• WordNet 3.6
    • adj civilian associated with civil life or performed by persons who are not active members of the military "civilian clothing","civilian life"
    • n civilian a nonmilitary citizen
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger bought the first Hummer manufactured for civilian use in 1992. The vehicle weighed in at 6,300 lbs and was 7 feet wide.
    • Civilian A student of the civil law at a university or college.
    • Civilian One skilled in the civil law. "Ancient civilians and writers upon government."
    • Civilian One whose pursuits are those of civil life, not military or clerical.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n civilian One who is skilled in the Roman or civil law; a professor or doctor of civil law.
    • n civilian A student of the civil law at a university.
    • n civilian One whose pursuits are those of civil life, not military or clerical; especially, a non-military inhabitant of a garrisoned town.
    • n civilian One who, despising the righteousness of Christ, did yet follow after a certain civil righteousness, a justitia civilis of his own.
    • n civilian A covenanted civil servant in British India.
    • civilian Pertaining to or characteristic of a civilian.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Civilian a professor or student of civil law (not canon law): one engaged in civil as distinguished from military and other pursuits
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Civil
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. civīliscivis.


In literature:

Civilians who fire on troops are treated that way.
"The Maids of Paradise" by Robert W. (Robert William) Chambers
Even the men in their civilian clothes were good to look upon.
"Life in a Tank" by Richard Haigh
The very few civilians I met in the streets seemed to be hurrying to shelter from a coming storm.
"A Tramp's Wallet stored by an English goldsmith during his wanderings in Germany and France" by William Duthie
The rest were in civilian clothes.
"Smugglers' Reef" by John Blaine
Like most of the volunteers, the tall man wore civilian clothes.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
He opened a press and brought out civilian clothes, then he took wigs from a drawer, and a false beard.
"A Nest of Spies" by Pierre Souvestre
Twenty houses were set on fire and twenty of the civilian population were killed.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
On September 1, 1915, four German aeroplanes had dropped bombs on the open town of Luneville, killing many civilians.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
Nine persons of the civilian population were killed and twenty-seven injured.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VI (of VIII)" by Various
The door creaked open and a man in civilian clothes entered.
"A Yankee Flier Over Berlin" by Al Avery
Every moment civilians, streaming over the lawn, added to the number.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
In spite of the man's civilian clothing he recognized the easy poise in the saddle of Inspector Fyles.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
There were no large bodies of soldiers, only here and there a rider or a civilian.
"An Aviator's Field Book" by Oswald Bölcke
British soldiers agree that they have received most extraordinary hospitality from the civilians and peasantry of Belgium and France.
"The Note-Book of an Attache" by Eric Fisher Wood
The civilian turns soldier.
"Monophysitism Past and Present" by A. A. Luce
In case of an uprising among the civilians the soldiers' revenge will be to kill the women and children.
"Liége on the Line of March" by Glenna Lindsley Bigelow
He looked back at the civilian.
"Fifty Per Cent Prophet" by Gordon Randall Garrett
He was a bit jealous, shamed by his own civilian clothes.
"The Cup of Fury" by Rupert Hughes
In the deserted city these civilians form an inconspicuous element.
"With the French in France and Salonika" by Richard Harding Davis
The civilian, the military man, and the merchant, they are all alike.
"From Sea to Sea" by Rudyard Kipling

In poetry:

Fat civilians wishing they
'Could go out and fight the Hun.'
Can't you see them thanking God
That they're over forty-one?
"Recruiting" by Ewart Alan Mackintosh
"So the great split that baffled human wit
And might have cost the lives of twenty millions,
As all may see that know the rule of three,
Was settled just as well by these civilians.
"How To Not Settle It" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
There were the colonels, brigadiers,
Comrades in arms of other years,
Civilians, true and loyal-hearted
To him their bravest man,
Who seemed to say to those departed,
"Make room for Sheridan!"
"Sheridan's Last Ride" by Hattie Howard
Never young Civilian's prospects were so bright,
Till an Indian paper found that he could write:
Never young Civilian's prospects were so dark,
When the wretched Blitzen wrote to make his mark.
"The Man Who Could Write" by Rudyard Kipling
It further seemed a work uncommon light
For one like you, a casual civilian,
To order half a hemisphere to fight
And slaughter one another by the million,
While you yourself, a paper Galahad,
Spilt ink for blood upon a blotting-pad.
"To Mr. William Watson" by Sir Owen Seaman

In news:

Amnesty International on Monday accused Rwandan military intelligence services of engaging in torture, unlawful detention and enforced disappearances of civilians.
Defense Secretary Donald H Rumsfeld is moving to strengthen his control over the military's intelligence apparatus, and his first step has been to propose a civilian post reporting directly to him to manage the vast and expensive operation.
Disloyalty: Troops have a shorter leash than civilians.
One concerns Army Staff Sgt Robert Bales, accused of murdering 17 civilians in Afghanistan, and wounding others.
Soldiers keep watch at the entrance of a military base near Alkozai on Sunday, following the shooting of Afghan civilians.
Getting "fired" in the military means something different than it does in civilian world.
Afghan officials allege that 65 civilians were killed in US military operation .
JERUSALEM — In four days of fighting against Gaza-based militants, Israel has used a missile-defense system called "Iron Dome" to intercept rockets fired at populated civilian areas.
A security officer guards a camp for ethnic Tamil civilians.
Three suicide bombings targeting Iraqi military and police stations killed 15 police officers and 18 civilians Sunday in the northern Iraqi city of Mosul , US military officials said.
"Don't ask me about policy," said a senior civilian official at the Pentagon.
We no longer have a civilian-led government.
Musial awarded civilian honor.
In times of war, accurate figures on the civilian death toll are almost always hard to come by.
With few exceptions, demographers and epidemiologists have not applied their expertise to making rigorous, credible estimates of civilian mortality and morbidity.

In science:

With our ‘vehicle’ example, it would be easy enough to introduce patterns representing, say, ‘military vehicles’ or ‘civilian vehicles’, a classification which cuts across the division of vehicles into categories such as ‘car’, ‘bus’, ‘van’, and so on.
Towards an Intelligent Database System Founded on the SP Theory of Computing and Cognition
The left boundary case is n=1 and m=1, it is clear that in this case there will be a tie, since the civilian and mafia will vote each other.
A Theoretical Study of Mafia Games
In the second case, in the night round one civilian is randomly selected to kill, so after the first iteration, there are n−1 civilians and m−1 mafias left.
A Theoretical Study of Mafia Games
In many setting s, both military and civilian, network security will be a basic requirement for successful operations.
Zero-one laws for connectivity in random key graphs
While ferrite is associated with a disorderly (or “civilian”) movement of atoms, martensite is characterized by a coordinated (or “military”) motion[1, 2], often resulting in alternating variants of the product sharing a common crystallographic mirror plane (twins) .
Space-time approach to microstructure selection in solid-solid transitions
The civilian astronomical community made progress developing systems in the 1980s; however, after declassification of military research on adaptive optics in 1992 (ref. 9), there was an explosion in both the number and complexity of astronomical systems10.
Bringing the Visible Universe into Focus with Robo-AO
Mainstream Islamic groups, most of which are banned in the country, insist their members are not responsible for the violence against civilians.
Centroid-based summarization of multiple documents: sentence extraction, utility-based evaluation, and user studies
For instance, the sentence, “The vast, sparsely inhabited Xinjiang region, largely desert, has many Chinese military and nuclear instal lations and civilian mining.” describes a state rather than an event and, therefore, trying to describe it in temporal terms is invalid.
Inferring Strategies for Sentence Ordering in Multidocument News Summarization