cloak

Definitions

  • Little red riding-hood, wearing her cloak, stands in the doorway
    Little red riding-hood, wearing her cloak, stands in the doorway
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cloak cover with or as if with a cloak "cloaked monks"
    • v cloak cover as if with clothing "the mountain was clothed in tropical trees"
    • v cloak hide under a false appearance "He masked his disappointment"
    • n cloak a loose outer garment
    • n cloak anything that covers or conceals
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

TWO ASSASSINS IN LONG CLOAKS TWO ASSASSINS IN LONG CLOAKS

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Cloak A loose outer garment, extending from the neck downwards, and commonly without sleeves. It is longer than a cape, and is worn both by men and by women.
    • Cloak That which conceals; a disguise or pretext; an excuse; a fair pretense; a mask; a cover. "No man is esteemed any ways considerable for policy who wears religion otherwise than as a cloak ."
    • v. t Cloak To cover with, or as with, a cloak; hence, to hide or conceal. "Now glooming sadly, so to cloak her matter."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cloak Properly, a loose outer garment without sleeves, worn by either sex as a protection from the weather: now frequently used, though erroneously, for a sleeved outer wrap worn by women. In the sixteenth century the cloak was an article of every-day wear, and was made with large loose armholes, through which the sleeves of the undergarment were passed, as is seen in portraits of Henry VIII. and the nobles of his court. Later it was shortened, and became in common use little more than a cape, though large and long cloaks were still used in traveling. In the latter part of the seventeenth century cloaks were abandoned, except for protection from cold and wet, on account of the changing fashion of the outer coat. Under the name of Spanish cloak, this garment was worn from about 1800 to 1840 in Great Britain and America, the shape being a half-circle; it had a broad collar, often of fur or of velvet, which was continued down the edges of the cloak on both sides in breadths of a foot or more. When in use, one of these edges was drawn across the breast and flung over the opposite shoulder with the breadth of fur or velvet turned outward, so as to form a decorative draping, falling from the shoulder behind. The same garment is still worn as the most common winter dress in certain Italian cities.
    • n cloak Figuratively, that which conceals; a cover; a disguise or pretext; an excuse; a fair pretense.
    • cloak To cover with or as with a cloak.
    • cloak Figuratively, to cover up; hide; conceal.
    • cloak Synonyms To hide, conceal, mask, cover, veil, screen.
    • cloak To intrigue; hold secret council.
    • n cloak In mollusks, same as mantle or pallium.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cloak klōk a loose outer garment: a covering: that which conceals: a disguise, pretext
    • v.t Cloak to clothe with a cloak: to cover: to conceal
    • ***

Quotations

  • Spanish Proverb
    Spanish Proverb
    “Under a tattered cloak you will generally find a good drinker.”
  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “Our life is not really a mutual helpfulness; but rather, it's fair competition cloaked under due laws of war; it's a mutual hostility.”
  • Johann Kaspar Lavater
    Johann%20Kaspar%20Lavater
    “The craftiest trickery are too short and ragged a cloak to cover a bad heart.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “If someone takes your coat, give him your cloak as well; if he makes you go a mile with him, go with him two. [Mathew]”
  • Anne Fox
    Anne Fox
    “Of all the characters of cruelty, I consider the most despicable the one that cloaks himself in a garb of mercy.”
  • Thomas Fuller
    Thomas%20Fuller
    “Pride perceiving humility honorable, often borrows her cloak.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Of. cloque, cloak (from the bell-like shape), bell, F. cloche, bell; perh. of Celtic origin and the same word as E. clock,. See 1st Clock

Usage

In literature:

The man, a well-to-do shopkeeper, looked curiously at my shabby cloak, but directed me civilly enough.
"My Sword's My Fortune" by Herbert Hayens
Come, step down upon my cloak and walk with me out into the moonlight.
"Ainslee's, Vol. 15, No. 6, July 1905" by Various
As I have said, I lay down upon my back, covering myself with my ample cloak from the chin to the ankles.
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
Then I must have a thick coat or cloak.
"Daisy" by Elizabeth Wetherell
Close beside him stood a tall girl wrapped in a long cloak of fur and amber velvet.
"A Modern Mercenary" by Kate Prichard and Hesketh Vernon Hesketh-Prichard
Then the flock took flight with much screaming, but one fell dead, and the cloak fluttered down.
"The Yellow Fairy Book" by Leonora Blanche Alleyne Lang
And they missed the Scorpion, the miniature crossbow devised by the Hashishiyya, its parts concealed in the hem of his cloak.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
Her cloak glittered with gold embroidery, and on her gray hair she wore a small silver coronet.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
Hollyhock, wearing her dark cloak, looked in.
"Hollyhock" by L. T. Meade
Those remarkable cloaks were all that saved them.
"The Copper-Clad World" by Harl Vincent
The wind blew it around him like a cloak to cover up the holes in his jacket sleeves and his old shoes.
"Boys and Girls Bookshelf (Vol 2 of 17)" by Various
His cloak was discarded.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
He gave a great howl as he, Forister, the cloaks, cushions, and rugs spread out grandly in one sublime confusion.
"The O'Ruddy" by Stephen Crane
A figure in a black cloak, crouching thirty feet away across the corridor.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, March 1930" by Various
Her evening cloak was bordered with swansdown.
"Tante" by Anne Douglas Sedgwick
He unfastened his grey cloak at the neck and cast it into a corner after his hat.
"The Fifth Queen" by Ford Madox Ford
The girl he called Agnes, folded her cloak about her and settled down among the cushions, casting wistful glances at the sky.
"Mabel's Mistake" by Ann S. Stephens
Their hearts stood still, but they peered out to see a woman in a gray cloak step into the street, and they breathed more freely.
"The Preacher of Cedar Mountain" by Ernest Thompson Seton
From the tattered snow cloaks they wore, they both clearly were wayfarers.
"Quest of the Golden Ape" by Ivar Jorgensen
A great oblong-shaped piece of stuff for a cloak, or a heavy, round cloak with an attached hood.
"English Costume" by Dion Clayton Calthrop
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In poetry:

