clause

Definitions

  • BUT YOU MUST ADD THAT CLAUSE. OH, NO, I GUESS I MUST NOT
    BUT YOU MUST ADD THAT CLAUSE. OH, NO, I GUESS I MUST NOT
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n clause (grammar) an expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence
    • n clause a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The name Santa Claus came from Saint Nicholas who was a bishop in the town of Myra, and was known to be very nice to children
    • Clause A separate portion of a written paper, paragraph, or sentence; an article, stipulation, or proviso, in a legal document. "The usual attestation clause to a will."
    • Clause (Gram) A subordinate portion or a subdivision of a sentence containing a subject and its predicate.
    • n Clause See Letters clause or Letters close, under Letter.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Italy, Santa Claus is known by the name Babbo Natale
    • n clause Any part of a written composition, especially one containing complete sense in itself, as a sentence or paragraph: in modern use commonly limited to such parts of legal documents, as of statutes, contracts, wills, etc. In law, the usual meaning is some collocation of words the removal of which from the instrument will leave the rest of it intelligible. It is not essential to the idea of a clause that it must itself be capable of being read as a document if taken alone.
    • n clause A distinct stipulation, condition, proviso, etc.: as, a special clause in a contract.
    • n clause In grammar, one of the lesser sentences which united and modified form a compound or complex sentence. A clause differs from a phrase in containing both a subject and its predicate, while a phrase is a group of two or more words not containing both these essential elements of a simple sentence. The principal clause is that member of a complex sentence on which others, called dependent or subordinate clauses, depend. The members of a compound sentence are coordinate clauses. Principal and coördinate clauses separated from the remainder of the sentence can by omission of connectives (conjunctions or relatives), and addition, if necessary, of words from other clauses, resume the form of simple sentences. Dependent clauses often require further changes of mood, tense, and person to become independent sentences.
    • n clause That part of a bond which defines the amount of the penalty.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Indiana has a city named Santa Claus.
    • n Clause klawz a sentence or part of a sentence: an article or part of a contract, will, &c
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Quotations

  • Shirley Temple Black
    Shirley Temple Black
    “I stopped believing in Santa Claus when I was six. Mother took me to see him in a department store and he asked for my autograph.”
  • Alfred E. Smith
    Alfred E. Smith
    “Nobody shoots at Santa Claus.”
  • James G. Cozzens
    James G. Cozzens
    “A cynic is just a man who found out when he was ten that there wasn't any Santa Claus, and he's still upset.”

Idioms

Grandfather clause - An existing condition, usually in a contract or other agreement, that cannot be changed, even if the conditions are changed for others.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. clause, LL. clausa, equiv. to L. clausula, clause, prop., close of rhetorical period, close, fr. claudere, to shut, to end. See Close
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. clause—L. claususclaudĕre, to shut.

Usage

In literature:

From the beginning it was clear that the actual drafting of the treaty clauses would have to be undertaken by special commissions.
"Woodrow Wilson and the World War" by Charles Seymour
SANTA CLAUS AND THE STOCKING.
"Christmas: Its Origin and Associations" by William Francis Dawson
His house in the sky may be made of stone or brick; birds, children, and Santa Claus live with God.
"The Task of Social Hygiene" by Havelock Ellis
The Declaration was formally adopted clause by clause.
"The Story of the Upper Canada Rebellion, Volume 1" by John Charles Dent
The judicial power could have acted without such a clause.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 6, 1921" by Various
Us chillun had a heap of fun a-lookin' for Santa Claus.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States" by Work Projects Administration
A clause used as a noun is called a SUBSTANTIVE CLAUSE.
"Practical Grammar and Composition" by Thomas Wood
Note the rising inflection on these negative clauses.
"The Ontario High School Reader" by A.E. Marty
The furniture in his house never exceeded the exemption clause.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great Philosophers, Volume 8" by Elbert Hubbard
That reminds me, Mother, you said you would help me play Santa Claus to little Charlie.
"Marjorie Dean High School Freshman" by Pauline Lester
There were other clauses of less importance which need not be specified.
"South Africa and the Transvaal War, Vol. 1 (of 6)" by Louis Creswicke
The Santa Claus man was staring up at him.
"Charley de Milo" by Laurence Mark Janifer AKA Larry M. Harris
By southern votes, this clause was fortunately stricken out.
"Anti-Slavery Opinions before the Year 1800" by William Frederick Poole
The "Maximum and Minimum" Clause.
"History of the United States, Volume 6 (of 6)" by E. Benjamin Andrews
And, as a matter of fact, the Nebraska Bill as originally drafted by him was innocent of the clause which afterwards caused so much controversy.
"A History of the United States" by Cecil Chesterton
The children were just in the mood of what followed: the appearance of Santa Claus!
"The Girl Scouts' Good Turn" by Edith Lavell
In 1827, the convict clause was withdrawn: the settler was required to produce L500 capital for each square mile he claimed.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
If Santa Claus will only bring me a sled, I shall be content.
"The Nursery, January 1873, Vol. XIII." by Various
It is all tosh about old Claus, there's no such person!
"Werwolves" by Elliott O'Donnell
The Reviewer, with the fact well known to him, that I had suppressed and discarded this clause, flings it against me, repeatedly.
"Salem Witchcraft and Cotton Mather" by Charles W. Upham
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In poetry:

