circular

Definitions

  • THE CIRCULAR BRIDGE
    THE CIRCULAR BRIDGE
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj circular describing a circle; moving in a circle "the circular motion of the wheel"
    • adj circular having a circular shape
    • n circular an advertisement (usually printed on a page or in a leaflet) intended for wide distribution "he mailed the circular to all subscribers"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Double Circular-Saw and Carriage Double Circular-Saw and Carriage
Showing arches and circular window Showing arches and circular window
Circular saw Circular saw
Circular saw cutting armour plate Circular saw cutting armour plate

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The reason firehouses have circular stairways is from the days of yorewhen the engines were pulled by horses. The horses were stabled on theground floor and figured out how to walk up straight staircases.
    • Circular A circular letter, or paper, usually printed, copies of which are addressed or given to various persons; as, a business circular .
    • Circular A sleeveless cloak, cut in circular form.
    • Circular Addressed to a circle, or to a number of persons having a common interest; circulated, or intended for circulation; as, a circular letter. "A proclamation of Henry III., . . . doubtless circular throughout England."
    • Circular Adhering to a fixed circle of legends; cyclic; hence, mean; inferior. See Cyclic poets, under Cyclic. "Had Virgil been a circular poet, and closely adhered to history, how could the Romans have had Dido?"
    • Circular In the form of, or bounded by, a circle; round.
    • Circular Perfect; complete. "A man so absolute and circular In all those wished-for rarities that may take
      A virgin captive."
    • Circular repeating itself; ending in itself; reverting to the point of beginning; hence, illogical; inconclusive; as, circular reasoning.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: More than 3000 years ago children played with circular hoops made with grape vines. This toy was swung around the waist. Years later this toy was made by company called Wham-O and the Hula-Hoop was invented in 1958
    • circular Having the form of a circle; round.
    • circular Moving in or forming a circle, circuit, or round; returning to the starting-point: as, circular motion.
    • circular Related to the circle: as, circular points. See below.
    • circular Figuratively, passing through a round or circuit of events or experiences; successive in order and recurrent.
    • circular Adhering to a certain cycle of legends; cyclic: applied to certain poets. See cyclic.
    • circular Intended for circulation among certain persons. See circular letter, below.
    • circular Complete; perfect.
    • circular Roundabout; circuitous; circumlocutory.
    • n circular A letter, notice, or printed paper containing information, or an announcement, or a request, etc., intended for general circulation or for circulation among a particular class or circle of persons; a circular letter: as, a business circular; a diplomatic circular.
    • n circular [Cf. cyclas, ciclaton.] ‘A kind of long cape or sleeveless cloak worn by women: as, a fur circular.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The nursery rhyme Ring Around the Rosy is a rhyme about the plague. Infected people with the plague would get red circular sores ("Ring around the rosy..."), these sores would smell very badly so common folks would put flowers on their bodies somewhere (inconspicuously), so that it would cover the smell of the sores ("...a pocket full of posies..."), People who died from the plague would be burned so as to reduce the possible spread of the disease ("...ashes, ashes, we all fall down!")
    • adj Circular sėr′kū-lar round: ending in itself: addressed to a circle of persons
    • n Circular a note sent round to a circle or number of persons
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Zinsser
    William Zinsser
    “Clutter is the disease of American writing. We are a society strangling in unnecessary words, circular constructions, pompous frills and meaningless jargon.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. circularis, fr. circulus, circle: cf. F. circulaire,. See Circle

Usage

In literature:

Raoul picked up a brass telescope from the chart table and studied the riverbank, moving the circular field from point to point.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
The flywheel is a circular piece of brass 1 inch in diameter.
"Boys' Book of Model Boats" by Raymond Francis Yates
S. George at Salonica is a later circular example.
"Byzantine Churches in Constantinople" by Alexander Van Millingen
It is often a matter of surprise to many people that a bird should contrive to build a nest so exquisitely circular.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
Underneath the stage, which is pierced by a circular aperture, is a diaphragm.
"The Story of the Cotton Plant" by Frederick Wilkinson
The corridor was forward of the lounge: it opened off the small circular library.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, March 1930" by Various
If he wanted that ten thousand a year, he ought to be working on those circulars.
"The Wall Street Girl" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
They are almost always circular in plan, but the shaft is sometimes channelled.
"Architecture" by Thomas Roger Smith
The cave was irregularly circular, with perhaps, a hundred-feet diameter and a ceiling fifty feet high.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, November, 1930" by Various
The circular asked seven searching questions covering all forms of woman suffrage.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
The whole property was irregularly circular, perhaps a mile in diameter covering the almost flat dome of the hilltop.
"Astounding Stories, March, 1931" by Various
It is almost needless to mention, that, in a perfect building, of such a date, the whole of the arches are semi-circular.
"Architectural Antiquities of Normandy" by John Sell Cotman
Then a circular incision through the skin is made around the limb just above the fetlock.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
It was a circular quagmire of festering black mud about a hundred yards across.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
It is circular in plan, about 60 ft. in diameter.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
Lastly; we have throughout our reasoning upon the base supposed the pier to be circular.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume I (of 3)" by John Ruskin
The circular mat is woven like the crown of a hat, with either the radiating center or a square center radiating at the four corners.
"Philippine Mats" by Hugo H. Miller
And that circular that seems to threaten them if they don't give up their lodgings and come in.
"The Wife of Sir Isaac Harman" by H. G. (Herbert George) Wells
There are only square objects, circular objects, etc.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
The stable itself was a circular affair of frame, painted dark red, which contrasted sharply with the green of the early summer trees.
"The Social Gangster" by Arthur B. Reeve
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In poetry:

The sky-like limpid eyes,
The circular infant's face,
The stiffness from spats to collar
Never relaxing into grace;
"Brennbaum" by Ezra Pound
Wherever they went,
They went clattering,
Until they swerved
In a swift, circular line
To the right,
Because of the firecat.
"Earthy Anecdote" by Wallace Stevens
Here's a dandified gentleman,
Rapier at point,
And a wrist which whirls round
Like a circular joint.
A spatter of blood, man!
That's just to anoint
"The Foreigner" by Amy Lowell
Between going and staying
the day wavers,
in love with its own transparency.
The circular afternoon is now a bay
where the world in stillness rocks.
"Between going and coming..." by Octavio Paz
And thew's a wood sawmill by the roadway,
And the noise can be heard by night and day,
As the circular saw wheels round and round,
Making the village with its echoes resound.
"Bonnie Kilmany" by William Topaz McGonagall
A stranger to fear, down the circular cave
For soothing refreshment he often had flown;
Now beside it he perched, and in silence, tho' brave,
For a matron he sees, who draws near to the stone.
"The Baya: Or The Indian Bird" by William Hayley

In news:

The 75 year old game will be relaunched with a circular board, and no cash.
InStep Icebreaker Indoor Marathon becomes a circular sensation.
Our current governor must be getting a laugh out of watching the Republican circular firing squad.
Band saw or circular cold saw.
A Twist on Advisory Circular 00-58.
Littlenecks are smaller, more delicate, and easier to find — you search tide pools for circular breaks in the rocky sand and the clams are nestled below.
You'd clip coupons, scour the circulars, compare prices, drive all over.
Give me a hammer and nails, a circular saw and a pile of lumber, and I'll give you firewood studded with bent nails, and maybe a lost digit or two.
To find out what's on sale, Laura says you should give yourself an hour each week to mark up your grocery circular, match up coupons and plan your meals.
Circular hallways from the Kogod Cradle at the newly remodeled Arena Stage in Washington, DC on September 16, 2010.
Instead, the outcome is used to explain itself—an exercise in circular reasoning that lacks scientific validity2.
He looked at a photo of a railroad built on top of a circular cofferdam -- a watertight enclosure pumped dry so construction of the actual dam can take place.
Last year when I heard of Delphi , Greece, I envisioned a small circular temple surrounded by tall white columns with graceful maidens dressed in drifts of white gauzy material lounging about.
Vertical and horizontal measurements are taken perpendicular to the length of the unit to determine average height, and circumference is used to calculate a theoretical circular diameter.
Exchange 2010 uses two distinct types of circular logging.
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In science:

We consider the concept of q-circular system, which is a deformation of the circular system from free probability, taking place in the framework of the so-called “q commutation relations”.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
As a consequence of the result, one can easily construct families of random matrices which converge in distribution to q -circular (or more generally z -circular) systems.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
The concept of circular system was introduced by D.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
The precise definitions of the ob jects involved in this realization of a circular system is reviewed in Section 2.1 below.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
Indeed, it is possible to give an explicit combinatorial description of the joint moments of the candidates of q -circular systems mentioned above (the families (1.4), (1.5), but where the li ’s act on the q -Fock space).
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
For the asymptotic model for a q -circular system it is sufficient to consider (ρi,j )i,j – commuting families of random unitaries where the random variables (ρi,j )1≤i
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
It is immediate that (B(Ω, A), E ) is a C ∗-probability space; also, clearly, the unitaries in B(Ω, A) are random unitaries in A, over the base space Ω. 1 We can now return to q and ρ of Equation (1.10), and state precisely how an asymptotic model for the q -circular system is obtained.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
We will now point out that, as a consequence of the results presented in Section 1.6, one can easily obtain families of random matrices which converge in distribution to a z -circular system.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
Hence the recipe presented in Equation (1.22) of Proposition 1.6.3 will lead to an asymptotic z -circular system living in (A, ϕ) (and which consists in fact of random matrices with sizes tending to infinity).
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
Alternatively, one can fabricate random matrices which converge in distribution to a z -circular system by cutting out disjoint segments of the sequence (Un )∞ n=1 , and by invoking the Proposition 1.6.1.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
It is such a family of operators in B (Tq ) which was used in (1.8) and (1.9) of Section 1.2, presenting realizations of a q -circular system.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
By using arguments from , this can in fact be reduced to the q -circularity of (1.9), which was shown above.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
Speicher. R-diagonal pairs – a common approach to Haar unitaries and circular elements, in Free probability, D.V.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
Circular and semicircular systems and free product factors, in Operator algebras, unitary representations, enveloping algebras, and invariant theory (A.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
In a result of same forced circular harmonic oscillation motion the smooth thin line of the LrEl is roughly spread and turned out into some cylindrically wide path of the SchEl.
Physical model of Schrodinger's electron. Heisenberg convenient way for description of its quantum behaviour
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