close

Definitions

  • Close to a thriller
    Close to a thriller
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj close marked by fidelity to an original "a close translation","a faithful copy of the portrait","a faithful rendering of the observed facts"
    • adj close rigorously attentive; strict and thorough "close supervision","paid close attention","a close study","kept a close watch on expenditures"
    • adj close not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances "near neighbors","in the near future","they are near equals","his nearest approach to success","a very near thing","a near hit by the bomb","she was near tears","she was close to tears","had a close call"
    • adj close at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other "close to noon","how close are we to town?","a close formation of ships"
    • adj close close in relevance or relationship "a close family","we are all...in close sympathy with...","close kin","a close resemblance"
    • adj close inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information "although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it"
    • adj close crowded "close quarters"
    • adj close (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched "a close contest","a close election","a tight game"
    • adj close giving or spending with reluctance "our cheeseparing administration","very close (or near) with his money","a penny-pinching miserly old man"
    • adj close used of hair or haircuts "a close military haircut"
    • adj close fitting closely but comfortably "a close fit"
    • adj close confined to specific persons "a close secret"
    • adj close strictly confined or guarded "kept under close custody"
    • adj close of textiles "a close weave","smooth percale with a very tight weave"
    • adj close lacking fresh air "a dusty airless attic","the dreadfully close atmosphere","hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke"
    • adv close near in time or place or relationship "as the wedding day drew near","stood near the door","don't shoot until they come near","getting near to the true explanation","her mother is always near","The end draws nigh","the bullet didn't come close","don't get too close to the fire"
    • adv close in an attentive manner "he remained close on his guard"
    • v close finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead "The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning"
    • v close complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement "We closed on the house on Friday","They closed the deal on the building"
    • v close unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of "close the circuit","close a wound","close a book","close up an umbrella"
    • v close move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut "Close the door","shut the window"
    • v close become closed "The windows closed with a loud bang"
    • v close fill or stop up "Can you close the cracks with caulking?"
    • v close bar access to "Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours"
    • v close bring together all the elements or parts of "Management closed ranks"
    • v close draw near "The probe closed with the space station"
    • v close come together, as if in an embrace "Her arms closed around her long lost relative"
    • v close change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact
    • v close cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop
    • v close engage at close quarters "close with the enemy"
    • v close finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.) "The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board"
    • v close cease to operate or cause to cease operating "The owners decided to move and to close the factory","My business closes every night at 8 P.M.","close up the shop"
    • v close come to a close "The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin"
    • v close be priced or listed when trading stops "The stock market closed high this Friday","My new stocks closed at $59 last night"
    • n close the concluding part of any performance
    • n close the last section of a communication "in conclusion I want to say..."
    • n close the temporal end; the concluding time "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell","the market was up at the finish","they were playing better at the close of the season"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Closing the front Closing the front
When Darkness Closes In When Darkness Closes In
Close Call for Rosenbaum. 54 Close Call for Rosenbaum. 54
A kitten with its eyes closed, ignoring the two mice laughing behind it A kitten with its eyes closed, ignoring the two mice laughing behind it
wolfhound looking at closed door wolfhound looking at closed door
The Gateway of the Monastery Close, Rochester The Gateway of the Monastery Close, Rochester
Closely pursued by the Dog, who overwhelmed her with bites, blows and kicks Closely pursued by the Dog, who overwhelmed her with bites, blows and kicks
THE CARRIAGE DREW UP CLOSE BY THEM THE CARRIAGE DREW UP CLOSE BY THEM

