chess

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chess a board game for two players who move their 16 pieces according to specific rules; the object is to checkmate the opponent's king
    • n chess weedy annual native to Europe but widely distributed as a weed especially in wheat
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "checkmate" in chess comes from the Persian phrase "Shah-Mat," which means the king is dead
    • n Chess chĕs A game played on a chessboard, by two persons, with two differently colored sets of men, sixteen in each set. Each player has a king, a queen, two bishops, two knights, two castles or rooks, and eight pawns.
    • n Chess (Bot) A species of brome grass (Bromus secalinus) which is a troublesome weed in wheat fields, and is often erroneously regarded as degenerate or changed wheat; it bears a very slight resemblance to oats, and if reaped and ground up with wheat, so as to be used for food, is said to produce narcotic effects; -- called also cheat and Willard's bromus.☞ Other species of brome grass are called upright chess soft chess, etc.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: St. Teresa of Avila is the patron saint of chess-players
    • n chess A very ancient game played by two persons or parties with thirty-two pieces on a checkered board divided into sixty-four squares. The squares are alternately light and dark, and in beginning a game the board must be so placed that the square at the right-hand corner is a light one. The vertical rows of squares are called files, those which run from right to left, ranks or lines, and those (of the same color) which run obliquely, diagonals. Each party has sixteen pieces, differently colored to distinguish those of one side from those of the other, viz., a king, a queen, two bishops, two knights, and two rooks or castles, placed on the squares of the end line of the board, and eight pawns placed on the next line in front. The king and queen are placed on the two middle squares, the queen on her own color (light or dark), and by the side of each are placed a bishop, a knight, and a rook, in this order. The pieces move according to certain laws over unoccupied squares, the knight alone being free from this latter restriction (see below). The king moves one square in any direction (except into check); the queen in any direction and to any distance along the rows of squares, and also along the diagonals; the rooks or castles in any direction along the files or ranks of squares; the bishops (of which there is one on each color) in any direction along the diagonals of the color on which they are originally placed; the knights one square on one row and then two squares on the row at right angles to it (or two squares and then one) in any direction, without reference to interposing pieces; and the pawns one square ahead on the files. A piece is taken by removing it from the board and placing the capturing piece in its place. In taking, each piece makes some one of its ordinary moves, except the pawn, which takes by moving one square forward on a diagonal; the knight alone can take by jumping over an intervening piece. The object of the game is to capture the king of the opposing party; and this is effected by an attack so planned that it is impossible, either by moving the opposing king or by interposing another piece, to prevent him from being taken on the next move — that is, by placing the opposing king in a check from which he cannot escape. (See check, checkmate, and stalemate.) The squares of the board are commonly numbered along the files, forward from either party, from the principal pieces placed upon them at the beginning of a game: as, the queen's rook's square (abbreviated Q. R. sq.), queen's rook's second square (Q. R. 2), etc.
    • n chess The common name in the United States of several species of Bromus, especially B. secalinus, which bears some resemblance to oats, and is frequently more or less abundant as a weed in wheat-fields. Also called cheat.
    • n chess One of the planks forming the roadway of a military bridge. The chesses lie upon the balks, which are longitudinal timbers resting upon the bateaux or pontoons.
    • n chess An obsolete variant of chase.
    • n chess Obsolete form jess.
    • n chess Dice.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The number of possible ways of playing just the first four moves on each side in a game of chess is 318,979,564,000.
    • n Chess ches a game of skill for two persons or parties, played with figures or 'pieces,' which are moved on a chequered board
    • n Chess ches one of the parallel planks of a pontoon-bridge—generally in pl.
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Quotations

  • Charles Buxton
    Charles Buxton
    “In life, as in chess, forethought wins.”
  • Henry J. Byron
    Henry J. Byron
    “Life's too short for chess.”
  • Marcel Duchamp
    Marcel Duchamp
    “I am still a victim of chess. It has all the beauty of art -- and much more. It cannot be commercialized. Chess is much purer than art in its social position.”
  • Gary Kasparov
    Gary Kasparov
    “Women, by their nature, are not exceptional chess players: they are not great fighters.”
  • Nigel Short
    Nigel Short
    “Chess is ruthless: you've got to be prepared to kill people.”
  • Amar Gopal Bose
    Amar Gopal Bose
    “No one ever won a chess game by betting on each move. Sometimes you have to move backward to get a step forward.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. ches, F. échecs, prop. pl. of échec, check. See 1st Check

