chauvinism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chauvinism activity indicative of belief in the superiority of men over women
    • n chauvinism fanatical patriotism
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Chauvinism Blind and absurd devotion to a fallen leader or an obsolete cause; hence, absurdly vainglorious or exaggerated patriotism.
    • Chauvinism exaggerated and unreasoning partisanship to any group or cause;as, male chauvinism, i.e. belief in the superiority of males.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n chauvinism The sentiments of a chauvin; enthusiastic, unreflecting devotion to any cause; especially, absurdly exaggerated patriotism or military enthusiasm.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Chauvinism shō′vin-izm an absurdly extravagant pride in one's country, with a corresponding contempt for foreign nations—the French equivalent of the Jingoism of London music-halls
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. chauvinisme, from Nicolas Chauvin, , a character represented as making grotesque and threatening displays of his attachment to his fallen chief, Napoleon I., in 1815 (in the play La Cocarde tricolor, 1831)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. chauvinisme, from Chauvin, a figure in La Cocarde tricolore.

Usage

In literature:

M. Chauvin, St.-Enogat pres Dinard, Ile et Vilaine: Aug. 17, '61.
"Life and Letters of Robert Browning" by Mrs. Sutherland Orr
I knew, that one Chauvin, who was to go with the Emperor, was setting out for Malmaison.
"Memoirs of the Private Life, Return, and Reign of Napoleon in 1815, Vol. II" by Pierre Antoine Edouard Fleury de Chaboulon
Chauvinism, Serbian lack of, 348-9, 384.
"The Birth of Yugoslavia, Volume 2" by Henry Baerlein
But he was a man of indomitable courage, and his patriotism, if narrow and marred with Chauvinism, was deep and genuine.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 4 of 8" by Various
He was painting Yvonne's portrait, as Flamby had pointed out to Chauvin when Chauvin had uttered veiled warnings against his neighbour.
"The Orchard of Tears" by Sax Rohmer
England never repells talent or aptitude from an absurd prejudice of Chauvinism.
"My Friends the Savages" by Giovanni Battista Cerruti
This chauvinism has increased to a paroxysm, bordering on insanity.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume I (of 8)" by Various
Nowhere in the world is there so much declamation about Chauvinism as in Germany, and nowhere is so little of it to be found.
"Gems (?) of German Thought" by Various
Chauvinism flourishes exceedingly on the soil of national conceit.
"Mountain Meditations" by L. Lind-af-Hageby
In 1600 Pierre Chauvin landed sixteen French colonists at Tadoussac.
"The Founder of New France" by Charles W. Colby
Founded in 1599 by Chauvin, and visited by Champlain in 1603 and 1609.
"The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History" by Various
Chauvinism, 38, 147, 160.
"Above the Battle" by Romain Rolland
Etienne Chauvin was born at Nismes on the 18th of April 1640.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
The old dregs of Chauvinism, stirred by the Bonapartists, discharge their muddy waters.
"History of the Commune of 1871" by P. Lissagary
Chauvin, in 1600, prepared another expedition, which from the same causes was as fruitless as the first.
"Narrative of a Voyage to the West Indies and Mexico" by Samuel de Champlain
Chauvin, French fur trader, associated with de Monts, 85.
"The Colonization of North America" by Herbert Eugene Bolton
This was undertaken by Pontgrave, a merchant of St. Malo, and Chauvin, a captain of the marine.
"History of the Discovery of the Northwest by John Nicolet in 1634" by Consul Willshire Butterfield
The Franco-Prussian War inflamed German chauvinism and inflated German conceit to an incredible extent.
"The Unpopular Review, Number 19" by Various
There is, however, always a great danger that patriotism may degenerate into Chauvinism.
"The Moral Instruction of Children" by Felix Adler
Jean Calvin, or Jean Chauvin, as his birth-name was, was a native of Picardy, and born at Noyon in 1509.
"A Short History of English Music" by Ernest Ford
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In news:

Chauvin Named President of SimplexGrinnell.
(Bob) Chauvin , a proven leader with an outstanding record of success over three decades in the fire and life-safety industry, has been named president of SimplexGrinnell.
Not a good tool for fighting chauvinism .
Let the bigotry and chauvinism games commence.
Is Chauvinism to Blame for Union Decline.
One World': Injury and chauvinism rule the night.
Teresa Victoria, MD, PhD, Ann M Johnson, MD, Nancy A Chauvin, MD, Sandra Sue Kramer, MD, and Monica Epelman, MD, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.
Ted Jackson / The Times-Picayune Shrimper Brad Lyons and his girlfriend Sebrina Gary at BP's claims center in Chauvin.
And Owasso's chili cook -off goes truly international this year with Richard Chauvin from Windsor, Ontario, who will be cooking his South of the Border chili.
Explaining where the design came from, Garrison said he was inspired by the original design by Chauvin.
Two more Bond parodies try different approaches to the genre's problematic chauvinism.
'For Esme' versus 'Hooked on ASME': Charlie Chauvin's original For Esme design (l) and Jared Garrison 's redone version for the UT student section of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (r).
'For Esme' versus 'Hooked on ASME': Charlie Chauvin's original For Esme design (l) and Jared Garrison's redone version for the UT student section of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (r).
Swamp People stars Trapper Joe and Trigger Tommy (Joe LaFont and Tommy Chauvin) can brave the dangers of Atchafalaya Swamp and everything it has to offer, however, avoiding the dangers of a daydreaming driver is a different story.
How did a quiet "love of country" morph into an aggressive right-wing , warlike chauvinism.
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In science:

Chauvin, B. and Rouault, A. (1988) KPP equation and supercritical branching Brownian motion in the subcritical speed area.
Branching diffusions, superdiffusions and random media
Chauvin and Drmota have since extended Drmota’s techniques to show exponential tail bounds for Mn around mn when (among other conditions) the step size X satisfies what they call an intersection property.
Minima in branching random walks
To both the full and redefined planet-host subsamples we added the stars observed by Patience et al. (2002) and Chauvin et al. (2006) when their sensitivity limits were better than ours in terms of contrast and field of view.
Probing the Impact of Stellar Duplicity on Planet Occurrence
Universit´e de Cergy-Pontoise, D´epartement de math´ematiques, 2, Avenue Adolphe Chauvin, 95302 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex, France E-mail address : Irina.
The t-Martin boundary of reflected random walks on a half-space
The article by Chauvin et al. , for example, tracks the number of leaves at certain levels of the tree, called the profile of the tree, via convergence theorems for polynomial martingales associated with the system.
Almost sure asymptotics for the random binary search tree
Many thanks to Julien Berestycki and Brigitte Chauvin for their ideas and their help with this pro ject.
Almost sure asymptotics for the random binary search tree
M1207 b (Chauvin et al. 2004) and, more recently, around Fomalhaut (Kalas et al. 2008), a triple system around HR 8799 (Marois et al. 2009) and a close candidate around β Pic (Lagrange et al. 2009) confirm the high contrast and high angular resolution imaging capabilities of current instruments.
Searching for sub-stellar companion into the LkCa15 proto-planetary disk
Nielsen & Close 2009; Chauvin et al. 2009; Lafreni `ere et al. 2007; Marois et al. 2008), the main limitations of our analysis come from the conversion of our detection limits in terms of minimum detectable masses.
Searching for sub-stellar companion into the LkCa15 proto-planetary disk
Only a few unambiguously planetary-mass companions to stars (Chauvin et al. 2004; Marois et al. 2008; Kalas et al. 2008; Lagrange et al. 2010) were discovered by direct imaging, but each one of these detections proved extremely valuable to constrain formation models.
High resolution imaging of young M-type stars of the solar neighborhood: Probing the existence of companions down to the mass of Jupiter
Such planetary-like binary system could also be formed by disc instabilities in a very massive primordial disc (Stamatellos et al. 2011), which could produce systems quite similar to 2M1207AB (Chauvin et al. 2004), together with numerous brown dwarfs and very low-mass stars.
High resolution imaging of young M-type stars of the solar neighborhood: Probing the existence of companions down to the mass of Jupiter
In spite of these deep observations we found only one planetary companion, 2M1207B, discovered by Chauvin et al. (2004), in this sample of young M dwarfs.
High resolution imaging of young M-type stars of the solar neighborhood: Probing the existence of companions down to the mass of Jupiter
Chauvin, B., Rouault, A. and Wakolbinger, A. (1991).
The almost sure limits of the minimal position and the additive martingale in a branching random walk
The controversy over the mass determinations (and hence planetary status) for the recently imaged companions to 2MASS1207 (Chauvin et al. 2005) and GQ Lup (Neuh¨auser et al. 2005) arises primarily from the lack of direct constraints on the theoretical emission models, upon which the mass estimates are based.
Hot Jupiters: Lands of Plenty
Jupiter, there is a deep dip in the BD mass range (Kouwenhoven et al. 2005, Chauvin et al.
Astrophysics in 2005
The objects found so far have at least several Jupiter masses (Neuhäuser et al. 2005), and are seen 50-100AU from their stars (or in one case, from a brown dwarf; Chauvin et al. 2005).
Planetesimals To Brown Dwarfs: What is a Planet?
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