# cheese

## Definitions

• Cheese press
• WordNet 3.6
• v cheese wind onto a cheese "cheese the yarn"
• v cheese used in the imperative (get away, or stop it) "Cheese it!"
• n cheese a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk
• n cheese erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States
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A crow sits in a tree with some cheese while a fox watches

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: It is common in Israel and Egypt to eat watermelon with feta cheese
• Cheese A low courtesy; -- so called on account of the cheese form assumed by a woman's dress when she stoops after extending the skirts by a rapid gyration.
• Cheese A mass of pomace, or ground apples, pressed together in the form of a cheese.
• Cheese The curd of milk, coagulated usually with rennet, separated from the whey, and pressed into a solid mass in a hoop or mold.
• Cheese The flat, circular, mucilaginous fruit of the dwarf mallow (Malva rotundifolia).
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: In India, pickled ginger, minced mutton and a cottage cheese like substance are popular pizza toppings
• n cheese The curd or casein of milk, coagulated by rennet or some acid, separated from the serum or whey, and pressed in a vat, hoop, or mold. All the acids separate the cheese from the whey; nentral salts, and likewise all earthy and metallic salts, produce the same effect; but rennet, which is made by macerating in water a piece of the last stomach of a calf, salted and dried for this purpose, is most efficient. The flowers of the Galium verum, or yellow lady's-bed-straw, and the juice of the fig-tree very readily coagulate milk. There are many kinds of cheese, which differ from one another according to the quality of the milk employed and the mode of preparation. Soft cheeses, such as cream-cheese, Bath and Yorkshire cheese, will not keep long. Hard cheeses, as Cheshire, Gloucester, Cheddar, Parmesan, and Dutch, can be kept a long time. There is also an intermediate class, as Gruyère, Stilton, etc. Cheese is composed of from 30 to 50 per cent. of water, 20 to 35 per cent. of casein, 18 to 30 per cent, of fat, and 4 to 6 per cent, of mineral matter.
• n cheese A mass of pomace or ground apples pressed together in a cider-press.
• n cheese The inflated appearance of a gown or petticoat resulting from whirling round and making a low courtesy, supposed to resemble a large cheese; hence, a low courtesy.
• n cheese plural Same as cheese-cake, 3.
• n cheese The thing; the correct or proper thing; the finished or perfect thing: always with the definite article.
• n cheese See sage cheese.
• n cheese A term sometimes used to describe a poor thin cheese made from whey.
• n cheese A local derisive name for any skim-milk cheese of poor quality. Also called white-oak cheese and basswood cheese.
• cheese To become cheese: as, the cheesing of milk.
• cheese To stop.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: The food that people crave the most is cheese
• n Cheese chēz a wholesome article of food, made into a round form, from the curd of milk coagulated by rennet, separated from the whey, and pressed into a hard mass
• adj Cheese mean and parsimonious
• n Cheese chēz (slang) the correct thing, of excellent quality
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## Quotations

• Billie Burke
“Age doesn't matter, unless you're cheese.”
• Billie Burke
“Age is something that doesn't matter, unless you are a cheese”
• Helen Hayes
“Age is not important unless you're a cheese.”
• Source Unknown
“A mousetrap always provides free cheese.”
“A cheese may disappoint. It may be dull, it may be naive, it may be oversophisticated. Yet it remains cheese, milk's leap toward immortality.”
• Bertolt Brecht
“What happens to the hole when the cheese is gone?”

## Idioms

Big cheese - The big cheese is the boss.
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Chalk and cheese - Things, or people, that are like chalk and cheese are very different and have nothing in common.
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Hard cheese - (UK) Hard cheese means hard luck.
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More holes than Swiss cheese - If something has more holes than a Swiss cheese, it is incomplete,and lacks many parts.
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## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. chese, AS. cēse, fr. L. caseus, LL. casius,. Cf. Casein
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Colonel Yule explains it as Pers. and Hind. chīz, thing, the expression having formerly been common among young Anglo-Indians, e.g. 'These cheroots are the real chīz,' i.e. the real thing.

