chlorine

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chlorine a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Tomato ketchup is a good conditioner for the hair. It also helps get the greenish tinge that some blonde haired people get after swimming in water with chlorine in it
    • n Chlorine (Chem) One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt (Sodium chloride). It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Researchers have developed odourless socks. The sock fabric is made by attaching molecules that contain chlorine called halamines to textile fibers
    • n chlorine See chlorin.
    • chlorine Of the color of young leaves; light green.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Joseph Priestley not only discovered oxygen, but he also discovered ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and nitrous oxide. He was also the first person to isolate chlorine.
    • n Chlorine klō′rin a yellowish-green gas with a peculiar and suffocating odour
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. pale green, greenish yellow. So named from its color. See Yellow
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. chlōros, pale-green.

Usage

In literature:

Chlorine gas is made by the action of sulphuric acid and manganese dioxide on common salt.
"The Moving Picture Boys on the War Front" by Victor Appleton
He ordered that the guardship admit him to its airlock, which then was to be filled with steam and chlorine.
"This World Is Taboo" by Murray Leinster
That yellow green chlorine will corrode the lungs and fill them with pus and blood.
"With Our Soldiers in France" by Sherwood Eddy
Affinity exists between hydrogen and hydrogen and between chlorine and chlorine, as well as between hydrogen and chlorine.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 365, December 30, 1882" by Various
The salt, which is composed of chlorine and sodium, decomposes under the electric attack.
"Kelly Miller's History of the World War for Human Rights" by Kelly Miller
APPARATUS FOR THE HYDRATION OF CHLORINE GAS.
"Scientific American, Volume XXXVI., No. 8, February 24, 1877" by Various
There is also free oxygen, but no chlorine.
"Uller Uprising" by Henry Beam Piper, John D. Clark and John F. Carr
Here it was chlorinated; and hence the water, now fit for all purposes, was pumped forward to its destination.
"With the British Army in The Holy Land" by Henry Osmond Lock
The chlorine method is the one in general use in the British Army, as it is in all of the other allied armies.
"On the Fringe of the Great Fight" by George G. Nasmith
These elements run from 18,980 parts parts per million of chlorine to 0,0000002 part per billion of radium.
"The Practical Values of Space Exploration" by Committee on Science and Astronautics
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In poetry:

Your baby has gorn dahn the drainpipe
And the chlorine is bad for his eyes
He's havin' a swim, and it's healthy for him
He needed the exercise
"Biby's Epitaph" by Anonymous British
The brook ran yellow from the factory stinking of chlorine,
The yarn-milled called its funeral cry at noon;
Our lights looked over the Lough to the lights of Bangor
Under the peacock aura of a drowning moon.
"Carrickfergus" by Louis MacNeice

In news:

The US Environmental Protection Agency has selected a cleanup plan to address contaminated soil at the Standard Chlorine of Delaware Superfund site in New Castle County, Del.
The chlorine generator process breaks down NACL + H2O into.
Electrolytic Chlorine Generators – Test.
Stolen chlorine tank raises fake meth worry.
A missing tank of chlorine , stolen from a rural O'Brien County water treatment station, has raised concerns about the possibility of a drug cook operation, according to a deputy with the state fire marshal's office.
Zelma Chlorine Hook Carter, 87, of Little Rock died Wednesday, Feb 25, 2004.
Since the bulk of the supply water to the hospital facility is from a chlorinated municipal surface water source, the ORP is highly variable.
Last month's chlorine leak in Summit Township is being blamed on a bad thermostat and heater.
The chlorine tanks' valves are designed to release if it gets too hot, so they don't split open from the pressure.
Chlorine dioxide can help you solve sanitation issues in the greenhouses and nursery.
Information on the Amperometric Measurement of free Chlorine, Chlorine Dioxide and Ozone in Water.
Evaluation of a Chlorine Dioxide Secondary Disinfection System.
In 2007, al Qaeda suspended using chlorine gas as a weapon while waiting for guidance on whether or not to continue the practice, worrying that collateral damage from attacks could hurt its image, according to documents published online.
Hydrazine is moderately toxic, with effects akin to chlorine gas.
Curiosity finds signs of chlorine in Mars' soil.
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In science:

The chlorine data come from the sight lines analyzed by Crenny & Federman (2004) for CO absorption.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Since the f -value for the Cl II line at 1071 ˚A has not changed significantly from the value adopted by Jenkins et al. (1986), as noted by Schectman et al. (2005), we do not discuss the chlorine depletion patterns here.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Instead, the use of the three Cl I lines, along with profile synthesis based on component structure for the line of sight from high-resolution groundbased measurements, provides the means to study the correspondences between the chlorine and hydrogen species with greater precision than was possible in the earlier work.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Since chlorine depletion was not our focus, we did not include moderately reddened, molecule-rich directions such as o Per, ζ Per, and ζ Oph.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Figure 2 shows the relationship between neutral chlorine and molecular hydrogen.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
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