church

Definitions

  • SAN GABRIEL MISSION CHURCH
    SAN GABRIEL MISSION CHURCH
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v church perform a special church rite or service for "church a woman after childbirth"
    • n church a service conducted in a house of worship "don't be late for church"
    • n church a place for public (especially Christian) worship "the church was empty"
    • n church one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship
    • n church the body of people who attend or belong to a particular local church "our church is hosting a picnic next week"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

THE NAVAJO CHURCH THE NAVAJO CHURCH
Wanborough Church Wanborough Church
Shere Church Shere Church
Church Street, Godalming Church Street, Godalming
A Porch at Haslemere Church A Porch at Haslemere Church
Interior of Thursley Church Interior of Thursley Church
Horsell Church Horsell Church
Ockham Church Ockham Church

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Harley Proctor got the idea to name the soap "Ivory" while he was listening to a bible reading at a church in 1879
    • Church A body of Christian believers, holding the same creed, observing the same rites, and acknowledging the same ecclesiastical authority; a denomination; as, the Roman Catholic church; the Presbyterian church .
    • Church A building set apart for Christian worship.
    • Church A formally organized body of Christian believers worshiping together. "When they had ordained them elders in every church ."
    • Church A Jewish or heathen temple.
    • Church Any body of worshipers; as, the Jewish church; the church of Brahm.
    • Church The aggregate of religious influences in a community; ecclesiastical influence, authority, etc.; as, to array the power of the church against some moral evil. "Remember that both church and state are properly the rulers of the people, only because they are their benefactors."
    • Church The collective body of Christians.
    • v. t Church To bless according to a prescribed form, or to unite with in publicly returning thanks in church, as after deliverance from the dangers of childbirth; as, the churching of women.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: 85% of weddings are held in a synagogue or church
    • n church An edifice or a place of assemblage specifically set apart for Christian worship.
    • n church An edifice dedicated to any other kind of religious worship; a temple.
    • n church The visible and organic body of Christian believers, especially as accepting the ecumenical creeds of Christendom and as exhibiting a historic continuity of organized life.
    • n church The invisible and inorganic community of all those who acknowledge a supreme allegiance to Jesus Christ as their Lord and Master.
    • n church A particular division of the whole body of Christians possessing the same or similar symbols of doctrine and forms of worship, and united by a common name and history; a Christian denomination: as, the Presbyterian Church; the Church of England; the Church of Rome.
    • n church The organized body of Christians belonging to the same city, diocese, province, country, or nation: as, the church at Corinth; the Syrian church; in a wider sense, a body of Christians bearing a designation derived from their geographical situation, obedience to a local see, or affiliation with a national ecclesiastical organization: as, the Eastern Church; the Western Church; the Roman Church; the Anglican Church.
    • n church A body of Christians worshiping in a particular church edifice or constituting one congregation.
    • n church The clerical profession.
    • n church Ecclesiastical authority or power, in contradistinction to the civil power, or the power of the state.
    • n church By extension, some religious body not Christian, especially the Jewish: as, the Jewish church.
    • n church [What constitutes a Christian church according to the Scriptures is a question on which Christian denominations widely differ. The three principal views may be distinguished as the Roman Catholic, the Protestant ecclesiastical, and the voluntary. According to Roman Catholic theologians, the church is a visible and organic body, divinely constituted, possessing “Unity, Visibility, Indefectibility, Succession from the Apostles, Universality, and Sanctity” (Faith of Catholics, I. 9), and united to its visible head on earth, the Bishop of Rome. According to the Anglican and Protestant ecclesiastical view, the church of Christ is “a permanent visible society” (Wordsworth on Mat. xvi. 18), divinely compacted, governed, and equipped, and having definite ends, a definite policy, and a historic continuity. (The Church Cyc.) According to the voluntary conception, a church is a society of persons professing faith in the Lord Jesus Christ as the Son of God and the Saviour of men, and organized in allegiance to him for Christian work and worship, including the administration of the sacraments which he has appointed. (R. W. Dale, Manual of Congr. Principles, Comp. West. Conf., xxxv.; Thirty nine Art., xix.) The second view is held by many, perhaps a majority, in the Episcopal, Lutheran, and other hierarchical denominations; the last by a majority of those in the non-hierarchical denominations, including the Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, and Congregational.]
    • n church The cathedral, or bishop's church, in distinction from the parish churches committed to simple presbyters.
    • n church A title given to the Roman Catholic Church by its adherents.
    • church Pertaining to the church; ecclesiastical: as, church politics; a church movement; church architecture.
    • church Music, vocal or instrumental, in the style actually used in church services.
    • church The order of public worship, especially in the Anglican Church.
    • church A book containing the calendar, order of Morning and Evening Prayer, Litany, Collects, Epistles and Gospels, Communion Office, and Psalter, taken from the Book of Common Prayer, with the addition of all the Scripture Lessons.
    • church In the Anglican Church, to perform with or for (any one) the office of returning thanks in the church, after any signal deliverance, as from the dangers of childbirth.
    • church To accompany in attending church on some special occasion, as that on which a bride first goes to church after marriage: as, the bride was churched last Sunday; to church a newly elected town council.
    • church See year.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1991 Procter & Gamble won a $75,000 lawsuit against James & Linda Newton who were found responsible for spreading rumors that the company supported the Church of Satan. The two were distributors of Amway Products, a competitor of Proctor & Gamble.
    • n Church church a house set apart for Christian worship: the whole body of Christians: the clergy: any particular sect or denomination of Christians: any body professing a common creed, not necessarily Christian
    • v.t Church to perform with any one the giving of thanks in church, more esp. of a woman after childbirth, or of a newly-married couple on first appearing at church after marriage
    • ***

