clarinet

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n clarinet a single-reed instrument with a straight tube
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Clarinet (Mus) A wind instrument, blown by a single reed, of richer and fuller tone than the oboe, which has a double reed. It is the leading instrument in a military band.Often improperly called clarionet
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n clarinet A musical windinstrument consisting of a mouthpiece containing a single beating reed, a cylindrical tube with 18 holes (9 to be closed by the fingers and 9 by keys), and a bell or flaring mouth. Its tone is full, mellow, and expressive, blending well with both brass and stringed instruments. Its compass is about 3½ octaves, beginning just above tenor C, and including all the semitones. Several varieties are in use, differing in pitch and in their adaptability to extreme keys, as the C clarinet, the B♭ clarinet, the E♭ clarinet, etc. Other varieties are the alto clarinet, the basset-horn, and the bass clarinet, which together constitute the clarinet family of instruments. The clarinet is a modification of the medieval shawm, and became a recognized orchestral instrument about 1775; it is now in constant use in all orchestras and in most military bands. Its construction was decidedly improved in 1843.
    • n clarinet In organ-building, a reed-stop imitating the tone of the clarinet.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Clarinet a wind-instrument, usually of wood, in which the sound is produced by a single thin reed.—The Bass Clarinet is pitched an octave lower than the ordinary clarinet
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. clarinette, dim. of clarine, from L. clarus,. See Clear, and cf. Clarion
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. claironclair—L. clarus, clear.

Usage

In literature:

Be off with you, you vagabond, and blow your clarinet elsewhere.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, No. CCCXXXVI. October, 1843. Vol. LIV." by Various
There is a choral moment from the English horn, the bassoons, and a clarinet.
"Contemporary American Composers" by Rupert Hughes
This is followed by a counter-theme of clarinets, after which all the instruments take part.
"The Masters and their Music" by W. S. B. Mathews
Almost every house included between the Delaware and Schuylkill has its piano or harpsichord, its violin, its flute, or its clarinet.
"The Mirror of Taste, and Dramatic Censor, Vol. I, No. 5, May 1810" by Various
He could play the piano, the harp, the viola, the flute, and the clarinet, and sing a very true mild tenor.
"The Rough Road" by William John Locke
Leaving for a while the instruments just mentioned, he turned his attention to the clarinet and flute.
"Music and Some Highly Musical People" by James M. Trotter
The clarinet player had been taking lessons from a banjo teacher for three years and had never made the same noise twice.
"Continuous Vaudeville" by Will M. Cressy
Sounds came to them of violins and 'cellos, of trombones and clarinets, playing a gay measure, a dance, insistent, luring, irresistible.
"The Combined Maze" by May Sinclair
E. Goossens's "By the Tarn," for string orchestra and clarinet, given by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.
"Annals of Music in America" by Henry Charles Lahee
Not knowing he is dead, Lenore acquiesces, and away they go (trumpets, flutes and clarinets).
"The So-called Human Race" by Bert Leston Taylor
The thing in the middle now opened its mouth and made a noise that reminded Full of an off-key clarinet.
"The Enormous Room" by Horace Leonard Gold
But after one number he studied Fat Boy's clarinet for a moment.
"The Holes and John Smith" by Edward W. Ludwig
Byness with the bones, and Goodman's clarinet.
"An Artilleryman's Diary" by Jenkin Lloyd Jones
The next class of wind-instrument is that of which the clarinet is the modern representative.
"Springtime and Other Essays" by Francis Darwin
The small clarinet in its highest register is more penetrating than the ordinary clarinet.
"Principles of Orchestration" by Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
How's the clarinet, Billy?
"The Parson O' Dumford" by George Manville Fenn
Then again the song of nightingales, the croak of frogs, sounds of clarinet and passing-bell.
"The Green Book" by Mór Jókai
The Clarinet Trio and Quintet and three books of short Pianoforte Pieces, Op.
"The Life of Johannes Brahms (Vol 2 of 2)" by Florence May
But Jan does not play the clarinet.
"Poor Folk in Spain" by Jan Gordon
The flute is held like a clarinet, and the fingers are used to operate it.
"The Spell of the Hawaiian Islands and the Philippines" by Isabel Anderson
***

In poetry:

On the corner kerb
With a sad quartette
His tenor peals
Like a clarinet.
"Mose" by Sterling A Brown
Oh, the clarinet is the finest yet, and the uniforms are gay.
Tah, rah! We don't go home -
Oom, pah! We won't go home -
Oh, we shan't go home, and we can't go home when the band begins to play.
"The Band" by C J Dennis

In news:

Oran Etkin adapts clarinet and sax to Malian traditions.
It's music with clarinet on Now is the Time, Sunday, October 14th at 10 pm.
Manuel, 18, started her musical career as a clarinet player in elementary school, and started doubling on percussion in middle school.
PSO solo turns into quest for the right clarinet.
Thursday's Best Bet: Silverwood Clarinet Choir in concert.
View full size Provided photo The Silverwood Clarinet Choir performs today at Temple Concord.
NFA Band members Jessica Marion of Norwich and Jaran Smith of Lisbon play clarinet Saturday at the Norwich Free Academy 2012 Fall Classic.
Cornetist Warren Vaché and his brother Allan, who plays clarinet, grew up steeped in New Jersey's hotbed of traditional jazz: Their father, Warren Sr.
The Palisades Virtuosi was established to promote and enrich the repertoire for flute, clarinet, and piano.
He is renowned worldwide for his versatility, whether he is holding a conductor 's baton or his trademark red clarinet.
Photo by Katharine Egli/The Jersey Journal Rabbi Sruli Dresdner, right, plays clarinet with Lisa Mayer, on violin, and her sons Aaron, on dumbek and Zachary on baratone sax at the Shabbat service at Temple Beth-El in North Bergen last month.
The Albany High School senior started out playing the clarinet in elementary school.
He eventually started playing the keyboard, drums and saxophone, but his specialty was the clarinet.
Chattanooga Clarinet Choir at JCC Sunday.
Variations for Clarinet & Orchestra in Bb, KV 382.
***

In science:

If the instrument has a pipe with L >> d, the longest wavelength corresponding to the lowest frequency of a wind instrument is basically determined by the physical length of it: 2L for flutes (with pipes of both ends open) and 4L for clarinets (with pipes of one end closed).
Music in Terms of Science
Both flutes and clarinets have typical length of about 0.6 m and internal diameter of 15 mm.
Music in Terms of Science
Thus, flutes have the longest wavelength about 1.2 m and clarinets about 2.4 m.
Music in Terms of Science
As discussed in section 1.2 with the speed of sound in air about 340 m/s, we have the lowest frequency for a flute about 283 Hz (middle C sharp) and that for a clarinet about 142 Hz (one octave below middle C sharp).
Music in Terms of Science
***