Usage

In literature:

And on a seat opposite to him, he beheld two auburn-haired youths playing at chess.
"The Mabinogion Vol. 2 (of 3)"
AGNELL'S Book of Chess.
"Evenings at Donaldson Manor" by Maria J. McIntosh
This was a rough maneuver, sort of like two telepaths playing chess.
"Highways in Hiding" by George Oliver Smith
You see, he didn't play chess.
"Torchy and Vee" by Sewell Ford
As nobody else had yet arrived, Min challenged me to a game of chess.
"She and I, Volume 1" by John Conroy Hutcheson
The thoughtful game of chess, and the tranquil delight of angling, have been favourite recreations with the studious.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by Isaac D'Israeli
Of the chess-players, one was a big, burly fellow, with enormous arms, protruding rheumy eyes, a florid complexion, and a voluminous red beard.
"A Bid for Fortune" by Guy Boothby
Only instead of regressing he's turned to chess.
"Breaking Point" by James E. Gunn
Armstrong and Paul were keeping house alone, and were playing chess together.
"Despair's Last Journey" by David Christie Murray
I'm going to win the chess game in a slightly more unorthodox way.
"The K-Factor" by Harry Harrison (AKA Henry Maxwell Dempsey)
Books upon Dancing, Cards, Chess, and other games all have their devotees.
"The Book-Hunter at Home" by P. B. M. Allan
It would be like chess, where you can see the opponent's every move.
"Suite Mentale" by Gordon Randall Garrett
A couple of hours afterwards I returned to the cottage for chess as usual.
"Chance" by Joseph Conrad
I was trying to think out what Mrs. Dodds meant by accusing me of wanting to play chess.
"Lalage's Lovers" by George A. Birmingham
Madame de Morteyn has beaten me at chess.
"Lorraine" by Robert W. Chambers
I shall miss my chess, too.
"Tom Gerrard 1904" by Louis Becke
That is, he devotes no end of time and energy and seriousness to the game of chess.
"The Blue Wall" by Richard Washburn Child
Watched the Captain and Mr. Seaton play chess.
"A Journey to America in 1834" by Robert Heywood
Mr. Tiffany and my father could play chess all day long, and most of the night.
"Up the River" by Oliver Optic
Fifty minutes on a new chess problem.
"Gone Fishing" by James H. Schmitz
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In poetry:

In silence played they long their game of chess,
But Jehan's eyes rose oft to Mahal's brow,
His ardent love he could not well repress,
Nor tried--she was his own rich jewel now.
"The Taj Of Agra" by Joseph Horatio Chant
On the same spot where they that day had played
The game of chess, and he the promise gave,
The massive stone foundation strong was laid,
On which would rest a palace o'er her grave.
"The Taj Of Agra" by Joseph Horatio Chant
And then, the merry games, and kindly looks
Of pleasant shipmates, and the noonday stakes,
How many knots an hour the good ship makes—
Rousing the dozers from their chess and books:
"The Lost Arctic " by Martin Farquhar Tupper
Shh! These are chess people you play with,
Still figures of ivory.
The mud squirms with throats,
Stepping stones for French bootsoles.
The gilt and pink domes of Russia melt and float off
"The Swarm" by Sylvia Plath
Here lies the money still, and no one finds
The dervis yet--he's probably got somewhere
Over a chess-board. Play would often make
The man forget himself, and why not, me.
Patience--Ha! what's the matter.
"Nathan The Wise - Act V" by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
"For he is silver shod before,
And he is gowden shod behind;
At every tuft of that horse mane
There's a golden chess, and a bell to ring.
This gudely gift shall be her ain,
And let me be lighter of my bairn."
"Willie's Ladye" by Andrew Lang

In news:

