closed

Definitions

  • Close to a thriller
    Close to a thriller
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj closed not open "the door slammed shut"
    • adj closed not open or affording passage or access "the many closed streets made travel difficult","our neighbors peeped from behind closed curtains"
    • adj closed used especially of mouth or eyes "he sat quietly with closed eyes","his eyes were shut against the sunlight"
    • adj closed blocked against entry "a closed porch"
    • adj closed (set theory) of an interval that contains both its endpoints
    • adj closed not having an open mind "a closed mind unreceptive to new ideas"
    • adj closed not open to the general public "a closed meeting"
    • adj closed with shutters closed
    • adj closed requiring union membership "a closed shop"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Closing the front Closing the front
When Darkness Closes In When Darkness Closes In
Close Call for Rosenbaum. 54 Close Call for Rosenbaum. 54
A kitten with its eyes closed, ignoring the two mice laughing behind it A kitten with its eyes closed, ignoring the two mice laughing behind it
wolfhound looking at closed door wolfhound looking at closed door
The Gateway of the Monastery Close, Rochester The Gateway of the Monastery Close, Rochester
Closely pursued by the Dog, who overwhelmed her with bites, blows and kicks Closely pursued by the Dog, who overwhelmed her with bites, blows and kicks
THE CARRIAGE DREW UP CLOSE BY THEM THE CARRIAGE DREW UP CLOSE BY THEM

Quotations

  • Victor Hugo
    Victor%20Hugo
    “He who opens a school door, closes a prison.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Look closely at those who patronize you. Half are unfeeling, half untaught.”
  • Joseph Farrall
    Joseph Farrall
    “Enjoy your happiness while you have it, and while, you have it do not too closely scrutinize its foundation.”
  • The Land Before Time
    The Land Before Time
    “Let your heart guide you. It whispers, so listen closely.”
  • Socrates
    Socrates
    “The comic and the tragic lie inseparably close, like light and shadow.”
  • Edwin P. Whipple
    Edwin P. Whipple
    “Where ever you find humor, you find pathos close by it side.”

Idioms

Behind closed doors - If something happens away from the public eye, it happens behind closed doors.
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Close at hand - If something is close at hand, it is nearby or conveniently located.
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Close but no cigar - (USA) If you are close but no cigar, you are close to success or the truth, but have not got there.
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Close call - If the result of something is a close call, it is almost impossible to distinguish between the parties involved and to say who has won or whatever. It can also mean that you very nearly have a serious accident or get into trouble.
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Close lipped - A person who is reluctant to talk about a specific subject is close lipped.
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Close only counts in horseshoes and hand grenades - This phrase is used to say that if you come close to success without succeeding, it is not good enough
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Close ranks - If members of an organisation close ranks, they show support for each other publicly, especially when being criticised. It is a military term- when soldiers close ranks, they stand closer together so that it is difficult to pass through them.
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Close shave - If you have a close shave, you very nearly have a serious accident or get into trouble.
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Close the book - If you close the book on something, you end it completely.
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Close the stable door after the horse has bolted - If people try to fix something after the problem has occurred, they are trying to close the stable door after the horse has bolted. 'Close the barn door after the horse has bolted' is alternative, often used in American English.
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Close to your heart - If something is close to your heart, you care a lot about it. ('Dear to your heart' is an alternative.)
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Closed book to me - If a subject is a closed book to you, it is something that you don't understand or know anything about.
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Sail close to the wind - If you sail close to the wind, you take risks to do something, going close to the limit of what is allowed or acceptable.
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Usage

In literature:

The trees stand close, the spaces between shadowy and sombre.
"The Death Shot" by Mayne Reid
He closely scanned the occupants of the wagon.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
Her eyes closed involuntarily.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
His eyes closed with a shudder as he seemed to feel the icy waters close over him.
"The River of Darkness" by William Murray Graydon
Brick spied it at such close quarters that he had no time to swerve aside.
"The Camp in the Snow" by William Murray Graydon
I saw one just close by.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
In the first experiments the two ends of the tube were closed by plates of rock-salt, and subsequently by plates of glass.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
His stern lips closed.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Henry, Shif'less Sol and Tom Ross followed closely enough to know what was going on, but not so closely that they would walk into a trap.
"The Border Watch" by Joseph A. Altsheler
The fact concerning Eleanore was this: life never came very close to her.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
They sat huddled close together.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
Mars, Venus, Mercury, even Neptune, are relatively close.
"The Fire People" by Ray Cummings
La Durantaye and Du Luth are already at Detroit, awaiting orders, with close to two hundred Frenchmen and four hundred Indians.
"The Road to Frontenac" by Samuel Merwin
This close to the trees, she hoped, the snow would not be so deep.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Dip a fine close linen cloth into boiling water, and put it in a hair sieve, flour it a little, and tie the pudding up close.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
The peridium is composed of three membranes very closely related, closed at first by a white membrane, but finally bursting at the top.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
And when he felt a warm, damp hand seeking his he closed over it with a new sense of victory.
"The Web of the Golden Spider" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
They essay chiefly the formation of wild sounds, and close their eyes as though thereby to reinforce their utterance.
"The German Classics of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries" by Various
A hand slipped into mine and a voice sounded huskily close to my ear.
""And they thought we wouldn't fight"" by Floyd Gibbons
The front room was darkened by the closed shutters, and a close smell as from a vault met them when the door was opened.
"'Jena' or 'Sedan'?" by Franz Beyerlein
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In poetry:

Quiet, close, and warm,
Sheltered from all molestation,
And recalling by their voices
Youth and travel.
"To An Old Danish Songbook" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
'At morning we must bid farewell,
And at the close of day
You will be wandering alone
And I shall be away.
"Alexander And Zenobia" by Anne Bronte
Lonely roads that stretch away
As the sunset darkens;
Lonely sounds at close of day
As the wanderer hearkens;
"Lonely Land" by Robert A Donaldson
Lonely worlds that stretch away
As the sunset darkens
Lonely hearts at close of day
As the wanderer hearkens.
"Lonely Land" by Robert A Donaldson
And as a bird against the pane
Will strike, deceived sore,
I think to enter, but remain
Outside the closed door.
"The Disciple" by George MacDonald
I can close my eyes at twilight
Though now many miles away,
And see that lovely horizon
At close of expiring day.
"A Picture" by Jared Barhite

In news:

In observance of the upcoming holidays, Mayo Clinic Health System announces the following facilities will be closed Dec 24 (closing at noon), Dec 25, and Jan 1.
Restaurant closes doors but doesn't close out .
Up close with Alaska's bears — but not too close.
Olympics close with Closing Ceremonies — of course.
Fallen slab closes King St. Growth has increased traffic to the point that closing the Gardiner to perform repairs without securing a secondary route has become "unimaginable.".
US stock markets are closed as Hurricane Sandy nears landfall on the East Coast and are likely to remain closed Tuesday.
Senate Race May Be Close Is Closely Watched.
Compass Minerals fell 52 cents, or 0.68%, to close at $75.68 DST Systems Inc fell 39 cents, or 0.63%, to close at $61.74.
Fell 20 cents, or 0.60%, to close at $33.06 YRC Worldwide Inc rose 2 cents, or 0.29%, to close at $6.81.
According to BIZJOURNALS.COM, the company initially closed 760 stores back in February but later decided to close its remaining 1,900 stores.
The Herald-Leader reports Tony Roma's actually closed last month and Regatta Seafood Grille will close this Saturday.
LONG ISLANDLaundry to close , lay off 225Angelica Textile Services Inc, a Georgia-based commercial laundry that provides linens and other supplies to hospitals, plans to close its Hempstead Village lo.
Compass Minerals fell 36 cents, or 0.47%, to close at $77.00 DST Systems Inc rose 35 cents, or 0.56%, to close at $62.33.
Rose 48 cents, or 1.47%, to close at $33.10 YRC Worldwide Inc fell 14 cents, or 2.02%, to close at $6.78.
Cheboygan Memorial Hospital will close its doors at 11:59pm, but officials are starting the process immediately CMH is closed to all routine services.
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In science:

We declare this plaquette open (respectively closed ) if hx, y i is closed (respectively open).
Rigidity of the interface for percolation and random-cluster models
The latter theory contains a closed string tachyon, and it is expected that Type 0A theory would decay into Type IIA theory on the flat spacetime, via a condensation of the closed string tachyon.
Properties of String Theory on Kaluza-Klein Melvin Background
More generally, any closed path in Z3 corresponds to a word in which the number of a’s (resp. b, c) is equal to the number of a−1 ’s (resp. b−1 , c−1 ), so that the image of this word in L is trivial; it would be quite surprising if the pro jection onto the plane of any closed path in Z3 was tileable.
An algorithm to generate exactly once every tiling with lozenges of a domain
Lemma 3.7 Every point of (PK , TK ) has a fundamental system of neighbourhoods which are both open and closed and finitely presented, and we can separate finitely many points by disjoint open and closed and finitely presented sets.
On Cebotarev sets
We can cross-check the Close Limit perturbation theory treatment with Numerical Relativity results for the same region of spacetime, systematically incorporating a common technique for verifying both Close Limit and numerical results [13, 22, 23].
Modeling gravitational radiation from coalescing binary black holes
It seems doubtful that one could find a suitable corresponding operation among closed subspaces of Hilbert spaces that would enable us to associate a closed subspace to the negation of a closed subspace.
Connectives in Quantum and other Cumulative Logics
Since it is closed under inverses, we must show that it is closed under multiplication.
Towards a practical, theoretically sound algorithm for random generation in finite groups
Note that lr(Z ) is closed under extensions, thus the equality g (Z ) = lr(Z ) implies that g (Z ) is closed under extensions.
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
If either add z is also closed under factor modules or if pd Z ≤ 1 for al l Z ∈ z, then g (z) is closed under extensions.
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
Indeed, an increased intensity due to a close star, assuming no measurement error, would produce a light curve with a similar shape to that without such a close star.
The effects of blending on the light curve shape of Cepheids
In such a situation, Σ is then either a closed hyperbolic manifold or a closed graph manifold.
Cheeger-Gromov Theory and Applications to General Relativity
If the action of G on X is not stable (i.e. a generic G-orbit in X is not closed) then there exists a proper closed subvariety X0 ⊂ X that contains all closed orbits, [Vi].
Hermitian Characteristics of Nilpotent Elements
Thus, the extra tower of fields remains in the spectrum of closed string, i.e. no reduction to (D − 1) dimensions really happened and the theory remains D-dimensional! Now, consider the same procedure in the theory with both closed and open strings.
String Theory or Field Theory?
A necessary production of closed strings in the theory of open strings (see fig. 5) leads to the possibility establishing some holographic (in the above sense) analogy between the theory of matter or open strings on a D-brane (on the ’boundary”) and the theory of closed strings or gravity in the bulk.
String Theory or Field Theory?
That is the intersection of a collection of closed subsets may not be a closed subset.
Elements of Nonstandard Algebraic Geometry
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