A servant with this clause
Makes drudgerie divine:
Who sweeps a room as for thy laws,
Makes that and th' action fine.
"The Elixir" by George Herbert
Don't want Santy Claus--ner things
Any kind he ever brings!--
Don't want A'nty!--Don't want Pa!--
I ist only want my Ma!
"A Christmas Memory" by James Whitcomb Riley
Yet not in either lies the curse:
The hell of it's because
I don't know which loss hurt the worse —
My God or Santa Claus.
"The Sceptic" by Robert W Service
"Maybe in Santa Claus's land
It isn't hard times none at all!"
Now, blessed Vision! to my hand
Most pat, a marvel strange did fall.
"The Hard Times In Elfland [A Story of Christmas Eve]" by Sidney Lanier
Little fairy snow-flakes
Dancing in the flue;
Old Mr. Santa Claus,
What is keeping you?
Twilight and firelight
Shadows come and go;
"Marjorie’s Almanac" by Thomas Bailey Aldrich
And then he tells us that there was
A Constitution, with this clause,
That all men equal were created,
How often have we heard it stated.
"A Song For Freedom" by Anonymous Americas

In news:

Real-life Grinch arrested in Canada after telling children Santa Claus doesn't exist.
Co- tenancy clauses are provisions under which retail tenants are granted concessions if one or more tenants in a center leave or the project goes dark.
But because lifestyle centers typically do not have anchors, in order to ensure top tenants sign onto projects, developers allow generous co- tenancy clauses.
We study the problem of integrating two RDF ontologies under a given set H of Horn clauses that specify semantic relationships between terms in the ontology, as well as under a given set of negative constraints.
Before their performance, they had the chance to visit with Santa Claus.
Santa Claus and his holiday friends will be back in business starting Friday at 6 pm at the Mall at Steamtown.
Santa Claus and his band of merry elves arrived by fire truck.
I was going to ask Santa Claus for a gift that's probably impossible to deliver.
Tacked on to the end of the contract for Washington defensive line coach and recruiting guru Tosh Lupoi is an interesting clause.
DoD is proposing to amend the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to add a new subpart and associated contract clauses to address requirements for safeguarding unclassified DoD information.
Tom Cruise stars as Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg in "Valkyrie".
The underlying protectionism by the state legislature is a clear violation of the Interstate Commerce Clause of the Constitution.
A computer game retailer revealed that it legally owns the souls of thousands of online shoppers, thanks to a clause in the terms and conditions agreed to by online shoppers.
Can a skinny, middle-aged Jewish man achieve fulfillment as a Rent-A-Claus.
Claus von Stauffenberg (Tom Cruise) plans a suitcase-bomb attack on Hitler.
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In science:

Remark: There is a related ensemble of random k-SAT formulas, in which each possible k-clause appears in the formula with probability p independently of the other clauses.
On the critical exponents of random k-SAT
By this we mean the following: if for m clauses there is probability p that the number of recursive calls is between L and U , then when there are m + ∆ clauses, the probability is p + O(∆/√n) + o(1).
On the critical exponents of random k-SAT
Each inference rule has one premise clause and one conclusion clause, also with an optional condition expression.
From Syntactic Theories to Interpreters: A Specification Language and Its Compilation
Z−M (t) we denote the partition function of the system in absence of the M -th clause, and ω (·)−M is the canonical average in absence of the M -th clause.
Replica bounds for optimization problems and diluted spin systems
They can appear in either uncomplemented (Xi ) or complemented (¬Xi ) form in the clauses. A clause is said to be satisfied if at least one of the variables in it is true (an unnegated variable Xi is true if Xi = 0, a negated variable ¬Xi is true if Xi = 1).
Quantum random walks - an introductory overview
Given a 2-sat formula F consisting of n variables and ⌊cn⌋ random clauses, what is the largest number of clauses max F satisfiable by a single assignment of the variables? We bound the answer away from the trivial bounds of 3 4 cn and cn .
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
Let F (n, m) denote the set of all formulas with n variables and m clauses, where each clause is proper (consisting of k distinct variables, each of which may be complemented or not), and clauses may be repeated.
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
If max F > (1 − r)cn then there is a satisfying assignment of a subformula F ′ which omits rcn or fewer clauses, and where (taking F ′ to be maximal) all the omitted clauses are unsatisfied.
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
Note that randomly assigning the remaining variables satisfies an expected total number of clauses precisely q(Fk ) , so q is a lower bound on the number of clauses satisfiable.
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
We remark that in the preceding proof, Xk was set True or False so as to maximize half the number of satisfied unit clauses plus a quarter the number of satisfied 2-clauses.
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
Initially, “seed” the algorithm by randomly deleting a variable from each of, say, n1/10 random 2-clauses to convert them to unit clauses.
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
While F has any unit clauses, select one at random and set its variable to satisfy the clause.
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
First, in addition to the asymptote, the proof gives a precise parametric relationship (as functions of ρ⋆ ) between the clause density c (given by (3)) and the rejected-clause density (given by (4)).
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
These will give the required bounds on the integrated number of unit clauses, and in turn unsatisfied clauses, produced by unit-clause resolution.
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
A corresponding lower bound, on the number of clauses that must be violated, cannot be found by the same techniques, since there is no guarantee that the unit-clause algorithm is doing the best possible.
Random MAX SAT, Random MAX CUT, and Their Phase Transitions
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