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In October 1986, Pepsi paid close to $840 million to Nabisco for the Kentucky Fried Chicken empire
    • Close (Mus) A double bar marking the end.
    • Close A grapple in wrestling.
    • Close A narrow passage leading from a street to a court, and the houses within.
    • Close Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict; not wandering; as, a close observer.
    • Close Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact; strict; as, a close translation.
    • Close Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; -- often followed by to. "Plant the spring crocuses close to a wall.""The thought of the Man of sorrows seemed a very close thing -- not a faint hearsay."
    • Close An inclosed place; especially, a small field or piece of land surrounded by a wall, hedge, or fence of any kind; -- specifically, the precinct of a cathedral or abbey. "Closes surrounded by the venerable abodes of deans and canons."
    • Close Concise; to the point; as, close reasoning. "Where the original is close no version can reach it in the same compass."
    • Close Conclusion; cessation; ending; end. "His long and troubled life was drawing to a close ."
    • Close Difficult to obtain; as, money is close .
    • Close Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent. "For secrecy, no lady closer ."
    • Close Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact; as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as applied to liquids. "The golden globe being put into a press, . . . the water made itself way through the pores of that very close metal."
    • Close In a close manner.
    • Close Intimate; familiar; confidential. "League with you I seek
      And mutual amity, so strait, so close ,
      That I with you must dwell, or you with me."
    • Close Narrow; confined; as, a close alley; close quarters. "A close prison."
    • Close Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, a close vote. "A close contest."
    • Close Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc. "If the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows and doors, the one maketh the air close , . . . and the other maketh it exceeding unequal."
    • Close Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden. "He yet kept himself close because of Saul.""“Her close intent.”"
    • Close Parsimonious; stingy. "A crusty old fellow, as close as a vise."
    • Close Secretly; darkly. "A wondrous vision which did close imply
      The course of all her fortune and posterity."
    • Close Short; as, to cut grass or hair close .
    • Close Shut fast; closed; tight; as, a close box. "From a close bower this dainty music flowed."
    • Close Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, a close prisoner.
    • Close (Mus) The conclusion of a strain of music; cadence.
    • Close (Law) The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not inclosed.
    • Close The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction. "The doors of plank were; their close exquisite."
    • Close To bring to an end or period; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to end; to consummate; as, to close a bargain; to close a course of instruction. "One frugal supper did our studies close ."
    • Close To bring together the parts of; to consolidate; as, to close the ranks of an army; -- often used with up .
    • Close To come or gather around; to inclose; to encompass; to confine. "The depth closed me round about.""But now thou dost thyself immure and close In some one corner of a feeble heart."
    • Close To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated. "What deep wounds ever closed without a scar?"
    • Close To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate closed at six o'clock.
    • Close To grapple; to engage in hand-to-hand fight. "They boldly closed in a hand-to-hand contest."
    • Close To stop, or fill up, as an opening; to shut; as, to close the eyes; to close a door.
    • Close (Phon) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French, Italian, and German; -- opposed to open.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Close to fifty percent of Internet shoppers spend over five hours a week online
    • close To inclose; shut in; surround; comprise.
    • close To make close; bring together the parts of, especially so as to form a complete inclosure, or to prevent ingress or egress; shut; bring together: as, to close one's mouth; to close a door or a room; to close a book.
    • close To stop (up); fill (up); repair a gap, opening, or fracture in; unite; consolidate: often followed by up: as, to close an aperture or a room; to close or close up the ranks of troops.
    • close To end; finish; conclude; complete; bring to a period: as, to close a bargain or contract; to close a lecture.
    • close To draw near to; approach; close with (which see, under II.).
