chloride

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chloride any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion)
    • n chloride any compound containing a chlorine atom
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The name Aspirin was invented from "A" in acetyl chloride. The "spir" comes from spiraea ulmaria which is the plant that they got the salicylic acid from, and the "in" was used because back then it was popular to end the name of medicines with "in."
    • n Chloride (Chem) A binary compound of chlorine with another element or radical; as, chloride of sodium (common salt.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Joseph Priestley not only discovered oxygen, but he also discovered ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and nitrous oxide. He was also the first person to isolate chlorine.
    • n chloride See chlorid.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Joseph Priestly is credited with discovering oxygen, ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and nitrous oxide. He was also the first to isolate chlorine.
    • n Chloride a compound of chlorine with some other substance, as potash, soda, &c
    • ***

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. chlōros, pale-green.

Usage

In literature:

Common salt (chloride of sodium) is, in fact, the most diffusive of solids.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
In uraemia there is a diminution of chlorides, and an increase of phosphates and sulphates.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
The pileus is subglobose, becoming convex, dry, verrucose, white, margin even, flesh firm, white, odor resembling that of chloride of lime.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Chloride of lime, 325.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
Give tests for a chloride, sulphide, sulphate, nitrate, and carbonate.
"Boy Scouts Handbook" by Boy Scouts of America
The Exide "Chloride Accumulator" cell, Fig.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
We have five million dollars worth already, in the form of the chloride.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
Cases of mercurial poisoning sometimes follow disinfection of cattle stables with the usual 1 to 1,000 solution of mercuric chlorid.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
What are the proportions of chlorides and silver uniformly suited to give the best positive pictures?
"Notes and Queries, Number 233, April 15, 1854" by Various
To obtain these the gold is first precipitated from the solution by ferrous chloride, all the other metals by iron turnings.
"The Galaxy, Volume 23, No. 2, February, 1877" by Various
They took him into a snow-joint over on Chloride Street.
"The Wealth of Echindul" by Noel Miller Loomis
Mosander, by fusing its chloride with sodium.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
Afterwards, when chloride of iron was produced, ferro-chloride of ammonia was found.
"The Eruption of Vesuvius in 1872" by Luigi Palmieri
Bismuth forms two chlorides: BiCl2 and BiCl3.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 1" by Various
Two chlorides of copper are known, one a highly coloured substance, the other quite white.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 8" by Various
The substance so formed is called methyl chloride.
"The Romance of War Inventions" by Thomas W. Corbin
This was confirmed by dissolving the lead chloride in hot water and precipitating as lead sulphide.
"Some Constituents of the Poison Ivy Plant: (Rhus Toxicodendron)" by William Anderson Syme
C. It shows all the characteristic properties of an acid chloride.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
Wool is dyed in single bath by boiling with a mixture of Flavine (8%), stannous chloride (4%) and oxalic acid (2%).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
When dry, the plate is placed in the etching bath of nitric acid or, more generally, of ferric chloride.
"The Essentials of Illustration" by T. G. (Thomas George) Hill
***

In news:

Polyvinyl Chloride / Polyvinylidene Chloride companies.
Get the most comprehensive and accurate polyvinyl-chloride price assessments.
Polyvinyl Chloride / Polyvinylidene Chloride.
Sears to Reduce and Phase Out Use of Polyvinyl Chloride Dec 18, 2007 Printable format Email this Article Search.
Announced it will begin working to reduce and phase out the use of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) in its packaging and merchandise.
Without thinking too hard, you'll likely recall Annette Funicello's bare little midriff, Gidget's wiggle, and Malibu Barbie's tan, polyvinyl-chloride skin.
Reverse Osmosis Removes Chlorides from Contaminated Groundwater.
Sodium Chloride 23.4%, Hospira.
A pipe broke at the Onaway Wastewater Treatment plant, releasing Ferric Chloride Acid into the ground in front of the building.
Paulsboro, NJ (WIBX) – The toxic gas vinyl chloride is thought to be spilling into the Mantua Creek in Paulsboro, New Jersey after a train derailed this morning.
What is the compatibility of sulfuryl chloride with a glass lined reactor.
DuraCrete predicts the corrosive effects of chloride after a 10-year period.
A large crane removes a rail car that leaked vinyl chloride from its crash site in Paulsboro, N.J.
Revision of D3364 - 99(2011) Standard Test Method for Flow Rates for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) with Molecular Structural Implications.
Pass the Potassium Chloride, please.
***

