chicane

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v chicane raise trivial objections
    • v chicane defeat someone through trickery or deceit
    • n chicane the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them)
    • n chicane a movable barrier used in motor racing; sometimes placed before a dangerous corner to reduce speed as cars pass in single file
    • n chicane a bridge hand that is void of trumps
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Chicane (Card playing) In bridge, the holding of a hand without trumps, or the hand itself. It counts as simple honors.
    • Chicane The use of artful subterfuge, designed to draw away attention from the merits of a case or question; -- specifically applied to legal proceedings; trickery; chicanery; caviling; sophistry. "To shuffle from them by chicane .""To cut short this chicane , I propound it fairly to your own conscience."
    • v. i Chicane To use shifts, cavils, or artifices.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n chicane The art of gaining an advantage by the use of evasive stratagems or petty or unfair tricks and artifices; trickery; sophistry; chicanery.
    • n chicane A game similar to pall-mall, played on foot, in Languedoc and elsewhere, with a long-handled mallet and a ball of hard wood. It is played in an open field, like polo.
    • chicane To use chicane; employ shifts, tricks, or artifices.
    • chicane To treat with chicane; deceive; cheat; bamboozle.
    • n chicane A quibble: as, a chicane about words.
    • n chicane In bridge whist, a hand which is void of trumps; it entitles the holder to score simple honors. When the hands of two partners are both void of trumps it is called double chicane.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.i Chicane shi-kān′ to use shifts and tricks
    • v.t Chicane to deceive
    • n Chicane a trick or artifice
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., prob. earlier meaning a dispute, orig. in the game of mall (F. mail), fr. LGr. the game of mall, fr Pers chaugān, club or bat; or possibly ultimated fr. L. ciccus, a trible

Usage

In literature:

Greed, chicane, hypocrisy, uselessness are the ruling laws of human society.
"The Ancien Regime" by Charles Kingsley
One cannot but marvel that Richard should be at the trouble of so much difficult chicane.
"The President" by Alfred Henry Lewis
By what magic, what chicane of law, is it now annihilated, and rendered of no validity?
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part F. From Charles II. to James II." by David Hume
There are also scores for holding no trumps ("chicane"), and for winning all the tricks or all but one ("slam").
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
Yet he hated the chicane.
"Clayhanger" by Arnold Bennett
He had tried his best to get rid of them, advanced the rent, implored, chicaned, but all in vain.
"The Son of Monte-Cristo, Volume II (of 2)" by Alexandre Dumas père
Trickery, cunning, chicane, fraud.
"Practical Grammar and Composition" by Thomas Wood
The value of honors, slam, little slam or chicane, is not affected by doubling or redoubling.
"Auction of To-day" by Milton C. Work
Then, he says, the 'Demon of Chicane appeared to me in all his hideousness.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
The wars of the League were wars of Chicane; Artifice in arms, Subtlety in steel coats.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 59, No. 364, February 1846" by Various
But all these methods gave room for chicane.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
Most of all he despised the necessity of engaging in such verbal chicane as Mr Hammet's mission demanded.
"The Secret of the League" by Ernest Bramah
By legal chicane, the chicane of an alien law, many an Irish Naboth may have been dispossessed.
"Irish History and the Irish Question" by Goldwin Smith
I had heard enough to tell me I had been chicaned.
"The Bandolero" by Mayne Reid
But this new piece of chicane may stimulate our zeal in unravelling what we believe to have been a foul plot.
"Trevethlan (Vol 3 of 3)" by William Davy Watson
A game consists of thirty points obtained by tricks alone, exclusive of any points counted for honours, chicane or slam.
"Bridge; its Principles and Rules of Play" by J.B. Elwell
A game consists of thirty points obtained by tricks alone, exclusive of any points counted for honours, Chicane, or Slam.
"Bridge Axioms and Laws" by J. B. Elwell
Why should we leave room for illiterate fishermen to wrangle and chicane?
"The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution (Volume VI)" by Various
A game consists of thirty points obtained by tricks alone, exclusive of any points counted for Honours, Chicane, Or Slam.
"Hoyle's Games Modernized"
Apparently Judge Dunder had in this case resolved to wink a little at chicane and decide for justice in the broader sense.
"The Incendiary" by W. A. (William Augustine) Leahy
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In poetry:

All or nothing, stake it! Trust she God or no?
Thus far and no farther? farther? be it so!
Now, enough of your chicane of prudent pauses,
Sage provisos, sub-intents and saving-clauses!
"Before" by Robert Browning

In news:

Paul di Resta has called on the FIA to consider tighter guidelines for drivers on how to make space at the Suzuka chicane ahead of a qualifying lap.
That should be enough power for most scooter fans, though even that velocity can make you a moving chicane on SoCal freeways.
Prev Chicane Sport Tuning Jimmy.
Next Chicane Sport Tuning Measurement.
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In science:

In other words, the chicane has to be symmetric.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
In a 4-magnet chicane it is also beneficial to match the magnets in each pair producing a p arallel translation of the beam (a “dogleg”), so that the inclination of the orbit with respect to the original is kept to a minimum.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
As a result, the trajectory of the beam had a small inclination in the middle of the chicane and was not fully restored downstream of the chicane, and energy changes were converted into position variations in BPMs 9, 10 and 11.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
Note that, although the net integral field applie d to the beam by the chicane is very small, BPM 9 is still able to resolve the energy changes due to its high resolution.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
For that reason, even though the net field of t he chicane is small, they form another spectrometer arm with a comparable resolution.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
Even though the spectrometer chicane operates in the horizontal plane, the energy scan is also traced in the vertical plane.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
One should, however, keep in mind that an energy change generates both a different offset and an inclination in the mid-chicane.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
The model-independent analysis of the data obtained with the prototype Linear Collider spectrometer based on a magnetic chicane achieved a single-bunch resolution of 5.5 · 10−4 using a BPM system with a micrometre level precision of the beam orbit measurements.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
This means that the dispersion in the chicane, and hence the beam emittance degradation caused by the spectrometer, can be significantly reduced.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
Working with uncalibrated in-phase and quadrature BPM readings, one does not have to distinguish between the beam angle and offset changes in the middle of a 4-magnet chicane.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
It is also possible to work with calibrated offsets, providing the chicane magnets are closely matched.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
For simplicity reasons, a 3-magnet chicane may be a possible configuration.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
In this configuration, the energy calibration of the chicane becomes necessary.
Results from a Prototype Chicane-Based Energy Spectrometer for a Linear Collider
After the initial seeding laser modulator, the beam passes through the chicane bunch compressor A.
Generation of Multi-Color Attosecond X-Ray Radiation Through Modulation Compression
Another 0.63 keV uncorrelated energy spread is added to the beam to account for the uncorrelated energy spread growth from the quantum fluctuation of the incoherent synchrotron radiation through the chicane.
Generation of Multi-Color Attosecond X-Ray Radiation Through Modulation Compression
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