    • close In shoemaking, to sew or stitch together (the parts of the upper).
    • close To settle up an account.
    • close To come together, either literally or figuratively; fall; draw; gather around, as a curtain or a fog: often followed by on or upon: as, the shades of night close upon us.
    • close To end; terminate or come to a period: as, the debate closed at six o'clock.
    • close To engage in close encounter, or in a hand-to-hand fight; grapple; come to close quarters.
    • close In the game of sixty-six, to turn down the trump-card before the pack is exhausted, so that no further drawing can be done.
    • close In fencing, to get near enough to touch by making a step forward without deranging the position of the body.
    • close To come to an agreement with: as, to close with a person on certain terms.
    • close See II., 3.
    • close To harmonize; agree.
    • n close The manner of shutting; junction; coming together.
    • n close Conclusion; termination; end: as, the close of life; the close of deliberations.
    • n close In music, the conclusion of a strain or of a musical period or passage; a cadence.
    • n close A grapple, as in wrestling.
    • close Completely inclosing; brought together so as to leave no opening; having all openings covered or drawn together; confined; having no vent: as, a close box; a close vizor.
    • close Narrowly confined; pent up; imprisoned; strictly watched: as, a close prisoner.
    • close Retired; secluded; hidden.
    • close Kept secret; private; secret.
    • close Having the habit of secrecy or a disposition to keep secrets; secretive; reticent.
    • close Having an appearance of concealment; expressive of secretiveness or reticence.
    • close Having little openness, space, or breadth; contracted; narrow; confined: as, a close alley.
    • close Stagnant; without motion or ventilation; difficult to breathe; oppressive: said of the air or weather, and of a room the air in which is in this condition.
    • close Near together in space or time; near to; in contact or nearly so; adjoining: as, a close row of trees; to follow in close succession.
    • close Having the parts near each other or separated by only a small interval; condensed: as, the writing is too close. Compact; dense: as, timber of close texture or very close in the grain; a close texture in cloth.
    • close Near, in a figurative sense. Intimate; trusted: as, a close friend.
    • close Resting upon some strong uniting feeling, as love, self-interest, honor, etc.; strong; firm: as, a close union of individuals or of nations.
    • close Undeviating; not wandering. Not deviating from the object to which one's mind or thoughts are directed, or from the subject under consideration: as, to give close attention; a close observer.
    • close Strictly logical: as, close reasoning.
    • close Stingy; niggardly; penurious.
    • close Scarce; difficult to get: as, money is close.
    • close Tightly or closely; so as to leave no opening: as, shut the blinds close.
    • close In strict confinement.
    • close In concealment; in hiding; in secret; secretly.
    • close Near in space or time; in contact, or nearly touching: as, to follow close behind one.
    • n close An inclosed place; any place surrounded by a fence, wall, or hedge.
    • n close A piece of land held as private property, whether actually inclosed or not: in the common law of pleading, technically used of any interest (whether temporary or permanent, or even only in profits) in the soil, exclusive of other persons, such as entitles him who holds it to maintain an action of trespass against an invader.
    • n close Specifically, the precinct of a cathedral or an abbey; a minster-yard.
    • n close A narrow passage or entrance, such as leads from a main street to the stair of a building containing several tenements; the entry to a court; a narrow lane leading from a street: as, a close in Marylebone.
    • close In cribbage, noting cards which are near together, so that sequences are possible, such as the 5 and 7.
    • close Formed or pronounced with a partial closing of the lips: as, a close vowel.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Close to 3 billion movie tickets are sold in India every year
    • adj Close klōs shut up: with no opening: confined, unventilated: stifling: narrow: stingy: near, in time or place: intimate: compact, as opposed to discursive: crowded: hidden: reserved: private: secret
    • adv Close in a close manner: tightly; nearly: densely
    • n Close an enclosed place: a small enclosed field: a narrow passage of a street: the precinct of a cathedral
    • v.t Close klōz to make close: to draw together and unite: to finish
    • v.i Close to come together: to grapple: to come to an end (with)
    • n Close the manner or time of closing: a pause or stop: the end: junction:
    • n Close (Shak.) encounter
    • ***

