gnatus, natus, p. p. of nasci, anciently gnasci, to be born. See Nation, and cf. Connate

Usage

In literature:

The master and slave are often of cognate races, and therefore tend more to assimilate.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
History is experience, and as such underlies progress, just as the cognate idea, experiment, underlies scientific advance.
"Lessons of the war with Spain and other articles" by Alfred T. Mahan
The conversation drifted to cognate subjects, while Claude became merely an observer.
"The Side Of The Angels" by Basil King
Alone, and apart from any context, they incorporate that cognate appeal of significance and sound which is the secret of style.
"Materials and Methods of Fiction" by Clayton Hamilton
So excellently was it controlled that he awoke next morning with his head full of a different, though a cognate subject.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. XIX (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
This species is instantly distinguishable from all cognate forms by its peculiar sooty color.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
Another consideration, of cognate character, presents itself.
"Notes on the Diplomatic History of the Jewish Question" by Lucien Wolf
Phonetic values known, Assyrian was found to be a Semitic language cognate to Hebrew.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
And we shall best understand his attitude of mind, if we examine our own to the cognate absurdity of marriage presents.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 18 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Another branch of inquiry cognate to history which he prized was comparative philology.
"Studies in Contemporary Biography" by James Bryce, Viscount Bryce
Thus it becomes clear that all living powers are cognate, and that all living forms are fundamentally of one character.
"The Voice of Science in Nineteenth-Century Literature" by Various
Nor, in fact, any of the cognate hotels of Baden.
"The Daltons, Volume II (of II) Or,Three Roads In Life" by Charles James Lever
To attempt something of a cognate character, yet upon a larger scale, Ramsay now felt encouraged.
"Allan Ramsay" by William Henry Oliphant Smeaton
There is great wisdom in reducing our admiration to a word; giving, as it were, a cognate number to our estimate of anything.
"A Day's Ride A Life's Romance" by Charles James Lever
Many messages not similar but cognate that lady received.
"The Perfume of Eros: A Fifth Avenue Incident" by Edgar Saltus
The fire she steals from heaven comes from her as it does from her cognate thief, Phoebe, as soft as moonbeams.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland" by Various
In that case, even mistakes carry information; for they are cognate to the truth, and we can allow for them.
"An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine" by John Henry Cardinal Newman
We know only in so far as we have within us a nature cognate to the object of knowledge.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
One detail led to another, each discovery unveiled cognate mysteries, the disclosure of trifles brought forward circumstances of importance.
"The Storm Centre" by Charles Egbert Craddock
From gerr, "voracious," a word probably cognate with English "gorge.
"The Heroes of Asgard" by Annie Keary
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In news:

The words seem almost cognate expressions for the vexations of modern life.
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In science:

Easy Schauder estimates, and the discussion in the preceding paragraph, show that we may obtain our estimate (⋆) by studying the cognate question on W (details of this type of argument may be found in [APF]).
Calculation and Estimation of the Poisson kernel
The following definitions are for oriented graphs, and build upon notions defined in Section 2. A proper semipath is a semipath such that neither it nor its cognate is a path.
Graphs of Plural Cuts
The transversal is unique up to cognation; the transversal is either a semipath or its cognate (see Section 2).
Graphs of Plural Cuts
Whereas strict separability leads to electrovac and cognate spacetimes , conformal separability, by allowing an arbitrary overall conformal factor, also admits inflationary solutions [10–12].
Towards a general description of the interior structure of rotating black holes
Also, new quantities must be introduced, along with their theoretical interpretation within QCD: polarized fragmentation functions, transverse momentum distributions and orbital angular momentum, transverse spin distributions and their cognates.
Spin Physics
The closest work is represented by the books Possible and Probable Languages (Newmeyer, 2005) and Language Classification by Numbers (McMahon and McMahon, 2005), but the focus of these books is on automatically discovering phylogenetic trees for languages based on Indo-European cognate sets (Dyen et al., 1992).
A Bayesian Model for Discovering Typological Implications
ArXiv system and its cognates, will continue to gain prominence.
The weakening relationship between the Impact Factor and papers' citations in the digital age
However, once a cognate tRNA is identified, the smaller subunit sends a “green signal” (by a molecular mechanism that remains unclear), the EF-Tu separates out by a process driven by GTP hydrolysis thereby clearing the way for the peptide bond formation.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
Moreover, the aa-tRNA selected (erroneously) by the ribosome may not be the correct (cognate) tRNA.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
Rejection of such non-cognate and near-cognate tRNAs by the process of kinetic proofreading leads to an alternative branch completion of which ends up in a futile cycle.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
All species of tRNAs, depending upon their relative concentration in the solution, compete with each other to bind with the ribosome, but in order to ensure the optimum fidelity, most of the non cognate and some near cognate tRNAs are rejected on the basis of condon-anticodon matching.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
This hydrolysis process is followed by some structural rearrangements in ribosome, which result in the release of the non cognate and near cognate tRNAs along with the EF-Tu and GDP molecule.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
Translational error can be studied using this protocol if, in addition to cognate aa-tRNAP he , near-cognate aa-tRNALeu is also supplied because the latter is cognate for the codon CUU which codes for Leucine (abbreviated L).
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
An optical method, based on the labelling of the cognate, near-cognate and non-cognate tRNA molecules with dyes of different colors, has been suggested [138] to test the validity of the expression derived for fdwell (t).
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
Similarly, the A-domain of the NRPS selects the cognate amino acid and activates it as amino-acyl adenylate. (ii) The transfer of the amino-acid carrier, i.e., aatRNA, to the P site is assisted by the GTP hydrolysis catalyzed by the enzyme EF-Tu.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
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