## Usage

### In literature:

At sunset we bought crackers and cheese for our supper.
"When Life Was Young" by C. A. Stephens
And the student nodded too, and then suddenly stood still, reading the sheet of paper in which the cheese had been wrapped.
"What the Moon Saw: and Other Tales" by Hans Christian Andersen
Cheese, Apples and Green Leaves.
"Food for the Traveler" by Dora Cathrine Cristine Liebel Roper
A towel, a cake of soap, a basin of water and a few yards of cheese cloth should be assembled before commencing makeup operations.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
Also, with five stools, we find from the third and sixth rows that 20 cheeses require 111 moves, and 35 cheeses 351 moves.
"The Canterbury Puzzles" by Henry Ernest Dudeney
In some varieties of cheese, as the Swiss, acid is not developed and the character of the cheese is much different from that of cheddar.
"Outlines of Dairy Bacteriology, 8th edition" by H. L. Russell
When cooked lift it out by the cheese-cloth, drain very thoroughly, and set in a round dish.
"The Cauliflower" by A. A. Crozier
Cheeses remained entire: ricks rose uninjured.
"Rambles Beyond Railways;" by Wilkie Collins
Keep the cheese in a cool, dry place.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
The best kind for campers is potted cheese, or cream or 'snappy' cheese put up in tinfoil.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
Back off carefully, filtering the muddy part at the bottom through several thicknesses of cheese cloth.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
She then bid the servant put the cheese on the table.
"Forgotten Tales of Long Ago" by E. V. Lucas
Hard eggs, pounded with a little butter and cheese.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
Cheese made on the same land, from new milk, skimmed or mixed milk, will differ greatly, not only in richness, but also in taste.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Add pepper and grated cheese; stew them together; then put the maccaroni into a terrine, and shake some grated cheese on it.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
Their cheese is no longer what it was, nor is their faith.
"The Book of Khalid" by Ameen Rihani
CHEESE AND MACARONI CREAM.
"Nelson's Home Comforts" by Mary Hooper
O, yes, here's a cheese.
"Si Klegg, Book 2 (of 6)" by John McElroy
Seventy-nine pounds of cheese for the Manchesters; does any one know what seventy-nine pounds of cheese looks like?
"On the right of the British line" by Gilbert Nobbs
He found that the Magician had given him part of a loaf of bread and a slice of cheese.
"The Patchwork Girl of Oz" by L. Frank Baum
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### In poetry:

Fancy food and wealthy drink
Raise Gehenna with a gink;
Pastry, terrapin, and cheeses
Bring on gout and swell diseases.
"That For Money!" by Franklin Pierce Adams
And they heed but transitory
Marketings in cheese and meat,
Till I judge that Lodi's story
Is extinct in Lodi's street.
"The Bridge Of Lodi" by Thomas Hardy
So climb the moonvine every night
And to the owl-queen pray:
Leave good green cheese by moonlit trees
For her to take away.
"What Grandpa Mouse Said" by Vachel Lindsay
My faither then cam' to the door,
An' brocht him kin'ly ben,
An' fill the tappit hen.
"Mary Lee: A Ballad" by Janet Hamilton
Dey tink dey'll shtarve us Shermans oudt,
Ve still haf lots of saur-kraut,
Und goot limburger cheese.
"The Hate Of Hans" by Abner Cosens
'Twas off the Eastern Filligrees —
Wizzle the pipes o'ertop! —
When the gallant Captain of the Cheese
Began to skip and hop.
"The Dutiful Mariner" by Wallace Irwin

### In news:

The British Cheese Board is on the hunt for an anthem to help promote British cheddar cheese to the world, as you may have read recently in The Wall Street Journal.
The British Cheese Board is looking for a national anthem for cheddar cheese.
Here, they make their pies with Daiya cheese (a dairy-free, soy-free cheese substitute that melts nicely).
Cheese lovers sampled 40-year-old cheddar cheese and loved it -- not batting an eye that it had been on this earth longer than some of them.
Server Stephanie LaPhilliph holds a tray of 40-year-old cheddar on Saturday, Oct 6, 2012 during a cheese tasting at Wisconsin Cheese Mart in Milwaukee.
As any cheese maker will tell you, it's not that hard to make cheese .
Mix cream cheese , cheddar cheese , and ranch dip thoroughly.
Quince paste and sheep's milk cheeses , Asian pears and blue cheese , onion-raisin chutney and cheddar cheese , and grapes and Epoisse.
Conditions at Colorado Springs, CO. Cheese Inc is recalling Ricotta Salata Frescolina brand cheese with the lot number T9425 and production code 441202 due to possible listeria contamination.
The cheeses are sold in Moore County at the Southern Pines Farmers Market, Southern Whey cheese shop, Nature's Own health food store and at Rhett's and Ashten's restaurants.
If you have never had the opportunity to try specialty cheeses , you may not realize the significant difference between cheese types and varieties.
Vermont Farmstead Cheese (vermontfarmstead.com) makes a variety of artisan cheeses , including cheddar and Windsordale.
Uncover, top with remaining cup of cheese and bake 20 more minutes or until potatoes are tender and cheese is browned.
We give them cheeses to take home to try, and one is taking a cheese course just for fun.
Because mac & cheese is all about melted goodness, it's essential to use cheeses that submit to their full glory when exposed to heat.
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### In science:

Wolfgang Rindler (UTD) described his work on the contribution of a cosmological constant to the bending of light in a Schwarzschild–de Sitter universe, in the swiss cheese model, arguing that an older claim by Islam for a null effect was incorrect.
Matters of Gravity, The Newsletter of the Topical Group in Gravitation of the American Physical Society, Volume 32, Fall 2008
However, deviations from Ok (z ) =const. will be signalled in any non-FLRW cosmology; in particular, in Swiss-cheese models which satisfy the Copernican principle on very large scales will have an Ok (z ) which oscillates with redshift.
Model independent tests of the standard cosmological model
Figure 7: CY manifold with a swiss cheese structure.
From Strings to the LHC. Les Houches Lectures on String Phenomenology
For this reason Ribeiro (1992a, 1992b, 1993) constructs a model, called the Swiss cheese model, with an interior solution provided by the Tolman metric surrounded by a Friedmann space-time: with this scheme it is possible to save the equivalence of all points in the Universe.
FACTS AND IDEAS IN MODERN COSMOLOGY
In particular using the inhomogeneous spherical symmetric metric (the Bondi-Tolman metric) joined with a Friedmann metric (i.e. the so-called Swiss cheese model) one avoids any privileged observer and saves the equivalence of all points.
FACTS AND IDEAS IN MODERN COSMOLOGY
Such structures form a network which ﬁll the space, giving rise to a sponge-like (or swiss cheese-like) topology.
The Cosmological Mass Function
Several models in which the matter in clumpy (e.g. ’Swiss cheese’ and voids) have been proposed (e.g.
Testing Homogeneity on Large Scales
There is no exact solution of Einstein’s ﬁeld equations which describes a universe wit h density ﬂuctuations, with the exception of a few very special cases such as the Swiss-Cheese model (Einstein & Strauss 1945).
Weak Gravitational Lensing
Sufﬁciently large circles containing these gala xies can be cut out of the data frame, so that the remaining frame is reminiscent of a Swiss cheese.
Weak Gravitational Lensing
Later, this effect was re-examined in the framework of the ‘Swiss-Cheese’ (Dyer 1976) and ‘vacuole’ (Nottale 1984) models of density perturbations in an expanding background space-time.
Weak Gravitational Lensing
I have recently found that the commonly used “Swiss cheese model,” in which a static, exterior, Schwarzschild solution is inserted in an expanding Freidman-Lemaˆıtre metric, possesses the unphysical property that some of the tra jectories are discontinuous functions of their initial conditions.
Supernovae evidence for an accelerating expansion of the universe
Values for R can be computed for exact gravity ﬁelds such as for FLRW as given above and for Swiss cheese where R ﬂuctuates, dropping from the FLRW value to zero in voids.
The Lame$^{\prime}$ Equation for Distance-Redshift in Partially Filled Beam Friedmann-Lema\^\i tre-Robertson-Walker Cosmology
Anderson showed that the Menger universal curve (the socalled “Swiss Cheese Space”) is homogeneous, and that the circle and the Menger curve are the only homogeneous locally connected curves.
Problems from Topology Proceedings
We approximate the Universe through the Swiss-cheese model, with each spherical region described by the Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi metric.
The Effect of Large-Scale Inhomogeneities on the Luminosity Distance
Our model is similar to the standard Swiss-cheese model , with the replacement of the Schwarzschild metric with the LTB one.
The Effect of Large-Scale Inhomogeneities on the Luminosity Distance
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