Quotations

  • Vance Havner
    Vance%20Havner
    “Too many church services start at eleven sharp and end at twelve dull.”
  • Thomas B. Macaulay
    Thomas%20B.%20Macaulay
    “She thoroughly understands what no other Church has ever understood, how to deal with enthusiasts.”
  • Brooks Atkinson
    Brooks Atkinson
    “I have no objections to churches so long as they do not interfere with God's work.”
  • Henry Chadwick
    Henry Chadwick
    “A Church which has lost its memory is in a sad state of senility.”
  • Peter T. Forsyth
    Peter T. Forsyth
    “The local church is the outcrop of the church universal.”
  • John R. Mott
    John R. Mott
    “The greatest hindrances to the evangelization of the world are those within the church.”

Idioms

Broad church - If an organisation is described as broad church, it is tolerant and accepting of different opinions and ideas.
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Poor as a church mouse - If someone is as poor as a church mouse, they are very poor indeed.
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Right church, wrong pew - Right church, wrong pew means that someone is very nearly right, but someting is wrong.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. chirche, chireche, cherche, Scot. kirk, from AS. circe, cyrice,; akin to D. kerk, Icel. kirkja, Sw. kyrka, Dan. kirke, G. kirche, OHG. chirihha,; all fr. Gr. kyriako`n the Lord's house, fr. kyriako`s concerning a master or lord, fr. ky`rios master, lord, fr. ky^ros power, might; akin to Skr. çūra, hero, Zend. çura, strong, OIr. caur, cur, hero. Cf. Kirk

Usage

In literature:

