civil

Definitions

  • "We may live without friends, we may live without books, But civilized man cannot live without cooks"
    "We may live without friends, we may live without books, But civilized man cannot live without cooks"
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj civil of or in a condition of social order "civil peoples"
    • adj civil not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others "even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"- W.S. Maugham"
    • adj civil (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life "the civil calendar","a civil day begins at mean midnight"
    • adj civil applying to ordinary citizens as contrasted with the military "civil authorities"
    • adj civil of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals "civil rights","civil liberty","civic duties","civic pride"
    • adj civil of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state "civil affairs","civil strife","civil disobedience","civil branches of government"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Throughout the South, peanuts were known as "Monkey Nuts," and "Goober peas," before the civil war
    • Civil Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable.
    • Civil Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of an individual. "Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others; they come within a step or two of heaven."
    • Civil Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state.
    • Civil Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state.
    • Civil Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings.
    • Civil Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; -- said of the community. "England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but even the other day since England grew civil ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Damascus, Syria is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. Civilization can be traced as far back as 2,000 B.C.
    • civil Pertaining to the state in general; pertaining to organized society as represented by government.
    • civil Specifically, relating to the commonwealth as secularly organized for purposes of peace: opposed to ecclesiastical, military, or naval; relating to the citizen in his relations to the commonwealth as thus organized, or to his fellow-citizens: as, civil rights; or, in particular, relating to property and other rights maintainable in law at the owner's suit: opposed to criminal: as, civil actions, civil courts, civil remedies.
    • civil Reduced to order, rule, and government; not in a condition of anarchy; controlled by a regular administration; exhibiting some refinement of customs and manners; not savage or wild; civilized: as, civil life; civil society.
    • civil Intestine; not foreign: as, civil war.
    • civil Courteous; obliging; well bred; affable; often, merely or formally polite; not discourteous.
    • civil Characteristic of a citizen, as opposed to a courtier, soldier, etc.; not gay or showy; sober; grave; somber.
    • civil More specifically, the municipal law of the Roman empire, the phrase jus civile (civil law) being used in Roman law for those rules and principles of law which were thought to be peculiar to the Roman people, in contradistinction to those which were supposed to be common to all nations (jus gentium). By English and American legal authors civil law is now commonly used to signify the whole system of Roman law, of which the principal source is the collection made by the Emperor Justinian, consisting of the Digest, Code, and Novellæ Constitutiones. Sometimes the term is also applied to the unwritten law of the principal nations of continental Europe, especially of Germany, which is based on the Roman law. Some authors speak in the latter case of modern civil law. The civil law is the basis also of the law of Scotland, Spanish America, Louisiana, and Quebec.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Chinese were using aluminum to make things as early as 300 AD Western civilization didn't rediscover aluminum until 1827.
    • adj Civil siv′il pertaining to the community: having the refinement of city-bred people: polite: commercial, not military: lay, secular, or temporal, not ecclesiastical: pertaining to the individual citizen: :
    • adj Civil siv′il (law) relating to private relations amongst citizens, and such suits as arise out of these, as opposed to criminal
    • adj Civil siv′il (theol.) naturally good, as opposed to good through regeneration
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Quotations

  • Beverly Sills
    Beverly Sills
    “Art is the signature of civilizations.”
  • Letty Cottin Pogrebin
    Letty Cottin Pogrebin
    “Children's liberation is the next item on our civil rights shopping list.”
  • John Spong
    John Spong
    “The priesthood in many ways is the ultimate closet in Western civilization, where gay people particularly have hidden for the past two thousand years.”
  • Hubert H. Humphrey
    Hubert%20H.%20Humphrey
    “There are those who say to you -- we are rushing this issue of civil rights. I say we are 172 years late.”
  • Thomas Carlyle
    Thomas%20Carlyle
    “The three great elements of modern civilization, Gun powder, Printing, and the Protestant religion.”
  • Cyril Connolly
    Cyril%20Connolly
    “The civilized are those who get more out of life than the uncivilized, and for this we are not likely to be forgiven.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. civilis, fr. civis, citizen: cf. F. civil,. See City
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. civīliscivis.

