chlorate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chlorate any salt of chloric acid
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Chlorate (Chem) A salt of chloric acid; as, chlorate of potassium.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n chlorate A salt of chloric acid. The chlorates are closely analogous to the nitrates. They are decomposed by a red heat, nearly all of them being converted into metallic chlorids, with evolution of pure oxygen. They deflagrate with inflammable substances with such facility that an explosion is produced by slight causes. The chlorates of sodium and potassium are used in medicine.
    • n chlorate Potassium and sodium chlorates are now manufactured on a large scale by electrolysis of strong solutions in water of the corresponding chlorids.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Chlorate a salt composed of chloric acid and a base
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. chlorate,. See Chlorine
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. chlōros, pale-green.

Usage

In literature:

Potassium chlorate, an essential in explosives, 347.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
For many years it had been known that a mixture of potassium chlorate and hydrochloric or sulphuric acids possessed strong oxidizing powers.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
The most important is potassium chlorate, KClO3, which was obtained in 1786 by C.L.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
To remove this, apply with a brush chlorated lime and then very weak hydrochloric acid.
"Book Repair and Restoration" by Mitchell Buck
Potassium chlorate produces a similar though slower action.
"The Galaxy, April, 1877" by Various
During the process of fusion potassium chlorate is added, by which means the yield of alizarin is considerably increased.
"Coal" by Raphael Meldola
Now add the chlorate of potash, and see that every crystal of it is dissolved.
"A Treatise on Etching" by Maxime Lalanne
Its nitrate and chlorate are used in pyrotechny.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
A saturated solution of potassium chlorate in strong nitric acid is added, and the mass evaporated to dryness.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 7" by Various
Chlorate of potash and carbonate of soda were added to the medicine.
"Epidemics Examined and Explained: or, Living Germs Proved by Analogy to be a Source of Disease" by John Grove
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In news:

Eka Chemicals said that it will increase prices on sodium chlorate globally with immediate effect and where contracts allow.
"Major price concessions were implemented in our sodium chlorate business during the latest global financial crises," said Lennart Nilsson, Director of Global Marketing at Eka Chemicals.
Eka Cuts Sodium Chlorate Output.
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