chlorine

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chlorine a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Tomato ketchup is a good conditioner for the hair. It also helps get the greenish tinge that some blonde haired people get after swimming in water with chlorine in it
    • n Chlorine (Chem) One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt (Sodium chloride). It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Researchers have developed odourless socks. The sock fabric is made by attaching molecules that contain chlorine called halamines to textile fibers
    • n chlorine See chlorin.
    • chlorine Of the color of young leaves; light green.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Joseph Priestley not only discovered oxygen, but he also discovered ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and nitrous oxide. He was also the first person to isolate chlorine.
    • n Chlorine klō′rin a yellowish-green gas with a peculiar and suffocating odour
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. pale green, greenish yellow. So named from its color. See Yellow
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. chlōros, pale-green.

Usage

In literature:

Chlorine gas is made by the action of sulphuric acid and manganese dioxide on common salt.
"The Moving Picture Boys on the War Front" by Victor Appleton
He ordered that the guardship admit him to its airlock, which then was to be filled with steam and chlorine.
"This World Is Taboo" by Murray Leinster
That yellow green chlorine will corrode the lungs and fill them with pus and blood.
"With Our Soldiers in France" by Sherwood Eddy
Affinity exists between hydrogen and hydrogen and between chlorine and chlorine, as well as between hydrogen and chlorine.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 365, December 30, 1882" by Various
The salt, which is composed of chlorine and sodium, decomposes under the electric attack.
"Kelly Miller's History of the World War for Human Rights" by Kelly Miller
APPARATUS FOR THE HYDRATION OF CHLORINE GAS.
"Scientific American, Volume XXXVI., No. 8, February 24, 1877" by Various
There is also free oxygen, but no chlorine.
"Uller Uprising" by Henry Beam Piper, John D. Clark and John F. Carr
Here it was chlorinated; and hence the water, now fit for all purposes, was pumped forward to its destination.
"With the British Army in The Holy Land" by Henry Osmond Lock
The chlorine method is the one in general use in the British Army, as it is in all of the other allied armies.
"On the Fringe of the Great Fight" by George G. Nasmith
These elements run from 18,980 parts parts per million of chlorine to 0,0000002 part per billion of radium.
"The Practical Values of Space Exploration" by Committee on Science and Astronautics
It was so heavily chlorinated and nauseous that one drank it as medicine.
"With Our Army in Palestine" by Antony Bluett
THE CHLORINATION OF WOOL.
"The Dyeing of Woollen Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
The drinking water was unpalatable, being heavily chlorinated to sterilise it.
"The Fifth Battalion Highland Light Infantry in the War 1914-1918" by F.L. Morrison
Cocain exposed in chlorine is followed by such a development of heat that the former is fused.
"Narrative of the Circumnavigation of the Globe by the Austrian Frigate Novara, Volume III" by Karl Ritter von Scherzer
Antoine F. J. Claudet, F.R.S., of London, employed chlorine for the same purpose.
"The Evolution of Photography" by John Werge
Steam is composed of oxygen and hydrogen; common salt, of sodium and chlorine.
"British Manufacturing Industries" by L. Arnoux
Calcium, chlorine, sodium, and sulphur likewise are found in meteoric irons.
"Astronomy" by David Todd
The disadvantage is the vile smell of the chlorine gas when liberated by the combination of the two liquids.
"Directions for Collecting and Preserving Insects" by C. V. Riley
Here, in a flask, is a mixture of hydrogen and chlorine in equal volumes.
"Mysterious Psychic Forces" by Camille Flammarion
The chief are chlorine, sulphurous-acid gas, nitrous-acid gas, and hydrochloric-acid gas.
"Memoranda on Poisons" by Thomas Hawkes Tanner
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In poetry:

Your baby has gorn dahn the drainpipe
And the chlorine is bad for his eyes
He's havin' a swim, and it's healthy for him
He needed the exercise
"Biby's Epitaph" by Anonymous British
The brook ran yellow from the factory stinking of chlorine,
The yarn-milled called its funeral cry at noon;
Our lights looked over the Lough to the lights of Bangor
Under the peacock aura of a drowning moon.
"Carrickfergus" by Louis MacNeice

