chunk

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v chunk group or chunk together in a certain order or place side by side
    • v chunk put together indiscriminately "lump together all the applicants"
    • n chunk a compact mass "a ball of mud caught him on the shoulder"
    • n chunk a substantial amount "we won a chunk of money"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Many wonder what the difference is between jelly, preserves, jam, and marmalade. In all cases, jelly is the common denominator. Jelly is fruit juice with added sugar, cooled and congealed, usually by the addition of gelatin or pectin. Preserves preserve the largest percentage of the original fruit, containing whole chunks of it in addition to jelly. Jam is jelly plus fruit pulp. Marmalade has bits of fruit and the rinds in a jelly. Although the orange variety is most common, it is often made from other citrus fruits. Spread either of the four on toast, add a nice cup of tea, and you have one sweet treat.
    • n Chunk chŭṉk A short, thick piece of anything.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n chunk A short thick piece, as of wood.
    • n chunk A person or a beast that is small, but thick-set and strong: as, a chunk of a boy; a chunk of a horse.
    • n chunk A game formerly much played by certain tribes of North American Indians, consisting in rolling a disk of stone along a prepared course, and immediately afterward throwing a stick so as to make it lie as near the stone as possible when the two come to rest. The grounds used for this amusement are known as chunk-yards.
    • n chunk Specifically, a range-bred horse of the western United States, suitable for draft purposes, standing 15 hands or over, and weighing from 1,100 to 1,400 pounds.
    • chunk In lumbering, to clear (ground) with an engine or horses of obstructions which cannot be removed by hand.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Chunk chungk a thick piece of anything, as wood, bread, &c.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. Chump
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Perh. related to Chuck.

Usage

In literature:

When we'd finished our eggs and bacon, our tea and chunks of dry bread, Sir Lionel laid a gold piece on the table.
"Set in Silver" by Charles Norris Williamson and Alice Muriel Williamson
You've bought your little chunk of experience and paid for it, and now you're a free man just like the rest of us.
"Branded" by Francis Lynde
A quarter section is quite a chunk.
"North of Fifty-Three" by Bertrand W. Sinclair
He's not in good training, and another chunk of that rich cake of yours, Miss King, might upset him.
"The Simpkins Plot" by George A. Birmingham
Mind that chunk of wood just ahead, Allen.
"The Outdoor Girls in a Winter Camp" by Laura Lee Hope
The ball that he threw was a hard one to catch, however, it landing in the hands like a chunk of lead.
"A Ball Player's Career" by Adrian C. Anson
Merry sat down on a chunk of adobe which had fallen out of the wall.
"Frank Merriwell, Junior's, Golden Trail" by Burt L. Standish
There was the slave man who was struck down with a chunk of slag for some small offence; I saw him die.
"Chapters from My Autobiography" by Mark Twain
Seeing a pile of tins of pine-apple chunks, he waved his stick generally towards them.
"The Napoleon of Notting Hill" by Gilbert K. Chesterton
I'm not telling everybody, but I find big chunks of that, and I've got a whole mountain of low-grade.
"Rimrock Jones" by Dane Coolidge
I've got a little chunk of antelope in my saddle-bags, and you need it, man.
"Under Fire" by Charles King
He seized great chunks of rock that he could not even have budged at an ordinary time and threw them far behind him.
"The Cross-Cut" by Courtney Ryley Cooper
Every day since they "made sugar," Roxy had had the felicity of carrying a great, brown, irregular, tempting chunk of maple sugar to school.
"Lill's Travels in Santa Claus Land and other Stories" by Ellis Towne, Sophie May and Ella Farman
A smock-frocked carter stood eating a chunk of bread and fat bacon, while a fox-terrier begged for scraps.
"Chatterbox, 1905." by Various
Half an hour later Pedro returned with a big chunk of bear meat, which was soon roasting on wooden spits placed around the blazing camp-fire.
"The Cave of Gold" by Everett McNeil
A big chunk of pork!
"Left on Labrador" by Charles Asbury Stephens
Returning with a chunk of salt beef, he threw it into the farther corner.
"The Best Short Stories of 1915" by Various
A large chunk of ice had slid down from above, and had jammed against the opening to the cavern.
"The Moving Picture Girls Snowbound" by Laura Lee Hope
Yet the forger drilled a neat hole, as if for a string for suspension, at the apex of the chunk.
"The Clyde Mystery a Study in Forgeries and Folklore" by Andrew Lang
So Barrent continued running, on feet that felt like chunks of wood.
"The Status Civilization" by Robert Sheckley
***

In poetry:

Leave blanks in life, not in your papers,
And do not ever hesitate
To pencil out whole chunks, whole chapters
Of your existence, of your fate.
"It is not seemly to be famous..." by Boris Pasternak
But something told him he would not surrender.
He felt a chunk of earth beneath his hand.
He would not yield this place up to the sailor;
Perhaps forgotten, it was still his land!
"The Lieutenant" by Konstantin Simonov
“Then on a sudden, down he bent,
And grabbed a chunk of rock,
And into Grimshaw’s stomach sent
The fossil, with a shock,
And Grimshaw doubled up and went
To pieces with the knock.
"The Sleeping Beauty" by Henry Lawson
When through the twigs the farmer tramps,
And troughs are chunked beneath the trees,
And fragrant hints of sugar-camps
Astray in every breeze,--
When early March seems middle May,
The Spring is coming round this way.
"When Early March Seems Middle May" by James Whitcomb Riley
The sweetest little thing she was, with rosy cheeks, and fat--
We was little chunks o' shavers then about as high as that!
But someway we sort a' SUITED-like! and Mother she'd declare
She never laid her eyes on a more lovin' pair
"Farmer Whipple--Bachelor" by James Whitcomb Riley
Mayhap - I give it up - but this I know:
When I saw Mamie on the line today
She turned her happy searchlights on me so,
And grinned so like a living picture - say,
If a real lady threw you such a chunk,
Could n't she pack her Raglan in your trunk?
"The Love Sonnets of a Hoodlum" by Wallace Irwin

In news:

Break 5 remaining ounces into small chunks.
Severn Scouts prepared to chunk a punkin.
Permanent collection shows have been taking up major chunks of New York museum space in the last two years.
Despite its deficiency in large chunks of land, Davis still can support a successful high-tech innovation hub to help drive the local economy, a city task force has found.
Those with business before Barnstable planning and zoning boards can expect to pay a good chunk more if fees recommended for the 2011 fiscal year are adopted.
The ham was slow-baked and pulled from the bones in chunks, not slices.
Greeks make souvlaki by marinating chunks of meat (usually pork or lamb) in oil, lemon juice and oregano, then skewering and grilling them.
Large chunk of Spain's economy.
I always wanted a chunk of uranium when I was a kid.
Joshua Gunter, The Plain Dealer Baltimore's Ray Rice running for a chunk of his 204 rushing yards during the Ravens' 24-10 win over the Browns last Dec 4 in Cleveland.
According to arrest records, he hit the girl in the face and pulled out a chunk of her hair.
It's easy to see why: Tender chunks of chicken are simmered in a creamy tomato gravy that's perfect for sopping up with naan, and it's mild enough that even kids love it.
5 medium sweet potatoes, peeled and cut into 2-inch chunks.
A big chunk of that audience will be tween girls.
PLM powerhouse wants an even bigger chunk of the market, says CEO Charles.
***

In science:

In the text-to-pronunciation task, described in this study, disambiguation in context is required, which is also the case for other problems in language processing, such as tagging and chunking.
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
The “big chunk” above, denote it by l , where n ≫ l ≫ k , is simply an intermediate size block.
Excited random walk in three dimensions has positive speed
A chunk of ∆ is a maximal connected full subgraph of ∆ which is not separated by the removal of any edge or vertex which is separating in ∆ (see Section 7 for a more detailed definition).
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Thus if ∆ has no separating vertices it is the union of, say, N distinct chunks glued along separating edges.
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Fixing a “base” chunk B , we may suppose that, up to an inner automorphism, each Dehn twist restricts to the identity on G(B ) .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Definition (Chunks of Θ ) Let A be a connected full subgraph of ∆ .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
By a chunk of ∆ we mean a maximal indecomposable (connected and full) subgraph of ∆ .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Clearly, any two chunks of ∆ intersect, if at all, along a single separating edge or vertex. A chunk of ∆ shall be said to be solid if it contains a simple closed circuit of ∆ .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
It is easy to see that any chunk is either solid or consists of just a single edge of the graph.
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
By a (solid) chunk of b∆ we mean the intersection of b∆ with a (solid) chunk of ∆ .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Finally, we define a (solid) chunk of Θ to be any translate of a (solid) chunk of b∆ by an element of G(∆) . A chunk of Θ is said to be fundamental if it lies in the fundamental subgraph b∆ .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Note that a chunk of Θ is solid if and only if it contains a simple closed circuit of Θ .
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Any non-solid chunk consists of a path in Θ of the form (gFs , gVe , gFt ) for g ∈ G(∆) and e = {s, t} ∈ E (∆) where s and t are both separating in ∆ , or of the form (gFs , gVe ) if s is separating but t is terminal.
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Consequently, any V F –isomorphism Θ → Θ′ maps each solid chunk of Θ onto a solid chunk of Θ′ (inducing a bijection between the solid chunks of Θ and those of Θ′ ).
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
Remark Note that, by combining Lemma 21 with the above Proposition, any solid chunk of Θ may be described as just the union of a certain equivalence class of minimal circuits.
Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups
***