Lubbock ISD junior Quinton Smith died on Saturday while on a trip to Dallas for a national chess tournament.
As they would in a chess game, developers are making strategic moves and jockeying to take advantage of a recovering housing market — and future growth.
Chess champs on their way to a match.
Steve Dick International chess Grand Master Alex Lenderman (right) takes on 15 local amateurs at All the King's Men in Pitman .
In 1953, the year a 67-year-old Sir Robert Robinson was awarded the Priestley Medal, the famed organic chemist was also celebrating another great accolade—his final year as president of the British Chess Federation.
Garry Kasparov, the former chess champion turned opposition politician in Russia, was arrested during a rally in Moscow that ended in clashes with riot troops.
Etta James I'd Rather Go Blind Tell Mama MCA /Chess.
They don't do much for the real fan, who appreciates the nuances and the chess moves that make baseball endlessly intriguing.
Students Learn About The History Of Chess.
Students in the Berlin Intermediate School and Beyond Chess club READ.
Abe Yanofsky plays chess at the Manitoba Open Chess Championship in 1984.
Following a victory against Mikhail Botvinnik in 1946, Yanofsky was invited to play at a special tournament in Reykjavik , Iceland, where he played against and inspired future chess star Fridrik Olafsson.
Iceland has a rich chess tradition.
When inexperienced chess players sit down to play against experts, they probably wonder what it is that makes the experts so good that it seems they are almost playing a different game.
How Chess Explains The (Jewish) World.
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In science:

David Turner’s presentation to the Royal Society includes quick sort, a topological sort, and a program to flnd a Knight’s tour of the chess board .
Logic Programming, Functional Programming, and Inductive Definitions
The remainder of the proof, which shows that in all cases with C 6= C ′ one has commutation as well, will appeal mainly to the kind of people who like to study the solutions of chess problems (but those who prefer to find the solution themselves may stop reading and do just that).
Some bijective correspondences involving domino tableaux
As an immediate application, the results obtained in this paper can be applied to define new tie-breaking rules for disciplines such as chess and Othello.3 In our opinion, these new tie-breaking rules improve the existent ones (see Sections 4 and 5 for details).
Ranking Participants in Tournaments by means of Rating Functions
The World Chess Federation (FIDE) has an official rating of players called Elo.
Ranking Participants in Tournaments by means of Rating Functions
Remarkably, this is one of the tie-breaking rules recommended by the FIDE for chess tournaments.
Ranking Participants in Tournaments by means of Rating Functions
Indeed, the r-performance ranking method is already used as a tie breaking rule for chess tournaments, as we have just seen.
Ranking Participants in Tournaments by means of Rating Functions
Most tournaments in disciplines such as chess and Othello have this property. 6Round-robin tournaments have a special structure and different approaches have been taken to define ranking methods within this family of tournaments.
Ranking Participants in Tournaments by means of Rating Functions
And as conjectured, formalized rules of parlor games like chess are also games in game-theoretic terms.
If more than Analytical Modeling is Needed to Predict Real Agents' Strategic Interaction
This is fundamentally different to the common AI approach, where programs compete the last decades in playing chess e.g. still without achieving any irrevocable solution [2, chap.5].
If more than Analytical Modeling is Needed to Predict Real Agents' Strategic Interaction
Although the existence of an equilibrium is proven for chess, analytical abilities of none of the present game theorists suffices to show at least, whether the equilibrium implicates the win of the whites .
If more than Analytical Modeling is Needed to Predict Real Agents' Strategic Interaction
Formalization of a concrete strategic interaction as a game is not trivial, if explicit rules lack contrary to such cases like chess.
If more than Analytical Modeling is Needed to Predict Real Agents' Strategic Interaction
For instance, one can consider that the rules of chess are sent as a game tree via network.
If more than Analytical Modeling is Needed to Predict Real Agents' Strategic Interaction
As one can conceive by comparing game playing in fast chess and in normal chess, time given for making decisions impacts them.
If more than Analytical Modeling is Needed to Predict Real Agents' Strategic Interaction
As 1st example, IGDLcompatible chess playing algorithms can be incorporated into system, which compete in playing other chess-like games described in IGDL.
If more than Analytical Modeling is Needed to Predict Real Agents' Strategic Interaction
For a less obvious application, we can view formula evaluation as a blackbox model for a 2-player game (such as chess) if both players play their optimal strategies.
Quantum algorithms for formula evaluation
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