chinook

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chinook large Pacific salmon valued as food; adults die after spawning
    • n Chinook a Penutian language spoken by the Chinook
    • n chinook pink or white flesh of large Pacific salmon
    • n Chinook a member of an important North American Indian people who controlled the mouth of the Columbia river; they were organized into settlements rather than tribes
    • n chinook a warm dry wind blowing down the eastern slopes of the Rockies
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Chinook A jargon of words from various languages (the largest proportion of which is from that of the Chinooks) generally understood by all the Indian tribes of the northwestern territories of the United States.
    • Chinook A warm westerly wind from the country of the Chinooks, sometimes experienced on the slope of the Rocky Mountains, in Montana and the adjacent territory.
    • Chinook (Ethnol) One of a tribe of North American Indians now living in the state of Washington, noted for the custom of flattening their skulls. Chinooks also called Flathead Indians.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n chinook A jargon of Indian, French, and English used as a means of communication with the native tribes in British America, and now extensively employed, especially on the northwestern Pacific coast, not only between the whites and the Indians, but also between the Indians of tribes having different languages. It is similar in character to “Pidgin English,” being made of native and foreign words grossly corrupted and often fancifully used. For example, the Chinook name for a male “Indian” is siwash, from the French sauvage; an Englishman is a King George man; a Boston man is a person from the United States; and clouds are smock (English smoke).
    • n chinook [l. c] A name given in the extreme northwestern part of the United States to a warm, dry westerly or northerly wind which is felt at intervals, especially on the eastern slopes of the mountains. In the winter and early spring it causes a very rapid disappearance of the snow. It is similar to the foehn of Switzerland. See foehn.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Chinook chin-ōōk′ a trader's jargon, consisting of words from French and English, as well as Chinook and other Indian tongues.
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Usage

In literature:

If your chinook doesn't come soon, Kitty, I'll do something quite desperate.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909 to 1922" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
A chinook swept the hills and held for a week, the hot wind melting and packing the drifts and clearing the more exposed slopes free of snow.
"The Yellow Horde" by Hal G. Evarts
Among the Chinooks it is almost universal.
"The Conquest of Canada (Vol. 1 of 2)" by George Warburton
The aboriginal speech of the Indians, and its debased lingo, Chinook, have given freely of their wealth.
"American Sketches" by Charles Whibley
Beside the Wildcat sat Running Bear, speaking a fluent mixture of Flathead and Chinook.
"Lady Luck" by Hugh Wiley
He quickly gave her a few directions in Chinook, and told her what to do at Dingan's if she got there first.
"Northern Lights" by Gilbert Parker
Stone, Toodlewinks, Jo Ram, Craftsman, Fly, Alpheus, Chinook, Puzz L., Teddy, Wm.
"Golden Days for Boys and Girls" by Various
The major received it with the face of a Spartan, but with the grunt of a Chinook chief.
"The Busted Ex-Texan and Other Stories" by W. H. H. Murray
And my respect for Gershom went up like a Chinook-fanned thermometer.
"The Prairie Child" by Arthur Stringer
One of the lads could talk a little Chinook mixed with English.
"The Trail of the Goldseekers" by Hamlin Garland
A large sea-canoe, manned by Chinook paddlers, was floating at the beach.
"The Bridge of the Gods" by Frederic Homer Balch
The next morning came the chinook.
"Track's End" by Hayden Carruth
There one heard the Chinook in the pine-tops and the rapids brawl.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
We took a lesson in Chinook, and by signs and words held conversation until a late hour.
"Ox-Team Days on the Oregon Trail" by Ezra Meeker
Daniels had mastered many dialects in his time, from Chinook to Pidgin English, but to save himself he could make nothing out of this language.
"The Crimson Gardenia and Other Tales of Adventure" by Rex Beach
Hence a "cooley kuitan" in Chinook signifies a race horse.
"The Land of Strong Men" by Arthur M. Chisholm
When the Chinook spoke, said the Sioux.
"Held for Orders" by Frank H. Spearman
This chinook has thawed the drifts.
"The Rider of Golden Bar" by William Patterson White
When the "Chinook" blows long enough to melt the snow away, all goes well.
"Two Years in Oregon" by Wallis Nash
Nineteen years have passed, and John Mission and Billy Chinook have not yet received one dollar for the aforesaid improvements.
"Wigwam and War-path; Or the Royal Chief in Chains" by A. B. (Alfred Benjamin) Meacham
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In poetry:

Young days, young ways, and many trails to ride,
And Romance tugging at the bridle-rein:
Chinook, and if we swung a bit aside,
We always found the old home trail again.
"So Long, Chinook!" by Henry Herbert Knibbs
And here we are! I reckon we're both free:
No wonder that you stand like that and look
So solemn and wise. What's wrong with me?
I'm talking wild, to-day, So long, Chinook!
"So Long, Chinook!" by Henry Herbert Knibbs
Chinook, they did n't know you as a colt:
We were some young and wild in those days, Chinook!
They never tamed a foot-loose thunderbolt
That pawed a star down, every jump he took.
"So Long, Chinook!" by Henry Herbert Knibbs
Chinook, you're free: there's plenty pasture there:
Your gallant years have earned you more ... and
yet ..
Go on and graze! Don't stand like that and stare!
Now quit your nosing! No, I'll not forget.
"So Long, Chinook!" by Henry Herbert Knibbs

In news:

Salmon fishing for Chinook in local waters has been decent for the last week or so and should be peaking right now.
The summer chinook run in the Columbia River will be about 40 percent smaller than forecast this year, while the sockeye return will be a mega-record exceeding 500,000 salmon.
Spring Chinook Numbers Lower Than Expected.
Steelhead on the Skykomish and chinook on the upper Skagit and Cascade -- came off pretty well, considering relatively high water and low-visibility fishing conditions.
YAKUTAT — Yakutat District Ranger Lee Benson has announced that he is acting immediately to protect Chinook salmon in the Situk River, near Yakutat.
North Bend's Chinook Lumber hosts spring special event.
Chinook Lumber in North Bend hosts a "Spring Fencing Event," 11 am to 2 pm Thursday, April 19.
Tactics for Spring Chinook .
The author shows off his spring Chinook , the second of the day for the boat.
Stamford Man Died in Chinook Attack in Afghanistan.
Resurrection winner nets 22.34 pound Chinook .
Chinook salmon sighted in Bainbridge Island's Ravine Creek.
Left, the Suqamish Tribe has identified the salmon sighted in Ravine Creek to be a Chinook , most often found in larger streams.
Children invited to 'Pumpkins at Chinook Pier.
Mohammad Nasir / AP Photo Wreckage of a Chinook helicopter shot down last week is seen at the site of crash at Tangi Valley in Wardak province some 60 miles southwest of Kabul, Afghanistan today.
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