Usage

In literature:

Science as an instrument of civilization.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
As civilization advances there is a continual change in the standard of human rights.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume I"
With civilization had come freedom of thought.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
When wilt thou understand this, my Italy, risen as thou art to the third maturity of thy civilization and glory?
"My Friends the Savages" by Giovanni Battista Cerruti
Nothing is so sure a keynote or test of civilization and progress as this.
"Due West" by Maturin Murray Ballou
I am reminded by this that the Russians derive the most striking features of their civilization from the French and Germans.
"The Land of Thor" by J. Ross Browne
Civilizations may pass away, but if the racial stock is preserved, civilization will reproduce itself.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
New civilizations will be reared by coming generations; uprightness will lay the foundations and integrity will complete the structure.
"A Man's Value to Society" by Newell Dwight Hillis
This so-called civilization of the slaveholders is the devil's counterfeit of the genuine civilization.
"Diary from March 4, 1861, to November 12, 1862" by Adam Gurowski
I am thinking only of their benefits to democracy, to right, and to civilization.
"Latin America and the United States" by Elihu Root
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In poetry:

CLARIN. The civil
Way to tell a man he lies
Is to say he's wrong:-- you twig me,
Now I think I speak my mind.
"The Wonder-Working Magician - Act I" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
Ah! why did he write Poetry,
That hereto was so civil;
And sell his soul for vanity,
To Rhyming and the Devil?
"Sandys Ghost ; A Proper Ballad on the New Ovid's Metamorphosis" by Alexander Pope
For now arose the fatal day
For civil discord fam'd,
When YORK from LANCASTER'S proud sway
The regal sceptre claim'd.
"Edwin and Eltruda, a Legendary Tale" by Helen Maria Williams
From civil war, whose daily crimes
This island long shall rue,
From all the evil of the times,
In anguish he withdrew.
"Edgar And Ellen" by Matilda Betham
I never kill a fly because
I think that what we have of laws
To regulate and civilize
Our daily life - we owe to flies.
"Flies" by Robert W Service
Should banded unions persecute
Opinion, and induce a time
When single thought is civil crime,
And individual freedom mute;
"You Ask Me, Why, Tho' Ill at Ease" by Alfred Lord Tennyson

In news:

Civil War Era Cabin Opens For Tours At Sweet Briar .
Gen David Sloan Stanley of Wayne County moving down the Mississippi and commanding the Second Division at the battle of New Madrid during the Civil War.
But his father, a political campaign consultant in the city, bristles when the drive for same-sex marriage is compared with the civil rights movement.
Some bristle at equating gay rights with civil rights.
One example is the extensive work that the Association has done on the issue of protecting civil rights and civil liberties in connection with the war on terrorism.
Propositions 10 and 11 would amend the City Charter to grant most city employees "civil service" status.
In Delaware campaign for Senate, civility rules.
Discovery rewrites history of ancient Mediterranean civilizations.
He is a lieutenant colonel in the 351st Civil Affairs Command.
REVIEW 'True West' Tests Bounds of Brotherly Love , Civilization.
Civil Rights Act brouhaha clouds Senate campaign.
But he's become embroiled over the landmark Civil Rights Act, which outlawed racial segregation.
During the Civil War, the author of The Scarlett Letter travels from Massachusetts to Washington, DC, to interview civil and military leaders.
I spent the last few days playing Sid Meier's Civilization V: Gods & Kings, the latest entry in the Civilization turn-based strategy game franchise, and I can't stop thinking about it.
The society annually recognizes an exemplary civil engineering project that best illustrates superior civil engineering skills and represents a significant contribution to civil engineering progress and society.
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In science:

In 1990 he became a civil servant in the Metrology Department of the Transmission Laboratories of Belgacom (Belgium Telephone Company).
The Roland De Witte 1991 Detection of Absolute Motion and Gravitational Waves
They gave no indication of his wine preferences, but his successor as President of Caltech, Jean-Lou Chameau is a French-born civil engineer (Nature 441, 562).
Astrophysics in 2006
May place those responsible at significant risk of criminal and/or civil legal proceedings and/or disciplinary action.
The Importance and Criticality of Spreadsheets in the City of London
The answers have revolutionized the enlightened view of the world, transforming society and advancing civilization.
ILC Reference Design Report Volume 1 - Executive Summary
The primary cost drivers are the SCRF Main Linac technology and the Conventional Facilities (including civil engineering).
ILC Reference Design Report Volume 1 - Executive Summary
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