You have taken away my cloak,
My cloak of weariness;
Take my coat also,
My many-coloured coat of life....
"Two Smiles" by Edward Powys Mathers
My friend
Spreads wide his cloak in a spring shower;
With every fall
The green fields are
More verdant than ever.
"My Friend" by Ki no Tsurayuki
'I make the cloak of Sorrow:
O lovely to see in all men's sight
Shall be the cloak of Sorrow,
In all men's sight.'
"The Cloak, The Boat And The Shoes" by William Butler Yeats
No mask nor vizor here can hide
The heart that rotten is;
All cloaks now must be laid aside,
No sinner must have bliss.
"Of Judgement" by John Bunyan
Take away my cloak of pride,
And the worthless rags 't would hide:
Clothe me in my angel-dress,
Beautiful with holiness!
"My Angel-Dress" by Lucy Larcom
Prefer my cloak unto the cloak of dust
'Neath which the last year lies,
For thou shouldst more mistrust
Time than my eyes.
"The Cloak" by Ezra Pound

In news:

But combat cloaking , he said, is still "many years down the road.".
Army Eyes Invisibility Cloak .
Cloaking uses materials, known as metamaterials, to deflect radar, light or other waves around an object, like water flowing around a smooth rock in a stream.
Ways to Ditch a Corporate Invisibility Cloak .
Careers / Ways to Ditch a Corporate Invisibility Cloak .
Native leader urges end to ' cloak of victimization'.
White cedars cloak lake's rocky cliffs.
Women scientist discovers real cloak of invisibility.
Researcher Natalia Litchinitser of the University of Michigan department of electrical engineering told the AP that the work appeared to be the first experimental demonstration of cloaking based on metamaterials.
The microwave cloaking device, made of copper rings and wires patterned onto sheets of composite fiberglass.
Scientists have created a cloaking device that can reroute certain wavelengths of light, forcing them around objects like water flowing around boulders in a stream.
See all the pictures from the CLOAK collections from CLOAK .
Imagine an invisibility cloak that works just like the one Harry Potter inherited from his father.
They are laying out the blueprint and calling for help in developing the exotic materials needed to build a cloak .
Maid held 'prisoner' by diplomat makes cloak-and- dagger escape.
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In science:

To keep the design simple, in our numerical simulations we simply truncated the cloaked cylinder, as optimized in the previous section, consistent with the geometry in Fig. 1, leaving the ends uncovered.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
However, since this cloaking technique is based on an integral effect , for moderate cross-sections these effects are not expected to significantly deteriorate the overall cloaking performance.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
Improved performance may be obtained by locally tailoring the cloak around the edges, and covering the ends, as described for conical geometries in .
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
The small improvements achievable with this fine-tuning of the cloak design are in any case not relevant to the following general discussion.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
II), so we excite the cylinder with an impinging TM wave, and use a cloak with permittivity ǫ = −13.55ǫ0 (ωp = 11.44 GHz) at f0 and thickness ac = 1.1a, obtained in Sec.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
For a thicker cloak, |ǫc | may be reduced, but at the price of possible excitation of higher-order cylindrical harmonics, which may slightly deteriorate the cloak performance.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
It compares the cloaked (solid green curve) and uncloaked (red dashed curve) scenarios for normal incidence (α = π/2).
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
Despite the cylinder’s finite electrical length and its non-negligible cross-section, scattering at the design frequency may be significantly suppressed with a proper cloak design.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
As expected, the scattering is a minimum at f0 , and the bandwidth of operation is moderately large, as is common for plasmonic cloaks .
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
Fig. 6b plots the corresponding scattering gain, defined as the ratio between the total RCS of the cloaked and uncloaked geometries.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
The curves effectively show the overall scattering reduction achieved by adding the cloak to the bare cylinder for different frequencies.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
TABLE II: Scattering gain at frequency f0 for the cloak designs of Table I with 10% thickness (ac = 1.1a), and TMz normal incidence.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
Even for small (near grazing) incidence angles, the cloaking effects are barely different from the normalincidence case.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
For smaller values of α, cloaking is somewhat reduced at f0 , due to the excitation of TE scattered waves via cross-polarization coupling, as discussed in Sec.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
The results of Fig. 7 demonstrate convincingly that plasmonic cloaking may be applied to finite-length dielectric cylinders at oblique excitation, although at small α one may be required to cloak the TE contribution separately for improved performance.
Plasmonic Cloaking of Cylinders: Finite Length, Oblique Illumination and Cross-Polarization Coupling
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