Quotations

  • Arthur Schopenhauer
    Arthur%20Schopenhauer
    “The closing years of life are like the end of a masquerade party, when the masks are dropped.”
  • Thomas B. Macaulay
    Thomas%20B.%20Macaulay
    “He had a wonderful talent for packing thought close, and rendering it portable.”
  • Klemens Von Metternich
    Klemens Von Metternich
    “It is useless to close the gates against ideas; they overlap them.”
  • Charlie Chaplin
    Charlie%20Chaplin
    “Life is a tragedy when seen in close-up, but a comedy in long-shot.”
  • Maurice Maeterlinck
    Maurice Maeterlinck
    “They believe that nothing will happen because they have closed their doors.”
  • Guy Finley
    Guy Finley
    “A crisis is a close encounter of the third kind.”

Idioms

Behind closed doors - If something happens away from the public eye, it happens behind closed doors.
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Close at hand - If something is close at hand, it is nearby or conveniently located.
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Close but no cigar - (USA) If you are close but no cigar, you are close to success or the truth, but have not got there.
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Close call - If the result of something is a close call, it is almost impossible to distinguish between the parties involved and to say who has won or whatever. It can also mean that you very nearly have a serious accident or get into trouble.
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Close lipped - A person who is reluctant to talk about a specific subject is close lipped.
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Close only counts in horseshoes and hand grenades - This phrase is used to say that if you come close to success without succeeding, it is not good enough
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Close ranks - If members of an organisation close ranks, they show support for each other publicly, especially when being criticised. It is a military term- when soldiers close ranks, they stand closer together so that it is difficult to pass through them.
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Close shave - If you have a close shave, you very nearly have a serious accident or get into trouble.
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Close the book - If you close the book on something, you end it completely.
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Close the stable door after the horse has bolted - If people try to fix something after the problem has occurred, they are trying to close the stable door after the horse has bolted. 'Close the barn door after the horse has bolted' is alternative, often used in American English.
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Close to your heart - If something is close to your heart, you care a lot about it. ('Dear to your heart' is an alternative.)
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Closed book to me - If a subject is a closed book to you, it is something that you don't understand or know anything about.
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Sail close to the wind - If you sail close to the wind, you take risks to do something, going close to the limit of what is allowed or acceptable.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From OF. & F. clos, p. p. of clore, to close, fr. L. claudere,; akin to G. schliessen, to shut, and to E. clot, cloister, clavicle, conclude, sluice,. Cf. Clause (n.)

Usage

In literature:

It was close to the dinner hour, and the character of the street crowds had changed.
"The Girl and The Bill" by Bannister Merwin
The gates closed always at ten.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
The contracted part of a vessel's hold, close to the bow; close forward under the lower deck.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
It had been very close in the little cell, and Maria was glad of the coolness that came in through the open door.
"Casa Braccio, Volumes 1 and 2 (of 2)" by F. Marion Crawford
His close-set eyes were gleaming.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
A fine, close-grained, yellowish white, durable timber, easily worked.
"Seasoning of Wood" by Joseph B. Wagner
I closed my eyes and endeavored not to witness the scene but was unable to keep them closed.
"A Virginia Scout" by Hugh Pendexter
Formation in close country.= In close country, where surprise is possible, the troops must be held in a close formation.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
A white face appeared quite close to her, with a mist, hanging like a garment from its shoulders.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
It came very close but the fog guarded him well and he heard it pass on.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
Here we close this hasty sketch of one of the most important portions of the history of mankind.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
He was watching that hand closely, his own fingers near his gun butt.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
But the cellar door closed upon him with a slam.
"The Ranch at the Wolverine" by B. M. Bower
Jeremy must have been in his hiding place close to half an hour before he heard Bob's sharply whistled tune close outside in the gun deck.
"The Black Buccaneer" by Stephen W. Meader
Daoud underwent the training of a Mameluke, and Baibars watched him closely.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
He felt as if he were being stalked, and the hunter was closing in.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
The pier at Kowloon loomed close and more close.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
Why must he be set in this separateness, why could she not be with him, close, close, as one with him?
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
Jesus loves to have her close to him, and he can never refuse her requests.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
I saw also that she opened the book, closed it, looked rapidly on both sides, then stepped inside, and closed the door.
"My Secret Life, Volumes I. to III." by Anonymous
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In poetry:

Your eyes drink of me,
Love makes them shine,
Your eyes that lean
So close to mine.
"The Mystery" by Sara Teasdale
Enamoured I linger,
Close mantled, for thee--
With sword and with guitar,
O look once on me!
"A Serenade" by Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin
We shall close our eyes,
O people! O people!
We shall open our eyes,
O warriors! O warriors!
"A Song" by Daniil Ivanovich Kharms
Listen! From a plum-close,
Like a troubled soul,
Tremulous a voice goes —
'Tis the oriole!
"Break Of Day" by John Gneisenau Neihardt
We have closed our eyes,
O people! O people!
We have opened our eyes,
O warriors! O warriors!
"A Song" by Daniil Ivanovich Kharms
May my flesh slumber in you,
my worry, my trembling.
In you, may my eyes close
and my heart sleep.
"The Sad Mother" by Gabriela Mistral

In news:

You can only imagine how close you get to one another when you're living in such close quarters.
In states where the race is not close, media outlets will be able to call the state at poll closing based on exit polls.
Uncounted votes complicate several close races,About 400,000 votes are still to be counted in Maricopa County, and likely more than 500,000 statewide, complicating the ability to call several close races throughout Arizona.
A volunteer farm in was on the verge of closing, but now, since a story aired about their closing on WHSV, the farm owners have received $48,000 in donations.
Closed since severe damage from the June floods took out large sections of Jay Cooke State Park, officials announced they were planning to open portions of the closed campground on Monday.
The California Highway Patrol says one lane of Highway 101 is closed in Santa Barbara at the Salinas Street offramp due to a jacknifed crane. The CHP says no one was hurt, but one lane is closed.
"Staff has spent close to two hours now dissecting a close-to 200-page document and we were given close to 10 minutes," he said after the staff presentation Tuesday.
The season runs through March 31, except in the Beaverhead and Island Park zones, which close Jan 31, 2013, and in the Lolo and Selway zones, which close June 30, 2013.
12 PM Overnight roadwork on Rt 347 (Nesconset Highway): Eastbound one lane closed starting at 7pm, all lanes closed at 10pm.
Dear Doctor Z, can watching a Ravens telecast make me ill. Ater losing in OT to the Redskins 31-28, Ravens quarterback Joe Flacco said the team has won some close games and has lost some close ones and now they just have to move on.
As of the close of the day on Thursday, Measure S was behind by close to 2,500 votes—4.6% of the vote.
The Dow closed down closed down 58.90 points, or 0.5 percent, at 12,756.18.
The University at Buffalo will close its controversial Shale Resources and Society Institute, whose work came under fire from critics who accused its researchers of having improperly close ties to the gas industry.
Officials say the highway will remain closed indefinitely as Hurricane Sandy closes in on Delaware.
The WSDOT said I-90 eastbound is closed at Tinkham Road near milepost 47, and the eastbound lanes of Snoqualmie pass are closed.
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In science:

Let us denote the family of finite unions of open, closed or semi-closed rectangles with rational t, s by R.
Determinantal random point fields
In the table above eα′ and g (p) str represent the closed string scale and closed string coupling respectively.
OM Theory in Diverse Dimensions
Thus, a.s. the closed bonds of ω ′ do not form any infinite cluster if p∗ is sufficiently close to 1.
Explicit isoperimetric constants and phase transitions in the random-cluster model
Choose p so close to 1 that ξ ′ has no infinite closed clusters.
Explicit isoperimetric constants and phase transitions in the random-cluster model
However, simple condensation theory predicts no variation at all. (ii) In the region of significant experimental interest, i.e.,for concentrations of DNA phosphates from 0.1 to 0.5 M, the calculated osmotic coefficients are close to 0.3 in reasonably close agreement with the experimental value 0.24 .
Osmotic Properties of Charged Cylinders: Critical Evaluation of Counterion Condensation Theory
Analysis of more complex closed cell foams is very difficult, but computational results [4–8] have been obtained for the closed cell tetrakaidecahedral foam shown in Fig. 1.
Elastic moduli of model random three-dimensional closed-cell cellular solids
The data shown is for the closed-cell Voronoi tessellation (◦) and the closed-cell Gaussian random field model ( 2).
Elastic moduli of model random three-dimensional closed-cell cellular solids
Equivalently, one can use closed string vertices which are close to the boundary, and then the same result follows using OPE’s to reduce to open string vertices.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
In the gauge where B = 0 and it is E that becomes critical, the (free) closed string spectrum must be the standard one, because closed strings are electrically neutral.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
In the (E 6= 0, B = 0) gauge, on the other hand, there is no dependence of the closed string (free) spectrum on E , because closed strings are electrically neutral.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
Dn,(a) ) is a closed point, then sp(X a ) is a finite set of closed points.
Ramification of local fields with imperfect residue fields
Upper bound for d ≥ 2 and p close to 1 We now prove the theorem for d ≥ 2 assuming that p is close to 1.
On the mixing time of simple random walk on the super critical percolation cluster
Simple walks where also the end site is the origin, that is s(p) = 0, are ”closed” . A simple closed walk is ”weakly positive” if s(k) ≥ 0 for all k .
Enumeration of simple random walks and tridiagonal matrices
Proof: Closed paths contributing to the above counting number are sequences of n1 closed positive paths and n0 closed negative paths.
Enumeration of simple random walks and tridiagonal matrices
Thus, at the critical line (2), close to Tmax , xc is very close to 1 and as T (µ) decreases (increases) xc drops to zero.
Random Heteropolymer Dynamics
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