In news:

The US Environmental Protection Agency has selected a cleanup plan to address contaminated soil at the Standard Chlorine of Delaware Superfund site in New Castle County, Del.
The chlorine generator process breaks down NACL + H2O into.
Electrolytic Chlorine Generators – Test.
Stolen chlorine tank raises fake meth worry.
A missing tank of chlorine , stolen from a rural O'Brien County water treatment station, has raised concerns about the possibility of a drug cook operation, according to a deputy with the state fire marshal's office.
Zelma Chlorine Hook Carter, 87, of Little Rock died Wednesday, Feb 25, 2004.
Since the bulk of the supply water to the hospital facility is from a chlorinated municipal surface water source, the ORP is highly variable.
Last month's chlorine leak in Summit Township is being blamed on a bad thermostat and heater.
The chlorine tanks' valves are designed to release if it gets too hot, so they don't split open from the pressure.
Chlorine dioxide can help you solve sanitation issues in the greenhouses and nursery.
Information on the Amperometric Measurement of free Chlorine, Chlorine Dioxide and Ozone in Water.
Evaluation of a Chlorine Dioxide Secondary Disinfection System.
In 2007, al Qaeda suspended using chlorine gas as a weapon while waiting for guidance on whether or not to continue the practice, worrying that collateral damage from attacks could hurt its image, according to documents published online.
Hydrazine is moderately toxic, with effects akin to chlorine gas.
Curiosity finds signs of chlorine in Mars' soil.
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In science:

The chlorine data come from the sight lines analyzed by Crenny & Federman (2004) for CO absorption.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Since the f -value for the Cl II line at 1071 ˚A has not changed significantly from the value adopted by Jenkins et al. (1986), as noted by Schectman et al. (2005), we do not discuss the chlorine depletion patterns here.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Instead, the use of the three Cl I lines, along with profile synthesis based on component structure for the line of sight from high-resolution groundbased measurements, provides the means to study the correspondences between the chlorine and hydrogen species with greater precision than was possible in the earlier work.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Since chlorine depletion was not our focus, we did not include moderately reddened, molecule-rich directions such as o Per, ζ Per, and ζ Oph.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Figure 2 shows the relationship between neutral chlorine and molecular hydrogen.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
This figure provides a firm foundation for deriving the molecular hydrogen content from observations of neutral chlorine (Sonnentrucker et al. 2002).
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Of the directions in our sample, only the sight line toward ρ Oph indicates depletion of chlorine onto grains.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Thus, ρ Oph was excluded from the fit as well. A weighted average of the results for directions indicated by filled circles yields a chlorine abundance, Ntot (Cl)/Ntot (H), of −6.99 ± 0.04.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
When compared with the meteoritic abundance of −6.74 ± 0.06 (Lodders 2003), the interstellar gas phase abundance of chlorine indicates a factor of nearly two depletion onto grains.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
At first glance, it may seem surprising that our sample of directions, which probe the transition from atomic to molecular gas, shows such a correspondence between Ntot (Cl) and Ntot (H) and a chlorine abundance indistinguishable from earlier determinations.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
Our sample includes some sight lines where most of the Cl is singly-ionized, while others are dominated by neutral chlorine.
Revisiting the Chlorine Abundance in Diffuse Interstellar Clouds from Measurements with the Copernicus Satellite
The water is stored in a surface 1.2-million-gallon reinforced concrete storage tank. A minimal amount of treatment is provided by a chlorinating system.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
Davis' radiochemical measurements with Chlorine were sensitive primarily to 7Be and 8B neutrinos.
Evidence for Neutrino Oscillations I: Solar and Reactor Neutrinos
The near–orthogonality of the fluorine ellipses results from (i); chlorine and sodium, the other nuclei present in the detectors, do not fulfill condition (ii), and are essentially spectators for WIMP–neutron interaction detection.
Recent Results from the SIMPLE Dark Matter Search
Nevertheless, they make the unexcluded regions of the experiments closed ellipses instead of open conics10 , with the chlorine being the weaker of the two constraint–wise.
Recent Results from the SIMPLE Dark Matter Search
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