In science:

The nickel layer is then removed by Fe-III-chloride.
Laterally defined freely suspended quantum dots in GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructures
Two-Dimensional Benzyldimethyl-N-Hexadecylammonium Chloride-]Sodium Dodecyl-Sulfate Preparative Polyacrylamide-Gel Electrophoresis - a High-Capacity High-Resolution Technique for the Purification of Proteins from Complex-Mixtures.
Variations on a theme: Changes to electrophoretic separations that can make a difference
Use of Benzyldimethyl-Normal-Hexadecylammonium Chloride (16-Bac), a Cationic Detergent, in an Acidic Polyacrylamide-Gel Electrophoresis System to Detect Base Labile Protein Methylation in Intact-Cells.
Variations on a theme: Changes to electrophoretic separations that can make a difference
To treat the red blood cells with hypertonic buffer of osmolarity 1200 mOsm, sodium chloride (N aC l) and calcium chloride (C aC l2 ) were mixed in different proportions and added to the original erythrocyte suspension in PBS (300 mOsm).
Optical tweezer for probing erythrocyte membrane deformability
An intermediate neglect of differential overlap theory for transition metal complexes: Fe, Co and Cu chlorides.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
The total flux of 8B neutrinos measured with the NC reaction is in very good agreement with the SSM prediction of 5.05 ± 1.0 × 106 cm−2 s−1 . (Note added in proof: The SNO collaboration has recently reported results from the second phase of the experiment where sodium chloride was added to the heavy water.
Astrophysical Neutrino Telescopes
Its current design envisages a mass of about 20-30 ktonnes of liquid scintillator and polyvinyl-chloride tube container.
Looking to the Future: A Fermilab Viewpoint
The ordered moments of the oxy-chlorides listed in Table 8.1 seem surprisingly small.
Neutron Scattering Studies of Antiferromagnetic Correlations in Cuprates
In the first stage, neutrinos are "captured" in a large tank containing 133 tons of perchlorethylene in the Homestake experiment; 101 tons of gallium chloride (GaCl3) in the GALLEX and GNO experiments; or 50 metric tons of gallium in the SAGE experiment.
Analysis and packaging of radiochemical solar neutrino data. 1. Bayesian approach
The brain slices were incubated for 30 min in a 2% solution of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) (Sigma Chemical Co., Saint Louis, MO, USA) at 37 °C and fixed by immersion in a 4% paraformaldehyde solution in phosphate-buffered saline pH 7.4.
Wide therapeutic time window for nimesulide neuroprotection in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat
For example, organic materials (ranging from human skin to materials like epoxies and polyvinyl chloride or PVC) will degrade when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
A Review of Accelerated Test Models
Cesium chloride was bombarded with 85 MeV protons in the 184 inch Berkeley cyclotron.
Discovery of the Barium Isotopes
In 1950 the discovery of 129Ba was reported first by Thomas and Wiig in On Neutron Deficient Isotopes of Barium . 250-MeV protons accelerated by the Rochester 130-inch cyclotron were used to bombard spectroscopically pure cesium chloride.
Discovery of the Barium Isotopes
The critical point of this method is to use very pure chemical products (water and acid have to be distillate), especially barium chloride.
Review of double beta experiments
NEMO-3 purification succeeded by using an old and ultra radiopure barium chloride reagent.
Review of double beta experiments
***