cleave

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cleave come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together and resist separation "The dress clings to her body","The label stuck to the box","The sushi rice grains cohere"
    • v cleave separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument "cleave the bone"
    • v cleave make by cutting into "The water is going to cleave a channel into the rock"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: "The verb "cleave" is the only English word with two synonyms which are antonyms of each other: adhere and separate.
    • Cleave To adhere closely; to stick; to hold fast; to cling. "My bones cleave to my skin.""The diseases of Egypt . . . shall cleave unto thee.""Sophistry cleaves close to and protects
      Sin's rotten trunk, concealing its defects."
    • Cleave To fit; to be adapted; to assimilate. "New honors come upon him,
      Like our strange garments, cleave not to their mold
      But with the aid of use."
    • Cleave To part or divide by force; to split or rive; to cut. "O Hamlet, thou hast cleft my heart in twain."
    • Cleave To part or open naturally; to divide. "Every beast that parteth the hoof, and cleaveth the cleft into two claws."
    • v. i Cleave To part; to open; to crack; to separate; as parts of bodies; as, the ground cleaves by frost. "The Mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst."
    • Cleave To unite or be united closely in interest or affection; to adhere with strong attachment. "Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife.""Cleave unto the Lord your God."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • cleave To stick; adhere; be attached; cling: often used figuratively.
    • cleave To fit closely.
    • cleave To part or divide by force; rend apart; split or rive; separate or sunder into parts, or (figuratively) seem to do so: as, to cleave wood; to cleave a rock.
    • cleave To produce or effect by cleavage or clearance; make a way for by force; hew out: as, to cleave a path through a wilderness.
    • cleave To part or open naturally.
    • cleave Synonyms Split, Rip, etc. See rend.
    • cleave To come apart; divide; split; open; especially, to split with a smooth plane fracture, or in layers, as certain minerals and rocks. See cleavage, 2 and 3.
    • cleave In agriculture, to replow (old ridges) in such a manner as to divide each in the middle. See cleaving. Also split.
    • n cleave In mining, a subdivision of a bed, usually of iron ore; a bench.
    • n cleave A basket or basketful: as a cleave of potatoes, or of turf.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Cleave klēv to divide, to split: to separate with violence: to go through: to pierce
    • v.i Cleave to part asunder: to crack:—pr.p. cleav′ing; pa.t. clōve or cleft; pa.p. clov′en or cleft
    • v.i Cleave klēv to stick or adhere: to unite
    • pr.p Cleave cleav′ing; pa.t. cleaved or clāve; pa.p. cleaved
    • ***

Quotations

  • Bible
    Bible
    “Therefore shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. [Genesis 2:24]”
  • George Eliot
    George%20Eliot
    “I'm proof against that word failure. I've seen behind it. The only failure a man ought to fear is failure of cleaving to the purpose he sees to be best.”
  • George Eliot
    George%20Eliot
    “The only failure a man ought to fear is failure in cleaving to the purpose he sees to be best.”
  • Aldo Leopold
    Aldo Leopold
    “One swallow does not make a summer, but one skein of geese, cleaving the murk of March thaw, is the Spring.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. cleovien, clivien, cliven, AS. cleofian, clifian,; akin to OS. klibōn, G. kleben, LG. kliven, D. kleven, Dan. klæbe, Sw. klibba, and also to G. kleiben, to cleve, paste, Icel. klīfa, to climb. Cf. Climb

Usage

In literature:

Good, stout wood, with strength enough to resist storms and to cleave to the rocks of these mountainsides, takes a lifetime.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. XII, No. 28. July, 1873." by Various
The wolf will the father of men devour; him Vidar will avenge: he his cold jaws will cleave, in conflict with the wolf.
"The Elder Eddas of Saemund Sigfusson; and the Younger Eddas of Snorre Sturleson" by Saemund Sigfusson and Snorre Sturleson
The hatchet which served to fell the tree, was as readily used to cleave open the head of an enemy.
"An Illustrated History of Ireland from AD 400 to 1800" by Mary Frances Cusack
At the word, sirs, cleave a way.
"The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay" by Maurice Hewlett
I think the Bible says it is the man who is to leave father and mother and cleave to his wife.
"Elsie at the World's Fair" by Martha Finley
A deep gorge has to be traversed, where the torrent cleaves its way between jaws of limestone precipices.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece" by John Addington Symonds
Fear not, I cleave to justice and honest arguments.
"The Tragedies of Euripides, Volume I." by Euripides
I desire to cleave to heavenly things but fleshly things and unmortified passions depress me.
"The Life of the Spirit and the Life of To-day" by Evelyn Underhill
And many do likewise retain the analogy in both, as waked, awaked, sheared, weaved, cleaved, abided, seethed.
"A Grammar of the English Tongue" by Samuel Johnson
Much weariness, want of prayerfulness, and want of cleaving to Christ.
"The Biography of Robert Murray M'Cheyne" by Andrew A. Bonar
That distant clock cleaved the silence of the night with twelve ponderous strokes.
"The Man with the Clubfoot" by Valentine Williams
Since the creation, the man has cleaved to the woman and the woman to the man.
"Gladys, the Reaper" by Anne Beale
How to cleave such a rock of tradition?
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 152, May 16, 1917." by Various
And that arrow, cleaving through his mail, penetrated into his body.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2"
Do you hear them behind you cleaving the water?
"Macleod of Dare" by William Black
Let me pass, I say, or I may lose patience and cleave your skull as you stand.
"In the Wars of the Roses" by Evelyn Everett-Green
Now then, Cleave, we've got the course to ourselves.
"Round the World in Seven Days" by Herbert Strang
Three or four hundred yards away, the back of a monster shark was seen cleaving the water.
"New National Fourth Reader" by Charles J. Barnes and J. Marshall Hawkes
He disappeared up the stream, cleaving it like a salmon.
"One of Life's Slaves" by Jonas Lauritz Idemil Lie
Now the first cause which makes it a solemn thing to die, is the instinctive cleaving of every thing that lives to its own existence.
"Sermons Preached at Brighton" by Frederick W. Robertson
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In poetry:

The stars cleave the sky.
Yet for us they rest,
And their race-course high
Is a shining nest!
"An Improvisation" by George MacDonald
Through Sex the seedling wakes
To cleave the ground;
'Tis really Sex that makes
The world go 'round.
"Sex" by Arthur Guiterman
The doom of Sodom wilt be ours
If to the earth we cleave;
Lord quicken all our drowsy pow'rs,
To flee to thee and live.
"Lot In Sodom" by John Newton
Cleave it down along the ridge
With a fissure yawning deep
To the heart of the hard heap,
Like the rent of riving wedge.
"Brother Artist" by George MacDonald
A new impulse it then receives
Which speeds it on its way;
To it no stain of sin now cleaves--
It seeks its perfect day.
"The Big Bear Creek" by Joseph Horatio Chant
Gazing home,
As the slow bark cleaves the foam,
Gazing home;
Seems the haven far before
Nought to that remember'd shore.
"Wishes" by Menella Bute Smedley

In news:

Chris Cleave is a columnist for The Guardian newspaper in London.
Nearly four years ago Cleave 's first novel, "Incendiary," about an al-Qaeda bomb attack at a London soccer match, was published in Britain on the very day that suicide bombers killed 52 people in London's transit system.
This photograph of Robb Van Cleave is not accurate.
Its release timed to capitalize on Olympic fever in London, Chris Cleave 's third novel, "Gold," is shorter on surprise and longer on implausibility than his previous two, the widely beloved "Little Bee" and "Incendiary".
' Cleaving : A Story of Marriage, Meat, and Obsession' by Julie Powell.
The Case for Cleaving .
Former Michigan State basketball stars Mateen Cleaves and Steve Smith and former NFL coach Tony Dungy are going into the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame.
DETROIT (AP) — Former Michigan State basketball stars Mateen Cleaves and Steve Smith and former NFL coach Tony Dungy are going into the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame.
Chris Cleave is the author of "Gold".
If you agree that parts of Alameda look like the Leave It to Beaver set, then Scalise's is where Mrs Cleaver would have gotten her meat cleaved.
According to Deputy Chief Harvey Van Cleave, at 10:05 pm, police received the call from a man in the 100 block of W. Benton Street who said he saw a figure outside his window.
On May 6, the iris garden alongside Jim and Charity Marlatts' house on a mountain two hours north of Albany was cleaved by a small crack only two inches wide.
Published Sunday, July 8, 2012, at 8:38 a.m. "Gold" by Chris Cleave (Simon & Schuster, $27) From the author of "Little Bee" comes a tale of two cyclists with Olympic aspirations.
NCAA honors Michigan State's Earvin 'Magic' Johnson, Mateen Cleaves as top all-time March Madness players.
NCAA honors Michigan State's Earvin ' Magic ' Johnson, Mateen Cleaves as top all-time March Madness players.
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In science:

The HOPG samples are cleaved ex-situ and annealed at 450◦C until a good LEED pattern is obtained.
First evidence of transient interactions between $\pi\to\pi^*$ optical excitations and image potential states in graphite
On the cleaved surface of a single crystal of Sr2RuO4 , it is expected that the chiral edge current exists at the bulk edge as well as along the boundaries of k x + iky (Lz = +1) and k x − iky (Lz = −1) domains.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
In the present paper, the Casimir-Lifshitz force is calculated in the case of the perpendicular cleave between the cuprate superconductor and silica with bromobenzene in between.
Repulsive Casimir force between silicon dioxide and superconductor
Because of the anisotropic property, the expressions of the reflection coefficients TE and TM in the case of the parallel cleave orientation are different from Eq.(8) and Eq.(9).
Repulsive Casimir force between silicon dioxide and superconductor
The RNAP can either regain its active position and then resume elongation (thereby leaving the erroneoualy incorporated nucleotide intact) or cleave the transcript at its backtracked position and occupy the newly created active state (thereby resuming elongation after correcting the error) (see fig.4).
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
This backtracked state may also cleave the the erroneous part of the nascent polynucleotide which result in the transition to the active state of RNAP.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
The nascent DNA is transferred back to the site of polymerization after cleaving the nucleotide from its growing tip.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
Normally, transfer of the nascent DNA from the polymerase site to the exonuclease site takes place upon incorporation of a wrong nucleotide so that the misincorporated nucleotide can be cleaved off.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
The active exonuclease site can cleave the last incorporated nucleotide with rate ωe (Ωe ) for correct (incorrect) incorporation, alternatively it may also switch back to polymerase active mode with rate ωpr (Ωpr ) for correct (incorrect) incorporation.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
The initiation module contain only A and PCP domain while the termination module includes one more extra TE domain, which cleaves the fully elongated polypeptide from PCP domain.
Template-directed biopolymerization: tape-copying Turing machines
On the other hand tunneling spectroscopy and angle resolved photoemission (ARPES) are surface sensitive probes where the focus has been on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 which cleaves easily in vacuum along the BiO planes normal to the c–direction yielding a high quality virgin surface.
The pseudogap in high-temperature superconductors: an experimental survey
It was found that in optimally doped, vacuum cleaved samples of Bi 2212 there was a shift in the leading edge of the electron loss spectrum below Tc (Imer et al. (1989), Manzke et al. (1989) and Olsen et al. (1989)).
The pseudogap in high-temperature superconductors: an experimental survey
Renner et al. (1998) report tunneling into underdoped Bi2212 crystals cleaved in vacuum using a scanning tunneling microscope (STM).
The pseudogap in high-temperature superconductors: an experimental survey
In the Taiwan design, the fiber is cleaved at 45o to act as a mirror.
New Results on ATLAS Pixel Opto-Link
Light traveling down the fiber is reflected onto the PIN placed directly below the cleaved surface.
New Results on ATLAS Pixel Opto-Link
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