A Reformed Church, then, is not the formation of a new Church, but the re-formation of the old Church.
"The Church: Her Books and Her Sacraments" by E. E. Holmes
But was the Church of New Zealand to be a national church?
"A History of the English Church in New Zealand" by Henry Thomas Purchas
Persecution is contrary to the nature of a universal Church; it is peculiar to the national Churches.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The round church of the Temple is the finest of the four round churches still existing in England.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Books copy from books, churches from churches, until they cannot so much as copy.
"La Sorcière: The Witch of the Middle Ages" by Jules Michelet
What is the Church and the Destiny of the Church?
"Studies in Prophecy" by Arno C. Gaebelein
And not only was the Irish Church isolated as a Church, its several members were isolated one from another.
"The Christian Church in These Islands before the Coming of Augustine" by George Forrest Browne
The mistake is, in supposing that the Church as by law established is Low Church.
"The London Pulpit" by J. Ewing Ritchie
The ancient church foundation of Strasburg was peculiarly arranged, after a manner most unusual in a cathedral church.
"The Cathedrals and Churches of the Rhine" by Francis Miltoun
If the cathedral church was erected as late as the sixteenth century, it must not be supposed that the town lacked parish churches.
"The Cathedrals of Northern Spain" by Charles Rudy
Bishop Tenorio procured the site for the church from the Jews, who here, right under the walls of the Christian church, held their market.
"Cathedrals of Spain" by John A. (John Allyne) Gade
THE CONCEPTION OF THE CHURCH (CATHOLIC) IN ST. PAUL IN ITS RELATION TO LOCAL CHURCHES.
"St. Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians" by Charles Gore
Some people like the Presbyterian church, some the Methodist church and so on.
"Dorothy Page" by Eldridge B. Hatcher
The conviction became strong that, if the village church would fulfil its mission, it must be a community church.
"The Making of a Country Parish" by Harlow S. (Harlow Spencer) Mills
Tell how the churches in the Bible lands were different from our churches.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
The church bell again rang, and Manna went with Fraeulein Perini to church.
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
The organization of the Scotic Church in Ireland was similar to that of the British Church.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 4" by Various
The church is not situated in the village, unlike the other churches in the region.
"Romanesque Art in Southern Manche: Album" by Marie Lebert
Like Brooklyn, Newark may be called a city of churches, and its enlightened and industrious citizens are a church-going people.
"Peculiarities of American Cities" by Willard Glazier
I have given my parishioners the church I owed them, since they lost their last church through me.
"Peccavi" by E. W. Hornung
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In poetry:

I go to Church; help me to wings, and I
Will thither flie;
Or, if I mount unto the skie,
I will do more.
"Praise" by George Herbert
To ponder there in quiet
God's Universal Plan,
Resolved that church and Sabbath
Were never made for man.
"The Boy Out Of Church" by Robert Graves
All about stood open porch,
Long-drawn cloister dim;
'Twas a wavering wandering church
Every side of him.
"The Sangreal" by George MacDonald
The Church of God is one:
One blessèd hope have we;
Our dear Redeemer’s sure return
His saints to glorify.
"The Church Of God Is One" by Daniel Webster Moody
This is the glorious day
That our Redeemer made,
Let us rejoice and sing and pray:
Let all the church be glad.
"Hymn 4" by Noah Calwell W Cannon
This is the glorious day
That our Redeemer made;
Let us rejoice, and sing, and pray,
Let all the church be glad.
"Psalm 118" by Isaac Watts

In news:

Coincidentally, the members of the Sag Harbor Methodist Church found themselves temporarily located in the former St David African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Zion Church on Eastville Avenue.
The United Methodist Church's highest court halted a plan by church leadership to essentially end job security for 31,000 "elders," or ordained clergy, in a Sunday ruling.
Lynn Dimon, pastor of the 120-member Rainbow City First United Methodist Church, was pastor for seven years at the 70-member Crumly Chapel United Methodist Church in Forestdale.
Debra Wallace-Padgett, elected the first woman bishop for the North Alabama Conference of the United Methodist Church, said today she hopes to work toward renewal in the church.
But in the United Methodist Church, theological conservatives have held sway in the 40 years that the church has been debating the issue.
The Danbury Ministerial invites area churches and the community to gather in unity as the body of Christ over table fellowship at St Paul Lutheran Church, Danbury, 541 Church Road, Lakeside-Marblehead.
Skip Alexander of Campbellsville Baptist Church was elected to succeed Joe Hatchett of Campbellsville Christian Church as president of the association.
The Recovery Church's Pastor Jo Campe is retiring at the end of the year from his job leading a church mostly devoted to peope recovering from addiction.
SAUL GONZALEZ, correspondent: With a buffet table topped with potluck dishes and guests catching up and sharing stories, this holiday gathering at Fresno, California's Mennonite Community Church looks like a traditional church social.
A missionary couple serving in Papua New Guinea are to be at Hope Community Church of the Nazarene, 5650 Starr Ave, Oregon, on Sunday to highlight the church's Harvest Partners Day focused on missionary work .
Norfolk Wesleyan Church and Morley Wesleyan Church are teaming up with Fusion Community Church in Cobleskill, to fill a 20-foot trailer and haul it down to New York City to help with Hurricane Sandy relief efforts.
The Young Guard movement says it will hold a demonstration on November 1 outside the Moscow headquarters of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS), the formal name of the Mormon Church.
Michael Catt, left, pastor of Sherwood Baptist Church in Albany, introduces Mt Zion Baptist Church pastor Daniel Simmons on Sept 21 during Sherwood's annual ReFRESH conference.
Pastor Jean Paul, of the New Haitian Church of the Nazarene, leads a weekly service for missionary members of his church at the home of a church member in Golden Gate.
The Bonner Springs Church of the Nazarene will celebrate its 50th anniversary at 10 am Sunday, June 12, at the church, 742 Nettleton Ave.
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In science:

Deutsch D 1985 Quantum theory, the Church-Turing principle and the universal quantum computer, Proc.
Quantum Computing
Church, K.W., Hanks, P.: Word Association Norms, Mutual Information and Lexicography.
Mining the Web for Synonyms: PMI-IR versus LSA on TOEFL
Church, K.W., Gale, W., Hanks, P., Hindle, D.: Using Statistics in Lexical Analysis. In: Uri Zernik (ed.), Lexical Acquisition: Exploiting On-Line Resources to Build a Lexicon. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum (1991) 115-164. 3.
Mining the Web for Synonyms: PMI-IR versus LSA on TOEFL
Attempts to define randomness rigorously have a long but rather sparse history starting with von Mises and continuing with Wald, Church, Ville.
Uniform test of algorithmic randomness over a general space
Church for her repeated and kind hosting and loan of computers during the course of this work.
A study of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich increment using archival SCUBA data
Bergin Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 500 Church St.
Cold Dark Clouds: The Initial Conditions for Star Formation
In fact, dipping at all phases of the EXO 0748−676 orbit has been reported by several authors (e.g., Church et al. 1998; Sidoli et al. 2005) but dipping of this magnitude at the immediate post-egress orbit phase is relatively rare.
Possible Magnetic Activity in the Low Mass X-ray Binary EXO 0748-676
HHA plus the continuity of all real-valued functions on the unit interval, and realisability toposes validating HHA plus “Church’s thesis” (all functions from the natural numbers to itself are recursive).
A Unified Approach to Algebraic Set Theory
Church presented multidimensional simulations of primordial supernovae, which investigate the effects of Rayleigh-Taylor-induced mixing and asymmetries in the explosion on the final composition of the escaped gas.
First Stars III Conference Summary
The Strong Church-Turing thesis states that a probabilistic Turing machine can efficiently simulate any realistic model of computation.
Quantum Algorithms
Deutsch worked on proving the original Church-Turing thesis (which was only concerned about effective computability, and not efficient computability) in a quantum mechanical framework, and defined two models of quantum computation; he also gave the first quantum algorithm.
Quantum Algorithms
The most commonly used model of quantum computation is the circuit model (more strictly, the model of uniform families of acyclic quantum circuits), and the quantum Strong Church-Turing thesis states that the quantum circuit model can efficiently simulate any realistic model of computation.
Quantum Algorithms
Because of the Strong Church-Turing thesis, we expect that any practical application of a walk on a continuous state space will have an efficient (up to polynomial factors) simulation on a discrete system.
Quantum Algorithms
The standard models of quantum computation (e.g. quantum Turing machine, quantum acyclic circuits) are known to be equivalent in power (up to a polynomial factor), and the quantum Strong Church-Turing thesis states that any realistic model of computation can be efficiently simulated by such a quantum computer.
Quantum Algorithms
Deutsch, D., 1985, Quantum theory, the Church-Turing principle, and the universal quantum computer, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London.
Quantum algorithms for algebraic problems
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